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Life Underground: Syrians Seek Surviv...
Hama
By TTM Contributor 9
11 Mar 2015

Hama, Syria
March 11, 2015

Rebels and civilians in the Latamina area of northern Syria have taken to digging mountain shelters in order to protect themselves from government forces. A rebel battalion called Tajmmu al-Izza (Pride Gathering), aligned to the Free Syrian Army and operative in rural parts of Idlib and Hama provinces, is doing the bulk of the digging.

The ensuing network of artificial caves provides a base for combatants, as well as a shelter for the dwindling numbers of civilians who have not fled the area. These caves also house a field hospital and pharmacy with 30 meter walls and continue to serve civilians and fighters alike. On the other hand, any makeshift medical centers built above ground were routinely bombed by Assad forces, according to an interviewed rebel spokesman.

This video shows detailed scenes of workers digging one of these makeshift caves with only simple tools, a task that usually takes about 12-15 days to be completed. Footage also includes interviews with the spokesman and the head of Tajmmu al-Izza.

SHOTLIST AND TRANSCRIPT

Wide of rebel vehicles outside cave
Wide of entry point to caves guarded by rebels

Wide of workers digging
Wide of worker taking debris out using wheel barrow
Various of workers drilling rocks
Various of workers taking debris out using wheel barrow
Various of workers building protection wall to shield cave entrance from bomb shrapnel

Wide of makeshift pharmacy
Wide of nurse working in pharmacy
Wide of entrance and emergency room in makeshift medical center
Various of nurse handling medication
Various of medical workers setting up operation room
Close-up of nurse preparing injection

Various of medical worker setting up operation room
Interview with Ubada al-Hamwi, rebel spokesperson
Various/ cutaways of Ubada al-Hamwi
Various of makeshift medical center and other caves
Various of rebel fighters inside caves

Medium of batteries used to provide lighting
Various of rebels in an office inside a cave Various/ Cutaways of Major Jamil al-Saleh, head of Tajmmu al-Izza Rebel Group
Interview with Major Jamil al-Saleh, head of Tajmmu al-Izza Rebel Group
Various/ Cutaways of Major Jamil al-Saleh, head of Tajmmu al-Izza Rebel Group

SOUNDBITE (Arabic, Man) Ubada al-Hamwi, rebel spokesperson
05:26 – 07:22

“The hospital was built underground in a rocky cliff. The rocks above it are about 30 meters high. This was done because of the bombing carried out by the regime, using explosive barrels and rockets. There was a need for an underground hospital to be built in order to protect medical staff, as well civilians and [fighters] who are being treated from injuries. The hospital has been established about 11 months ago. Most of the cases involve civilians injured in bombings. They could be injured by bomb shrapnel or suffer amputation. [The hospital provides] first aid to civilians. Fighters are usually treated from gunshots; undergo chest catheterization; and have shrapnel removed from their bodies as a result of mortar bombing. They also undergo surgery, which includes cutting the abdomen.
We needed a building that could protect doctors and medical workers, as well as the injured receiving treatment. An injured person feels more comfortable in a safe location.
Before we came up with this idea, we had an ordinary building that was repeatedly hit. We came up with this idea to provide the injured with safe and healthy conditions.
Digging was carried out using simple tools, such as drill compressors. The human effort involved was very large.”

07:02 – 07:22
“I am 23 years old. I studied Physics – I was in my second year at Tishreen University in Lattakia. I left university and joined the revolution since the outbreak of the early demonstrations.”

