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Egyptian Villages Suffer From Water P...
Cairo
By Mohamed AbouElenen
03 Apr 2015

The Egyptian village of Qalioub al-Balad has suffered from severe water pollution over the past three years. The water in the village has a putrid smell and is contaminated with impurities. To help tackle this issue, a resident of the village installed a private water treatment station, which he called 'The Popular Filter'.
This project is facing a crackdown from the local authorities, which have given monopoly on exploiting water resources to a private corporation.
Qalioub al-Balad is located in Qalioubiya, one of the three provinces of the Greater Cairo region.

SHOTLIST AND TRANSCRIPT

Various of Qalioub al-Balad residents buying water from mobile water tank

SOUNDBITE (Arabic, Man) Ahmed Nasser, Qalioub al-Balad Resident
01:40 – 02:16

“The water that comes from the tap is yellow. It used to be clean and filtered but now sometimes it comes out yellow. If you fill a glass with tap water you will see how unclean it is. We buy water, even though it is expensive, but it is better than tap water which causes kidney failure.”

Various of water distribution in the town

SOUNDBITE (Arabic, Man) Mohamad Sabri, water distributor
02:35

“Before work, we clean the water hose then fill it and distribute water. We go out on a tricycle to distribute water. Each area has a specific day.” “Sometimes the Ministry of Supply inspectors come across me. I was fined before, and the only reason was that I was distributing water. The inspector took my name and started a problem. There is lawsuit still being pursued at court.” “The problem with the water is not only how it looks; some people say to me ‘I swear that I am disgusted to use the water for prayer. If it is used for cooking, the food will have a very bad smell. This is causing problems at homes.” Close-up of man filling glass with tap water
Various of Mohamad Sabri selling filtered water in the street
Various/ Close-up of plastic containers being filled with filtered water
Medium of Hasan Shaarawi, a Qalioub al-Balad resident, filling glass with tap water

SOUNDBITE (Man, Arabic) Hasan Shaarawi, a resident of Qalioub al-Balad
04:46 – 04:50

“Half of the water is black and the lower half has impurities.”

Medium of Hasan Shaarawi comparing tap water and filtered water

SOUNDBITE (Man, Arabic) Hasan Shaarawi, a resident of Qalioub al-Balad
04:58 – 05:56

“The water that the municipality is providing for us cannot be used. It is black and has a lot of a high amount of impurities. A while ago, I met someone from a company that sells water filters. They install filters and maintain them for a year. He tested the filtered water that I buy as well as the tap water. He said that the water that the municipality provides cannot be used for animals, let alone humans.” “I buy drinking water for 20 pounds a week, which we use for drinking and cooking. We use the water provided by the municipality for cleaning. The [price of tap water] went up. It is provided by private holding company. A household uses about 70 pounds worth of tap water every two months, but we do not drink it.”

Various of man distributing water

SOUNDBITE (Arabic, Woman) Amal Mohammad, Resident of Qalioub al-Balad
06:02 – 06:11
“We were suffering from microbes, urinary infections and [kidney] aches because we used to drink tap water. We were told that this was because of the water. This is why we buy water. We do not drink tap water.”

Various of people buying filtered water

SOUNDBITE (Arabic, Woman) Safaa Hussein, Resident of Qalioub al-Balad
06:12 – 06:27

“The problem with water is that is not clean. Some people have had diseases and kidney stones in the bile because of the water pollution. Doctors have said that the water is not clean.”

Various of Mohamad Sabri setting up tricycle motorbike and going into water treatment station

SOUNDBITE (Arabic, Man) Ahmad Shubrawi, the founder the Popular Filter
06:38 – 07:09

"This tank contains regular water. This [filter] is made of pebbles, and this one from carbon. The sand and pebbles removes impurities and carbon is needed to treat the salts in the water – this is for the excess salts in the water. These two filters provide additional cleaning. Water is then exposed to something called ultraviolet’ or ‘UV’, which is the last phase that water goes through to be treated from bacteria."

Various of water treatment plant

SOUNDBITE (Arabic, Man) Ahmad Shubrawi, the founder the Popular Filter
07:16 – 10:09

