Frame 0004
Peshmerga Watch Airstrikes Hit ISIS P...
80, Al Kuwayr,Iraq
By Arshed
10 Jan 2015

January 11, 2015
Gwer, Iraqi-Kurdistan

Peshmerga fighters watch as coalition airstrikes hit ISIS positions near the town of Gwer, a town 40km southwest of Erbil.

Fighting between the Peshmerga and ISIS has been ongoing for the last few days but the Peshmerga, with the help of coalition airstrikes, have managed to hold off ISIS attacks and maintain control over the town.

The town of Gwer is likely to be the launch pad for any future attempt by Kurdish and Iraqi forces to retake Mosul, Iraq’s second largest city. The surrounding area is also of strategic importance because of the oil refineries and power plants located there.

Frame 0004
Libyan Army Defends the Country's Lar...
Sidra, Libya
By TTM albattat
22 Dec 2014

December 22, 2014
Sidra, Libya

“The Oil Installations Guards” in the Libyan Army have deployed artillery and military vehicles in the port of Sidra, east of Tripoli, to defend Libya's largest oil depot. Libyan Army soldiers and fighters loyal to former general Khalifa Haftar have been engaged in heavy clashes with the “Dawn of Libya” militia which launched a military offensive at the beginning of last week, to control the oil rich area which includes Sidra, Ras Lanuf and Briqa in the north of the country.

Interview:

(00:58) Waniss Bukhmada, The Commander of the Saiiqa Special Forces, (man, Arabic):

"The World should take a strong position regarding what is happening now in Libya.. The World should be clear and explicit with the Libyan people that is asking for freedom, security and stability. The Libyan people is not satisfied with what is happening.

Frame 0004
Homemade Oil Refinery in Qamishli, Ms...
Qameshli, Syria
By Rozh
09 Apr 2014

DOPE SHEET

Story Title: Making a Living at Syria’s Untold Frontline

Date: 26 February

Location: Msheirfeh, Qamishli, northeast Syria.

Storyline: Msheirfeh was a small tranquil agricultural village prior to the civil war and now trapped in the front line, it has become home for a highly dangerous homemade oil refining business, for which its’ locals often risk it all to make a small income and survive through the hard times.

Interviewees with workers:

