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Video shows Egyptians cheering in Tahrir Square as unofficial results from the Egyptian presidential election suggest a landslide victory for General Sisi. However, the election is coming under scrutiny by international election observers.
An interview with Dan Murphy, Program Manager of the Democracy International Electoral Observation Mission, argues that, by adding third day of voting, the Egyptian government degraded the integrity of the election. A third day of voting was added because of poor voter turnout on the first two days of voting.
Video also includes an interview with Issandr el-Amrani of the International Crisis Group and author of the popular blog 'Arabist'. B-roll also shows almost empty polling stations on days 1 and 2 of voting.
0' to 29'' People cheering in Tahrir Square on Thursday morning as unofficial results give Sisi a landslide victory in the Presidential elections marked by the polemic third day extension.
0'29'' Democracy International electoral observation mission's operations room in Cairo.
0'35'' A map of Egypt with DI organization.
0'41'' Dan Murphy, DI Program Manager:" Basically Democracy International believes that changing electoral procedures in the middle of an election is an action that can only be taken in extraordinary circumstances. And we believe that this decision didn't necessarily meet the criteria that one would have expected to see such a drastic change of procedures. We are concerned by because we think calls into question the independence of the electoral commission, the impartiality of the government and the integrity of the process. "
1'12'' A member of DI working
1'17'' Dan Murphy: "When we talk about extraordinary circumstances you mean something that might prevent voters from voting. For instance, a natural disaster or a situation where there were long lines throughout two days of voting and a significant number of people may have not have access to the process. And we don't think that was at all the case in this circumstance. "
1'36'' Outside a polling station in downtown on day one of voting
1'42'' Outside polling station in Shubra on day 2 of voting
1'52'' People checking lists on day 1
1' 57'' Day 1
2'03'' Inside voting room day 2
2'09 ballot box
2'14'' Voting zoom
2'24'' Issandr el Amrani on his desk
2'30'' Keyboard zoom
2'36'' Issandr el Amrani. International crisis group: " I think probably Sisi's biggest mistake was only last week that he expected 40 million people to vote for him. Well, it seems he got only about 25 million. If you believe the early preliminary results. He set too high ambitions for himself"
2'55'' Issandr's back on the computer
3'01'' "This is a very very polarized country. There's a big group of people in the middle who just go along, who just want their lives to get better. So I'm not sure this will hurt Sisi's ability to govern, or to hurt him at least immediately as a president. The reality is that most of the State's institutions back him as candidate".
Syrians who already left their country more than a year ago and fled to Cairo in search of a better life, are actually leaving Egypt to reach the European shores. As legal immigration is almost impossible, they look for the only possible way to travel: crossing the Mediterranean Sea by boat. Risking their life, leaving their business and paying more than $3000 per person, thousands of refugee Syrians reached Italy and moved to North Europe to seek asylum.
Some of them die during the trip, while others are caught by the Egyptian police while sailing the waters. Other refugees are jailed in several prisons in Alexandria and Beheira and are then deported to Lebanon, Turkey and Syria.
It has been a year since the Mediterranean port city of Alexandria in Egypt, began receiving in large numbers of Syrian refugees fleeing the war in their homeland. When he first arrived in Egypt from Syria, a little over 10 months ago, 33 year old Alaa felt welcomed. However, like many Syrians in Egypt, Alaa’s life went from bad to worse after Egyptian President Mohammed Morsi was deposed this past July. The situation has now gotten so bad that he is contemplating risking his life and being smuggled by boat to Italy.
When we first arrived in Egypt Morsi was in power. At that time Egypt was welcoming Syrians. Everywhere we went, public or private, we were welcomed. When the political situation in Egypt changed everything else changed with it. When Egyptians encounter foreigners here it causes problems. People are stressed, they are dying in the sea just because they don't want to be alive anymore and their country “Syria” was destroyed. Indeed if I will have the chance I will leave. Life here is no longer possible. Our relations with the arabs are over, they don't want us anymore.
The trip from Alexandria to Italy is extremely dangerous, uncomfortable and expensive, costing around $3000. However, Laurence is so desperate to leave Egypt he is willing to take the risk and pay the money. He is now spending his days in his fiancé’s house, waiting for the call from the trafficker to go to Europe, where half of his family will be waiting for him.