“Many people have complained how the water smells and tastes, until we started this project, with the help of God. We asked how to filter water. Some people cannot afford to buy small filters to use them at home, which is why we started this water treatment station. The problem is that the government refused to give us a license. How will I be able to get a license? Can I say to the government: ‘Your water is not clean, therefore I will clean it and sell it?’” “We brought an engineer who is specialised in building water treatment facilities. We first analysed the water to know what is needed to purify it. We analysed the water provided by the government at a laboratory called Burj al-Arab to figure out the equipment or substances that we need – whether the water has excess iron or bacteria; any substances that are present in excessive amounts. Based on that, we started this treatment and we have working for three years.” “This project is a substitute for government [services]. We are relieving the government. If we shut down, people will not stay quiet. People have found an alternative. When we asked for a license the government refused to grant it to us. From time to time, the Ministry of Supply inspectors fine us because we do not have any license. You know that we do not have a license. They just file random report against us for not having a license. You should give us a permit.” “The water that we sell is more affordable to people than buying a filter. Filters that perform seven-step purification have a short life and their maintenance is costly. A filter costs about 1,500 to 1,600 pounds if it has a good quality. If you buy water from me…in the summer, a family of four to five members would use about three jerry cans a week. Each jerry costs four pounds, so this is a total of 12 pounds. Four pounds include home delivery, but if a customer picks it up from here, it could cost 2.5 pounds. Not all customers come here because it would cost them the same as the price that includes the delivery charge. A family of four to five members would buy water for 12 pounds a week – multiplied by four, that would be 48 pounds, let us say 50 pounds per month and 600 pounds per year. A home filter costs 1,500 pounds and would last for two years even if it was maintained. The motor could be burned and the pipes could be clogged. This is why people prefer to buy [filtered] water.”

Various of water treatment facility
Various of The Qalioubiya water company headquarters
Various of Mustafa Mujahid, Head of the Qalioubia water company

SOUNDBITE (Arabic, Man) Mustafa Mujahid, Head of the Qaliyoubia water company
11:09 – 13:33

“[Private] water treatment companies are spreading information among people that the water provided by the Qalioubiya Potable Water and Sewage Company is not good. The water that they are using could be our own purified water. They are making a profit from this. They are pushing people to be suspicious of the water quality. I can confirm before you and to all citizens in Qalioubiya that the water we produce does not suffer from the slightest problem. The problem we are facing is the lack of water, which is affecting citizens. The building of water stations is still ongoing in order to cover the large population’s needs. The recent transgressions have also had a negative role.
Conditions specify that in order to obtain a license for a private station, the authorities that provide related services need to be consulted. The authorities in this case are the water company. Some people have started to cooperate with us and followed the law. On the other hand, we shut many businesses down and some people work illegally and do not consult with us at all.
As I told you at the beginning, these stations are only installed in deprived areas, where water is not potable. People have installed manual water pumps, which extract water from our own network. If you analyse the water that is being extracted by these pumps you will find that it is pure and conforms to standards. People extract water illicitly from the grid in order to avoid paying fees. Water is being stolen on a large scale.”

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Tin Fever in Indonesia 33
By Steven Wassenaar
17 Mar 2014

Fondy (51 years) is a contracter working for PT Timah, his mine produces 60 tons of tin a month. He hopes to be able to produce 80-100 tons next year. The Pemali mine, the biggest legal mine in Bangka that has completely devastated the once green landscape. Operated by PT-Timah, it produces 60 tons of tin per month. Bangka Island (Indonesia) is devastated by illegal tin mines. The demand for tin has increased due to its use in smart phones and tablets.

Fondy (51 ans) est un sous-traitant, travaillant pour PT Timah, sa mine produit 60 tonnes d'étain par mois, il espère atteindre 80-100 tonnes l'année prochaine. Mine de Pemali, plus grande mine légale de Bangka. Exploité par PT-Timah. Elle produit 60 tonnes d'étain par mois. L'île de Bangka (Indonésie) est dévastée par des mines d'étain. La demande de l'étain a explosé à cause de son utilisation dans les smartphones et tablettes.

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Traditional oil wells East Java Indon...
Cepu, Indonesia
By Jeffrey Bright
17 Sep 2013

Traditional oil miner gathers buckets of crude oil to begin the distillation process of converting it into diesel fuel. Distillation is accomplished by heating the filtered crude oil to between 200 °C (392 °F) and 350 °C (662 °F). Cepu, Indonesia. 25/01/2011

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Traditional oil wells East Java Indon...
Cepu, Indonesia
By Jeffrey Bright
17 Sep 2013

Motorcycle is loaded with drums of diesel and transported to nearby villages to be sold. Cepu, Indonesia. 25/01/2011

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Nigeria Oil Theft (20 of 25)
Bayelsa, Nigeria
By Tife Owolabi
18 May 2013

A hose used to pump water into the distilling equipment at the illegal refinery camp along the Nun River.

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Tin Fever in Indonesia 1
By Steven Wassenaar
06 Dec 2012

Tin mines on Bangka Island (Indonesia) seen from a plane.
The hidden side of high tech smartphones. The demand for tin has increased due to its use in smartphones and tablets. Smartphone brands like Samsung and Apple deny all responsibility for the environmental situation in Bangka and refuse to give transparency in their tin supply chain. Bangka Island is devastated by illegal tin mines.

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Tin Fever in Indonesia 42
By Steven Wassenaar
05 Dec 2012

Miners sift sand in search of tin in an illegal tin mine in Reboh, Bangka Island, Indonesia. Tin mines have devastated the landscape of the island. This tin rush is a direct consequence of the success of smartphones and tablets like iPhones and iPads from Apple or Samsung. The demand for tin has significantly increased due to its use in smart phones and tablets.

