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Nigeria Votes: Jos Residents Await El...
Jos
By jfaden
31 Mar 2015

March 31, 2015
Jos, Nigeria

The streets of the north-central Nigerian city of Jos stand empty as local residents await the results of what many are considering the most followed and participated in election in Nigeria's history.

As the Independent National Electoral Commission INEC collate results from various parts of the country, Nigerians are following with keen interest and hoping the man of their choice will win the election.

The election resulted in a surprise upset for incumbent candidate Goodluck Jonathan, who has faced heavy scrutiny for his handling of the Boko Haram crisis. Former military ruler Muhammadu Bahari went home the luckier and will be taking over the presidency.

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Radio Beirut Hip-Hop Lebanon
Beirut, Lebanon
By Matias Nordal Carlsen
02 Oct 2013

Radio Beirut is a platform for an open mike session with a Hip Hop party that is a fusion between Oriental music and Arabic Hip Hop,presented by a group from Syria and Beirut who are rapping about their daily problems.

by: Matias Nordal Carlsen

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The 13th Istanbul Biennial, “Mom, am ...
Istanbul, Turkey.
By Claudia Wiens
27 Sep 2013

Istanbul, Turkey . 12th Sep, 2013. The 13th Istanbul Biennial, “Mom, am I barbarian?”, curated by Fulya Erdemci, runs from 14 September untill 20 October. Admission to the biennial exhibitions is free, overlapping with the biennial’s vision to create a public space and be accessible to everyone. Basel Abbas and Ruanne Abou Rahme work collaboratively from their base in Ramallah, Palestine across a range of sound, image, installation, and performance. © Claudia Wiens/

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Imran Khan's Final Election Rally in ...
Islamabad, Pakistan
By Muhammed Furqan
08 May 2013

22 year old Amir talks about threats of terrorism to political parties and his thoughts on upcoming elections in Pakistan. Amir was in Islamabad to attend the election rally by Imran Khan's PTI.

The life and property of every Pakistani is in danger, but we have to worry about that, we have to change our Pakistan. We have to keep our next generation in mind.

I am supporting Imran Khan because of policies. If you listen to him he only talks about changing Pakistan’s system, nothing else.

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Imran Khan's Final Election Rally in ...
Islamabad, Pakistan
By Muhammed Furqan
08 May 2013

Muneza Ahmed from Islamabad attended the PTI election rally in Islamabad on Thursday. She talks about reasons why she supports PTI.

"I think educated people and those who understand politics already know it’s not the same PPP, they have automatically been joining PTI. And God willing PTI will win because of this.

Imran Khan himself and PTI policies are very popular for women, until now. God willing if this continues he will be equally popular among men also.

God willing PTI will form a majority government…God willing."

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Imran Khan's Final Election Rally in ...
Islamabad, Pakistan
By Muhammed Furqan
08 May 2013

Ahmed Umair is an Islamabad resident and a PTI supporter. He answered questions regarding security threats to political parties during election campaign in Pakistan.

Part 3
"I think Imran Khan is popular enough in all departments so I think there won’t be any attacks on his rallies.

"He is equally and uniformly popular in people from all walks of life and all areas of Pakistan."

"Yes I think Imran Khan has already increased the voter turnout and by the time elections are in progress, he will further increase it."

"Not two years, he will make a difference in two days, it’s only two days before elections. If PTI wins, I’m very hopeful that we’ll see a very different Pakistan."

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Imran Khan's Final Election Rally in ...
Islamabad, Pakistan
By Muhammed Furqan
08 May 2013

Sumair Raza explains why he thinks Imran Khan can take Pakistan on the right track. He also talked about security threats on political parties in Pakistan recently.

"I don’t think there is a security threat and even if there is one, I think, being a PTI supporter, we love Imran Khan and we support Imran Khan for a new Pakistan. I’ll just say this, we have given our hearts to you and we will give our blood to you also my beloved motherland. Imran Khan get well soon, and come to build a new Pakistan. Long live Pakistan, long live Imran Khan."

