Mohamed AbouElenen Mohamed AbouElenen

Egyptian Broadcast Journalist and Field Producer

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Water pollution threatens fishermen i...
Alexandria
By Mohamed AbouElenen
16 Oct 2014

Magdi Issa, Fisherman in Alexandria Complaining from water pollution, in Max Canal, West of Alexandria, Second largest city in Egypt. He says that oil companies, Surrounding the canal, Throw Poisons liquids in water of Max Canal, Which they Hunt Fishes from. Max area In Alexandria is the largest gathering of oil companies In Egypt. Egypt produces 60% of its Petroleum needs from these companies Fishermen living a hard life, as they said, because of High fuel prices and diesel that used in fishing vessels.

Media created

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Egypt: Violence in Alexandria after M...
Alexandria
By Mohamed AbouElenen
04 Jul 2013

Violence broke out between protestors and pro-Morsi Muslim Brotherhood activists in Alexandria on July 5,2013 after Morsi was removed from power by the armed forces. 12 were killed and hundreds were injured in the violence that also led to hundreds of arrests.

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Armenian-Egyptians Commemorate 'Genoc...
Cairo
By Mohamed AbouElenen
23 Apr 2015

Cairo, Egypt
April 23, 2015

Egyptians of Armenian descent commemorated the centenary anniversary of the massacres committed against their ancestors by the Ottoman Empire in the First World War. Dozens of spectators examined photographs, artifacts and books that tell the story of the mass killings in 1915 as well as the Armenian diaspora around the world. The exhibition was organized by The Armenian Club in Cairo.

The Armenian community in Egypt, which was formed mainly of people who fled the killings by Ottoman Turks, dwindled in the 1950s, as many non-Arabs left the country under the weight of nationalization policies conducted by President Gamal Abdel Nasser. Around 8,000 Armenians live in Egypt today according to an interviewed activist.

SHOTLIST AND TRANSCRIPT

Various of young women in traditional Armenian garbs
Various of spectators examining artefacts that belonged to Armenian refugees
Various of event attendees eating traditional Armenian snacks

SOUNDBITE (Arabic, Woman) Garen Garbouyan, A young Armenian-Egyptian taking part in commemoration
00:30 – 01:14
“This event is being held because April 24 is nearing. This year is the 100th anniversary of the genocide. On this occasion, we are holding several consecutive events. In this celebration, we are introducing people to the old four Arminian provinces. We are showing how people used to dress in each province, as well as what people there used to eat and the activities they did. I am here today because my ancestors fled the massacre and came by boats to Port Said.”

Various of embroidered artefacts
Tilt down of icon with inscription in Armenian

SOUNDBITE (Arabic, Woman) Marlo Zamanian, Armenian-Egyptian attending the exhibition

01:35 – 01:52
“My mother’s grandfather was forced to flee in 1915. He fled the massacres; his parents were able to flee the massacres and eventually reached Egypt.”

Various/ Close-up of artefacts
Wide of spectator examining a poster
Close-up/ Zoom out of necklace
Various of map featuring the massacres against Armenians
Various of exhibited items

SOUNDBITE (Arabic, Woman) Marlo Zamanian, Armenian-Egyptian attending the exhibition
02:41 – 03:16
“My mother says that her father used to say… [LAUGH] that on a day in April – on April 24, 1915 – that the Turks knocked on their door. They come from a province called Kharpet. The Turks knocked on their door and took my mother’s grandfather who never returned. They took him to an unknown location. This was their end. My mother’s grandmother was able to rescue her children. She had a boy and two girls. She was able to leave and take them with her.”

Various of photographs depicting people who were killed in the massacres
Various of exhibition items and photographs

Close-up of a comb. NAT Sound (Arabic) 03:56 – 04:04
“This is from 1909. Look at the design.”

