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Mugabe Portrait 3
Harare
By Davina Jogi
01 Dec 2017

December 2, 2017
In a small act of defiance, the offical portrait of President Robert Mugabe hangs behind a flag where it cannot be seen, at a business in Marlborough, Harare. 

Business owners in Zimbabwe have long been required to hang an official portrait of the former President in their shops and offices. Originally these were supplied by the Ministry of Information, but in 2011 Newsday reported that businesses in downtown Harare were being forced by ZANU-PF youth militia to buy portraits for $US60, or face eviction.

A symbol of Mugabe’s rule, many of the portraits were taken down in the wake of the political events that led to his resignation in November. However, some storeowners were still too nervous to remove them and preferred to wait until they were told to do so. In other places, the portrait was not removed because it had been there so long it had been forgotten.

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Mugabe Portrait 2
Harare
By Davina Jogi
01 Dec 2017

December 2, 2017
The official portrait of President Robert Mugabe hangs in the storeroom at the back of a stationery store in downtown Harare two weeks after Mugabe resigned. 

Business owners in Zimbabwe have long been required to hang an official portrait of the former President in their shops and offices. Originally these were supplied by the Ministry of Information, but in 2011 Newsday reported that businesses in downtown Harare were being forced by ZANU-PF youth militia to buy portraits for USD 60.00, or face eviction.

A symbol of Mugabe’s rule, many of the portraits were taken down in the wake of the political events that led to his resignation in November. However, some storeowners were still too nervous to remove them and preferred to wait until they were told to do so. In other places, the portrait was not removed because it had been there so long it had been forgotten.

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Mugabe Portrait 1
Harare
By Davina Jogi
01 Dec 2017

The official portrait of President Robert Mugabe is placed among car parts at an auto spares kiosk in downtown Harare two weeks after Mugabe resigned.

Business owners in Zimbabwe have long been required to hang an official portrait of the former President in their shops and offices. Originally these were supplied by the Ministry of Information, but in 2011 Newsday reported that businesses in downtown Harare were being forced by ZANU-PF youth militia to buy portraits for USD 60.00, or face eviction.

A symbol of Mugabe’s rule, many of the portraits were taken down in the wake of the political events that led to his resignation in November. However, some storeowners were still too nervous to remove them and preferred to wait until they were told to do so. In other places, the portrait was not removed because it had been there so long it had been forgotten.

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DJogi_Portraits-4
Harare
By Davina Jogi
01 Dec 2017

The spot where President Robert Mugabe's portrait used to hang at the back of a pharmacy in Greencroft, Harare. The shop assistant was too nervous to have the portrait photographed where it had been stashed behind a filing cabinet so he put it back on the wall to show where it had been.

Business owners in Zimbabwe have long been required to hang an offical portrait of the former President in their shops and offices. Originally these were supplied by the Ministry of Information but in 2011 businesses in downtown Harare reported that ZANU-PF youth militia were forcing them to buy portraits for $US60 or face eviction. A symbol of despotic rule, many of the portraits were taken down in the wake of the political events that led to Mugabe's resignation in November. However, some store owners were still too frightened to remove them and others simply did not think to do so because the portrait had been there so long it was not even noticed anymore.

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Mugabe Portrait 4
Harare
By Davina Jogi
30 Nov 2017

December 1, 2017
The official portrait of President Robert Mugabe hangs in the office at a factory in Willowvale, Harare two weeks after Mugabe resigned.

Business owners in Zimbabwe have long been required to hang an official portrait of the former President in their shops and offices. Originally these were supplied by the Ministry of Information, but in 2011 Newsday reported that businesses in downtown Harare were being forced by ZANU-PF youth militia to buy portraits for $US60, or face eviction.

A symbol of Mugabe’s rule, many of the portraits were taken down in the wake of the political events that led to his resignation in November. However, some storeowners were still too nervous to remove them and preferred to wait until they were told to do so. In other places, the portrait was not removed because it had been there so long it had been forgotten.

