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The peaceful revolution (18 of 22)
Sofia, Bulgaria
By Georgi Kozhuharov
07 Jul 2013

A girl, dancing with her shoes off in the square in front of the Council of Ministers’ building, during another day of protests.

Thousands of mainly younger, well-educated Bulgarians have been rallying in Sofia and other cities since June 14 to demand the resignation of the Socialist-led cabinet. Up to 30,000 daily in Sofia alone – the protests in the EU’s poorest member are unprecedented since communism fell two decades ago.

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The peaceful revolution (19 of 22)
Sofia, Bulgaria
By Georgi Kozhuharov
04 Jul 2013

Youths shouting “Resignation” in front of the building of the ministerial council.

Thousands of mainly younger, well-educated Bulgarians have been rallying in Sofia and other cities since June 14 to demand the resignation of the Socialist-led cabinet. Up to 30,000 daily in Sofia alone – the protests in the EU’s poorest member are unprecedented since communism fell two decades ago.

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The peaceful revolution (2 of 22)
Sofia, Bulgaria
By Georgi Kozhuharov
01 Jul 2013

A father and his daughter participating in another protest procession against the government.

Thousands of mainly younger, well-educated Bulgarians have been rallying in Sofia and other cities since June 14 to demand the resignation of the Socialist-led cabinet. Up to 30,000 daily in Sofia alone – the protests in the EU’s poorest member are unprecedented since communism fell two decades ago.

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The peaceful revolution (3 of 22)
Sofia, Bulgaria
By Georgi Kozhuharov
01 Jul 2013

A man shouting “Resignation” and “Mafia” in front of the building of the ministerial council in Sofia.

Thousands of mainly younger, well-educated Bulgarians have been rallying in Sofia and other cities since June 14 to demand the resignation of the Socialist-led cabinet. Up to 30,000 daily in Sofia alone – the protests in the EU’s poorest member are unprecedented since communism fell two decades ago.

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The Peaceful Revolution, Bulgaria
Sofia, Bulgaria
By Mais Istanbuli
28 Jun 2013

Thousands of mainly younger, well-educated Bulgarians have been rallying in Sofia and other cities since June 14 to demand the resignation of the Socialist-led cabinet, shouting “Resignation” (‘Ostavka’) and “Mafia" in the streets. There have been up to 30,000 daily in Sofia alone.

The demonstrations have been primarily organized through Facebook. What prompted these protests was the election of Delyan Peevski as the head of the State Agency of National Security. Participants in the rally against Plamen Oresharski’s cabinet protest openly against his media, which have been accused by the majority of the public of presenting the procession in his benefit. Peevski is also allegedly connected with bank circles that influence the making of political decisions.

Because of the scandal involving the appointment of Peevski as the head of the State Agency of National Security, the president Rosen Plevneliev announced that he no longer trusts the “Oresharski” cabinet. Even after the removal of Delyan Peevski, the protests have continued, demanding the government’s resignation.

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The peaceful revolution (4 of 22)
Sofia, Bulgaria
By Georgi Kozhuharov
28 Jun 2013

A pregnant woman reading a book on the central boulevard ‘Tcarigradsko Shose’ that has been blocked by protesters.

Thousands of mainly younger, well-educated Bulgarians have been rallying in Sofia and other cities since June 14 to demand the resignation of the Socialist-led cabinet. Up to 30,000 daily in Sofia alone – the protests in the EU’s poorest member are unprecedented since communism fell two decades ago.

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The peaceful revolution (9 of 22)
Sofia, Bulgaria
By Georgi Kozhuharov
28 Jun 2013

A father with his son during another day of protests in Sofia.

Thousands of mainly younger, well-educated Bulgarians have been rallying in Sofia and other cities since June 14 to demand the resignation of the Socialist-led cabinet. Up to 30,000 daily in Sofia alone – the protests in the EU’s poorest member are unprecedented since communism fell two decades ago.

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The peaceful revolution (11 of 22)
Sofia, Bulgaria
By Georgi Kozhuharov
28 Jun 2013

Protesters using drums to create a rhythm for the protesters as they shout different anti- government slogans.

Thousands of mainly younger, well-educated Bulgarians have been rallying in Sofia and other cities since June 14 to demand the resignation of the Socialist-led cabinet. Up to 30,000 daily in Sofia alone – the protests in the EU’s poorest member are unprecedented since communism fell two decades ago.

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The peaceful revolution (12 of 22)
Sofia, Bulgaria
By Georgi Kozhuharov
26 Jun 2013

Silhouettes of people going to another day of protests.

Thousands of mainly younger, well-educated Bulgarians have been rallying in Sofia and other cities since June 14 to demand the resignation of the Socialist-led cabinet. Up to 30,000 daily in Sofia alone – the protests in the EU’s poorest member are unprecedented since communism fell two decades ago.

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The peaceful revolution (13 of 22)
Sofia, Bulgaria
By Georgi Kozhuharov
19 Jun 2013

Protesters have climbed on the monument of (Tsar Osvoboditel) and are shouting cries against the government of the Prime Minister Plamen Oresharski.

