Thumb sm
Riffs and Concrete: Communist Print F...
By Aurélien Cohen
12 May 2012

Belgrade, Serbia. A former state printing company has become the favorite haunt of Belgrade's underground youth. A man rests on a couch in a studio in the middle of the night.

“The BIGZ was often a shelter for me. You know you can go there anytime, night and day.There'll always be a couch to crash on, somewhere in a studio", photographer Andrijana says.

Thumb sm
Riffs and Concrete: Communist Print F...
By Aurélien Cohen
12 May 2012

Belgrade, Serbia. A former state printing company has become the favorite haunt of Belgrade's underground youth. Two men sitting on a couch in a studio in the middle of the night.

Thumb sm
Cabinet Office clashes Cairo 53
Al-Qasr Al-Aini Street, Cairo, Egypt.
By Jeffrey Bright
18 Dec 2011

Protesters carry an injured man during clashes with military and security personnel. At least 10 protesters are believed to have been killed with hundreds wounded in the three days of violence which began outside the Cabinate Offices in central Cairo. Al-Qasr Al-Aini Street, Cairo, Egypt. 18/12/2011

Thumb sm
Cabinet Office clashes Cairo 39
Al-Qasr Al-Aini Street, Cairo, Egypt.
By Jeffrey Bright
17 Dec 2011

Protester throws stone at security forces that have sealed off the streets around parliament buildings.
The violence erupted a day earlier after soldiers stormed an anti-military protest camp outside the Cabinet building near Tahrir Square, sparking clashes that left at least eight protesters dead. Al-Qasr Al-Aini Street, Cairo, Egypt. 17/12/2011

Thumb sm
Cabinet Office clashes Cairo 8
Al-Qasr Al-Aini Street, Cairo
By Jeffrey Bright
16 Dec 2011

Stones are thrown during clashes between army soldiers and protesters. Demonstrators fought troops in the worst violence since Egypt began its first free election in six decades. In a pattern that has recurred during nine months of army rule since President Hosni Mubarak's overthrow in February, the confrontation swiftly grew as more people took to the streets. Al-Qasr Al-Aini Street, Cairo, Egypt. 16/12/2011

Thumb sm
Sulphur Mines at Kawah Ijen Indonesia
Kawah Ijen, Indonesia.
By Jeffrey Bright
19 Jan 2011

Sulphur Mines Kawah Ijen Indonesia. In East Java, Indonesia lies Kawah Ijen volcano, 2,600 meters tall (8,660ft), topped with a large caldera and a 200-meter-deep lake of sulphuric acid. An active vent at the edge of the lake is a source of elemental sulphur, and supports a mining operation. Escaping volcanic gases are channelled through a network of ceramic pipes, resulting in condensation of molten sulphur. The sulphur, which is deep red in colour when molten, pours slowly from the ends of these pipes and pools on the ground, turning bright yellow as it cools. The cooled material is broken into large pieces the miners hack chunks off with steel bars, braving extremely dangerous gases and liquids with minimal protection. The miners often use insufficient protection while working around the volcano and are susceptible to numerous respiratory complaints. The sulphur is then carried out in baskets by the miners. Typical loads range from 60–100 kilograms, and must be carried to the crater rim approximately 200 meters above before being carried several kilometres down the mountain. Most miners make this journey twice a day. The miners are paid by a nearby sugar refinery by the weight of sulphur transported 1 kg selling for 625 Indonesian Rupiah, the typical daily earnings were equivalent to approximately € 6 to € 9. The sulphur is then used for vulcanising rubber, bleaching sugar and other industrial processes.

Thumb sm
Sulfur Mines at Kawah Ijen Indonesia 5
Kawah Ijen, Indonesia.
By Jeffrey Bright
19 Jan 2011

Miners load the heavy rocks of sulphur into baskets and carry them up to the rim of the crater. Then they carry the baskets, weighing up to 90kg to a further 3 kilometers collection point.

Thumb sm
Sulfur Mines at Kawah Ijen Indonesia 1
Kawah Ijen, Indonesia.
By Jeffrey Bright
19 Jan 2011

A miner weighs his load at the local mining office. Typical loads range from 60–100 kilograms. Miners will make this trip two or three times a day, with typical earnings of approximately €9 per day.

Thumb sm
Sulphur Mines at Kawah Ijen Indonesia
Kawah Ijen, Indonesia.
By Jeffrey Bright
19 Jan 2011

The miners are paid by a nearby sugar refinery by the weight of sulphur transported 1 kg selling for 625 Indonesian Rupiah, the typical daily earnings were equivalent to approximately € 6 to € 9. The sulphur is then used for vulcanising rubber, bleaching sugar and other industrial processes.

Thumb sm
Sulphur Mines at Kawah Ijen Indonesia
Kawah Ijen, Indonesia.
By Jeffrey Bright
19 Jan 2011

A miner collects a large pieces of sulphur. Miners break up the cooled sulphur and load up their wicker baskets to be carried out of the crater.