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Mugabe Portrait 5
Harare
By Davina Jogi
26 Nov 2017

November 27, 2017
The official portrait of President Robert Mugabe is seen behind the reception desk at the National Gallery of Zimbabwe in Harare on the day it was taken down.

Business owners in Zimbabwe have long been required to hang an official portrait of the former President in their shops and offices. Originally these were supplied by the Ministry of Information, but in 2011 Newsday reported that businesses in downtown Harare were being forced by ZANU-PF youth militia to buy portraits for $US60, or face eviction.

A symbol of Mugabe’s rule, many of the portraits were taken down in the wake of the political events that led to his resignation in November. However, some storeowners were still too nervous to remove them and preferred to wait until they were told to do so. In other places, the portrait was not removed because it had been there so long it had been forgotten.

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Zimbabwe: The Moment Robert Mugabe Re...
Harare
By Davina Jogi
20 Nov 2017

This is a series of images taken as President Robert Mugabe’s resignation was announced in Parliament and spread through the streets of Harare like wildfire. Incredulous Zimbabweans poured into public places to celebrate and pulled out their cellphones to document the historic moment for themselves and send messages to relatives and friends overseas. And as evening fell their beaming faces were caught in the glowing light of their phones and passing headlights.

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Zimbabwe: The Moment Robert Mugabe Re...
Harare
By Davina Jogi
20 Nov 2017

A soldier poses for a photograph with a baby during celebrations on Samora Machel Avenue in Harare, Zimbabwe as President Robert Mugabe's resignation is announced. People took to social media to spread the news in real time. 21/11/2017 Picture: Davina Jogi

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Zimbabwe: The Moment Robert Mugabe Re...
Harare
By Davina Jogi
20 Nov 2017

Celebrations on Samora Machel Avenue in Harare, Zimbabwe as President Robert Mugabe's resignation is announced. People took to social media to spread the news in real time. 21/11/2017 Picture: Davina Jogi

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Zimbabwe: The Moment Robert Mugabe Re...
Harare
By Davina Jogi
20 Nov 2017

A group of revellers take a selfie during celebrations on Samora Machel Avenue, in Harare, Zimbabwe as President Robert Mugabe's resignation is announced. People took to social media to spread the news in real time. 21/11/2017 Picture: Davina Jogi

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Zimbabwe: The Moment Robert Mugabe Re...
Harare
By Davina Jogi
20 Nov 2017

A couple watch the crowd from a vantage point during celebrations on Samora Machel Avenue in Harare, Zimbabwe as President Robert Mugabe's resignation is announced. 21/11/2017 Picture: Davina Jogi

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Zimbabwe: The Moment Robert Mugabe Re...
Harare
By Davina Jogi
20 Nov 2017

A young girl checks her phone during celebrations on Samora Machel Avenue in Harare, Zimbabwe as President Robert Mugabe's resignation is announced. People took to social media to spread the news in real time. 21/11/2017 Picture: Davina Jogi

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Zimbabwe: The Moment Robert Mugabe Re...
Harare
By Davina Jogi
20 Nov 2017

A man and his young daughter are pictured during celebrations on Samora Machel Avenue in Harare, Zimbabwe as President Robert Mugabe's resignation is announced. People took to social media to spread the news in real time. 21/11/2017 Picture: Davina Jogi

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Zimbabwe: The Moment Robert Mugabe Re...
Harare
By Davina Jogi
20 Nov 2017

A young man takes a selfie while riding atop a freight truck stuck in traffic on Samora Machel Avenue in Harare, Zimbabwe during celebrations in the street after President Robert Mugabe's resignation was announced. People took to social media to spread the news in real time. 21/11/2017 Picture: Davina Jogi

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Zimbabwe: The Moment Robert Mugabe Re...
Harare
By Davina Jogi
20 Nov 2017

Young men are caught in the light of a cellphone flash as they hitch a ride on a freight truck caught in traffic on Samora Machel Avenue in Harare, Zimbabwe during celebrations after President Robert Mugabe's resignation was announced. People took to social media to spread the news in real time. 21/11/2017 Picture: Davina Jogi

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hearts of zimbabwe 17
Harare, Zimbabwe
By Giovanni Diffidenti
10 Jun 2014

Joe Machipisa, 17, and Perseverance Kambanje, 16 (with the blue cap) in Mutoko at the Luisa Guidotti Hospital, after a blood test.