First Interview – No Name Given:
''These are three barrels, we fill up three and we get from it one; gas, fuel and diesel. First we get the fuel. The bigger the fire, the more the product, this is the process.''   Second Interview – No Name Given:
''First we get the oil here, there’s water with it. We burn it for around 12 hours. First we get the fuel, after 4 or 5 hours. By then the water will be gone. Then we start getting gas and then diesel, at the end. The barrel gets us 3000 liras, the gas 7 or 7 and a half, and the diesel 45 or 50. We’re not really making any money from it. We don’t want to do this anymore.   Q: How long have you been working here and how does this effect on your health?
  It has been a month I’m working here, there is nothing else to do. We make around 5000 liras on every barrel, sometimes 4000; sometimes we only break even because the oil is expensive.
In terms of side effects, your lungs get clogged. Some people are getting sick, major headaches. It is death, slow death. Sometimes there are explosions. Until now we witnessed 5 explosions. One guy got cut in half. It doesn’t usually happen but when you re-cook gasoline it often explodes. Someone did it and died. Though this one here, if anything goes wrong it’s not supposed to explode.
We don’t trust the media, they’re bias. You guys might be here to stop us from work but this is where we get our livelihood.
I don’t want to give my name because you might shut us down and I don’t have another way to make money. Find us another job and we shut down the refineries.
I’m 18 years old, I was in college studying law but I stopped.
  Q: Why did you come here? What were the circumstances for you leaving college?
  I was in law school, first year, I couldn’t sustain myself, I was begging for bread. So I came here, started working and started to make a little bit of money, and finally I left college for good. We hope things go back to the way they were so I can move on with my life. Before it was much better, we were able to travel to Damascus and Lebanon. Now we can’t because of the stealing and killing that happens on the road. So I started working in these refineries, as you can see there’s nothing else. No more studies. Even the kids are working here. We hope things get back to normal and oil prices go down, because we’re barely making it.''
  General talking:
First person: Come and see the fuel coming up.
Second Person: This is oil with gas.
  Second Interview – No Name Given:
''There is a bit of water here with the fuel. Sometimes we get better oil, water free but nowadays we’re getting oil mixed water from the wells. We can’t tell where the problem is from, if it’s from the wells or the transporter. Oil prices are soaring, we get the oil for 3200 liras and pay an extra 500 to the guy. So in all you pay 3700 liras, sometimes you break even, sometimes you lose a 1000 or a 1500 liras.''
  Third Interview - Maher Hussein:
“I scratched my hand on metal scrap from the barrels and I got oil on it. Now it’s been numb for a few weeks. Someone else got oil in his wounds he went to a clinic and they cut off his hand. I’ve been working here for two months. I stopped working a month or so ago because of my hand.
  Q: Are you scared they would cut off your hand as well?
  Of course I am afraid. I’ve been going to the doctor and getting some medicine but my hand’s not getting any better.
  Q: What did you do before working in the fields?
  I used to study and now I even stopped working here because of my hand and without oil there is no work.”
  Fourth Interview – Ahmad Hamdosh:
“Before I was a schoolteacher, now I stopped school and I’m working here in the fields. We’re not sleeping at night because of the coughing. We were comfortable and happy working at the school. Now we work in oil and it’s full of sicknesses. Some guy got cancer working here. God knows what’s going to happen to my hand. There’s one guy they cut off three of his fingers because of a small scratch that he got oil on it. If they hadn’t cut them his whole hand would’ve been infected and they would’ve cut it all off. Before you used to get compensation, now no one gives you anything and you can’t even work.
Most importantly, from the bottom of my heart I wish for security to come back. Security is the most important thing, security and affordable prices. I wish even it’d be half of what it was before. The barrels are getting here for 3500 liras, which is almost nothing, and I’m still making sure it’s the exact amount on the scale. Now they’re charging us on a milliliter, before people used to make millions in the oil business.
My name is Ahmad and I’m 22 years old.
You open this here and put in the oil, and then you turn on the fire under it. The smoke fills the upper half of the barrel, and then it goes into the tube and the pipe goes through the water and you get the fuel on the other side. After the fuel you get the gas, after the gas you get the diesel. At the end we open it here to take out the remains. We call it zero, we keep them to fuel the fire for the barrels.
A teapot, we’re heating water for tea here. We’re already getting all the smoke in our lungs; it is not going to make a difference if we boil the tea here.”
  Fifth interview – Mehdi Darwish:
“I’m a business graduate. There’s nothing else to do around here. There’s no work in Hassake other then this.  Working in oil is all right but the prices per barrel are getting higher and higher and the oil is coming mixed with water. We’re working hard through sweat and blood and we’re exhausting ourselves. We put in place a new oil refinery to enhance the production. The smoke goes through the tube, through the water, to cool it down and we get fuel, diesel and gas. There has to be two people working, one on the burner and the other one has to fill the tank. Out of three oil barrels we get one barrel of diesel and around 150(?) fuel and gas.”   Interview 6 – Awad Al Jasim:
“I used to work as a mechanic. I am 18 years old. I came here to work in the burners I also have heart problems. Thank you!”

Interview 7 – Mohamed Monther:
“They throw the oil on the ground and take the cars and say it is there's now. They take the car sell it, or use it in car bomb operations. We have nothing here we are barely getting by. They come from Pakistan and Kirgizstan looking for Nymphs (women Jihadist receive in heaven) here. We don’t have any Nymphs here. Look at the state the Syrian people are in. This is no way to live.”

Interview 8 – No Name Given:
“Once they say Allah Akbar they cut the person's head off. Is that halal? Are we chicken?”

Shot List: (Description of various shots in the video)

The rest of shots are wide shots of the refineries spread all over the main road and shots of the interviewees working, walking and talking with each other while on the makeshift refineries. The shots showsa the daily routine of life at the refineries.

Thumb sm
Oil Theft in Nigeria's Turbulent Nige...
Bayelsa, Nigeria
By U.S. Editor
23 May 2013

Crude oil theft has become a common phenomena in Africa's most populous nation, Nigeria, which ranks seventh among oil-producing nations. The majority of citizens in the Niger Delta live on less than $1 per day, despite the fact that the country possesses vast natural resources and produces over 2 million barrel of crude oil daily.

The resulting widespread poverty has turned many toward criminality for income, particularly oil theft.

Zoin Ibegi in the oil-rich Niger Delta says, "Many of us live below one cent a day, despite being blessed with crude oil whereby forcing many of us into illegal refinery business because we can't continue in this poverty circle."

On daily basis, crude oil is emptied into the rivers, owing to low technical-know-how of these locals are not educated on the ecological repercussions of their actions.

The Niger Delta's Joint Task Force (JTF) is responsible for eradicating oil theft in the region. Though citizens see crude oil theft as an option as a result of an inability for them to get out of poverty in another way, the JTF believes that communities in the region have shielded the "thieves" and are perpetuating a culture of criminality.

Thumb sm
Nigeria Oil Theft (24 of 25)
Bayelsa, Nigeria
By Tife Owolabi
18 May 2013

Crude oil spilled to the ground in the illegal refinery camp in the Deibou community, along Nun river in the State of Bayelsa, Nigeria.