All over the world these trips are called “The death trip”. We do believe that we will die anyway, we have no life in any country because of the way the countries see the Syrians. The trip is in a fishing boat made to hold 40 to 50 people, but in fact it is carrying 400 people. The trip takes almost 5 to 6 days and you have to face all the risks. My parents trip was supposed to take 5 days to reach Italy, but the fishing boat was damaged and there were earthquakes in the sea of Cyprus. They saw death in front of their eyes, and they were out of water and food, and suffered from thirst and hunger. They spent 11 days at sea, 5 of which without eating or drinking, and they had to drink water from the engine, they really suffered before help arrived. They were stuck in the sea, they suffered too much on this trip. Some of them were injured, a girl lost her leg, a woman had a heart attack, and a child broke his hand. They were just left at sea, and if the red cross and the coast guards hadn't rescued them , they would have all been dead. All this suffering just to reach a country that respects human rights.
The Syrian war has generated one of the worst humanitarian crises in recent history. Syrian refugees now number in the millions, scattered both across Arab countries and in western ones. Europe accepts Syrian refugees if they are already inside European borders. However, if refugees outside Europe try to reach there through legal means, they will almost always be denied entry. The only alternative they have is illegal entry to the EU.
130.000 refugees registered in the UNHCR. I attended a meeting in Amman for UNHCR in Amman. The total number expected in the, it will be five million Syrians. Five million if the situation stays as it is.
These numbers are alarming, but they are only one part of a wider exodus of Syrians. They do not include Palestinian Syrians. Because they are Palestinians they cannot be registered by the UNHCR in Egypt. Until now, almost 5 thousand Syrians and Palestinian Syrians have left Egypt to reach Italy by boat. The departures are continuing, with almost 2 boats per week attempting the perilous journey.
The place of women within the tribal system of the Bedouins of North Sinai is very restricted and anchored to very specific traditions. The situation of Bedouin women, in fact, is connected to the tribal structure. In the Bedouin culture, the status of families is determined by their size. Women are thus both venerated and marginalized to the role of "birth givers".
Therefore, Bedouin women are obliged to marry as soon as possible and they are subject not only to a strict cultural code, but also to a strict sexual code of conduct. Each individual, through his action, represents his family as a whole in the society. Each shameful or not acceptable conduct will damage the honor of the entire family.
Being subject to these strict codes and rules, only a very small minority of Bedouin women have access to the public sphere and to social life outside the domestic walls.
In this reportage it will be shown the voices of both Bedouin and Egyptian women and men, that are fighting for a social change for Bedouin women, and that explain the situation for women in Sinai.
Selwa el Hirsh, an active woman of the Billi tribe of Rabaa (near Bir el Abd) shows her struggle in trying to enable Bedouin women to integrate in the economical sphere of their families through handicraft. She explains the importance of women in participating in the economy of the family.
Mona Barhoum, is an activist in Rafah, engaged on women and development issues. She gave more then 5000 ID to Bedouin women and she run as a candidate in the last parliamentary elections.
Sheikh Arafat, a sufi sheikh of the tribe of the Sawarka, is the director of the Al Gora Society (in al Gora, in the nearby of Sheikh Zwaid), an NGO working on human rights and development in Sinai.
Said Hytaiek is a Bedouin activist of Sheikh Zwaid, explaining how the policies of the last 30 years on Sinai didn't bring any progress on the women issues in the region.
Sheikh Goma el Tarrabin, a member of the most facultous families of the Tarrabin, and very famous smuggler, explains ( only audio) the traditions and marriage in the tribal system.
Sheikh Abd el Hendy, an Orfi judge (the traditional Bedouin legislation) of Chabaana, in the nearby of Sheikh Zwaid explains the legislative status of women in the Bedouin traditions.
00:00 - 01:00 Selwa El Hirsh: “In the name of Allah my name is Selwa el Hirsh, a leader for the women of North Sinai. I am a Bedouin, the tribe of Baradeya, family el-Hirsh.
We have here six places: Bir el Abd, Sinai is Bir el Abd, el Arish, this is the capital, Sheikh Zwaid, Rafah, el-Hassala, Nekhel. We have six areas in North Sinai. Women in the past were very weak, she tried to cultivate to help her husband to grow her boys, girls in the house. There is no learning, no culture, nothing, only she was growing some sheep in the house.”
