Thumb sm
Okmaydani-arianna-pagani-003
Istanbul
By Arianna Pagani
26 May 2014

Another man had already been killed by a teargas canister shot during previous protests. In reaction, young people from the Chepesi party rioted for days against the police, yelling slogans and calling them Katil€ (criminals, murderers).

Thumb sm
Okmaydani-arianna-pagani-005
Istanbul
By Arianna Pagani
26 May 2014

The Popular Republican Pary (Cumhuriyet Halk Partisi, or CHP) is the longest standing party in Turkey. It represents the strongest left-wing political force in the country.

Thumb sm
Okmaydani-arianna-pagani-010
Istanbul
By Arianna Pagani
26 May 2014

Many young boys and men take to the streets. On one side, they throw stones and molotovs, on the other plastic bullets, teargas and Toma.

Thumb sm
Okmaydani-arianna-pagani-011
Istanbul
By Arianna Pagani
26 May 2014

After the Gezi Park riots, many movements emerged to oppose the AKP and its leader, Prime Minister Recip Teyyip Erdogan, who has enforced various restrictions on freedom of speech and the press.

Thumb sm
Okmaydani-arianna-pagani-019
Istanbul
By Arianna Pagani
26 May 2014

The protestors include both young and old people, the former in the front whilst the latter remain in the back to play a supporting role in clashes with the armed forces.

Thumb sm
Okmaydani-arianna-pagani-020
Istanbul
By Arianna Pagani
26 May 2014

In suburbs prone to such clashes, once often encounters strong local support.

Thumb sm
Okmaydani-arianna-pagani-023
Istanbul
By Arianna Pagani
26 May 2014

Since the beginning of the clashes, 9 people have died and more than 8163 have been injured. This does not include the number of arrests; it also makes the violence one of the most tragic events in recent Turkish history.

Thumb sm
Okmaydani
Istanbul
By Arianna Pagani
25 May 2014

The number of Turkish security forces deployed in the neighborhood has steadily increased since the first wave of violence. During the clashes, police never entered the heart of the suburb, but are now slowly making deeper forays into the neighborhood.

Thumb sm
Okmaydani-arianna-pagani-007
Istanbul
By Arianna Pagani
25 May 2014

After weeks of protests following the Soma mine disaster, police resorted to using real ammunition during the most violent clashes. Previously, only rubber bullets were used; the use of live ammunition has since then led to causalities.

Thumb sm
Okmaydani
Istanbul
By Arianna Pagani
25 May 2014

Neighborhood life only stops in the greatest moments of tension, when vendors close their shops in order to protect themselves and their belongings. Many watch the events from a distance.

Thumb sm
Okmydani
Istanbul
By Arianna Pagani
24 May 2014

Home to several active parties, social tensions in the neighborhood also have political roots. These parties include the DHKP-C (Revolutionary People's Liberation Party–Front), considered an illegal terrorist organization by Erdogan's administration, the BDP (Party for Peace and Democracy) a legal party that supports the Kurdish cause, and the SODAP (Socialist Solidarity Platform).

Thumb sm
Okmaydani
Istanbul
By Arianna Pagani
24 May 2014

22 May 2014. News of the shooting death of 30-year old Ugur Kurt was confirmed. He was killed by police in an Alevi mosque, or Cemevi, in the Okmaydani suburb of Istanbul.

Thumb sm
Okmaydani-arianna-pagani-004
Istanbul
By Arianna Pagani
24 May 2014

Okmaydani is an far-left leaning neighbourhood where Turkish and Kurdish parties coexist. Due to its proximity to Taksim Square, it has been a major force in the protests surrounding the Gezi Park demonstrations.

Thumb sm
Okmaydani-arianna-pagani-009
Istanbul
By Arianna Pagani
24 May 2014

Young boys and men take to the streets. On one side, they throw stones and molotovs. They are met with plastic bullets, teargas and armored police vehicles with water cannons.

Thumb sm
Okmaydani
Istanbul
By Arianna Pagani
24 May 2014

A small demonstration of the DHKP/C (Revolutionary People's Liberation Party-Front) waves red flags through the neighborhood and shouting slogans in order to attract people into the streets.

The only signs left of the tension in Okmeydani from the previous days are poles wrecked by the protestors and some statements written on the walls in memory of Berkin Elvan, Urgu Kurt and Ayhan Yilmaz

The response after the arrests was lively.

Thumb sm
Okmaydani-arianna-pagani-018
Istanbul
By Arianna Pagani
24 May 2014

The streets fill with teargas and barricades.

Thumb sm
Okmaydani-arianna-pagani-021
Istanbul
By Arianna Pagani
24 May 2014

Once the police leave, people armed with guns and rifles come out to shoot security cameras. They want to prove who is in control of that part of the neighborhood.

Thumb sm
Okmaydani-arianna-pagani-017
Istanbul
By Arianna Pagani
23 May 2014

For many on the political left in Turkey, conditions in the country are rapidly becoming a reason for social upheaval. The extreme poverty of some suburbs, the deaths of 300 miners in Soma, the marginalization of minorities, the war on the Syrian border, police oppression of protestors and restrictions on the press are exacerbating tensions in an already politically divided society.