SOUNDBITE (Arabic, Man) Major Jamil al-Saleh, head of Tajmmu al-Izza Rebel Group

08:58 - 13:01
"We resorted to building underground shelters and caves to protect ourselves from the barbaric air and artillery bombing carried out by the regime. We went to the mountains because the altitudes above the caves are quite high. Caves have at least 20 or 30 meters of altitude above them. This provides more protection for our men and equipment. Hence, we have become able to last longer under air and artillery bombing carried out by the regime, thanks be to God. This gives us more strength, thanks to the thickness of the walls, which we can achieve by digging into hills.
The digging process… we are able to provide health services as well as electricity and water, but we face difficulty in providing these services. The means that we, rebels, have are limited. We do not have digging machinery. We are using simple tools. We do not have good means to provide fortification. We rely on manual labor. Our men are making a big effort.
We are accelerating our work, theerfore it takes about 12-15 days to finish a cave. By the end of this time caves would be ready for our men to use them. About 12-15 days, depending on the area of the cave.
Aircraft bomb field hospitals the moment they are discovered, whether these hospitals are used by fighters or locals civilians. This is done to exert pressure on the rebels' popular support base. We had to build hospitals in protected areas the same way we built headquarters.

"Thanks be to God, medical staff are able to carry out their work under bombing because of these hospitals. They serve the civilians – this is something that we care much about. We are also protecting medical staff because we need them in the current war circumstances.
The number of caves is very large. Civilians as well as rebels have resorted to caves. Caves are everywhere because they protect us. It is difficult to remain in the northern part of Hama province without these caves.
We, as fighters, are able to follow up on our work thanks to God and these caves.
Civilians have to stay inside these caves to be able to live. They are not happy with this, but many people have no other alternative. They cannot leave the area. You saw the weather conditions that we experienced this year. There was a lot of rainfall and it was very cold. People suffered a lot.

Power is provided by generators and water is extracted from wells. The regime has stopped providing services, such as diesel and electricity. It is not only rebels; civilians suffer from this as well. There is no flour or bread. All of this is provided by aid organizations from Turkey because the regime has stopped offering these services two years ago.”

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Ukraine: Lviv Residents Revive Soviet...
Lviv, Ukraine
By Yura_Melko
19 Feb 2015

A group of Lviv locals have volunteered to clean up bomb-shelters that they hope could save lives in case the conflict reaches the west of Ukraine. Everyone stresses that they would never have believed that they'd be involved in such activities a year ago. None of them thought a war would come to Ukraine. This isn't the first shelter the volunteers have cleaned and restored, and restoring the rest of the region's bomb shelters is a daunting task. The Lviv region alone has over 160 shelters, most of them abandoned by the state since the break-up of the USSR. Although they are fully functional, most of the shelters have become cesspits full of rubbish and dirt. Besides cleaning up the underground concrete rooms, the volunteers have set up electricity and illumination to make the shelters more livable in case they should need to be used.

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Riffs and Concrete: Communist Print F...
Belgrade
By Aurélien Cohen
26 May 2014

March 24, 2014
Belgrade, Serbia

A former Yugoslav state printing company has become the ground-zero of Belgrade's underground youth culture. Thousands of party goers, musicians and artists go to the "BIGZ"' every weekend, where they drink, watch concerts or rehearse in music studios. During the week, some parts of the building still function as private print factories. However, every Friday, the building transforms into an all night party. A rock scene in Bauhaus decor: discover the 25,000 square meters of the Zgrada BIGZa.

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Registered Dangerous Trailer
Egypt
By Transterra Editor
04 Oct 2013

A trailer for Registered Dangerous, a one hour documentary about the criminal underclass in Egypt.
By: Khalil Raof

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Riffs and Concrete: Communist Print F...
By Aurélien Cohen
24 Mar 2013

Belgrade, Serbia. A former state printing company has become the favorite haunt of Belgrade's underground youth. The rock band Nizbrdo is rehearsing in a small studio. “We’ve spent a big part of our life here, practicing and making rock’n’roll.” Nizbrdo’s singer Ivan says.

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Riffs and Concrete: Communist Print F...
By Aurélien Cohen
24 Mar 2013

Belgrade, Serbia. A former state printing company has become the favorite haunt of Belgrade's underground youth. The girlfriend of the signer of Nizbrdo waits for the rehearsal to start in the band's studio.