Images: man on the beach of el-Arish, el Arish University, militaries walking on the beach of el Arish, Chabaana (Sheikh Zwaid )peach trees, palm trees of the beach of El Arish, rooftops and building of el Arish, Orfi tribunal in Chabaana, fruit trees in Bir el Abd, woman with child in her balcony, children playing in Rabaa village, sheep in cage in Chaabana.
01:00- 02:04 Sheikh Arafat (director of Al-Gora Society): “Despite all the services we do for women, there is still a lot of challenges in Sinai community because of the uneducated ones and because the women they cannot finish their education in so many places in this region. And the other places the girls leaving school in the primary school because there are no preparatory or high schools for them. At some other places they stop at high schools because there are no universities and sometimes the university is too far and not easy to reach.”
Images: Bedouin men in peach trees in Chabaana, Flyer of Al-Gora Society activities on women, two Bedouin women in traditional clothes and baby, particular of the mother holding the baby, Bedouin women and the baby, village of Sheikh Zwaid with girls and donkey chariot.
02:04- 02:34 Said Hytaiek (activist):
“The women in Sinai suffer a lot because she lives in a men community that does not believe in the woman goal nor the woman rights. And she lives in a community that puts her role only inside the house.”
Images: Women with Niqab and baby walking in the street, main street of El Arish.
02:34- 03:11 Goma Tarrabin (Tarrabin rich man and smuggler):
“My name is Goma Abu Sahba Tarabin tribe, Sinai, Egyptian citizen like any other Egyptian citizen, Muslim, Arab and we have our custom and tradition in our community that we cannot change. The women’s state in Sinai is not like anywhere else. And because of our customs and traditions that we have for long time, from our grand-grandparents, we can’t change the women state in 10 or 20 years.”
Images: Bedouin men and children in a Bedouin hut on the beach of el Arish, children in the hut, beach of el Arish, Bedouin man preparing Shisha.
03:11– 03:38 Selwa el Hirsh:
“We have here rules, in Sinai, between the tribes. We have rules. No one from the other tribes can touch me. Ok? We have rules here, but now no one care about the rules, women not safe, families not safe, the adults not safe.”
03:38- 04:11 Goma Tarrabin:
“one of the problems women faces in Sinai is education, marriage, even in growing up their children and sometimes the husband gets married more than two or three times. The average of getting married in the Bedouin community starts from 16.”
Images: Bedouin women with children, two Bedouin women (one working) with children, Bedouin teenager girls preparing tea on the seaside.
04:11- 05:39 Judge Abd el Hady (Orfi judge):
“I am el haj abdel hady atteia hassan, from Ashira el Mansoureya, I am an Orfi judge. And one of the most important people in Sinai. The Orfi law is when the people have some problems and they have to sit with Orfi to solve the disputes. The society gives to women a lot of options, a lot of freedom, for ex is she can go to all the houses, so now she is a strange person there, so the father of the house deals with her like if he was her owner. If she wants to divorce she can. If she wants rights, give her the rights. She goes to Massaid and Massaid take a lot of care of her.”
Images: particular of hands taking a cigarette, inside the Bedouin Tribunal, men listening to the judge, three Bedouin men in the tribunal listening to the judge, portrait of one man listening to the judge, portrait of another Bedouin smoking a cigarette and listening to the judge, outside of the Tribunal judge talking with a man, zoom on judge talking with the man.
05:39- 06:59 Selwa el Hirsh:
“Some of us(women) are educated, and we have a job. But the others women here don't have a job, and she wants to help her husband, she wants to make something in the family, for her family. These productions help the family to have many money, so she is trying her husband to bring money to her, she want to increase the income of the family. Our grandmothers give us this: When I was a child my mother gave me one piece and she asked me to look at her and to teach me how to do it. Since the childhood until she becomes an hold woman. All her life. If she increases the income, the Governorate increases its income, the country, all Egypt, increases its income. Our economy is low now, we want to raise our economy, by cultivating Sinai, by these productions, by make factories.”