Thousands of mainly younger, well-educated Bulgarians have been rallying in Sofia and other cities since June 14 to demand the resignation of the Socialist-led cabinet. Up to 30,000 daily in Sofia alone – the protests in the EU’s poorest member are unprecedented since communism fell two decades ago.

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The peaceful revolution (14 of 22)
Sofia, Bulgaria
By Georgi Kozhuharov
18 Jun 2013

A protester congratulates a riot policeman, for not scattering the protesters during the blockade of the central boulevard ‘Dondukov’, in Sofia.

Thousands of mainly younger, well-educated Bulgarians have been rallying in Sofia and other cities since June 14 to demand the resignation of the Socialist-led cabinet. Up to 30,000 daily in Sofia alone – the protests in the EU’s poorest member are unprecedented since communism fell two decades ago.

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The peaceful revolution (7 of 22)
Sofia, Bulgaria
By Georgi Kozhuharov
18 Jun 2013

Protesters have blocked a central boulevard in Sofia.

Thousands of mainly younger, well-educated Bulgarians have been rallying in Sofia and other cities since June 14 to demand the resignation of the Socialist-led cabinet. Up to 30,000 daily in Sofia alone – the protests in the EU’s poorest member are unprecedented since communism fell two decades ago.

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The peaceful revolution (16 of 22)
Sofia, Bulgaria
By Georgi Kozhuharov
17 Jun 2013

-A mother is hugging her daughter during a consecutive day of protests. Many of the people in the protests participated in anti-government demonstrations in January 1997. After the government of BSP (Bulgarian Socialist Party), they say they have done it for their future and their children’s future, but according to them nothing has changed.

Thousands of mainly younger, well-educated Bulgarians have been rallying in Sofia and other cities since June 14 to demand the resignation of the Socialist-led cabinet. Up to 30,000 daily in Sofia alone – the protests in the EU’s poorest member are unprecedented since communism fell two decades ago.

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The peaceful revolution (17 of 22)
Sofia, Bulgaria
By Georgi Kozhuharov
16 Jun 2013

A man holding a poster reading ‘0% tolerance’, in front of the Council of Ministers’ building.

Thousands of mainly younger, well-educated Bulgarians have been rallying in Sofia and other cities since June 14 to demand the resignation of the Socialist-led cabinet. Up to 30,000 daily in Sofia alone – the protests in the EU’s poorest member are unprecedented since communism fell two decades ago.

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Egypt's unemployment rate jumped to 1...
Cairo, Egypt
By Video Cairo Sat
03 May 2013

Egypt's unemployment rate increased to 12.7% in 2012, up from 12% in 2011, and 9% in 2010, according to a report released by the Central Agency for Public Mobilization and Statistics (CAPMAS).

This brings the total number of unemployed to 3.4 million, up from 3.1 million in 2011, an increase of 242,000 people.

Particularly, the unemployment rate was 42.7 percent among young people between 20 and 24 years old and was 23 percent among those between 25 and 29 in that year.

SOUNDBITE 1 (Arabic) – Ahmed Bahaa El-Din Shaaban, member of both the ‎National Association for Change reform movement and ‎Egypt's Socialist Party:

The number of those employed in 2012 was 23.6 million workers; also there were only about 4.7 million working women in Egypt in 2012, according to the figures.

CAPMAS attributed the increase to the circumstances in Egypt following the 25 January Revolution and the ensuing events “that resulted in a slowdown in economic activities during this period.

These data show the need to embark on an economic reform program that prevents the government from relying on foreign aid, loans and deposits in order to provide the resources.

SOUNDBIDTE 2 (Arabic) – Haytham Mohamadeen, member of the political bureau of the revolutionary socialists:

On the other hand, hundreds of workers marked the Labour Day with marches and protests to voice their discontent with the unfulfilled longstanding demands of workers even after the revolution.

Among these demands are the implementation of minimum wage, independent and representative syndicates for workers, and putting an end to legislation that harms the labour movement.

Local News Agency: Middle East Bureau / VCS
Shooting Dateline: Archive except the soundbites
Shooting Location: Cairo, Egypt
Publishing Time: May 2, 2013
Length: 00:02:11
Video Size: 107 MB
Language: Arabic
Column:
Organized by:
Correspondent:
Camera: VCS

SHOTLIST:

  1. Various shots of youth at the universities (Archive)
  2. Various shots of people seating in cafes downtown Cairo (Archive)
  3. SOUNDBITE 1 (Arabic) – Ahmed Bahaa El-Din Shaaban, member of both the ‎National Association for Change reform
  4. Various shots of workers preparing materials and working women inside the factories (Archive)
  5. SOUNDBIDTE 2 (Arabic) – Haytham Mohamadeen, member of the political bureau of the revolutionary socialists:
  6. Various shots of protestors raising banners and poster of former president Gamal Abdel Nasser during a protest marking the Labour Day, downtown Cairo (Archive May: 1)