Mineurs tamisent du sable dans une Mine d'étain illégale à Reboh, île de Bangka (Indonésie). L'île est dévastée par cette ruée d'étain mortelle, une conséquence directe du succès des smartphones et tablettes comme les iPhones et les iPads d'Apple ou Samsung. La demande de l'étain a explosé à cause de son utilisation dans les smartphones et tablettes.

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Tin Fever in Indonesia 41
By Steven Wassenaar
05 Dec 2012

A miner is working in a huge illegal tin mine in Batako, Tunghin. The mine has completely devastated the once green landscape of the island. This tin rush is a direct consequence of the success of smartphones and tablets like iPhones and iPads from Apple or Samsung. It is used as the solder that binds components in electronics such as tablet computers and smartphones.

Le côté caché du succès des smartphones. Des mineurs travaillent dans une grande mine d'étain illégale à Batako - Tunghin qui a complètement dévasté un paysage qui était autrefois verte. L'île de Bangka (Indonésie) est dévastée par des mines d'étain sauvages, une conséquence directe du succès des smartphones et tablettes comme les iPhones et les iPads d'Apple ou Samsung. La demande de l'étain a explosé à cause de son utilisation dans les smartphones et tablettes.

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Tin Fever in Indonesia 45
By Steven Wassenaar
05 Dec 2012

Miners work in a huge illegal tin mine in Batako, Tunghin. Working conditions in tin mines are extremely difficult and dangerous. Miners risk their life every day diving or digging for tin. The exploitation of the mine has completely devastated the once green landscape of the island. Mines are everywhere: in backyards, in the forest, on the side of the road, out at sea.

This tin rush is a direct consequence of the success of smartphones and tablets like iPhones and iPads from Apple or Samsung. The demand for tin has significantly increased due to its use in smart phones and tablets.

Des mineurs travaillent dans une grande mine d'étain illégale à Batako - Tunghin qui a complètement dévasté un paysage qui était autrefois verte. L'île de Bangka (Indonésie) est dévastée par des mines d'étain sauvages, une conséquence directe du succès des smartphones et tablettes comme les iPhones et les iPads d'Apple ou Samsung. La demande de l'étain a explosé à cause de son utilisation dans les smartphones et tablettes.

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Tin Fever in Indonesia 40
By Steven Wassenaar
05 Dec 2012

The hidden side of high tech smartphones.
Miners sifting sand in search of tin in an illegal tin mine in Reboh, Bangka island, Indonesia. The demand for tin has increased due to its use in smart phones and tablets. Thousands of miners from all over Indonesia come to Bangka Island (Indian Ocean), to work under hard circumstances in illegal and dangerous tin mines. Bangka Island is devastated by illegal tin mines.Le côté caché du succès des smartphones.

Mineurs tamisent du sable dans une Mine d'étain illégale à Reboh, L'île de Bangka (Indonésie) est dévastée par des mines d'étain sauvages. Des milliers de mineurs de toute l'Indonésie viennent à l'île de Bangka (océan Indien), pour travailler dans des conditions difficiles dans les mines d'étain illégales et dangereuses. La demande de l'étain a explosé à cause de son utilisation dans les smartphones et tablettes.

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Tin Fever in Indonesia 39
By Steven Wassenaar
05 Dec 2012

Miners sift sand in seach of tin in an illegal tin mine in Reboh, Bangka, Indonesia. The island is devastated by this deadly tin rush, a direct consequence of the success of smartphones and tablets like iPhones and iPads from Apple or Samsung. The demand for tin has increased due to its use in smart phones and tablets.

Des mineurs tamisent du sable dans une Mine d'étain illégale à Reboh. L'île de Bangka (Indonésie) est dévastée par des mines d'étain sauvages, une conséquence directe du succès des smartphones et tablettes comme les iPhones et les iPads d'Apple ou Samsung. La demande de l'étain a explosé à cause de son utilisation dans les smartphones et tablettes

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Tin Fever in Indonesia 38
By Steven Wassenaar
05 Dec 2012

Miners sift sand in search of tin in an illegal tin mine in Reboh, Bangka Island, Indonesia. Tin mines have devastated the landscape of the island. This tin rush is a direct consequence of the success of smartphones and tablets like iPhones and iPads from Apple or Samsung. The demand for tin has significantly increased due to its use in smart phones and tablets. Working conditions in tin mines are extremely difficult and dangerous. Approximately 100 to 150 miners die every year.

Des mineurs tamisent du sable dans une Mine d'étain illégale à Reboh. L'île de Bangka (Indonésie) est dévastée par des mines d'étain sauvages, une conséquence directe du succès des smartphones et tablettes comme les iPhones et les iPads d'Apple ou Samsung. La demande de l'étain a explosé à cause de son utilisation dans les smartphones et tablettes.