Images: particular of hands of woman working on handicraft, Bedouin women working, other Bedouin woman sitting beside her husband while she works, handicraft clothes in the trade show in Arish University, Bedouin women laughing with her husband, Bedouin family sitting all together under the shadow of a tree while women are working, old Bedouin woman, market in Arish, manequins of women clothes.
06:59- 07:25 Said Hytaiek:
“ we want to have a civil country to give the woman all her rights, even Mubarak did not commit on the rights of the women and the state organizations they have never given any solutions to solve all the women’s problem in Sinai, or even all over Egypt.”
Images: Arish downtown, woman in Niqab with two daughters crossing the street, Arish downtown, two women (one veiled one in Niqab) with their children.
07:25- 07:48 Selwa el Hirsh:
“Hosni Mubarak government and Morsi government, all of them don't care about Sinai. They (the women) are trying, in politics, to have places in politics in Sinai, on the TV, they want to appear to speak about problems in Sinai.”
Images: Selwa presenting handicraft products made by Bedouin women, Selwa talking with a man.
07:48- 08:56 Mona Barhoum (political activist):
“The situation of women in Sinai, is the same like all the Egyptian women. They got backward in everything that they gained before the revolution, like their membership in the local committees and making the decisions.
The main issue is that there is no faith in woman role in the political life by the political parties. And she is very welcome when she is voting, but she is not when she is a member. As Sinai people now we ask the actual government to invest and develop Sinai.”
Images: Mona walking in the entrance of the court, Mona with her cat, portrait of Bedouin woman in traditional clothes, two Bedouin women with kids in the garden of the house, Bedouin woman eating fruits from a tree, Mona going outside of her house.
08:56- 09:10 Selwa el Hirsh:
“Everything is related to the woman, Woman is member of this society. If the society is good the woman will be good, if the society is bad, the woman will be bad. Everything is back to us.”
Images : Bedouin girls playing a game on the sand.
In 2009, the company DANA GAS (UAE) started shale gas explorations near Fares, a small agricultural village on the West Bank of the Nile, 75 km North of Aswan.
The company employed a controversial technique known as hydraulic fracturing or "fracking", which uses a mixture of pressurized water and chemicals to release natural gas trapped in the shale rock.
The village was soon flooded with groundwater and in January 2013 orchards, crops and houses were destroyed.
Residents do not have results from the water tests that the government was supposed to carry out. In addition to ecological concerns, property owners whose land was affected have received very little compensation from the gas extraction company (Dana Gas) or from the Egyptian government. The clean up efforts promised by the government have come to a halt and it is not known if and when they will resume.
The case of Fares, however, differs from other documented cases of damages caused by fracking.
The flooding is believed to be the result of seismic testings, a straightforward operation conducted prior to the extraction to determine the size of the shale.
Therefore, this case shows:
how monitoring of the fracking operations --known to be possibly harmful for water reserves -- was poor or non-existent in an area close to the Nile
media usually focuses on fracking's direct effects. In Fares, however, damage was caused by a subsidiary effect of fracking
land grabbing - although not through acquisition, but through destruction - occurred without compensation for the villagers and the denial of any responsibility on part of the company
the Egyptian government - under Mubarak, the SCAF, and the Muslim Brotherhood - failed to stand up against the company and protect its citizens
environmental concerns not only for the village's proximity to the Nile, but also for the destruction of many mature and rare trees
00:00 - 00:17
Images of Upper Egypt, Map of Fares
VO: "75 km north of Aswan lies Fares, a village of 30,000 inhabitants, on the west bank of the Nile. Renowned as one of the principle producers of mangoes and dates in Egypt, the majority of Fares' residents are employed in the agricultural sector, making fields and crops the crux of the village's economy."
00:18 - 00:35 Images of the flooded fields, Sheikh Ahmed Abdel Hamid
VO: "However, in January 2013, flooding of groundwater devastated fields and orchards, and destroyed houses and local buildings in the village. The flooding has been attributed to the hydraulic fracturing, or fracking, operations by the company Dana Gas, whose extraction site, is only 10 km north of Fares.
00:36 - 00:47 Animated info-graphic on fracking
VO: "Fracking is a controversial technique used to extract natural gas from shale rock. This is done by creating fissures in the shale with a perforating gun, and then injecting a pressurized mixture of water and chemicals to release the trapped gas and bring it to the surface."