Thumb sm
Nigeria Oil Theft (13 of 25)
Bayelsa, Nigeria
By Tife Owolabi
18 May 2013

A boy hiding behind some drums, which are used to load refined oil at a river bank in Yenagoa, the capital of Niger's oil-rich state of Bayelsa.

Thumb sm
Nigeria Oil Theft (6 of 25)
Bayelsa, Nigeria
By Tife Owolabi
18 May 2013

A child has his bath in the Deibou community area of Bayelsa state near Nun river in the oil-rich Niger Delta. Thousands of people live on less than $1 per day, despite the fact that the Niger Delta ranks as the seventh-largest oil producing nation in the world.

Thumb sm
Nigeria Oil Theft (7 of 25)
Bayelsa, Nigeria
By Tife Owolabi
18 May 2013

A local man, Zoin Ibega, 47, poses for a portrait at Diebou community along the Nun river in Nigeria's oil rich state, Bayelsa.

Thumb sm
Nigeria Oil Theft (11 of 25)
Bayelsa, Nigeria
By Tife Owolabi
18 May 2013

A young lady going to a community toilet by the river bank in the Deibou community in Nigeria's oil-rich state of Bayelsa.

Thumb sm
Nigeria Oil Theft (23 of 25)
Bayelsa, Nigeria
By Tife Owolabi
18 May 2013

A man stands on a wooden boat containing stolen crude oil that will be conveyed to a refinery camp, along Nun river in Bayelsa State.

Thumb sm
Nigeria Oil Theft (22 of 25)
Bayelsa, Nigeria
By Tife Owolabi
18 May 2013

A child walks towards some containers filled with stolen crude oil the Deibou community of Bayelsa State.

Thumb sm
Nigeria Oil Theft (20 of 25)
Bayelsa, Nigeria
By Tife Owolabi
18 May 2013

A hose used to pump water into the distilling equipment at the illegal refinery camp along the Nun River.

Thumb sm
Nigeria Oil Theft (9 of 25)
Bayelsa, Nigeria
By Tife Owolabi
18 May 2013

A man walking into his house in Ikebiri community in the Nigeria's oil state,Bayelsa.Thousand of people live below one usd per day despite being blessed with crude oil and ranks seventh large oil producing nation in the world.
Most locals emerge in illicit act of stealing the crude and refined it to break out of poverty circle and also destroying the eco-system with thousand of crude spilling into the rivers

Thumb sm
Nigeria Oil Theft (4 of 25)
Bayelsa, Nigeria
By Tife Owolabi
18 May 2013

Foot wear wore by the illegal refinery worker in the oil rich Niger Delta,where the locals live below poverty line despite being blessed with crude oil with over 2,000000 barrels on daily basis.

Thumb sm
Nigeria Oil Theft (15 of 25)
Bayelsa, Nigeria
By Tife Owolabi
18 May 2013

A cut-to-size drum fill with crude oil at an illegal refinery camp along the Nun river in the Nigeria oil rich state of Bayelsa. Thousand of people live below one usd per day despite being blessed with crude oil and ranks seventh large oil producing nation in the world.
Most locals emerge in illicit act of stealing the crude and refined it to break out of poverty circle and also destroying the eco-system with thousand of crude spilling into the rivers

Thumb sm
Nigeria Oil Theft (25 of 25)
Bayelsa, Nigeria
By Tife Owolabi
18 May 2013

Drums and distilling equipment used at the refinery camp by the oil thieves along Nun river, in the State of Bayelsa, Nigeria

Thumb sm
Homemade oil refineries (2 of 12)
Ras al Ain, Syria
By Jeffry Ruigendijk
21 Apr 2013

A farmhand stands nearby the home-made oil refinery, made of a rusted tank and no
more than some tubes in Ras al Ain, Syria, April, 2013.

Thumb sm
Homemade oil refineries (6 of 12)
Ras al Ain, Syria
By Jeffry Ruigendijk
21 Apr 2013

Abu Zakharia's sons handle dangerous tasks, such as igniting the fire fueled by distillery waste in Ras al Ain, Syria, April, 2013.

Thumb sm
Homemade oil refineries (7 of 12)
Ras al Ain, Syria
By Jeffry Ruigendijk
21 Apr 2013

Abu Zakharia's sons work with their father as one stands by the oil refinery and the other collects the produced diesel in an oil barrel in Ras al Ain, Syria, April, 2013.

Thumb sm
Homemade oil refineries (5 of 12)
Ras al Ain, Syria
By Jeffry Ruigendijk
21 Apr 2013

A fire rages under the boiler filled with crude oil. The intense heat vaporizes the oil, after which the vapor can be cooled back down to diesel or petrol.Ras al Ain, Syria, April, 2013. View the full collection here: http://transterramedia.com/collections/1279

Thumb sm
Homemade oil refineries (4 of 12)
Ras al Ain, Syria
By Jeffry Ruigendijk
21 Apr 2013

A farmhand feeds the fire under the oil boiler with distillery waste, producing oppressive smoke that stings the eyes and mouth. Ras al Ain, Syria, April, 2013.

