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The World's Longest-Running Civil War
Myawaddy, Myanmar
By vincenzo floramo
30 Jan 2015

Photos by Vincenzo Floramo

Text by Portia Larlee

Thick fog lifted at the break of dawn January 31 to reveal rows of troops at the Karen National Liberation Army headquarters on the Thai-Myanmar border. It was Karen Revolution Day and hundreds of onlookers from Karen villages and refugee camps border-wide had gathered to commemorate Britain's departure from Burma in 1948 and the subsequent civil war between Karen and government forces. Decades later Karen, young and old, are driven by the fierce nationalism of generations past in the push for political autonomy.  The event was an excellent starting point from which to discuss what a post-ceasefire Myanmar might look like. The peace process continues, with a seventh round of ceasefire talks set for the coming months. Karen leaders, including Karen National Union chairman Mutu Say Poe addressed troops at the KNLA headquarters, urging a nationwide ceasefire – and eventually a "federal army." Discussion of “security reform” was missing from the day's speeches, largely because the future of Myanmar's ethnic minority armies following a nationwide ceasefire remains unclear. What will become of Myanmar's freedom fighters? 

FULL ARTICLE AVAILABLE ON REQUEST

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Egyptian Rights Center: 1,462 Protest...
Cairo, Egypt
By Video Cairo Sat
03 May 2013

In a report titled “Democracy Indicator,” an Egyptian rights center stated Egypt had one of the highest rates of protest, having witnessed 1,462 protests in the month of April.

This sets the month of April at a record number compared to 1,354 protests in March and 864 in February.

Economic and social justice demands were the predominant drivers of 62.4 percent of the demonstrations.

Some of the demands of Egyptian protestors included releasing detainees, criticism to the government's regime, as well as demonstrations to support Coptic religious beliefs.

According to a report issued by the International Development Center, Egypt has never seen such a high rate of protest before, not even at the peak of the revolution.

In March, Egypt had 1.8 protests every hour, 7.2 protests every four hours, 44 protests a day, amounting to approximately 306 protests a week.

Local News Agency: Middle East Bureau / VCS
Shooting Dateline: Archive (protests during April)
Shooting Location: Cairo, Egypt
Publishing Time: May 3, 2013
Length: 00:01:59
Video Size: 98.1 MB
Language: Arabic
Column:
Organized by:
Correspondent:
Camera: VCS

SHOTLIST:

  1. Various shots of the demonstration to support the Grand Imam of Al-Azhar
  2. Various shots of from the demonstration against the clashes happened north of Cairo between Muslim and Christians
  3. Various shots of the demonstration of the Muslim Brotherhood outside the High Court to demand purge of the judiciary
  4. Various shots of the demonstration of the Egyptian workers marking the Labour Day
  5. Various shots of April Six Youth Movement protest to demand the release of their detained colleagues
  6. Various shots of the protest of Ahrar movement outside the High Court downtown Cairo
  7. Various shots of the protest by the state Radio and Television Building against Egyptian Minister of Information
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FATA Lawyers Press for Reform ( 7 of 7)
Peshawar, Pakistan
By Muhammed Furqan
27 Apr 2013

April 27, 2013 -Peshawar, Pakistan.
The Chief Justice of the Peshawar High Court, Justice Dost Muhammad Khan, and other guests attend a forum organized by FATA lawyers pressing for reforms in the troubled tribal areas of Pakistan

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FATA Lawyers Press for Reform ( 6 of...
Peshawar, Pakistan
By Muhammed Furqan
27 Apr 2013

April 27, 2013 -Peshawar, Pakistan.
The Chief Justice of the Peshawar High Court, Justice Dost Muhammad Khan, and other guests attend a forum organized by FATA lawyers pressing for reforms in the troubled tribal areas of Pakistan

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FATA Lawyers Press for Reform ( 5 of...
Peshawar, Pakistan
By Muhammed Furqan
27 Apr 2013

April 27, 2013 -Peshawar, Pakistan.
The Chief Justice of the Peshawar High Court, Justice Dost Muhammad Khan, and other guests attend a forum organized by FATA lawyers pressing for reforms in the troubled tribal areas of Pakistan. Chief Justice Khan and senior lawyer Mr. Latif Afridi rise for the national anthem.

