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Uriah Heep
Hamburg
By Ralf Falbe
10 Dec 2015

Lead singer of Uriah Heep band, Bernie Shaw, performs at the club Fabrik, Hamburg, Germany.

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Riffs and Concrete: Communist Print F...
Belgrade
By Aurélien Cohen
26 May 2014

March 24, 2014
Belgrade, Serbia

A former Yugoslav state printing company has become the ground-zero of Belgrade's underground youth culture. Thousands of party goers, musicians and artists go to the "BIGZ"' every weekend, where they drink, watch concerts or rehearse in music studios. During the week, some parts of the building still function as private print factories. However, every Friday, the building transforms into an all night party. A rock scene in Bauhaus decor: discover the 25,000 square meters of the Zgrada BIGZa.

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Jagal brutal death metal from Surabaya
Surabaya, East
By Lola García-Ajofrín
11 Feb 2014

Jagal brutal death metal from Surabya. They are Deddy Demon (drums), Dhidit Ratt (bass), Endro Wibowo (guitar) and Yayan Butcher (Voice).

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he 13th Istanbul Biennial, “Mom, am I...
Istanbul, Turkey
By Claudia Wiens
26 Sep 2013

Istanbul, Turkey. 11th September 2013. The 13th Istanbul Biennial, “Mom, am I barbarian?”, curated by Fulya Erdemci, runs from 14 September untill 20 October. Admission to the biennial exhibitions is free, overlapping with the biennial’s vision to create a public space and be accessible to everyone. © Claudia Wiens

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Traditional oil wells East Java Indon...
Cepu, Indonesia
By Jeffrey Bright
17 Sep 2013

Traditional oil miner gathers buckets of crude oil to begin the distillation process of converting it into diesel fuel. Distillation is accomplished by heating the filtered crude oil to between 200 °C (392 °F) and 350 °C (662 °F). Cepu, Indonesia. 25/01/2011

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The 13th Istanbul Biennial, “Mom, am ...
Istanbul, Turkey
By Claudia Wiens
11 Sep 2013

TURKEY, ISTANBUL: The 13th Istanbul Biennial, “Mom, am I barbarian?”, curated by Fulya Erdemci, runs from 14 September untill 20 October. Admission to the biennial exhibitions is free, overlapping with the biennial’s vision to create a public space and be accessible to everyone. Wall by Jorge Mendez Blake. © Claudia Wiens

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Riffs and Concrete: Communist Print F...
By Aurélien Cohen
24 Mar 2013

Belgrade, Serbia. A former state printing company has become the favorite haunt of Belgrade's underground youth. The rock band Nizbrdo is rehearsing in a small studio. “We’ve spent a big part of our life here, practicing and making rock’n’roll.” Nizbrdo’s singer Ivan says.

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Riffs and Concrete: Communist Print F...
By Aurélien Cohen
24 Mar 2013

Belgrade, Serbia. A former state printing company has become the favorite haunt of Belgrade's underground youth. The girlfriend of the signer of Nizbrdo waits for the rehearsal to start in the band's studio.

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Riffs and Concrete: Communist Print F...
By Aurélien Cohen
24 Mar 2013

Belgrade, Serbia. A former state printing company has become the favorite haunt of Belgrade's underground youth. People waiting for the elevator outside of the entrance of Cekaonica jazz club, on the top floor.

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Riffs and Concrete: Communist Print F...
By Aurélien Cohen
24 Mar 2013

Belgrade, Serbia. A former state printing company has become the favorite haunt of Belgrade's underground youth. Kosta, guitarist of the band The Young Husbands is recording his first EP with his band in a small studio. "The thing is, everyone knows this place will eventually shut down. Next year maybe", Kosta, Young Husbands’ guitarist says.

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Riffs and Concrete: Communist Print F...
By Aurélien Cohen
24 Mar 2013

Belgrade, Serbia. A former state printing company has become the favorite haunt of Belgrade's underground youth. Young men hang out and drink on couches during a party at the Beat Club.