Thumb sm
Homemade oil refineries (8 of 12)
Ras al Ain, Syria
By Jeffry Ruigendijk
21 Apr 2013

A farmhand waits as the produced diesel pours into containers in Ras al Ain, Syria, April, 2013.

Thumb sm
Homemade oil refineries (9 of 12)
Ras al Ain, Syria
By Jeffry Ruigendijk
21 Apr 2013

Once the diesel is made, a farmhand observes it to make sure it's pure. Ras al Ain, Syria, April, 2013.

Thumb sm
Homemade oil refineries (10 of 12)
Ras al Ain, Syria
By Jeffry Ruigendijk
21 Apr 2013

The freshly distilled diesel is poured into a barrel, after which it can be transported to the city and sold into the streets. Ras al Ain, Syria, April, 2013.

Thumb sm
Homemade oil refineries (11 of 12)
Ad darbasiyah, syria
By Jeffry Ruigendijk
18 Apr 2013

Abu Zecharia sells diesel and petrol per liter, and sometimes per half-liter, in Ras al Ain, Syria, April, 2013.

Thumb sm
Nigeria Oil Theft (18 of 25)
Bayelsa, Nigeria
By Tife Owolabi
29 Nov 2012

An illegal refinery worker, John Sowawi, pumps water into the distilling equipment that is used to refine the stolen crude oil along Nun River, in the rich in oil-state of Bayelsa, Nigeria.

Thumb sm
Nigeria Oil Theft (12 of 25)
Bayelsa, Nigeria
By Tife Owolabi
27 Nov 2012

A worker at an illegal refinery camp inspecting the refinery equipment as smokes emerge behind the drums, near river Nun in Nigeria's oil state of Bayelsa November 27, 2012.

Thumb sm
Nigeria Oil Theft (17 of 25)
Bayelsa, Nigeria
By Tife Owolabi
27 Nov 2012

50 year-old,Tula Ebiowei, pours water into the distilling equipment at the illegal refinery camp along the Nun river in the Nigeria's oil rich state of Bayelsa. Thousand of people live below one usd per day despite being blessed with crude oil and ranks seventh large oil producing nation in the world.
Most locals emerge in illicit act of stealing the crude and refined it to break out of poverty circle and also destroying the eco-system with thousand of crude spilling into the rivers.

Thumb sm
Nigeria Oil Theft (5 of 25)
Bayelsa, Nigeria
By Tife Owolabi
27 Nov 2012

Oil slick covers a lengthy parts of Nun river in Nigeria's oil state of Bayelsa. Both the oil campanies and the locals are guilty of spill occurring on daily bases polluting the whole eco-system where fish have moved for fresh water,also people have to moved to better their lives.

Thumb sm
Nigeria Oil Theft (10 of 25)
Bayelsa, Nigeria
By Tife Owolabi
27 Nov 2012

A pail containing a refined product at the illegal refinery camp along Nun River in the Nigeria's oil of state of Bayelsa.

Thumb sm
Nigeria Oil Theft (14 of 25)
Bayelsa, Nigeria
By Tife Owolabi
27 Nov 2012

An illegal refinery worker,John Tarila, fills a container with refined PMS product before shipping it out to end users along the River Nun in Nigeria's oil rich ,Bayelsa State. The locals say the make 10,000 monthly to break out of poverty circle.

Thumb sm
Nigeria Oil Theft (16 of 25)
Bayelsa, Nigeria
By Tife Owolabi
27 Nov 2012

Crude oil in a rainbow pattern on the Nun river in Southern Ijaw area,near river Nun in Nigeria's oil state of Bayelsa November 27, 2012.
The local people in Nigeria engage in a the illicit act known locally as 'oil bunkering'
hacking into pipelines to steal crude then refining it or selling it abroad.

Thumb sm
Nigeria Oil Theft (21 of 25)
Bayelsa, Nigeria
By Tife Owolabi
27 Nov 2012

50-year-old Tula Ebiowei, carries an empty oil container on his head to a place where it would be filled with refined product at an illegal refinery camp
along river Nun in Nigeria's oil state of Bayelsa November 27, 2012.

Thumb sm
Nigeria Oil Theft (8 of 25)
Bayelsa, Nigeria
By Tife Owolabi
27 Oct 2012

A man in a wooden boat carrying stolen crude oil along the Nun river in Nigeria's oil state, Bayelsa.The locals say the make 10,000 monthly to break out of poverty circle.