00:48 - 01:19 Interview with the Sheikh Ahmed Abdel Hamid (community leader), images of the fields
"It has started since 2009-- first they found that the soil became wet. Gradually, the water began to come on the surface, higher and higher, until it reached the level of one metre. This water has submerged about 2,000 feddans of land (840 hectares)."
01:20 - 01:26 Images of fields, uprooted palm tree
VO: Although the company is not fracking in Fares directly, the flooding is believed to be a result of Dana Gas's seismic testing using 'shot-holes'.
01:26 - 01:52 Animated info-graphic on seismic testing
VO: "Seismic testing uses 30 foot pipes that are inserted into the ground, and an explosion is detonated. The vibrations from the explosion bounce off the subsurface rock and travel back to the surface, where a grid of geophone sensors pick up the wavelengths, thus determining the expanse of the shale below. Ordinarily in the industry, the pipes are plugged in order to prevent flooding. But, these pipes were left open in the fields-- creating a pathway for flowing groundwater to stream upwards."
01:53 - 02:09 Images of fields, springs
VO: "The flooding reached a climax in January, but damage to the fields remains. Stagnant puddles of water exceeding 3 inches, cover entire fields. Groundwater continues to spring spontaneously, creating essentially a swamp out of homes and a formerly prosperous crop."
02:10 - 02:24 Interview with Mohamed Abdouh (farmer and teacher)
"Approximately about 150 families have to move, because of this problem. A lot of these families can't afford to build new houses."
02:25 - 02:36 Interview with Mohamed Abdouh, images of the local graveyard
"The most bitter thing for the villagers is that the graveyard of the village has completely submerged. "
02:37 - 03:06 Interview with Sheikh Ahmed Abdel Hamid in front of a house destroyed
"Approximately 2,000 feddans were flooded by the groundwater. it is more than 2,000 feddans. In these areas there were trees: palms, lemon, mango, berries and that now there is water (that are now flooded). It has more than a hundreds of thousands of doom, palms, mangoes, lemons, and all citrus and this is all the income for the village. These fields are the only income for the village "
03:07 - 03:20 Images of residents
VO: Residents state that there was virtually no consultation with the village prior to shale extraction. In 2009, they were told there may be gas reserves in their village, but the seismic testing carried out directly on their land, was not explained to them.
03:21 - 03:44
"They just came and drilled. When the farmers asked them they told (them) they were looking for oil. So the farmers were happy. If they found gas or oil on your land, you will have a good compensation. Good money as a compensation."
03:45 - 03:52 Images of a street seller, men sitting on the ground, kid riding a donkey
VO: "The governor of Aswan stated that the company would create 450 jobs for local residents, yet no one has been employed to date."
03:53 - 04:06 Images of children, the local school, man picking up bricks
VO: "Moreover, compensation remains a large concern for the residents' livelihood. Beyond the municipal government offering to help rebuild the hospital and school, very little money has actually met the hands of the land and home owners whose properties were damaged."
04:07 - 04:34 Interview with Mohamed Abdouh
"When the villagers went to make a sit-in in the company-- in the site there- -the responsibles came and told us they have given the clerks in the municipal council a big number-- a lot of money. When we returned to the municipal council, they denied that. So we are... we don't know how. We are now bewildered between them…"
04:35 - 04:49 Images of the cleanup operation site.
VO: "The government began cleanup efforts six months ago by draining the fields with pipes that would empty to a drainage canal and then run back into the Nile. The pipes though, were too small, and so the clean up project had come to a halt. When they will resume is unknown."
04:50 - 04:59 Images of Sheikh Ahmed Abdel Hamid, puddle of stagnant water, the Nile river from Fares' shore.
VO: "Residents still have not heard back from the municipal council abt the water test results, but maintain that the water is harmful, which is also a cause for concern due to its proximity to the Nile."
05:00 - 05:16 Images of Sheikh Ahmed Abdel Hamid, images of resident walking next to trees, man on the train.
In addition to the ecological concerns, it's significant that Fares' principal fields and orchards were destroyed, including many mature trees that had reached peak production. Thus not only costing the agricultural-centered village lost profits this year, but also for the years to come.