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Riffs and Concrete: Communist Print F...
By Aurélien Cohen
24 Mar 2013

Belgrade, Serbia. A former state printing company has become the favorite haunt of Belgrade's underground youth. People waiting for the elevator outside of the entrance of Cekaonica jazz club, on the top floor.

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Riffs and Concrete: Communist Print F...
By Aurélien Cohen
24 Mar 2013

Belgrade, Serbia. A former state printing company has become the favorite haunt of Belgrade's underground youth. Kosta, guitarist of the band The Young Husbands is recording his first EP with his band in a small studio. "The thing is, everyone knows this place will eventually shut down. Next year maybe", Kosta, Young Husbands’ guitarist says.

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Riffs and Concrete: Communist Print F...
By Aurélien Cohen
24 Mar 2013

Belgrade, Serbia. A former state printing company has become the favorite haunt of Belgrade's underground youth. Young men hang out and drink on couches during a party at the Beat Club.

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Riffs and Concrete: Communist Print F...
By Aurélien Cohen
24 Mar 2013

Belgrade, Serbia. A former state printing company has become the favorite haunt of Belgrade's underground youth. A hardcore music show at the Dragon’s nest, on a Saturday night.

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Riffs and Concrete: Communist Print F...
By Aurélien Cohen
24 Mar 2013

Belgrade, Serbia. A former state printing company has become the favorite haunt of Belgrade's underground youth. Two young people passionately kissing on a Saturday night.

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Riffs and Concrete: Communist Print F...
By Aurélien Cohen
24 Mar 2013

Belgrade, Serbia. A former state printing company has become the favorite haunt of Belgrade's underground youth. A young woman waiting in the hall outside a club - all styles are represented among BIGZ’s visitors.

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Riffs and Concrete: Communist Print F...
By Aurélien Cohen
23 Mar 2013

Belgrade, Serbia. A former state printing company has become the favorite haunt of Belgrade's underground youth. Alcohol is cheap and the club is crowded - the Dragon’s nest, on a Saturday night.

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Riffs and Concrete: Communist Print F...
By Aurélien Cohen
23 Mar 2013

Belgrade, Serbia. A former state printing company has become the favorite haunt of Belgrade's underground youth. A young woman enjoying the music at the Dragon’s Nest.

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Riffs and Concrete: Communist Print F...
By Aurélien Cohen
23 Mar 2013

Belgrade, Serbia. A former state printing company has become the favorite haunt of Belgrade's underground youth. A young band plays hardcore music at the Dragon’s Nest on a Saturday night.

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Riffs and Concrete: Communist Print F...
By Aurélien Cohen
23 Mar 2013

Belgrade, Serbia. A former state printing company has become the favorite haunt of Belgrade's underground youth. Young people pogoing (the pogo is a dance in which the dancers jump up and down) at the Dragon’s Nest on a Saturday night.

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Riffs and Concrete: Communist Print F...
By Aurélien Cohen
23 Mar 2013

Belgrade, Serbia. A former state printing company has become the favorite haunt of Belgrade's underground youth. Young people pogoing at the Dragon’s Nest on a Saturday night.

“People here are so wasted !”, a girl coming out of the club says.

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Riffs and Concrete: Communist Print F...
By Aurélien Cohen
23 Mar 2013

Belgrade, Serbia. A former state printing company has become the favorite haunt of Belgrade's underground youth. Stars Club’s dance floor on a Saturday night.

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Riffs and Concrete: Communist Print F...
By Aurélien Cohen
23 Mar 2013

Belgrade, Serbia. A former state printing company has become the favorite haunt of Belgrade's underground youth. The entrance of one of BIGZ clubs, viewed from a hidden set of stairs.

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Riffs and Concrete: Communist Print F...
By Aurélien Cohen
23 Mar 2013

Belgrade, Serbia. A former state printing company has become the favorite haunt of Belgrade's underground youth. It’s during the weekend that BIGZ really wakes up. On this picture, people stand outside the Cekaonica Jazz club on BIGZ’s top floor on a Friday night.