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Imran Khan's Final Election Rally in ...
Islamabad, Pakistan
By Muhammed Furqan
08 May 2013

Zahid Hussain talks about a recent accident in which Imran Khan, the chairman of PTI was injured and its impact on election campaign.

"One thing should be very clear, security threats or not, we’ve come out to save our country and we have to save this country of ours. Since the creation of our country, it has been destroyed between dictatorships and democracy.
PPP and Nawaz Sharif have taken their turns in the past, neither of them delivered. Now we have to give a chance to Imran Khan, it should be very clear.

Imran Khan is our captain, he has the capability to lead our country and we hope that he will fulfill his promise.

The recent accident was not intentional at all and it was from God. It was a lifter accident which was overloaded. It was the responsibility of government to make sure there was an ambulance present at the venue.

He is a true leader and true patriot, not some layman so he should have been provided a secure lifter to avoid the accident. He does 4-5 rallies every day he must have been exhausted.

If Imran Khan is given a chance and he becomes a prime minister, you will see Pakistan standing next to USA in next 5 years."

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Imran Khan's Final Election Rally In ...
Islamabad, Pakistan
By U.S. Editor
08 May 2013

Interviews sharing the opinions of PTI party supporters and proponents of Imran Khan for the next Prime Minister of Pakistan.

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Osman on arrival at the polling station
Nairobi, Kenya
By fahruq
04 Mar 2013

On election day at Uhuru Gardens Polling Station, Osman gives his first impressions.

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KENYA ELECTIONS 2013
Nairobi, Kenya
By U.S. Editor
04 Mar 2013

Voters line up at polling stations and cast their votes to elect Kenya's upcoming president in general elections on the morning of March 4, 2013.

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Hilda talks about voting
Nairobi, Kenya
By fahruq
04 Mar 2013

Election day at Uhuru Gardens Polling station, langata, Nairobi, Hilda talks about her excitement about voting.

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Hopes of a first time voter
Nairobi, Kenya
By fahruq
04 Mar 2013

A first time voter talks about his hopes for Kenya on election day 2013 at Uhuru Gardens Polling Station, Langata, Nairobi.

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Settlement Interview Part 5
Jerusalem, Israel
By Andrew Beale
07 Dec 2012

Part two of interview with Australian-Israeli Menashe Dovid concerning the 3,000 new settlements approved to be built.

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Settlement Interview Part 7
Jerusalem, Israel
By Andrew Beale
06 Dec 2012

Part 2 of interview with Burhan Kashour, a Palestinian, concerning the 3,000 new settlement buildings approved to be built in the West Bank.

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Friday speech of Sheikh Isa Qassim, B...
Bahrain
By Media Made by Bahraini People
12 Oct 2012

Some translated points from the speech:
·In the contrary the people of Bahrain are longing to freedom and democracy. They are peaceful and none-violent.

·The authority in Bahrain is trying to justify its violence against the peaceful movement by attacking the people figures.

·(To Minister of justice): do you accept attacking your family?

·I got the message and I will never lead the brothers of the nation to violence.

·Unilateral authority is always enslaving its people and always inciting hatred among its own people.

· The pro-democracy movement in Bahrain is peaceful and will stay peaceful.

·The demands of the people of Bahrain have basic humanitarian legitimate demands and no one can deny them.

·The authority is recklessly trying to mislead the international community by faking the speech of religious figures.

·The authority is longing to get the political parties to violent confrontation to knock off the opposition and its people.

·We will always fight sectarianism.

·It is true that the authority can stop the Friday prayers but the people have all the awareness to face the authority.

·This place will always calls for peaceful movement.

·The people of Bahrain have basic humanitarian legitimate demands and no one can deny them.

·I got the message and I will never lead the brothers in this country to violence.

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Friday speech of Sheikh Isa Qassim, B...
Bahrain
By Media Made by Bahraini People
12 Oct 2012

Some translated points from the speech:
·In the contrary the people of Bahrain are longing to freedom and democracy. They are peaceful and none-violent.