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Tin Fever in Indonesia 37
By Steven Wassenaar
05 Dec 2012

Abong (52 years) after a long day of labor in the middle of the devastated landscape. He has been a miner since more then 20 years. He considers mining as a very dangerous job but he needs the money for a decent living. Bangka Island (Indonesia) is devastated by a deadly tin rush, a direct consequence of the success of smartphones and tablets like iPhones and iPads from Apple or Samsung. The demand for tin has increased due to its use in smart phones and tablets.

Abong (52 ans) après une longue journée de travail au milieu d'un paysage dévasté par activité minière. Il a été mineur depuis plus de 20 ans. Il considère l'exploitation minière comme un travail très dangereux, mais il a besoin d'argent pour une vie décente. L'île de Bangka (Indonésie) est dévastée par des mines d'étain sauvages, une conséquence directe du succès des smartphones et tablettes comme les iPhones et les iPads d'Apple ou Samsung. La demande de l'étain a explosé à cause de son utilisation dans les smartphones et tablettes.

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Tin Fever in Indonesia 36
By Steven Wassenaar
05 Dec 2012

Makeshift rafts on the Indian ocean used as mining platforms near the fishing village Reboh. Offshore mining destroys the coral reef. Miners dig for tin by sucking the sand from the sea floor with machines. Offshore mining does not escape illegal mining practices with locals using small
boats or rafts called floating unconventional mines.

Radeaux de fortune sur l'océan Indien qui fonctionnement comme des plates-formes d'exploitation minière instables et dangereuses. Mines d'étain off shore au large de Reboh, un village de pécheurs. Ces mines détruisent les fonds sous marins, les barrières de corail et tuent les poissons. L'île de Bangka (Indonésie) est dévastée par des mines d'étain sauvages. La demande de l'étain a explosé à cause de son utilisation dans les smartphones et tablettes.

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Tin Fever in Indonesia 35
By Steven Wassenaar
05 Dec 2012

Child in devastated landscape looks down on family members, who are miners in a huge illegal tin mine in Batako, Tunghin, a few meters from the village. Bangka Island (Indonesia) is devastated by a deadly tin rush, a direct consequence of the success of smartphones and tablets like iPhones and iPads from Apple or Samsung. The demand and price for tin has increased due to its use in smart phones and tablets.

Enfant dans un paysage dévasté regarde ses membres de la famille, des mineurs, dans une immense mine d'étain illégale à Batako - Tunghin, quelques mètres du village. L'île de Bangka (Indonésie) est dévastée par des mines d'étain sauvages, une conséquence directe du succès des smartphones et tablettes comme les iPhones et les iPads d'Apple ou Samsung. La demande de l'étain a explosé à cause de son utilisation dans les smartphones et tablettes.

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Tin Fever in Indonesia 34
By Steven Wassenaar
05 Dec 2012

A house is balancing on the edge of an illegal tin mine in Reboh. Working conditions in tin mines are extremely difficult and dangerous. Working in tin mines is dangerous. Landslides are common and the mined tin is usually mixed with radioactive elements. The exploitation of the mine has completely devastated the once green landscape of the island. Mines are everywhere: in backyards, in the forest, on the side of the road, out at sea.

Le côté caché du succès des smartphones. Une maison sur le bord d'une mine d'étain illégale à Reboh. L'île de Bangka (Indonésie) est dévastée par des mines d'étain sauvages, une conséquence directe du succès des smartphones et tablettes comme les iPhones et les iPads d'Apple ou Samsung. La demande de l'étain a explosé à cause de son utilisation dans les smartphones et tablettes.

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Tin Fever in Indonesia 32
By Steven Wassenaar
05 Dec 2012

Miners weigh tin sand after a day of work in an illegal tin mine in Reboh, Bangka, Indonesia. The island is devastated by this deadly tin rush, a direct consequence of the success of smartphones and tablets like iPhone and iPad from Apple or Samsung. The demand for tin has increased due to its use in smart phones and tablets.

Des mineurs pèsent de l'étain après une journée de travail dans un mine d'étain illégale à Reboh, Bangka, Indonésie. L'île est dévastée par des mines d'étain sauvages, une conséquence directe du succès des smartphones et tablettes comme les iPhones et les iPads d'Apple ou Samsung. La demande de l'étain a explosé à cause de son utilisation dans les smartphones et tablettes.

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Tin Fever in Indonesia 31
By Steven Wassenaar
05 Dec 2012

Darman (53 years) with his son Swanda (21 years) who was able to buy himself a new motorcycle with the money he earned in the mine in Bangka Island (Indonesia) that is devastated by illegal tin mines. The demand for tin has increased due to its use in smart phones and tablets.