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FATA Lawyers Press for Reform ( 4 of...
Peshawar, Pakistan
By Muhammed Furqan
27 Apr 2013

April 27, 2013 -Peshawar, Pakistan.
The Chief Justice of the Peshawar High Court, Justice Dost Muhammad Khan, and other guests attend a forum organized by FATA lawyers pressing for reforms in the troubled tribal areas of Pakistan.

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FATA Lawyers Press for Reform ( 3 of...
Peshawar, Pakistan
By Muhammed Furqan
27 Apr 2013

April 27, 2013 -Peshawar, Pakistan.
The Chief Justice of the Peshawar High Court, Justice Dost Muhammad Khan, and other guests attend a forum organized by FATA lawyers pressing for reforms in the troubled tribal areas of Pakistan.

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FATA Lawyers Press for Reform ( 2 of...
Peshawar, Pakistan
By Muhammed Furqan
26 Apr 2013

April 27, 2013 - Peshawar, Pakistan. The Chief Justice of the Peshawar High Court, Justice Dost Muhammad Khan, and other guests attend a forum organized by FATA lawyers pressing for reforms in the troubled tribal areas of Pakistan.

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FATA Lawyers Press for Reform ( 1 of...
Peshawar, Pakistan
By Muhammed Furqan
26 Apr 2013

April 27, 2013 - Peshawar, Pakistan. The Chief Justice of the Peshawar High Court, Justice Dost Muhammad Khan, and other guests attend a forum organized by FATA lawyers pressing for reforms in the troubled tribal areas of Pakistan.

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Egyptian Doctors Strike, Hold Symboli...
Cairo, Egypt
By U.S. Editor
08 Nov 2012

Hundreds of Egyptian doctors marched on Thursday, November 8, from Omar Makram Mosque in Tahrir Square to the Egyptian State TV Building (Maspero), holding a symbolic funeral for the Ministry of Health as part of their ongoing strike calling for healthcare reforms.
On the 39th day of their strike the protesting doctors wore black clothes, holding in their hands white coats to represent coffins.
They shouted slogans and raised banners demanding social justice and better hospital security.
Their major demands include an increase of healthcare share in the general budget to 15%, better health services, increased security at health facilities and higher pay.
SOUNDBITE 1 (Arabic) – Mohamed Abdel-Sattar, a striking doctor:
“We decided today to hold a symbolic march entitled ‘the funeral of Egyptian healthcare’ due to the Health Ministry’s disregard of the strike’s three legitimate demands: to increase the healthcare budget, to increase security at hospitals and to implement the cadre of doctors within three years, not now. We want to live a decent life like everyone.”

SOUNDBITE 2 (Arabic) – Amr Shura, media coordinator of the doctors’ strike committee:
“Today is the 39th day of the doctors’ strike. We tried everything. We held marches, protests, marches, etc. We’re not required to provide solutions but we did. However, there was no response. Today, we tell the health minister that he’s failed.”

A number of political forces voiced support for the mock funeral procession of the striking doctors, protesting against alleged deteriorating healthcare and negligent government.
The doctors threatened to escalate the situation if their demands are not met.
The April 6 Youth Movement, Revolutionary Socialists, National Front for Justice and Democracy and Youth for Freedom and Justice are among the forces taking part in the march.
The doctors’ partial strike started on October 1 after being approved on September 21 at a Doctors Syndicate emergency general assembly meeting.

Local News Agency: Middle East Bureau / VCS
Shooting Dateline: November 8, 2012
Shooting Location: Cairo, Egypt
Publishing Time: November 8, 2012
Length: 0:02:17
Video Size: 113 MB
Language: Arabic
Column:
Organized by:
Correspondent:
Camera: VCS

SHOTLIST:

  1. Wide shot of protesting doctors marching from Omar Makram Mosque near Tahrir square to the State TV Building “Maspero”, raising banners
  2. Wide shot of protesting doctors wearing black clothes and holding their coats representing symbolic coffins
  3. Various shots of protesting doctors marching, raising banners
  4. Various shots of protestors shouting marching, shouting statements against the
  5. Close up shot of one of the protestors raising a banner against the Health Ministry
  6. SOUNDBITE 1 (Arabic) – Mohamed Abdel-Sattar, a striking doctor:
    “We decided today to hold a symbolic march entitled ‘the funeral of the Egyptian healthcare’ due to the Health Ministry’s disregard of the strike’s three legitimate demands: to increase the healthcare budget, to increase security at hospitals and to implement the cadre of doctors within three years, not now. We want to live a decent life like everyone.”
  7. SOUNDBITE 2 (Arabic) – Amr Shura, media coordinator of the doctors’ strike committee:
    “Today is the 39th day of the doctors’ strike. We tried everything. We held marches, protests, marches, etc. We’re not required to provide solutions but we did. However, there was no response. Today, we bring tell the health minister that he’s failed.”
  8. Various shots of protesting doctors shouting statements calling for increase in the budget of the Health Ministry
  9. Wide shot of the symbolic coffin of the Health Ministry on the ground while protestors standing wearing black clothes and raising banners
  10. Various shots of protestors shouting statements against the Health Ministry
  11. Various shots of protestors raising banners condemning the system of the Ministry of Health
  12. Wide shot of the symbolic coffin of the Health Ministry
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Friday protest in Amman, Jordan (5 of 5)
Al Husseini Mosque, Amman, Jordan
By Melissa Tabeek
05 Oct 2012