Wide of two girls wearing traditional costumes and holding a metal artefact

Close-up of metal artefact. NAT Sound (Arabic) 04:09 – 04:14
"This is the goblet I was talking about. It was used to fill water.” Close-up pf traditional puppet

SOUNDBITE (Arabic, Woman) Marlo Zamanian, Armenian-Egyptian attending the exhibition
04:21 – 04:42
“We thank Egypt as well as the entire Arab homeland. This was the closest area to us, the [Armenian] migrants. From the desert of Deir al-Zor, we entered Syria and Lebanon. Other people fled to Greece. I feel that Arab countries were more welcoming towards than Europe.”

Various of event attendees having traditional snacks
Various of books about the Armenian genocide

Cutaways of Armen Mazloumian, An Egyptian-Armenian activist working on commemorating the Armenian genocide

SOUNDBITE Armen Mazloumian, An Egyptian-Armenian activist working on commemorating the Armenian genocide
05:29 – 06:23
“My grandfather’s family was a leading a decent life in Turkey. They were among the prominent merchants who traded in figs and pureblood horses in Turkey. His father and brothers were all killed in the massacres. He was young and another family smuggled him to Greece. In Greece, he worked for several years at the harbour with Onassis. As you know, Onassis became one of the world’s billionaires. Afterwards, my grandfather came to Egypt where lived and worked. He owned Nassibian film studio.”

Cutaways of Armen Mazloumian, An Egyptian-Armenian activist working on commemorating the Armenian genocide

SOUNDBITE (Arabic, Man) Armen Mazloumian, An Egyptian-Armenian activist working on commemorating the Armenian genocide
06:24 – 06:48
“Currently, about 8,000 Armenians live in Egypt. Their number was more than 50,000 during the 1940s and 1950s, but most of them immigrated to Armenia -- they returned to Armenia – as well as Europe, America and Australia.”

Cutaways of Viken Gezmiziyan, The head of the Armenian Charitable Society in Cairo

SOUNDBITE (Arabic, Man) Viken Gezmiziyan, The head of the Armenian Charitable Society in Cairo
06:56 – 07:10
“The method to slaughter [Armenians] is the same as the one that is being deployed by ISIS. They were lined up and killed with knives. The target was extermination; to make that area devoid of Armenians.”

Cutaways of Viken Gezmiziyan, The head of the Armenian Charitable Society in Cairo

Wide of man contemplating ‘Genocide Map’

SOUNDBITE (Arabic, Man) Viken Gezmiziyan, The head of the Armenian Charitable Society in Cairo
07:25 – 07:50
“There are about 3 million people living in present-day Armenia, while 9 million [Armenians] live outside. These 9 million did not appear out of nowhere. Our ancestors fled Armenia, and therefore Armenians were displaced in the entire world. Yet, some say that the massacres did not take place. Each one of us Armenians has a story to tell and knows how his grandfather fled the massacres. We see this as a problem.”

Cutaways of Mohamad Rifaat al-Imam, Head of History Department at the University of Damanhour

SOUNDBITE (Arabic, Man) Mohamad Rifaat al-Imam, Head of History Department at the University of Damanhour
08:06 – 08:47

“The Armenian issue surfaced in 1878, as a result of Article 61 of the treaty of Berlin, which stipulated the implementation of reforms in ‘Armenistan’, or Ottoman Armenia in eastern Anatolia. Ottoman authorities refused to carry out these reforms. Armenians then had to resort to revolutionary action to pressure Europe and the Ottoman Empire to implement Article 61.”

Cutaways of Mohamad Rifaat al-Imam, Head of History Department at the University of Damanhour

SOUNDBITE (Arabic, Man) Mohamad Rifaat al-Imam, Head of History Department at the University of Damanhour
09:11 – 09:43
“If Turkey to recognizes the massacres, it would have to return eastern Anatolia as well as all the funds, the assets and real estates that were confiscated from Armenians. Turkey would have to spend huge amounts of money as indemnities to the Armenian people who succumbed to a genocide, which the entire world is heading to recognize.”