Darman (53 ans) avec son fils Swanda (21 ans) qui a pu s'acheter une moto grosse cylindrée grâce à l'argent de l'étain. L'île de Bangka (Indonésie) est dévastée par des mines d'étain sauvages. la demande de l'étain a explosé à cause de son utilisation dans les smartphones et tablettes

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Tin Fever in Indonesia 30
By Steven Wassenaar
05 Dec 2012

Miner clims with difficulty an unstable sand ridge in a huge illegal tin mine in Batako, Tunghin, that has completely devastated the once green landscape. Bangka Island (Indonesia) is devastated by a deadly tin rush, a direct consequence of the success of smartphones and tablets like iPhone and iPad from Apple or Samsung. The demand and price for tin has increased due to its use in smart phones and tablets.

Mineur monte avec difficulté une crête de sable instable dans une mine d'étain illégale à Batako - Tunghin, qui a complètement dévasté un paysage qui était autrefois verte. L'île de Bangka (Indonésie) est dévastée par des mines d'étain sauvages, une conséquence directe du succès des smartphones et tablettes comme les iPhones et les iPads d'Apple ou Samsung. La demande de l'étain a explosé à cause de son utilisation dans les smartphones et tablettes.

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Tin Fever in Indonesia 29
By Steven Wassenaar
05 Dec 2012

Miners work in a huge an illegal tin mine in Batako, Tunghin, that has completely devastated the once green landscape. Bangka Island (Indonesia) is devastated by a deadly tin rush, a direct consequence of the success of smartphones and tablets like iPhone and iPad from Apple or Samsung. The demand and price for tin has increased due to its use in smart phones and tablets.

Des mineurs travaillent dans une grande mine d'étain illégale à Batako - Tunghin qui a complètement dévasté un paysage qui était autrefois verte. L'île de Bangka (Indonésie) est dévastée par des mines d'étain sauvages, une conséquence directe du succès des smartphones et tablettes comme les iPhones et les iPads d'Apple ou Samsung. La demande de l'étain a explosé à cause de son utilisation dans les smartphones et tablettes.

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Tin Fever in Indonesia 27
By Steven Wassenaar
05 Dec 2012

Ropiah (45 years) works in this mine on the road to Pemali since 8 years. Bangka Island (Indonesia) is devastated by illegal tin mines. The demand for tin has increased due to its use in smart phones and tablets. Most mines are exploited illegally and accidents occur often.

Ropiah (45 ans). Cherche de l'étain depuis 8 ans, mine d'étain illégale sur la route de Pemali. L'île de Bangka (Indonésie) est dévastée par des mines d'étain sauvages. la demande de l'étain a explosé à cause de son utilisation dans les smartphones et tablettes

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Tin Fever in Indonesia 26
By Steven Wassenaar
05 Dec 2012

The hidden side of high tech smartphones.
Tin mines offshore near the fishing village Reboh - Diver on an improvised offshore tin mining platform. He can dig out 15 kg of tin sand per day. These mines destroy the seabed, coral reefs and kill fish. Bangka Island (Indonesia) is devastated by illegal tin mines. The demand for tin has increased due to its use in smart phones and tablets.

Plongeur sur radeau de mine off shore depuis 5 ans. Il peut extraire 15 kilo d'étain par jour. Mines d'étain off shore au large de Reboh, village de pecheurs. Ces mines détruisent les fonds sous marins, les barrières de corail et tuent les poissons. L'île de Bangka (Indonésie) est dévastée par des mines d'étain sauvages. la demande de l'étain a explosé à cause de son utilisation dans les smartphones et tablettes.

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Tin Fever in Indonesia 25
By Steven Wassenaar
05 Dec 2012

Irwan, 25, has been a diver on an improvised offshore tin mining platform near the fishing village Reboh for 5 years now. He can dig out 15 kg of tin sand per day. These mines destroy the seabed, coral reefs and kill the aquatic fauna. Miners dig for tin by sucking the sand from the sea floor with machines. Offshore mining does not escape illegal mining practices with locals using small boats or rafts called floating unconventional mines.

Le côté caché du succès des smartphones. Plongeur sur radeau de mine off shore depuis 5 ans. Irwan (25 ans). Plongeur sur radeau de mine off shore depuis 5 ans et il peut extraire 15 kilo d'étain par jour. Mines d'étain off shore au large de Reboh, village de pecheurs. Ces mines détruisent les fonds sous marins, les barrières de corail et tuent les poissons. L'île de Bangka (Indonésie) est dévastée par des mines d'étain sauvages. la demande de l'étain a explosé à cause de son utilisation dans les smartphones et tablettes.

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Tin Fever in Indonesia 24
By Steven Wassenaar
05 Dec 2012

Reny (40) lost her husbad Sukirman (43 years) in a tin mine in Mapur, on 10 November 2012. He left 4 children, from 4 to 17 years behind. Bangka Island (Indonesia) is devastated by illegal tin mines. The demand for tin has increased due to its use in smart phones and tablets. Illegal tin mining causes environmental damage, injuries and regular casualties (100-150 miners die each year).