Mazen, the first disabled person to climb St Catherine mountain in Sinai, promoting rights for disabled in Egypt
Mazen is the first disabled person to climb Mount Saint Catherine in Sinai, to promote rights for the handicapped in Egypt. Mazen contracted polio when he was 3 years old, while he was escaping Iraq with his family during the First Gulf War.
According to World Health Organization’s statistics, 10% of Egypt’s total population suffers from physical or mental disabilities. The 1975 Rehabilitation of Disabled Persons law didn't bring progress to the living conditions of the disabled. During the two years that followed the revolution, with 18 months of military rule followed by the Muslim Brotherhood’s government, Egypt’s handicapped population, estimated at over 8 million, continue to face more of the same problems. The precarious and difficult situation in a city like Cairo, one of the most chaotic in the world due to a substantial lack of infrastructure, is unfortunately only one of the many problems handicapped people face in Egypt. A lack of rights, health care and increased social marginalization inspired Mazen, who has been handicapped since the age of 3, to get involved in political activism, prompting him to join the 6th of April movement in 2010.
In November 2012, during the Mohamed Mahmoud clashes, Mazen lost his close friend and companion of the 6th of April movement, Gika. Since then, he decided to change his methods of protest, and to start a more responsible and peaceful activism campaign through symbolic actions.
Three months ago, he completed the first of several actions, climbing the Keops pyramid in Giza. On the 6th of April 2013, for the anniversary of the movement, he decided to climb the 1586 m and 750 stairs of mount Saint Catherine in Sinai.
00:00 - 00: 44 sec intro VO
Mazen is the first disabled person to climb mount Sinai, promoting rights for handicapped people in Egypt.
According to World Health Organization, 10% of Egypt’s population, over 8 million people suffer from a disability. The Rehabilitation of Disabled Persons law of 1975 didn't improve their living conditions. In Egypt little attention is paid to the difficulties of the handicapped, especially in Cairo, one of the most chaotic cities in the world, there is a shortage of infrastructure to the assist their mobility. This is compounded by the lack of rights, poor health care and social marginalization. Mazen, handicapped since the age of 3, was inspired to get involved in political activism, before the revolution.
00:44 – 01:39 interview : presentation and problems of handicapped people in Egypt
“I am Mazen Hamza, I am 26 years old. I was born in 1987 in Iraq. I came in Egypt during the First Gulf War. I contracted the polio when I was three years old because of the vaccination. ”
“The problems that handicapped people suffer here in Egypt have been the reason why I decided to enter political activism, in order to send a message to the entire world, that handicapped people have to be integrated into society. We have problems in all aspects, in transportation, in education, in work, in housing, in airplanes, and mostly in the treatment we received by the government. I mean the government does not know how to treat handicapped people.”
01:40 – 02:03 political activism VO 6th of April / sit-in of 6th of April in front of the Ministry of Interior
Mazen became a political activist in February 2011 when he joined the 6th of April movement, the most active civil rights movements in Egypt. He first participated in debates, demonstrations and sit-ins.
In November 2012, during the clash with Security Forces and the Military Government, Mazen lost his close friend Gika, a fellow activist. This inspired him to begin a campaign of peaceful activism through symbolic demonstrations.
02:04- 02:47 Interview talk about gika / inside Gika's family house
“The death of Gika influenced us a lot. He was a boy that put a beautiful energy within us. Climbing the Cheope Pyramid has been only the beginning of many activities in urban, historical and religious places. We started by climbing the pyramid and it has had a lot of success, we heard good feedback from the people. I am not speaking about the public’s opinion, but from the other activists.”
02:48- 03:18 VO actions: Saint Catherine
Three months ago, Mazen completed the first of his demonstrations, climbing the Haram Cheope, the great pyramid of Giza. Then, on April 6, for the seventh anniversary of the movement, he climbed the 1586 m of Mount Sinai including the 750 “stairs of penitence”. In the Christian, Muslim and Jewish traditions, Mount Sinai is where Moses received the Ten Commandments. Overcoming his physical limitations, Mazen reached the summit in order to raise awareness for the disabled population and to remember those who died for human rights in Egypt.
