Tags / afghan
The population of Bogovadja has different opinions on the presence of the migrants. Some of them accuse the migrants of small robberies, others see them as an economic source. In the winter of 2014 the citizens, also supported by extreme right wing groups, made a demonstration in Bogovadja to ask for control and safety against the migrants. After some months the citizens have got used to their presence.
The contacts with the taxi drivers who bring the migrants to the Hungarian borders take place at the cafes, one of which is at the begging of the wood and the other at the end of the wood, along the road which passes through the whole country. To reach the Hungarian borders the taxi drivers ask the migrants to pay from 50 to 300 Euros. Many drivers work for the immigration racket, others prefer to work alone with their customers.
During the Ramadan groups of migrants meet in the wood in the evening to share the Iftar, the only allowed meal during the Ramadan. Each migrant shares with the others what he can afford. After the Iftar those who stay at the reception camps go back to the center, the others seek shelter in the wood.
In the evening the migrants who do not stay in the reception camp go back to the wood in Bogovadja. S., a man from Sudan, was sent away from Macedonia, where he lived with his fiancÃ©e, due to legal problems and he is now trying to reach Europe to have a new life and start the legal steps to meet his son.
Afghanistan and Syrian migrants wait for the taxi to go to collect the money from a bank which is at few kilometers from Bogovadja. The day after they will leave for the Hungarian borders with the help of a taxi driver for 50 Euros per person.
The migrants on the Balkan route use the reception camps to rest before continuing their journeys. After signing some documents at the police office they can get a permission lasting for three days; after the three days they can either leave Serbia or ask for political asylum. Some centers offer legal support to start the requests.
Minors and families are admitted in the camp of Bogovadja. If the weather is bad some migrants, who are not accepted in the camp, are allowed to sleep under the portico to protect from the rain.
M., 20 years old, is North African but he declared to the authorities to be Syrian to be accepted by the reception camp and seek shelter in Europe as a refugee of the Syrian civil war.
An Iraqi refugee has been given hospitality by the center of Banja Koviljaca. After staying in the center for some years he applied for the political asylum in Serbia and got it. Anyway, he can neither expatriate nor ask to join his family in Serbia. He is stuck in this bureaucratic limbo and, in the meantime, he helps as cultural mediator the people working in the center.
S., 22 years old, has reached Serbia from Niger after three months and he is now waiting for some friends and relatives to get some money to continue his journey. Many migrants, especially if they are political refugees, fear to be recognized by the police and by the secret services of their origin countries and consequently fear possible retaliations on their families.
In the center of Banja Koviljaca, as in many others reception centers, the migrants can use the internet access and thus maintain the contacts with their friends and their families.
At Banja Koviljaca, at the border between Bosnia, Herzegovina and Serbia, the migrants are received in a center which was opened in 1991 to offer help during the Yugoslavian wars. In 2006 this center was renewed with the help of the UNHCR and of the INTERSOS and can now receive about 85 people.
The camp of Bogovadja accepts minors and families. The migrants who are not accepted by the center report that although there are available rooms the operators refuse to accept them even only to take a shower. The center director says that some rooms are kept free to eventually receive minors or families. The migrants also report that there were some cases of extortion and of request of sexual favors by the operators in exchange for hospitality in the center.
âThe first time the immigrants arrived in the village we were surprised and worried. I had never seen such black men in all my lifeâ. The inhabitants of the Serbian countries, where the migrants seek shelter, are surprised to see them. At first suspicious and worried, then they realize that the migrants can be an economic resource for their activities. In Belgrade, not far from Obrenovac, where there is one of the biggest reception camps, the atmosphere is tense also due to the presence of extreme right wing and xenophobic groups which act inside the football supporters teams of the capital.