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Riffs and Concrete: Communist Print F...
By Aurélien Cohen
24 Mar 2013

Belgrade, Serbia. A former state printing company has become the favorite haunt of Belgrade's underground youth. A hardcore music show at the Dragon’s nest, on a Saturday night.

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Riffs and Concrete: Communist Print F...
By Aurélien Cohen
24 Mar 2013

Belgrade, Serbia. A former state printing company has become the favorite haunt of Belgrade's underground youth. Two young people passionately kissing on a Saturday night.

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Riffs and Concrete: Communist Print F...
By Aurélien Cohen
24 Mar 2013

Belgrade, Serbia. A former state printing company has become the favorite haunt of Belgrade's underground youth. A young woman waiting in the hall outside a club - all styles are represented among BIGZ’s visitors.

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Riffs and Concrete: Communist Print F...
By Aurélien Cohen
23 Mar 2013

Belgrade, Serbia. A former state printing company has become the favorite haunt of Belgrade's underground youth. Alcohol is cheap and the club is crowded - the Dragon’s nest, on a Saturday night.

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Riffs and Concrete: Communist Print F...
By Aurélien Cohen
23 Mar 2013

Belgrade, Serbia. A former state printing company has become the favorite haunt of Belgrade's underground youth. A young woman enjoying the music at the Dragon’s Nest.

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Riffs and Concrete: Communist Print F...
By Aurélien Cohen
23 Mar 2013

Belgrade, Serbia. A former state printing company has become the favorite haunt of Belgrade's underground youth. A young band plays hardcore music at the Dragon’s Nest on a Saturday night.

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Riffs and Concrete: Communist Print F...
By Aurélien Cohen
23 Mar 2013

Belgrade, Serbia. A former state printing company has become the favorite haunt of Belgrade's underground youth. Young people pogoing (the pogo is a dance in which the dancers jump up and down) at the Dragon’s Nest on a Saturday night.

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Riffs and Concrete: Communist Print F...
By Aurélien Cohen
23 Mar 2013

Belgrade, Serbia. A former state printing company has become the favorite haunt of Belgrade's underground youth. Young people pogoing at the Dragon’s Nest on a Saturday night.

“People here are so wasted !”, a girl coming out of the club says.

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Riffs and Concrete: Communist Print F...
By Aurélien Cohen
23 Mar 2013

Belgrade, Serbia. A former state printing company has become the favorite haunt of Belgrade's underground youth. Stars Club’s dance floor on a Saturday night.

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Riffs and Concrete: Communist Print F...
By Aurélien Cohen
23 Mar 2013

Belgrade, Serbia. A former state printing company has become the favorite haunt of Belgrade's underground youth. The entrance of one of BIGZ clubs, viewed from a hidden set of stairs.

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Riffs and Concrete: Communist Print F...
By Aurélien Cohen
23 Mar 2013

Belgrade, Serbia. A former state printing company has become the favorite haunt of Belgrade's underground youth. It’s during the weekend that BIGZ really wakes up. On this picture, people stand outside the Cekaonica Jazz club on BIGZ’s top floor on a Friday night.

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Riffs and Concrete: Communist Print F...
By Aurélien Cohen
22 Mar 2013

Belgrade, Serbia. A former state printing company has become the favorite haunt of Belgrade's underground youth. A gipsy jazz band playing at the Cekaonica. “ I think this club is a beautiful place. It really gives a chance to play to many musicians." Kristjan, saxophonist, says

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Riffs and Concrete: Communist Print F...
By Aurélien Cohen
22 Mar 2013

Belgrade, Serbia. A former state printing company has become the favorite haunt of Belgrade's underground youth. Two printing companies are still in business on the first floor of the building. The companies use dated tools.

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Riffs and Concrete: Communist Print F...
By Aurélien Cohen
22 Mar 2013

Belgrade, Serbia. A former state printing company has become the favorite haunt of Belgrade's underground youth. The building's geometric shapes are typical of the Bauhaus style.