Reny (40) a perdu son mari Sukirman (43 ans) dans une mine à Mapur, le 10 novembre 2012. Il laisse 4 enfants de 4 à 17 ans. L'île de Bangka (Indonésie) est dévastée par des mines d'étain sauvages. la demande de l'étain a explosé à cause de son utilisation dans les smartphones et tablettes. Les Mines illégales son la cause des dommages écologiques, des blessés graves et décès (100 - 150 tous les ans) chez les mineurs.

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Tin Fever in Indonesia 23
By Steven Wassenaar
05 Dec 2012

Worker reparing a pumping station in the Pemali mine, the biggest legal mine in Bangka that has completely devastated the once green landscape. Operated by PT-Timah, it produces 60 tons of tin per month. Indonesia is the worlds biggest tin provider, vital for assembling smart phones and other electronic products. Bangka Island (Indonesia) is devastated by tin mines. The demand for tin has increased due to its use in smart phones and tablets.

Mineurs réparent une station de pompage dans la Mine de Pemali, la plus grande mine légale de Bangka, qui a complètement dévasté un paysage qui était autrefois verte. Exploité par PT-Timah, elle produit 60 tonnes d'étain par mois. L'Indonésie est le plus grand fournisseur mondes d'étain, vital pour l'assemblage des téléphones et autres produits électroniques. L'île de Bangka (Indonésie) est dévastée par des mines d'étain. La demande de l'étain a explosé à cause de son utilisation dans les smartphones et tablettes

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Tin Fever in Indonesia 22
By Steven Wassenaar
05 Dec 2012

Ketut Edy Mulyana, hotel manager of Parai Beach Resorts (11O rooms).
The number of tourists has decreased because of the tin mines off shore, polluting the sea water. Bangka Island (Indonesia) is devastated by illegal tin mines. The demand for tin has increased due to its use in smart phones and tablets.

Ketut Edy Mulyana, directeur de l'hôtel Parai Beach Resorts (11O chambres). Voit la fréquentation des touristes baisser à cause des mines sur la mer. L'île de Bangka (Indonésie) est dévastée par des mines d'étain sauvages. La demande de l'étain a explosé à cause de son utilisation dans les smartphones et tablettes.

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Tin Fever in Indonesia 21
By Steven Wassenaar
05 Dec 2012

A worker repairing a pumping station in the Pemali mine, the biggest legal mine in Bangka operated by PT-Timah. It produces 60 tons of tin per month. Indonesia is the worlds biggest tin provider. This chemical element is the solder used to bind components in electronics such as tablets computers and smartphones.

Mineurs réparent une station de pompage dans la Mine de Pemali, la plus grande mine légale de Bangka, qui a complètement dévasté un paysage qui était autrefois verte. Exploité par PT-Timah, elle produit 60 tonnes d'étain par mois. L'Indonésie est le plus grand fournisseur mondes d'étain, vital pour l'assemblage des téléphones et autres produits électroniques. L'île de Bangka (Indonésie) est dévastée par des mines d'étain. La demande de l'étain a explosé à cause de son utilisation dans les smartphones et tablettes

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Tin Fever in Indonesia 20
By Steven Wassenaar
05 Dec 2012

Tin mine on the road to Pemali.
Darman, a miner of 53 years, sifts sand in search of tin. He has been a miner for the past 22 years. He earns 6 Euros a day. Most mines are exploited illegally and accidents occur often. Bangka Island (Indonesia) is devastated by illegal tin mines. The demand for tin has increased due to its use in smart phones and tablets.

Un mineur, Darman (53 ans) tamise du sable à la recherche de l'étain. Il a été UN mineur depuis 22 ans et il gagne 6 euros par jour. La plupart des mines sont exploitées illégalement et les accidents se produisent souvent. Mine d'étain sur la route de Pemali. L'île de Bangka (Indonésie) est dévastée par des mines d'étain sauvages. La demande de l'étain a explosé à cause de son utilisation dans les smartphones et tablettes.

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Tin Fever in Indonesia 19
By Steven Wassenaar
05 Dec 2012

Miner runs to avoid missing a second in his search of tin in an illegal tin mine in Reboh, Bangka, Indonesia. The island is devastated by this deadly tin rush, a direct consequence of the success of smartphones and tablets like iPhones and iPads from Apple or Samsung. The demand for tin has increased due to its use in smart phones and tablets.

Mineur court pour ne pas rater une seconde dans son recherche d'étain dans une Mine d'étain illégale à Reboh. L'île de Bangka (Indonésie) est dévastée par des mines d'étain sauvages, une conséquence directe du succès des smartphones et tablettes comme les iPhones et les iPads d'Apple ou Samsung. La demande de l'étain a explosé à cause de son utilisation dans les smartphones et tablettes.