âEach day thirty or forty people ask for hospitalityâ reports the person in charge of the reception center âHotel Obrenovacâ, near the village of Obrenovac at thirty minutes from Belgrado. Here the center director is the only one who can decide the assignment of the hotel rooms to the migrants who have the papers for the asylum request. At the Hoyel Obrenovac the migrants have three meals per day and as it is an open center they can go out and stay in the village. It is reported of occasional conflicts between the migrants and the inhabitants of Obrenovac. The Hotel Obrenovac was damaged only during the flood in May 2014.
In the reception camp of Senica a woman has just arrived from the hospital after giving birth to a baby. The Syrian couple left the previous month from Aleppo, Syria, to go to Germany; the Syrian family can choose to stop in Serbia and start to apply for the political asylum or continue its journey to Europe.
Near the city of Presevo, close to the borders between Serbia and Macedonia, the border police makes controls to stop the human trafficking. The arrested traffickersâ cars are kept in custody at the deposit of the barrack. The traffickers make different parts of the journey : the journey from Macedonia to Serbia is usually made by Albanian groups, while the journey inside Serbia is generally made by Serbian taxi drivers helped by some migrants dislocated near the Serbian reception camps.
M. is a 23 years old Sudanese boy. Together with his wife he arrived in Serbia through the east corridor of the Balkan route. He left Greece and then passed through Albania and Montenegro to arrive to the camp in Senica, Serbia, at few kilometers from the border with Montenegro.
In the wood in Bogovadja the migrants find shelter in old, abandoned houses. A group of Sudanese, escaped from a famine first and from a civil war then, prepare something to eat with makeshift means.
Migrants who find refuge in the woods organize everyday life . Who procures the wood with makeshift equipment to warm up and who collects money for grocery shopping and prepare at least one hot meal .
Migrants tend to different houses to be occupied by nationality, although often the groups are made up of migrants from different places .
The migrants who find shelter in the wood organize their daily lives. Some of them get the wood to get warm by makeshift means, others collect money to buy something to eat and prepare at least a hot meal. The migrants of the same nationality tend to occupy the same houses, but sometimes the groups are made of migrants coming from different countries.
The Balkan route is a corridor which passes through Macedonia and Serbia to arrive to the borders of Hungary. Since the situation in Greece has become more difficult due to the economic crisis and the difficult life conditions, the migrants escape from the Hellenic peninsula and try to go through the former Yugoslavia to arrive in Hungary and then try to enter into Europe. After passing the border with Macedonia the migrants seek makeshift shelters in the Serbian woods and in the reception camps spread among the country.
M. arrived at the wood in Bogovadja during the night. Together with other compatriots he found a shelter in an abandoned house in the wood where he could rest. In the afternoon, with the help of a friend, he wants to leave for Hungary and then reach his family in Germany.
After staying in Greece for seven years working in various cooperatives in Athens, this Afgan decided to leave for Germany due to continuous persecutions from extreme right wing Greek groups. In Athens he left his fiancÃ©e hoping to meet her again in France. âIf you see the world from far away, as from where God sees it, or with google maps, for instance, you will not see any border, but the closer you go, the more yellow lines you see. Who made all those lines? Certainly not God, but the human beingsâ.
A US soldier on patrol with the Swedish led forces in Mazar-e-Sharif
A Bamiyan shop keeper makes a traditional bread called Bolani in the central Afghanistan province in Afghanistan.
An Afghan Soldier prepares to go on patrol in Uruzgan
Footage of the open market in Kabul, Afghanistan, in 2008.
Interview and B-roll of British MP Sadiq Khan during an eight day visit to Afghanistan in 2008.
According to a report in the Wimbledon Guardian, Khan “led a delegation of British Muslims including a human rights activist, a barrister and a community worker to debunk misconceptions among Afghanis about how Muslims are treated in the UK”.
Video shows Khan and the delegation visiting with British troops at a base in Kabul.
Footage of street scenes in Kabul, Afghanistan, in 2008.
Footage showing street scenes of Kabul, Afghanistan, in 2008.