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Riffs and Concrete: Communist Print F...
By Aurélien Cohen
22 Mar 2013

Belgrade, Serbia. A former state printing company has become the favorite haunt of Belgrade's underground youth. A gipsy jazz band playing at the Cekaonica. “ I think this club is a beautiful place. It really gives a chance to play to many musicians." Kristjan, saxophonist, says

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Riffs and Concrete: Communist Print F...
By Aurélien Cohen
22 Mar 2013

Belgrade, Serbia. A former state printing company has become the favorite haunt of Belgrade's underground youth. Two printing companies are still in business on the first floor of the building. The companies use dated tools.

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Riffs and Concrete: Communist Print F...
By Aurélien Cohen
22 Mar 2013

Belgrade, Serbia. A former state printing company has become the favorite haunt of Belgrade's underground youth. The building's geometric shapes are typical of the Bauhaus style.

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Riffs and Concrete: Communist Print F...
By Aurélien Cohen
22 Mar 2013

Belgrade, Serbia. A former state printing company has become the favorite haunt of Belgrade's underground youth. BIGZ is a perfect example of Bauhaus architecture. This staircase showcases some of the building's perspectives.

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Riffs and Concrete: Communist Print F...
By Aurélien Cohen
22 Mar 2013

Belgrade, Serbia. A former state printing company has become the favorite haunt of Belgrade's underground youth. The marble-covered walls are rare remains of the building’s former splendor.

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Riffs and Concrete: Communist Print F...
By Aurélien Cohen
21 Mar 2013

Belgrade, Serbia. A former state printing company has become the favorite haunt of Belgrade's underground youth. The monumental BIGZ is surrounded by construction sites in Senjak neighborhood, on the east bank of the river Sava.

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Riffs and Concrete: Communist Print F...
By Aurélien Cohen
19 Mar 2013

Belgrade, Serbia. A former state printing company has become the favorite haunt of Belgrade's underground youth. A gipsy jazz band playing at the Cekaonica. “ I think this club is a beautiful place. It really gives a chance to play to many musicians", Kristjan, saxophonist, says.

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Riffs and Concrete: Communist Print F...
By Aurélien Cohen
18 Mar 2013

Belgrade, Serbia. A former state printing company has become the favorite haunt of Belgrade's underground youth. One of the three main staircases and its dangerous - yet still in use - elevators.

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Riffs and Concrete: Communist Print F...
By Aurélien Cohen
18 Mar 2013

Belgrade, Serbia. A former state printing company has become the favorite haunt of Belgrade's underground youth. One of the countless labyrinthine graffiti-covered halls and rehearsal studios doors.

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Riffs and Concrete: Communist Print F...
By Aurélien Cohen
18 Mar 2013

Belgrade, Serbia. A former state printing company has become the favorite haunt of Belgrade's underground youth. BIGZ’s main entrance, viewed from the inside.

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Riffs and Concrete: Communist Print F...
By Aurélien Cohen
18 Mar 2013

Belgrade, Serbia. A former state printing company has become the favorite haunt of Belgrade's underground youth. Details of a graffiti-covered wall that says : “No rules, just art.”

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Underground Car Races in Adana Preview
Adana, Turkey
By Ibrahim Karci
15 Feb 2013

00.01-00.05
Adana! Mostly known as the city of Kebab.

00.07-00.12
People of Adana have reputation of their crazy and chilled lifestyle.

00:12-0018
Spacious areas, good spicey food, cool booze and..

00:18-00-20
..FAST CARS!

00:38 - 00:37
-I can't attend every race because I can't afford it. I can't use LPG during the race and the oil quiet expensive. And each race there is some part broken that has to be fixed or changed. It costs a lot.

01:00-01:25
This is an opening of another new garage where the racers mostly meet to show off.
And since it is in the middle of the city resident of the neighbourhood is not so happy with the situation.

01:29-01:34
-It is vandalism. This is not a race track, this is neighbourhood. It is sunday and peple are resting. They don't have right to disturb people.

01:36-01:37
-Cop is Coming!