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Riffs and Concrete: Communist Print F...
By Aurélien Cohen
22 Mar 2013

Belgrade, Serbia. A former state printing company has become the favorite haunt of Belgrade's underground youth. BIGZ is a perfect example of Bauhaus architecture. This staircase showcases some of the building's perspectives.

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Riffs and Concrete: Communist Print F...
By Aurélien Cohen
22 Mar 2013

Belgrade, Serbia. A former state printing company has become the favorite haunt of Belgrade's underground youth. The marble-covered walls are rare remains of the building’s former splendor.

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Riffs and Concrete: Communist Print F...
By Aurélien Cohen
21 Mar 2013

Belgrade, Serbia. A former state printing company has become the favorite haunt of Belgrade's underground youth. The monumental BIGZ is surrounded by construction sites in Senjak neighborhood, on the east bank of the river Sava.

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Riffs and Concrete: Communist Print F...
By Aurélien Cohen
19 Mar 2013

Belgrade, Serbia. A former state printing company has become the favorite haunt of Belgrade's underground youth. A gipsy jazz band playing at the Cekaonica. “ I think this club is a beautiful place. It really gives a chance to play to many musicians", Kristjan, saxophonist, says.

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Riffs and Concrete: Communist Print F...
By Aurélien Cohen
18 Mar 2013

Belgrade, Serbia. A former state printing company has become the favorite haunt of Belgrade's underground youth. One of the three main staircases and its dangerous - yet still in use - elevators.

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Riffs and Concrete: Communist Print F...
By Aurélien Cohen
18 Mar 2013

Belgrade, Serbia. A former state printing company has become the favorite haunt of Belgrade's underground youth. One of the countless labyrinthine graffiti-covered halls and rehearsal studios doors.

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Riffs and Concrete: Communist Print F...
By Aurélien Cohen
18 Mar 2013

Belgrade, Serbia. A former state printing company has become the favorite haunt of Belgrade's underground youth. BIGZ’s main entrance, viewed from the inside.

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Riffs and Concrete: Communist Print F...
By Aurélien Cohen
18 Mar 2013

Belgrade, Serbia. A former state printing company has become the favorite haunt of Belgrade's underground youth. Details of a graffiti-covered wall that says : “No rules, just art.”

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Archaeologists Discover Paleolithic A...
Vila Nova de Foz Coa Douro, Portugal
By U.S. Editor
11 Feb 2013

COA VALLEY, Portugal -- 18 January 2013 -- WHOEVER carved the graceful figures into the rocks of this valley on the upper reaches of the River Douro had no camera, pencils or paper. Though recent discoveries by Portuguese archaeologists have confirmed that the Palaeolithic Sapiens Sapiens that inhabited the Coa Valley 30,000 to 10,000 years ago were among the first humans to invent animation.

Using a quartzite tool, they carved thousands of depictions of animals, some of which - like the Przewalski's horse at the site on the upper part of the Coa Valley at Penascosa - show a clear understanding of movement depicted in animation, archaeologists here say.

"We cannot prove what the carvings were intended to do exactly...But if you consider cinema, then it is like two or three frames a second," says Antonio Batarda, an archaeologist who specializes in the animated figures of the Coa Valley Archaeological Park.

"What they are doing with these figures, when you analyse it...Is cinema," says Luis Miguel de Silva Simoes Luis (Luis Luis), another archaeologist at the Coa Valley Archaeological Park Museum.

"They break down movement and recompose it...What you then see is a goat or horse moving it's legs or head," he explains.

One sheltered site still shows the remains of ocre-painted figures, which are mostly of large herbivores such as the Aurochs - a bovine species about three times the size of the bulls and cows we see today. Other rock panels at the various sites here depict classic species of the Pleistiocene like the large deer Megalocerus, the Ibex, Aurochsen, horses and various species of goat - to name but a few. Rare human figures are also depicted. The tradition of carving on the rock panels here continued through the Neolithic and right up until recent centuries with Christian motiffs.