Thousands of Jordanians gathered in front of Al-Husseini Mosque in downtown Amman to call for electoral reform after Friday prayer on October 5, 2012.

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Friday protest in Amman, Jordan (4 of 5)
Al Husseini Mosque, Amman, Jordan
By Melissa Tabeek
05 Oct 2012

Thousands of Jordanians gathered in front of Al-Husseini Mosque in downtown Amman to call for electoral reform after Friday prayer on October 5, 2012.

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Friday Protest in Amman, Jordan (1 of 5)
Amman, Jordan
By Melissa Tabeek
05 Oct 2012

Thousands of Jordanians gathered in front of Al-Husseini Mosque in downtown Amman to call for electoral reform after Friday prayer on October 5, 2012.

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Friday protest in Amman, Jordan (2 of 5)
Al Husseini Mosque, Amman, Jordan
By Melissa Tabeek
05 Oct 2012

Thousands of Jordanians, including many women and children, gathered in front of Al-Husseini Mosque in downtown Amman to call for electoral reform after Friday prayer on October 5, 2012.

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Friday protest in Amman, Jordan (3 of 5)
Al Husseini Mosque, Amman, Jordan
By Melissa Tabeek
05 Oct 2012

Thousands of Jordanians, including many women and children, gathered in front of Al-Husseini Mosque in downtown Amman to call for electoral reform after Friday prayer on October 5, 2012.

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Muslim Brotherhood Reform Rally in Am...
Amman, Jordan
By Mat Wolf
05 Oct 2012

Thousands gather outside the Grand Husseini Mosque in Amman, Jordan for a pro-government reform rally on October 5, 2012. The event was sponsored and organized by the Muslim Brotherhood

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Muslim Brotherhood Reform Rally in Am...
Amman, Jordan
By Mat Wolf
05 Oct 2012

Demonstrators call for the release of political prisoners at a pro-government reform rally on October 5, 2012 in Amman Jordan.

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Muslim Brotherhood Reform Rally in Am...
Amman, Jordan
By Mat Wolf
05 Oct 2012

Jordanian riot police gather near a large Muslim Brotherhood government reform rally in Amman, Jordan on Oct. 5, 2012. Despite fears of violence, the event was overwhelmingly peaceful.

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FEATURING INDIA; CONTEMPORARY EGYPTIA...
Asia
By Editor's Picks
05 Oct 2012

Kashmir Valley celebrates tourism week with the mesmerizing Shikara festival held at the world famous Lake Dal. Hundreds of boaters took part by giving tours on the lake where the tourism department gave live performances of traditional Kashmiri songs.

Based in the Chitrkoot district of Utter Pradesh, one of the most underdeveloped places in India, a creative small-town tribal woman named Meera launched a local paper "Khabar Laheriya" (Wave News) which began as a way for women to address sexual violence, gender issues and education.

Voodoo Doll: An interpretive dance piece performed at Contemporary Dance Night in Egypt.

Thousands of Jordanians gathered in front of Al Husseini Mosque in downtown Amman to call for electoral reform after Friday prayer on October 5, 2012.

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WHAT'S HAPPENING IN BEIRUT, SYRIA, EG...
Middle East
By Editor's Picks
23 Sep 2012

Hundreds of Lebanese gathered in downtown Beirut Friday, September 21, 2012 to protest the recent insults on the Prophet Mohammed seen in the infamous trailer posted on Youtube, as well as the cartoons in the French publication Charlie Hebdo.

Rebels shoot down government planes, but not quickly enough to stem the flow of refugees to the Turkish border.