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Egyptian Villages Suffer From Water P...
Cairo
By Mohamed AbouElenen
03 Apr 2015

The Egyptian village of Qalioub al-Balad has suffered from severe water pollution over the past three years. The water in the village has a putrid smell and is contaminated with impurities. To help tackle this issue, a resident of the village installed a private water treatment station, which he called 'The Popular Filter'.
This project is facing a crackdown from the local authorities, which have given monopoly on exploiting water resources to a private corporation.
Qalioub al-Balad is located in Qalioubiya, one of the three provinces of the Greater Cairo region.

SHOTLIST AND TRANSCRIPT

Various of Qalioub al-Balad residents buying water from mobile water tank

SOUNDBITE (Arabic, Man) Ahmed Nasser, Qalioub al-Balad Resident
01:40 – 02:16

“The water that comes from the tap is yellow. It used to be clean and filtered but now sometimes it comes out yellow. If you fill a glass with tap water you will see how unclean it is. We buy water, even though it is expensive, but it is better than tap water which causes kidney failure.”

Various of water distribution in the town

SOUNDBITE (Arabic, Man) Mohamad Sabri, water distributor
02:35

“Before work, we clean the water hose then fill it and distribute water. We go out on a tricycle to distribute water. Each area has a specific day.” “Sometimes the Ministry of Supply inspectors come across me. I was fined before, and the only reason was that I was distributing water. The inspector took my name and started a problem. There is lawsuit still being pursued at court.” “The problem with the water is not only how it looks; some people say to me ‘I swear that I am disgusted to use the water for prayer. If it is used for cooking, the food will have a very bad smell. This is causing problems at homes.” Close-up of man filling glass with tap water
Various of Mohamad Sabri selling filtered water in the street
Various/ Close-up of plastic containers being filled with filtered water
Medium of Hasan Shaarawi, a Qalioub al-Balad resident, filling glass with tap water

SOUNDBITE (Man, Arabic) Hasan Shaarawi, a resident of Qalioub al-Balad
04:46 – 04:50

“Half of the water is black and the lower half has impurities.”

Medium of Hasan Shaarawi comparing tap water and filtered water

SOUNDBITE (Man, Arabic) Hasan Shaarawi, a resident of Qalioub al-Balad
04:58 – 05:56

“The water that the municipality is providing for us cannot be used. It is black and has a lot of a high amount of impurities. A while ago, I met someone from a company that sells water filters. They install filters and maintain them for a year. He tested the filtered water that I buy as well as the tap water. He said that the water that the municipality provides cannot be used for animals, let alone humans.” “I buy drinking water for 20 pounds a week, which we use for drinking and cooking. We use the water provided by the municipality for cleaning. The [price of tap water] went up. It is provided by private holding company. A household uses about 70 pounds worth of tap water every two months, but we do not drink it.”

Various of man distributing water

SOUNDBITE (Arabic, Woman) Amal Mohammad, Resident of Qalioub al-Balad
06:02 – 06:11
“We were suffering from microbes, urinary infections and [kidney] aches because we used to drink tap water. We were told that this was because of the water. This is why we buy water. We do not drink tap water.”

Various of people buying filtered water

SOUNDBITE (Arabic, Woman) Safaa Hussein, Resident of Qalioub al-Balad
06:12 – 06:27

“The problem with water is that is not clean. Some people have had diseases and kidney stones in the bile because of the water pollution. Doctors have said that the water is not clean.”

Various of Mohamad Sabri setting up tricycle motorbike and going into water treatment station

SOUNDBITE (Arabic, Man) Ahmad Shubrawi, the founder the Popular Filter
06:38 – 07:09

"This tank contains regular water. This [filter] is made of pebbles, and this one from carbon. The sand and pebbles removes impurities and carbon is needed to treat the salts in the water – this is for the excess salts in the water. These two filters provide additional cleaning. Water is then exposed to something called ultraviolet’ or ‘UV’, which is the last phase that water goes through to be treated from bacteria."