·The authority in Bahrain is trying to justify its violence against the peaceful movement by attacking the people figures.

·(To Minister of justice): do you accept attacking your family?

·I got the message and I will never lead the brothers of the nation to violence.

·Unilateral authority is always enslaving its people and always inciting hatred among its own people.

· The pro-democracy movement in Bahrain is peaceful and will stay peaceful.

·The demands of the people of Bahrain have basic humanitarian legitimate demands and no one can deny them.

·The authority is recklessly trying to mislead the international community by faking the speech of religious figures.

·The authority is longing to get the political parties to violent confrontation to knock off the opposition and its people.

·We will always fight sectarianism.

·It is true that the authority can stop the Friday prayers but the people have all the awareness to face the authority.

·This place will always calls for peaceful movement.

·The people of Bahrain have basic humanitarian legitimate demands and no one can deny them.

·I got the message and I will never lead the brothers in this country to violence.

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Friday speech of Sheikh Isa Qassim, B...
Bahrain
By Media Made by Bahraini People
12 Oct 2012

Some translated points from the speech:
·In the contrary the people of Bahrain are longing to freedom and democracy. They are peaceful and none-violent.

·The authority in Bahrain is trying to justify its violence against the peaceful movement by attacking the people figures.

·(To Minister of justice): do you accept attacking your family?

·I got the message and I will never lead the brothers of the nation to violence.

·Unilateral authority is always enslaving its people and always inciting hatred among its own people.

· The pro-democracy movement in Bahrain is peaceful and will stay peaceful.

·The demands of the people of Bahrain have basic humanitarian legitimate demands and no one can deny them.

·The authority is recklessly trying to mislead the international community by faking the speech of religious figures.

·The authority is longing to get the political parties to violent confrontation to knock off the opposition and its people.

·We will always fight sectarianism.

·It is true that the authority can stop the Friday prayers but the people have all the awareness to face the authority.

·This place will always calls for peaceful movement.

·The people of Bahrain have basic humanitarian legitimate demands and no one can deny them.

·I got the message and I will never lead the brothers in this country to violence.

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Friday speech of Sheikh Isa Qassim, B...
Bahrain
By Media Made by Bahraini People
12 Oct 2012

Some translated points from the speech:
·In the contrary the people of Bahrain are longing to freedom and democracy. They are peaceful and none-violent.

·The authority in Bahrain is trying to justify its violence against the peaceful movement by attacking the people figures.

·(To Minister of justice): do you accept attacking your family?

·I got the message and I will never lead the brothers of the nation to violence.

·Unilateral authority is always enslaving its people and always inciting hatred among its own people.

· The pro-democracy movement in Bahrain is peaceful and will stay peaceful.

·The demands of the people of Bahrain have basic humanitarian legitimate demands and no one can deny them.

·The authority is recklessly trying to mislead the international community by faking the speech of religious figures.

·The authority is longing to get the political parties to violent confrontation to knock off the opposition and its people.

·We will always fight sectarianism.

·It is true that the authority can stop the Friday prayers but the people have all the awareness to face the authority.

·This place will always calls for peaceful movement.

·The people of Bahrain have basic humanitarian legitimate demands and no one can deny them.

·I got the message and I will never lead the brothers in this country to violence.

Frame 0004
Friday speech of Sheikh Isa Qassim, B...
Bahrain
By Media Made by Bahraini People
12 Oct 2012

Some translated points from the speech:
·In the contrary the people of Bahrain are longing to freedom and democracy. They are peaceful and none-violent.

·The authority in Bahrain is trying to justify its violence against the peaceful movement by attacking the people figures.

·(To Minister of justice): do you accept attacking your family?

·I got the message and I will never lead the brothers of the nation to violence.

·Unilateral authority is always enslaving its people and always inciting hatred among its own people.

· The pro-democracy movement in Bahrain is peaceful and will stay peaceful.