Thumb sm
Okmaydani-arianna-pagani-012
Istanbul
By Arianna Pagani
22 May 2014

The grievances that led to protests are tied to religious and communal issues. A large percentage of the protestors come from the Alevi (Alawite) sect, which has been long aligned with secular leftist parties. The Alevis have traditionally been lower-class and socially disadvantaged and have not benefitted from the prosperity that has taken part in other parts of Istanbul and Turkey. The Alevis and the left-wing movements they support stand in staunch opposition to the conservative, Sunni-Islamist ideology endorsed by Prime Minister Erdogan.

Thumb sm
Okmaydani-arianna-pagani-014
Istanbul
By Arianna Pagani
22 May 2014

A funeral procession begins at Cem Evi. Starting at 18:00, the procession will continue toward the house where Ugur Kurt used to live. His body was eventually taken for burial to his hometown of Sivas.

Thumb sm
Okmaydani-arianna-pagani-015
Istanbul
By Arianna Pagani
22 May 2014

After the demonstration in support of Ugur's family, the streets are empty. Around 19:30 a group of youngsters with their faces covered takes to one of Istanbul's main streets of Istanbul and provokes the police by throwing stones. The security forces, armed with Toma and teargas, respond immediately and disperse the crowd.

Thumb sm
Okmaydani
Istanbul
By Arianna Pagani
22 May 2014

Canisters left by police are collected during the clashes.

Thumb sm
Okmaydani-arianna-pagani-022
Istanbul
By Arianna Pagani
22 May 2014

Neither the opposition parties nor the media are able to counter the growing power of the conservative ideology of the AKP and the strength of the Turkish state.

Thumb sm
Students Protest in Caracas 10
Caracas, Venezuela
By Sergio Alvarez
12 Mar 2014

Students affected by tear gas rest against a wall inside the Central University of Caracas.

Thumb sm
Students Protest in Caracas 11
Caracas, Venezuela
By Sergio Alvarez
12 Mar 2014

Students hold their ground despite disproportionate firing of tear gas by the national police.

Thumb sm
Students Protest in Caracas 12
Caracas, Venezuela
By Sergio Alvarez
12 Mar 2014

Students hold their ground despite disproportionate firing of tear gas by the national police.

Thumb sm
Students Protest in Caracas 13
Caracas, Venezuela
By Sergio Alvarez
12 Mar 2014

A suffocating student is attended to by volunteer medical personnel during protests on Wednesday.

Thumb sm
Students Protest in Caracas 14
Caracas, Venezuela
By Sergio Alvarez
12 Mar 2014

Protesters affected by tear gas crouched down in an attempt to lessen the effects of airborne gas.

Thumb sm
Students Protest in Caracas 15
Caracas, Venezuela
By Sergio Alvarez
12 Mar 2014

Students stand in front of a cloud of tear gas fired by national police outside Central University of Venezuela on Wednesday.

Thumb sm
Students Protest in Caracas 16
Caracas, Venezuela
By Sergio Alvarez
12 Mar 2014

Students lean on the floor and walk away from tear gas fired by national police.

Thumb sm
Students Protest in Caracas 17
Caracas, Venezuela
By Sergio Alvarez
12 Mar 2014

A student covers his face with a piece of cloth to protect himself from tear gas fired by police.

Thumb sm
Students Protest in Caracas 18
Caracas, Venezuela
By Sergio Alvarez
12 Mar 2014

A female student wears a scarf to protect herself from tear gas fired by police.

Thumb sm
Students Protest in Caracas 9
Caracas, Venezuela
By Sergio Alvarez
12 Mar 2014

A female student cries while holding a Venezuelan flag upside down.

Thumb sm
Students Protest in Caracas 8
Caracas, Venezuela
By Sergio Alvarez
12 Mar 2014

Protesters and news personnel lean against a wall to avoid airborne teargas canisters.

Thumb sm
Students Protest in Caracas 7
Caracas, Venezuela
By Sergio Alvarez
12 Mar 2014

Students with gas masks and shirts over their faces get ready for tear gas fire from police.

Thumb sm
Students Protest in Caracas 6
Caracas, Venezuela
By Sergio Alvarez
12 Mar 2014

Hundreds of students marched towards the Ombudsman's Office in Caracas to protest violation of rights during protests.

Thumb sm
Students Protest in Caracas 5
Caracas, Venezuela
By Sergio Alvarez
12 Mar 2014

A police officer gazes at student protesters in Caracas on Wednesday.

Thumb sm
Students Protest in Caracas 4
Caracas, Venezuela
By Sergio Alvarez
12 Mar 2014

Hundreds of police officers lined up outside Central University of Venezuela to contain the students' march.

Thumb sm
Students Protest in Caracas 3
Caracas, Venezuela
By Sergio Alvarez
12 Mar 2014

An officer organizes police efforts to contain the march.

Thumb sm
Students Protest in Caracas 2
Caracas, Venezuela
By Sergio Alvarez
12 Mar 2014

A student holds a bullhorn to cheer fellow protesters.