Various of water treatment plant

SOUNDBITE (Arabic, Man) Ahmad Shubrawi, the founder the Popular Filter
07:16 – 10:09

“Many people have complained how the water smells and tastes, until we started this project, with the help of God. We asked how to filter water. Some people cannot afford to buy small filters to use them at home, which is why we started this water treatment station. The problem is that the government refused to give us a license. How will I be able to get a license? Can I say to the government: ‘Your water is not clean, therefore I will clean it and sell it?’” “We brought an engineer who is specialised in building water treatment facilities. We first analysed the water to know what is needed to purify it. We analysed the water provided by the government at a laboratory called Burj al-Arab to figure out the equipment or substances that we need – whether the water has excess iron or bacteria; any substances that are present in excessive amounts. Based on that, we started this treatment and we have working for three years.” “This project is a substitute for government [services]. We are relieving the government. If we shut down, people will not stay quiet. People have found an alternative. When we asked for a license the government refused to grant it to us. From time to time, the Ministry of Supply inspectors fine us because we do not have any license. You know that we do not have a license. They just file random report against us for not having a license. You should give us a permit.” “The water that we sell is more affordable to people than buying a filter. Filters that perform seven-step purification have a short life and their maintenance is costly. A filter costs about 1,500 to 1,600 pounds if it has a good quality. If you buy water from me…in the summer, a family of four to five members would use about three jerry cans a week. Each jerry costs four pounds, so this is a total of 12 pounds. Four pounds include home delivery, but if a customer picks it up from here, it could cost 2.5 pounds. Not all customers come here because it would cost them the same as the price that includes the delivery charge. A family of four to five members would buy water for 12 pounds a week – multiplied by four, that would be 48 pounds, let us say 50 pounds per month and 600 pounds per year. A home filter costs 1,500 pounds and would last for two years even if it was maintained. The motor could be burned and the pipes could be clogged. This is why people prefer to buy [filtered] water.”

Various of water treatment facility
Various of The Qalioubiya water company headquarters
Various of Mustafa Mujahid, Head of the Qalioubia water company

SOUNDBITE (Arabic, Man) Mustafa Mujahid, Head of the Qaliyoubia water company
11:09 – 13:33

“[Private] water treatment companies are spreading information among people that the water provided by the Qalioubiya Potable Water and Sewage Company is not good. The water that they are using could be our own purified water. They are making a profit from this. They are pushing people to be suspicious of the water quality. I can confirm before you and to all citizens in Qalioubiya that the water we produce does not suffer from the slightest problem. The problem we are facing is the lack of water, which is affecting citizens. The building of water stations is still ongoing in order to cover the large population’s needs. The recent transgressions have also had a negative role.
Conditions specify that in order to obtain a license for a private station, the authorities that provide related services need to be consulted. The authorities in this case are the water company. Some people have started to cooperate with us and followed the law. On the other hand, we shut many businesses down and some people work illegally and do not consult with us at all.
As I told you at the beginning, these stations are only installed in deprived areas, where water is not potable. People have installed manual water pumps, which extract water from our own network. If you analyse the water that is being extracted by these pumps you will find that it is pure and conforms to standards. People extract water illicitly from the grid in order to avoid paying fees. Water is being stolen on a large scale.”

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Scores Killed in Egypt Football Violence
Cairo
By Mohamed AbouElenen
08 Feb 2015

February 8, 2015
Cairo, Egypt

More than 20 people were killed when a riot broke out on Sunday February 8, night outside a major football stadium in Cairo causing a stampede and fighting between police and fans, authorities said.

The bodies of victims were transported in ambulances to the Zeinhom morgue in Cairo.

The riot, three years after similar violence killed 74 people, began ahead of a match between Egyptian Premier League clubs Zamalek and ENPPI at Air Defence Stadium east of Cairo.

Egyptian authorities ordered the arrest of the leaders of the Zamalek supporters group, Ultras White Knights, according to state media.

This video includes footage of dead bodies being transported into the morgue as well as angry crowds condemning the killing of the football fans.