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Tin Fever in Indonesia 18
By Steven Wassenaar
05 Dec 2012

The hidden side of high tech smartphones.
Child sits in devastated landscape created by her family members, who are miners in a huge illegal tin mine in Batako, Tunghin, a few meters from the village they live in. Bangka Island (Indonesia) is devastated by a deadly tin rush, a direct consequence of the success of smartphones and tablets like iPhone and iPad from Apple or Samsung. The demand and price for tin has increased due to its use in smart phones and tablets.

Le côté caché du succès des smartphones. Enfant dans un paysage dévasté, créé par les membres de sa famille, mineurs dans une immense mine d'étain illégale à Batako, Tunghin, à quelques mètres du village. L'île de Bangka (Indonésie) est dévastée par des mines d'étain sauvages, une conséquence directe du succès des smartphones et tablettes comme les iPhones et les iPads d'Apple ou Samsung. La demande de l'étain a explosé à cause de son utilisation dans les smartphones et tablettes.

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Tin Fever in Indonesia 17
By Steven Wassenaar
05 Dec 2012

Miner looking down on colleagues in a huge illegal tin mine in Batako, Tunghin, that has completely devastated the once green landscape. Bangka Island (Indonesia) is devastated by a deadly tin rush, a direct consequence of the success of smartphones and tablets like iPhones and iPads from Apple or Samsung. The demand and price for tin has increased due to its use in smart phones and tablets.

Mineur dans un paysage dévasté regarde ses collègues dans une immense mine d'étain illégale à Batako - Tunghin. L'île de Bangka (Indonésie) est dévastée par des mines d'étain sauvages, une conséquence directe du succès des smartphones et tablettes comme les iPhones et les iPads d'Apple ou Samsung. La demande de l'étain a explosé à cause de son utilisation dans les smartphones et tablettes.

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Tin Fever in Indonesia 16
By Steven Wassenaar
05 Dec 2012

The hidden side of high tech smartphones.
Miners -with 10-year-old children among them - sifting sand, the tin ore they find is kept in buckets. The youngest children play beside the working adults, learning the mining skills. The entire Batako village works in the dangerous illegal mine, meters away from their homes. Illegal tin mine in Batako, Tunghin. Bangka Island (Indonesia) is devastated by illegal tin mines. The demand for tin has increased due to its use in smart phones and tablets.

Le côté caché du succès des smartphones.
Mineurs-dont des enfants de 10 ans - tamisent du sable, le minerai d'étain trouvé est conservé dans des seaux. Les jeunes enfants jouent à côté des adultes qui travaillent, et apprennent ainsi des techniques minières. Tout le village de Batako travaille dans la mine illégale et dangereuse, à quelques mètres de leurs maisons. L'île de Bangka (Indonésie) est dévastée par des mines d'étain sauvages. La demande de l'étain a explosé à cause de son utilisation dans les smartphones et tablettes.

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Tin Fever in Indonesia 15
By Steven Wassenaar
05 Dec 2012

Abong (52 years) after a long day of labour in the middle of the devastated landscape his mining activity created. He has been a miner since more then 20 years. He considers mining as a very dangerous job but he needs the money for a decent living. Bangka Island (Indonesia) is devastated by a deadly tin rush, a direct consequence of the success of smartphones and tablets like iPhones and iPads from Apple or Samsung. The demand for tin has increased due to its use in smart phones and tablets.

Abong (52 ans) après une longue journée de travail au milieu d'un paysage dévasté par activité minière. Il a été mineur depuis plus de 20 ans. Il considère l'exploitation minière comme un travail très dangereux, mais il a besoin d'argent pour une vie décente. L'île de Bangka (Indonésie) est dévastée par des mines d'étain sauvages, une conséquence directe du succès des smartphones et tablettes comme les iPhones et les iPads d'Apple ou Samsung. La demande de l'étain a explosé à cause de son utilisation dans les smartphones et tablettes.utilisation dans les smartphones et tablettes.

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Tin Fever in Indonesia 14
By Steven Wassenaar
05 Dec 2012

Tin mine on the road to Pemali -Darman (53 years) has been a miner for 22 years. He earns 6 Euros a day. Most mines are exploited illegally and accidents occur often. Tin mine on the road to Pemali. Bangka Island (Indonesia) is devastated by illegal tin mines. The demand for tin has increased due to its use in smart phones and tablets.

Darman (53 ans) a été mineur depuis 22 ans et il gagne 6 euros par jour. La plupart des mines sont exploitées illégalement et les accidents se produisent souvent. Mine d'étain sur la route de Pemali. L'île de Bangka (Indonésie) est dévastée par des mines d'étain sauvages. La demande de l'étain a explosé à cause de son utilisation dans les smartphones et tablettes.