Egypt's Supreme Administrative Court ordered the dissolution of Egypt's lower house of parliament based on a prior verdict ruled last June that the elections law that allowed voting-in of parliament members was unconstitutional.

Pro-reform protesters calling for the release of political activists march from King Hussein Mosque in Amman, Jordan, after Friday Prayer.

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March from the Mosque
Amman, Jordan
By MattKauffman
22 Sep 2012

Pro-reform protestors march from Amman's Hussein Mosque after Friday prayer

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Held up
AMMAN, Jordan
By MattKauffman
21 Sep 2012

A reform protestor is held by police after a tussle broke out up a side street after the demonstration had ended.

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Egypt Interior Minister Honors Police...
Cairo, Egypt
By Video Cairo Sat
25 Mar 2012

Cairo, Egypt | March 25, 2012

Egypt's Interior Minister Mohamed Ibrahim handed medals and appreciation certificates to 85 families of 2011 police who have died in a ceremony held on Sunday, March 25, in Cairo.

The Interior Minister commended the national role of the deceased police officers and security men who sacrificed their lives for the security of their nation.

SOUNDBITE 1 (Arabic) – Interior Minister Mohamed Ibrahim:
"The state honors the police martyrs by granting them medals, which is considered an appreciation for them and indication of the state's care for them and understanding of their positive national role in confronting the elements of evil that are still spreading corruption. However, we're still persistent on confronting them all until we achieve stability, Allah willing."

On the other hand, Ibrahim reaffirmed complete rejection of the calls for "police purification", represented in demands of dismissals of police leaderships, particularly those believed to be too old or too connected to the former regime.

Ibrahim yet assured that the ministry is undergoing a process of police restructure to enhance the authority's efficiency.

SOUNDBITE 2 (Arabic) – Interior Minister Mohamed Ibrahim:
"Police purification is rejected by the leadership, officers and security men of the Ministry of Interior. We're working on the police restructure. We cannot dismiss leadership over night from an authority representing the state's sovereignty and backbone. We said that the officers doing jobs that can be done by civilians could be replaced with civilian and use the officers in security tasks. However, civilians should work under police leadership due to the relevance of their work to security, such as the Passport Authority."

The Interior Minister also talked about the controversial issue of soccer violence in Port Said that killed at least 74 early February and said that Egypt's Football Association (EFA) imposed the slightest sanctions on Port Said's Al-Masry, causing more anger and dissatisfaction of Al-Ahly Ultras, particularly the family members of victims.

He reaffirmed that the police authority is restoring its role and is persistent on maintaining the country's stability.

Local News Agency: Middle East Bureau / VCS
Shooting Dateline: March 25, 2012
Shooting Location: Cairo, Egypt
Publishing Time: March 25, 2012
Length: 0:02:50
Video Size: 140 MB
Language: Arabic
Column:
Organized by:
Correspondent:
Camera: VCS

SHOTLIST:
1. Medium shot, flag of Egypt and flag with logo of Interior Ministry
2. Medium shot, logo of Interior Ministry
3. Close up, a board with photos of police who have died, reading on top "Police Martyrs 2011"
4. Various shots of Interior Minister Mohamed Ibrahim handing over medals and certificates of appreciations to family members of police martyrs
5. SOUNDBITE 1 (Arabic) – Interior Minister Mohamed Ibrahim:
"The state honors the police martyrs by granting them medals, which is considered an appreciation for them and indication of the state's care for them and understanding of their positive national role in confronting the elements of evil that are still spreading corruption. However, we're still persistent on confronting them all until we achieve stability, Allah willing."
6. Various shots of the attendees
7. Tilt up, a woman holding a photo of her martyred son
8. Various shots of the attendees
9. Medium shot, Interior Minister Mohamed Ibrahim handing over medals and certificates of appreciations to family members of police martyrs
10. Pan right of the attendees
11. Medium shot, a board with photos of police martyrs
12. SOUNDBITE 2 (Arabic) – Interior Minister Mohamed Ibrahim:
"Police purification is rejected by the leadership, officers and security men of the Ministry of Interior. We're working on the police restructure. We cannot dismiss leadership over night from an authority representing the state's sovereignty and backbone. We said that the officers doing jobs that can be done by civilians could be replaced with civilian and use the officers in security tasks. However, civilians should work under police leadership due to the relevance of their work to security, such as the Passport Authority."
13. Various shots of a press conference held by Interior Minister Mohamed Ibrahim
14. Various shots of Interior Minister leaving after the press conference