The boys are drawing blood for follow up checks after both receiving treatment for their congenital heart conditions in Italy.

Follow ups are an ongoing, costly, but necessary process needed to help ensure the ultimate success of the surgeries.

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hearts of zimbabwe 19
Harare, Zimbabwe
By Giovanni Diffidenti
09 Jun 2014

Dr. Massimo Migani, Medical Superintendent and Dental Surgeon treats a patient with a dental problem at the Luisa Guidotti Mission Hospital in Mutoko. Zimbabwe.

Dr Massimo Migani helps with the coordination of the activities and relationships among stakeholders involved implementing the heart surgery exchange program with Italy.

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hearts of zimbabwe 18
Harare, Zimbabwe
By Giovanni Diffidenti
09 Jun 2014

Dr Massimo Migani, Medical Superintendent (left), Marilena Pesaresi, former Medical Superintendent now Hospital Executive Advisory Member (centre), and Lucia Grassi, catholic lay missionary, meet at the Luisa Guidotti Mission Hospital, in Mutoko. Zimbabwe.

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hearts of zimbabwe 01
Harare, Zimbabwe
By Giovanni Diffidenti
05 Jun 2014

Douglas Mudavanhu, 3, with his mother Yennifer in the village of Manyonga, in the Goromonzi District.

Douglas was operated on in 2013 at the Sant’Orsola-Malpighi Hospital in Bologna because of a complex congenital heart disease (Atrioventricular canal, interventricular defect and atrioventricular block). He now has a pacemaker and needs to do follow ups twice a year.

Douglas will need to return to Italy in the future so doctors can assess his current pacemaker and consider a possible substitute. The village where he lives is isolated, but there is hope for him to go to school in the future. Douglas' father, Edmore, has a farm and he makes sure his son eats fresh vegetables all year round and a sufficient amount of protein by raising chickens.

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hearts of zimbabwe 05
Harare, Zimbabwe
By Giovanni Diffidenti
05 Jun 2014

Tanatswa Oliver Chikomwe, 7, with his friend Fana in Mabyuko, in a suburb of Hahare.

Tanatswa was operated on in 2012 at the Sant’Orsola-Malpighi Hospital in Bologna (condition: severe aortic insufficiency and impaired left ventricular function. Aortic valve replacement).

While the operation was successful, he will probably have to undergo a second operation and will require follow-up appointments every two years.

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hearts of zimbabwe 06
Harare, Zimbabwe
By Giovanni Diffidenti
05 Jun 2014

Christopher Chirinda, 7, outside his house in the city of Ruwa.

Operated on in 2007 while he was only four months old, Christopher had a successful surgery that treated his congenital heart defect. The surgery was performed at the Sant’Orsola-Malpighi Hospital in Bologna. He will require follow up every three years.

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hearts of zimbabwe 08
Harare, Zimbabwe
By Giovanni Diffidenti
05 Jun 2014

Melody Mutero, 17 years old, in the village of Muchatuta, Goromonzi District.

Melody was operated in October 2013 at the Sant’Orsola-Malpighi Hospital in Bologna. 4 months in Italy.

Melody takes part in the I.N.R. program and has two check-ups per year. In the distant future she will have to change the replacement valve she was given in her initial surgery.

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hearts of zimbabwe 04
Harare, Zimbabwe
By Giovanni Diffidenti
04 Jun 2014

Tadiwa Kataza, 10, in his bedroom in Takudzwa, Chinhoyi city.

Tidiwa was operated on in 2011 at the Sant’Orsola-Malpighi Hospital in Bologna (where he stayed a total of seven months. Condition: congenital heart disease, Tetralogy of Fallot).

He underwent two other operations in 2012, one at the Ceccharini Hospital in Riccione, and the other at the Infermi Hospital in Rimini.