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Tin Fever in Indonesia 13
By Steven Wassenaar
05 Dec 2012

The hidden side of high tech smartphones.
Miners -among them children of 10 years - sifting sand, the tin ore they find is kept in buckets. The youngest children play beside the working adults, learning the mining skills. The entire Batako village works in the dangerous illegal mine, meters away from their homes. Bangka Island (Indonesia) is devastated by illegal tin mines. The demand for tin has increased due to its use in smart phones and tablets.

Le côté caché du succès des smartphones. Mineurs-dont des enfants de 10 ans - tamisent du sable, le minerai d'étain trouvé est conservé dans des seaux. Les jeunes enfants jouent à côté des adultes qui travaillent, et apprennent ainsi des techniques minières. Tout le village de Batako travaille dans la mine illégale et dangereuse, à quelques mètres de leurs maisons. L'île de Bangka (Indonésie) est dévastée par des mines d'étain sauvages. La demande de l'étain a explosé à cause de son utilisation dans les smartphones et tablettes.

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Tin Fever in Indonesia 12
By Steven Wassenaar
05 Dec 2012

Ketut Edy Mulyana, hotel manager of Parai Beach Resorts (11O rooms) - The number of tourists has decreased because of the tin mines off shore polluting the sea water. Bangka Island (Indonesia) is devastated by illegal tin mines. The demand for tin has increased due to its use in smart phones and tablets.

Ketut Edy Mulyana, directeur de l'hôtel Parai Beach Resorts (11O chambres). Voit la fréquentation des touristes baisser à cause des mines sur la mer. L'île de Bangka (Indonésie) est dévastée par des mines d'étain sauvages. La demande de l'étain a explosé à cause de son utilisation dans les smartphones et tablettes.

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Tin Fever in Indonesia 9
By Steven Wassenaar
05 Dec 2012

Traditional fishermen in the village of Reboh, Bangka Belitung Islands, bring in the fish they catched in their small boats on the Indian Ocean, Indonesia. Fishing decreased due to the tin mining on the open sea. Bangka Island (Indonesia) is devastated by illegal tin mines. The demand for tin has increased due to its use in smart phones and tablets.

Les pêcheurs traditionnel apportent du poisson, village Reboh, îles Bangka Belitung, Indonésie. La pêche diminue à cause de l'exploitation sous martine de l'étain. L'île de Bangka (Indonésie) est dévastée par des mines d'étain sauvages. la demande de l'étain a explosé à cause de son utilisation dans les smartphones et tablettes.

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Tin Fever in Indonesia 8
By Steven Wassenaar
05 Dec 2012

Tin mines offshore near the fishing village Reboh.
Miners repairing the rusty air pump that is supposed to provide the diver with oxygen on an improvised offshore tin mining platform. They can win 15 kg of tin per day. These mines destroy the seabed and coral reefs and kill the fish. Bangka Island (Indonesia) is devastated by illegal tin mines. The demand for tin has increased due to its use in smart phones and tablets.

Mineurs réparent la pompe à air rouillé qui est censé fournir le plongeur en oxygène. Plate-forme improvisée d'extraction de l'étain en mer. Ils peuvent extraire 15 kilo d'étain par jour. Mines d'étain off shore au large de Reboh, village de pecheurs. Ces mines détruisent les fonds sous marins, les barrières de corail et tuent les poissons. L'île de Bangka (Indonésie) est dévastée par des mines d'étain sauvages. la demande de l'étain a explosé à cause de son utilisation dans les smartphones et tablettes.

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Tin Fever in Indonesia 7
By Steven Wassenaar
05 Dec 2012

Traditional fishermen in the village of Reboh, Bangka Belitung Islands, sell in the fish they catch in their small boats on the Indian Ocean, Indonesia. Fishing decreased due to tin mining in the open sea. Bangka Island (Indonesia) is devastated by illegal tin mines. The demand for tin has increased due to its use in smart phones and tablets.

Les pêcheurs traditionnel vendent du poisson, village Reboh, îles Bangka Belitung, Indonésie. La pêche diminue à cause de l'exploitation sous martine de l'étain. L'île de Bangka (Indonésie) est dévastée par des mines d'étain sauvages. la demande de l'étain a explosé à cause de son utilisation dans les smartphones et tablettes.

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Tin Fever in Indonesia 6
By Steven Wassenaar
05 Dec 2012

The hidden side of high tech smartphones.
Tin or is radioactive, as seen here in an illegal tin mine in Reboh. Bangka Island (Indonesia) is devastated by illegal tin mines. The demand for tin has increased due to its use in smart phones and tablets.

Le côté caché du succès des smartphones. l'Étain est radioactif, comme on peut constater dans une mine d'étain illégale à Reboh. L'île de Bangka (Indonésie) est dévastée par des mines d'étain sauvages. la demande de l'étain a explosé à cause de son utilisation dans les smartphones et tablettes.