Back in the Palaeolithic, the Coa Valley - which still has a unique micro-climate - would have provided an easy environment for the small groups of Sapiens Sapiens living a nomadic hunter-gather existence. Outside of the valley, large predatory species like lions were common and the River Coa provided a certain security and was abundant in game.

Strangely, many of the figures carved onto the rocks beside the River Coa depict animals which would have been a significant challenge for Palaeoloithic man to hunt.

"Hunting was important...But it was mostly entertainment, as it was mostly the animal behaviour which seemed to have interested them," Antonio Batarda says, adding that it is impossible to prove what the animated figures (or the non-animated ones) were actually used for.

It is likely, he says, that the animations were indeed just that, using fire and screens in co-ordinated movement to create the illusion of movement, rather like the special effects on the stage of a late Victorian theatre. Animals were of great importance to Palaeolithic man and were likely to have been a form of entertainment in themselves, Batarda adds.

There are around one hundred panels depicting animated movement. Sometimes it is subtle, such as a horse flicking it's ears or a goat sticking out it's tongue. Others are more complex and show a horse moving it's head or a goat involved in a mating display.

Not all the archaeologists here are certain about the sites being an ancient cinema, but all agree that the carvings are definately animations.

"I compare it with comic books...I think it may be pushing it a bit to say it was cinema. Though it was the first time we know that animation was used," says Antonio Martinho Baptista, the Director of the Coa Valley Archaeological Park.

Mr Martinho Baptista says that the Palaeolithic humans who inhabited the Coa Valley were nomadic and wandered around in small groups of 30-50 individuals over a radius of around 90 miles and were probably around a thousand or so in number.

The site was discovered in the mid 1990s during archaeological surveys to construct a hydro-electric dam. It soon became a UNESCO World Heritage Site and thus far, archaeologists have found around 100 outdoor rock carvings which show some form of animation.

"I believe it had a function...This was public art," says Martinho Baptista. He says that as it was public - it was probable that the carvings were used for story telling and education. Religion may have also played a part, the figures show many pregnant animals, possibly signifying some kind of reverence for the creation of new life.

This makes sites of outdoor Upper Palaeolithic art like the Coa Valley very important in our understanding of our ancient ancestors, he adds. While the Lascaux cave paintings are famous, Mr Martinho Baptista believes cave art was rare and that much of the art of the Upper Palaolithic was outdoors carved on rocks like in the Coa Valley.

"Why did we find the art at Lascaux? Because they were protected. Nowadays, we think that the open air Palaeolithic art was much more common...Though much of it has been destroyed by wind and rain...Probably cave art in this time was exceptional," says Luis.

One of the more tender carvings depicts a moment of affection between two horses, a favourite of the museum's director. For Martinho Baptista, this is a prime example of the keen eye of Palaeolithic man. "It's a masterful work...It was made 20,000 years ago...But could be shown in a gallery by a modern artist today," he says.

Whatever the actual true use of these rock carving animations was, it is clear that these recent discoveries by Portuguese archaeologists in the Coa Valley render the popular image of prehistoric man quite obsolete. "Palaeolithic man was an artist just like some contemporary ones," Martinho Bapista says. -ends- approx 700 words

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Archaeologists discover Paleolithic a...
Foz Coa, Portugal
By Jonathan Mitchell
17 Jan 2013

Archaeologists have discovered 100 or so rock carvings from the Upper Palaeolithic (10,000 to 30,000 years ago) which depict basic animation at 2 to 3 frames per second. Sited in the Coa Valley of northern Portugal, they are the first known examples of animation.

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From Top of the Rock
new york
By motasemdhawi
31 Dec 2012

Amazing view for New York city from top of the rock

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Riffs and Concrete: Communist Print F...
By Aurélien Cohen
12 May 2012

Belgrade, Serbia. A former state printing company has become the favorite haunt of Belgrade's underground youth. A girl jumps in the middle of an empty hall on a Saturday night.