SHOTLIST AND TRANSCRIPT

  • Wide of ambulance
  • Wide of paramedics carrying dead body. NAT Sound: “Oh dear son. May your family have patience.”
  • Various of paramedics transporting dead body

SOUNDBITE (Arabic, Man)
01:06 – 01:21
- "We are not terrorists. It is only a false accusation. They call us terrorists. Where is the terrorism if someone was cheering [for a football team]? These are the White Knights fans and there were also the Ahli Ultras. Everyday people are dying.”

  • Wide of paramedics moving dead body inside morgue

SOUNDBITE (Arabic, Men)
01:33 – 01:46
- “A man went to the stadium wearing the Zamalek jersey. He was wearing his team’s jersey and going to cheer for his team. They said that he was a terrorist. May God help us against them.”

  • "Should a man be killed if he did not have a ticket with him.”

  • Wide of crowd knocking on door through which dead body was taken

  • Various of crowd gathering and filming

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Pollution and High Costs Harms Alexan...
Al Max, Al Wardiyan Sharq, Qism Mina El-Basal, Alexandria Governorate, Egypt
By Mohamed AbouElenen
16 Oct 2014

October 16, 2014
Alexandria, Egypt

Magdi Issa, Chairman of the Association of Fishermen in Alexandria, raises the issue of water pollution in the Max Canal, west of Alexandria, the second largest city in Egypt. He states that oil companies surrounding the canal dump toxic waste into the water which the fisherman rely on to earn a living. The area around the Max Canal in Alexandria has the highest concentration of oil companies In Egypt and produces 60% of the nation's petroleum. The lives of the fishermen are becoming increasingly difficult due to the rising price of fuel which they need to power their fishing vessels.

Shot list
1- Long shot of Max canal, west of Alexandria.
2- Medium shot for a car holding Fish were caught.
3- Medium shot of fishermen holding fresh fishes.
4- Close shot of fishermen holding fresh fishes.
5- Medium shot of cars holding fishes.
6- Close shot of fisherman holding fresh fishes.
7- Medium shot of Magdi Issa auctioning the fish for the highest price.
8- Medium shot of the auction.
9- Close shot of fisherman holding some fish.
10- Long shot of Magdi Issa rearranges his fishing nets.
11- Medium shot of Magdi Issa rearranges his fishing nets.
12- Sound bite: Interview with Magdi Issa
13- Medium shot of Magdi Issa rearranges his fishing nets.
14- Medium shot of Fishermen houses in the water.
15- Sound bite: Interview with Magdi Issa (man, Arabic)
16- Medium shot of fishermen boats .
17- Sound bite: Interview with Magdi Issa (man, Arabic)
18- Medium shot of fishermen boats and they rearrange their fishing nets.
19- Close shot of fishermen rearrange their fishing nets.
20- Sound bite: Interview with Magdi Issa (man, Arabic)
21- Long shot of Max canal west of Alexandria.

Interviewees:

Magdi Issa, Chairman of the Association of Fishermen in Alexandria, (man, Arabic)

Transcription:

“Here in Max we have no less than 600 boats and every boat is used by no less than three to four fishermen. In addition to these boats we have "Cnchola boats” which are large and hold over 20 fishermen. Every one of them have their own families and some of the young people wanted to get married but don't have a steady job. All of the surrounding petroleum companies employ laborers from other provinces, although we are the ones who are in danger and suffering most from the pollution."

”Poisonous liquids which come from the companies nearby have caused the fish to die and there are fish species that have disappeared completely, such as tilapia and mullet. It used to be the best place for fishing in Egypt, many fishermen from other ports in neighboring provinces used to come here. Now the fish have disappeared due to toxins in the industrial waste thrown into the canal by the Alexandria Company for Petroleum and other oil companies. They are all throwing their toxins in the canal. Why don't they [officials] build a special canal for the toxins and left overs?"

“The price of fishing equipment is too high, fuel prices also went up, as well as the tax rates, so the fisherman live a hard life”.

“Toxins from companies which are dumped in the canal and then flow out to the sea. Fishermen are suffer in a critical situation and previous governments did not give enough attention to the development of fisheries.”