In total, Tadiwa lost a year of schooling to the operations. However, all of his major health problems were resolved successfully. Once a year, he returns to the Luisa Guidotti Hospital for follow-ups on his heart and eyes.

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hearts of zimbabwe 16
Harare, Zimbabwe
By Giovanni Diffidenti
04 Jun 2014

Dylon Mberemgwa, 4, with his collection of toys in the Murombedzi District.

Operated on in 2012 at the Hesperia Hospital in Modena, his surgery was sponsored by the Provincial Administration of Emilia Romagna (3 and a half months in Italy).

He lives partly in the neighborhood of the police station where his mother works, and partly in their house in the village. The family is very resourceful: they perform various farming tasks, raising different kinds of animals and cultivating various plants. Dylon lives with his brothers and parents.

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hearts of zimbabwe 13
Harare, Zimbabwe
By Giovanni Diffidenti
03 Jun 2014

Tariro Johan Kangoni, 4, in Harare.

Teriro was operated on in April 2011 at the Sant’Orsola-Malpighi Hospital in Bologna (3-4 months in Italy). He suffered from a congenital heart disease, known as patent Botallo ductus arteriosus.

He requires follow up every two years.

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hearts of zimbabwe 14
Harare, Zimbabwe
By Giovanni Diffidenti
03 Jun 2014

Salvador Bones, 7, in Harare, doing cartwheels with his brother Sinclair.

Salvador was operated on in 2011 at the Sant’Orsola-Malpighi Hospital in Bologna (Condition: Congenital cardiopathy, Tetralogy of Fallot).

Salvador's condition made him too weak to walk because he had such a low saturation of oxygen in his bloodstream. Both of his parents are unemployed and the family is supported by his grandmother. However, the surgery provided in Italy means that Salvador is now able to live an active and relatively normal life.

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hearts of zimbabwe 15
Harare, Zimbabwe
By Giovanni Diffidenti
03 Jun 2014

Tanaka Matengarufu, 9, in her room in Harare.

Operated on in 2012 at the Sant’Orsola-Malpighi Hospital in Bologna, Tanaka spent 6 months in Italy. She suffered from a complex circulatory illness that inflamed her arteries. She required Angioplasty among other specialized treatments.

Tanaka still has high blood pressure and requires specific ongoing medical therapy and in all probability, more invasive surgeries.

The family (with four children) survives only on the father's wage earned from selling phone charge cards (on average he sells 100 per day with a profit of 8 cents per sale).

Current medical therapy is only able to continue through external help. They share a house built in an illegal zone that is at risk of being demolished.

Tanaka's stay in Italy meant that her sister, 12 years old, missed a year of school looking after her little brother. Her sister had to take over the responsibility from her mother, who was accompanying Tanaka on her trip to Italy.

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hearts of zimbabwe 11
Harare, Zimbabwe
By Giovanni Diffidenti
02 Jun 2014

Bradley Matavire, 6, on a neighbor's swing in the city of Chitungwiza.

Operated on in 2011, at the Hesperia Hospital in Modena (Condition: interventricular defect), his surgery was sponsored by the Provincial Administration of Emilia Romagna.

An only child, Bradley lives with his father, his father's new wife, and his maternal grandmother. His father is the only breadwinner.

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hearts of zimbabwe 12
Harare, Zimbabwe
By Giovanni Diffidenti
02 Jun 2014

Ruth Mugambiza, 5, with her favorite teddy bear in the city of Chitungwiza.

Ruth was operated on in March 2010, at the Sant’Orsola-Malpighi Hospital in Bologna (3-4 months in Italy) due an interventricular defect (congenital heart disease). She requires follow-up every three years.

She has two older brothers and her father works selling handicrafts.

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hearts of zimbabwe 02
Harare, Zimbabwe
By Giovanni Diffidenti
01 Jun 2014

Diana Chiwara, 16, in front of the Mutoko All Souls Mission and school.

Diana was operated on in 2012 at the Niguarda Hospital in Milan. (Procedure: Substitution of the mitral valve with mechanical prosthesis)

Diana is taking part in the I.N.R. program (with monthly monitoring of her blood and medicine). As well as the I.N.R. program, she also has two check-ups per year. She comes from Harare, but she chose the school at All Souls because it is closer to the hospital.