03:18- 05:12 climbing St Cathrine, reaching the summit
05:12- 05: 27 interview St. Cathrine
“I would like the world to be aware of what’s going on in Egypt. For this reason I climbed St Catherine mountain, where Moses spoke with his God, to bring his speech all around the world, and I am doing the same thing to make people care about the handicapped women, children, and society and in general human rights.”
05: 28 Mazen Screaming the name of “Gika”.
Other text (Arabic translation):
“When I found out that there were young people ready for revolution, I joined them for months to take down the regime, and change the system. After two years I feel that nothing has changed. We have a new president, but the same system, so I tried to be different.
I started to work with the movement by participating in demonstrations and other activities. When I found out about the 6th of April movement, I joined it immediately. I joined the movement on the anniversary of the clashes of Mohammed Mahmud. In the Moquattam group, I was just an activist, but after I became responsible for social policies. I joined many events, especially for handicapped people’s rights.”
I attend a lot of conference to spread their voices everywhere, and to raise awareness of the problems of disabled people.
I tried to see the system separately from religious or historic dogma. I would like the world to be aware of what’s going on in Egypt. For this reason I climbed St Catherine mountain, where Moses spoke with his God, to bring his speech all around the world. And I am doing the same thing to make people care about the handicapped, women, children, and society and in general human rights,
We have a problem with the system. Politicians don’t listen to our demands, but we will make them listen and change their policies to how young people want them.
I am a citizen who sees that people will soon organize themselves to bring a real change. Tomorrow will be better, but now we still need to spend a lot of energy, even if we already spent a lot. That’s why we are climbing St. Catherine mountain, we already climbed 2350 meters and we only have to climb 750 stairs. That is the fight with myself against the system and the entire world, and I will do more, or my efforts will be vane.
Tamarod (Rebellion), is an Egyptian campaign launched by a coalition of groups and movements of the civil society to demand the resignation of President Morsi.
Whenever confronted with critics, waves of protests and clashes, the Muslim Brotherhood constantly repeats that Morsi was democratically elected by more than 13 million people. Thus, Tamarod aims to collect by the end of June, 15 million signatures of people who are asking for Morsi's resignations and early elections.
The initiative - highly symbolic since it has no legal basis in the Egyptian constitution - is gaining ground thanks to the volunteers who are copying and distributing the forms everywhere in the country.
The video is 2 minutes and 18 seconds long and it features interviews and images of people signing the petition.
1- woman stopping taxis to give them the form, telling them "It's against Morsi"
2- interview in english with a volunteer. "The goal of Tamarod... we want to explain that we refuse the Muslim Brotherhood regime and Morsi as well"
3- woman distributing the form. Two women walk past saying "We don't want him (Morsi)"
4- interview with second female volunteer. "We are collecting 15 millions petitions... 15 Million petitions, to tell the public opinion in Europe and in Egypt that Morsi has to resign".
5- Three shots of the second volunteer collecting signatures and showing the papers.
6- close shot of woman holding the "Tamarod" petition. In the background we can hear demonstrators saying "we want the fall of the regime"
7- Eight shots of people signing forms. One guy waiting for a man to take a picture of him holding the Tamarod petition. Background interview in English with the first volunteer saying "Their excuse is that Morsi received 15 million votes, so we are trying to show them that more than this number refuses the Muslim Brotherhood. This is not just from Cairo, but also a lot of states (governorates) like Alexandria, Suez as well, Port Said and some cities in Upper Egypt"
8- volunteer talking to a man at intersection, while another man on a motorcycle reads the Tamarod papers
9- Interview in arabic with young volunteer from Alexandria. "The next 30 of June we will have collected 15 million requests or more...."
10- Young volunteers stopping cars to distribute the petition in Mohamed Mahmoud Street. The interview continues in the background "The government of the Supreme Council of the Armed Forces (SCAF) and the one of Morsi, the present government of the Muslim Brotherhood, did not break with the past, with Mubarak. The government of Morsi and that of Mubarak are the same". "For this reason the Egyptian people are returning again to the streets, to the square (Tahrir), to let Morsi and his group know "we don't want you!"
11- shots of women chanting in Tahrir square. "A new revolution in the square" and "down with Morsi"
12- interview in arabic with second volunteer "we don't want Mubarak or Morsi. We want young people, people from here, from Tahrir"
13- Woman with three children holding the "Tamarod signs" and singing "Erhal (Leave)"