01:45-01:58
And soon after officers arrives upon the complaint of the neighbourhood, as always.

01:58-02:01
-Take these cars immediately! -Ok sir!

02:11-02:14
-They said if it occurs again they will punish us so bad.

02:16-02:21
-Should we go to the highway all together or to the hill ? -To the hill. The highway is also problematic now.

02:25-02:35
But nothing seems like to be avoid them from racing or gathering up, Because they always have an alternative secret place to gather up and start racing.

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BUNKER SCHOOLS IN SYRIA; MASKED MILIT...
Al Bab, Syria
By Editor's Picks
22 Oct 2012

Following months of routine shelling, the “liberated” Syrian town of Al Bab bands together in an attempt to grasp a bit of normalcy for their children. Since August, six schools have been shelled in Assad’s escalated aerial bombardment, and class has been moved to underground bunkers and basements, adapting to the times. Many parents fear sending their children to school, but now community members are volunteering their time in order to safely get the kids out of the house... and back to school.

Masked Militants Block Roads In Lebanon While Protests Continue At The Cabinet Building

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Riffs and Concrete: Communist Print F...
By Aurélien Cohen
12 May 2012

Belgrade, Serbia. A former state printing company has become the favorite haunt of Belgrade's underground youth. A girl jumps in the middle of an empty hall on a Saturday night.

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Riffs and Concrete: Communist Print F...
By Aurélien Cohen
12 May 2012

Belgrade, Serbia. A former state printing company has become the favorite haunt of Belgrade's underground youth. A man rests on a couch in a studio in the middle of the night.

“The BIGZ was often a shelter for me. You know you can go there anytime, night and day.There'll always be a couch to crash on, somewhere in a studio", photographer Andrijana says.

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Riffs and Concrete: Communist Print F...
By Aurélien Cohen
12 May 2012

Belgrade, Serbia. A former state printing company has become the favorite haunt of Belgrade's underground youth. Two men sitting on a couch in a studio in the middle of the night.

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Registered and Dangerous
Egypt
By Beirut Editor's Picks
21 Feb 2012

This is a sneak preview of a new documentary called "Musaggal Khatr," or "Registered and Dangerous." This is an Egyptian documentary about registered criminals and the criminal underground in Egypt, including their relationship and work for the former Egyptian regime. The documentary is currently in post-production and exclusive distribution rights are available.

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DJ Apeman, Africa's Best DJ
Kampala, Uganda
By Amy Hume
17 Dec 2011

DJ Apeman, raised in the UK, returned to his homeland to ignite people through music.

Hip Hop is a global phenomena that reaches nearly all corners of the Earth. Starting in the projects of NYC nearly 40 years ago, struggling youth from Mongolia to Rwanda use music as a weapon to express their situations, hopes, and dreams. Though Hip Hop culture is new to Uganda, it is becoming popular with people of all ages, but with the youth in particular. Hip Hop music is reaching the smallest of villages, as I witnessed in the war-torn area of Gulu. Access to music is free, which is an essential aspect of why Hip Hop is spreading like wildfire.
In 2009, End of the Weak (EOW), a collaboration of MCs, graffiti artists, break dancers and DJs that spans 17 countries, reached Uganda. All chapters of EOW are involved with community outreach, workshops for youth and exude positive influence in their communities through Hip Hop culture. The MC Challenge is a competition in each country wherein the winners gather at the World Finals, which are held in a different country each year. The MC Challenge is held in the central, eastern, western and northern regions of Uganda so that many different languages are represented in the competition. Winners of the MC Challenge are provided studio time, video production and photo shoots as a way to share and promote their music.

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Illegal Gold Mines Indonesia
Banyuwangi, Indonesia
By Jeffrey Bright
14 Jan 2011

Illegal gold miner Ali works at the base of tunnel approx. 35 meters underground.

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Illegal Gold Mines Indonesia
Banyuwangi, Indonesia
By Jeffrey Bright
14 Jan 2011

Illegal miner Ali checks for traces of gold in the rock, at the bottom of tunnel.