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hearts of zimbabwe 03
Harare, Zimbabwe
By Giovanni Diffidenti
01 Jun 2014

Elvis Antonio Nashu, 17, in front of a former tobacco kiln at his village of Maramba, Murewa district.

Elvis was operated on in September 2005 at the Sant’Orsola-Malpighi Hospital in Bologna.

While the operation was successful, Elvis suffers from respiratory failure, which needs to be kept under control for at least four to five years. As an orphan, he lives with his grandmother and two maternal aunts. He lives in a very isolated village. He sleeps in a room also used as a granary.

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Heart of Africa: Saving Zimbabwe's Ch...
Harare, Zimbabwe
By Giovanni Diffidenti
31 May 2014

Elvis was the first to be operated. Born with heart disease, Elvis had scarce hopes for survival in his own country – Zimbabwe. In 2005, at only 8 years old, he made a trip to Italy with newfound hope. His destination was Sant’Orsola-Malpighi Hospital in Bologna.  A team of specialized surgeons was waiting for him at the pediatric cardiology unit. The operation was successful and Elvis was saved. After a few weeks rest in hospital, he returned to Zimbabwe.

Nine years later, in June 2014, photographer Giovanni Diffidenti left for Zimbabwe with the aim of meeting Elvis, now 17, and other children like him born with heart disease and saved/rescued by the intervention of a cardiology unit in Italy. To meet them, Diffidenti traveled deep in the Zimbabwean countryside, to impoverished villages lacking proper medical facilities. 

Despite the hard living conditions the children find themselves in, these images transmit a serenity that shows in their facial expressions and smiles. These children were once quite sick before their operation, without energy and destined to slowly die. They now live a normal childhood and adolescence full of energy and dreams of the future. Happy to have their photograph taken, revealing something personal of their character, tastes and sometimes their dreams. The children’s surgery was part of the “Save the Children’s Heart” program, which is an initiative by the Italian “Mission Bambini” Foundation (www.missionbambini.org). The program has rescued more than 1,000 children with heart disease from developing countries.

This objective was attained thanks to the work of voluntary Italian doctors organized abroad and equipment and machinery donated to local hospitals. In Zimbabwe, the Foundation collaborates with the “Luisa Guidotti” Hospital situated in Mutoko (200km east of the capital Harare), which is run by Italian doctor Maria Elena Pesaresi.

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hearts of zimbabwe 09
Harare, Zimbabwe
By Giovanni Diffidenti
31 May 2014

Evidence Katyio (left), 19, with her friend Marvelous Maremera, 14, in the village of Chapfika, Mutoko District.

Operated on in 2002 at the age of 7, at the Sant’Orsola-Malpighi Hospital in Bologna, Evidence had a valve replaced in her heart. She underwent a second operation in 2013 at the same hospital.

Evidence lives at her father's friend's place to go to school. Her village is 40 km away. Re-integration after her trip to Italy was problematic as she had gotten used to the material comforts of life in Italy.

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hearts of zimbabwe 10
Harare, Zimbabwe
By Giovanni Diffidenti
31 May 2014

Godfrey Nyumbu, 17, in the village of Kachara, Mudzi District.

Operated on in March 2013 at the Sant’Orsola-Malpighi Hospital of Bologna, Godfrey will need follow-ups every year.

Re-integration after the trip to Italy was problematic. He had difficulty readjusting after the material comforts of Italy. The last of eight children, he travels 1km daily to go to school.

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hearts of zimbabwe 07
Harare, Zimbabwe
By Giovanni Diffidenti
31 May 2014

Lucia Grassi, a catholic lay missionary from the diocese of Rimini, Italy, plays with a group of orphans at Luisa Guidotti Mission Hospital in Mutoko. Zimbabwe.

Lucia is the person who facilitates the beurocratic part of the project between Italian and Zimbabwean embassies. She arranges visas for Zimbabwean children and their families who travel to Italy for heart surgery.