·The demands of the people of Bahrain have basic humanitarian legitimate demands and no one can deny them.

·The authority is recklessly trying to mislead the international community by faking the speech of religious figures.

·The authority is longing to get the political parties to violent confrontation to knock off the opposition and its people.

·We will always fight sectarianism.

·It is true that the authority can stop the Friday prayers but the people have all the awareness to face the authority.

·This place will always calls for peaceful movement.

·The people of Bahrain have basic humanitarian legitimate demands and no one can deny them.

·I got the message and I will never lead the brothers in this country to violence.

Frame 0004
Friday speech of Sheikh Isa Qassim, B...
Bahrain
By Media Made by Bahraini People
12 Oct 2012

Some translated points from the speech:
·In the contrary the people of Bahrain are longing to freedom and democracy. They are peaceful and none-violent.

·The authority in Bahrain is trying to justify its violence against the peaceful movement by attacking the people figures.

·(To Minister of justice): do you accept attacking your family?

·I got the message and I will never lead the brothers of the nation to violence.

·Unilateral authority is always enslaving its people and always inciting hatred among its own people.

· The pro-democracy movement in Bahrain is peaceful and will stay peaceful.

·The demands of the people of Bahrain have basic humanitarian legitimate demands and no one can deny them.

·The authority is recklessly trying to mislead the international community by faking the speech of religious figures.

·The authority is longing to get the political parties to violent confrontation to knock off the opposition and its people.

·We will always fight sectarianism.

·It is true that the authority can stop the Friday prayers but the people have all the awareness to face the authority.

·This place will always calls for peaceful movement.

·The people of Bahrain have basic humanitarian legitimate demands and no one can deny them.

·I got the message and I will never lead the brothers in this country to violence.

Frame 0004
Friday speech of Sheikh Isa Qassim, B...
Bahrain
By Media Made by Bahraini People
12 Oct 2012

Some translated points from the speech:
·In the contrary the people of Bahrain are longing to freedom and democracy. They are peaceful and none-violent.

·The authority in Bahrain is trying to justify its violence against the peaceful movement by attacking the people figures.

·(To Minister of justice): do you accept attacking your family?

·I got the message and I will never lead the brothers of the nation to violence.

·Unilateral authority is always enslaving its people and always inciting hatred among its own people.

· The pro-democracy movement in Bahrain is peaceful and will stay peaceful.

·The demands of the people of Bahrain have basic humanitarian legitimate demands and no one can deny them.

·The authority is recklessly trying to mislead the international community by faking the speech of religious figures.

·The authority is longing to get the political parties to violent confrontation to knock off the opposition and its people.

·We will always fight sectarianism.

·It is true that the authority can stop the Friday prayers but the people have all the awareness to face the authority.

·This place will always calls for peaceful movement.

·The people of Bahrain have basic humanitarian legitimate demands and no one can deny them.

·I got the message and I will never lead the brothers in this country to violence.

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To what extent will Egypt's new const...
Cairo, Egypt
By Transterra Egypt
10 Oct 2012

As Egypt's Constituent Assembly moves closer to completing the long-awaited constitutional draft, concerns are being raised regarding articles dealing with the status and rights of women. Some commentators predict a reduction in women's rights from those guaranteed in the 1971 constitution, whilst others suggest there will be little change.
Some women fear that even if their rights are protected by the new constitution, an Islamist-dominated state would find ways to violate women's rights them in practice.

Interview with Niveen Ebieed, Campaign Manager, New Woman Foundation
Niveen Ebieed explains the ongoing discussions between women's rights organizations and the Constituent Committee for the writing of the new constitution.

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Parliamentary elections in Georgia 3
Tbilisi, Georgia
By Ketevan Mghebrishvili
01 Oct 2012

Parliamentary elections held yesterday in Tbilisi, Georgia. Many polling stations opened in cities and villages of the country. Members of the election commission wore special green uniforms. They were helping voters to go through the registration process and vote. Citizens came to the polling stations to vote for their favorite candidates and parties. At the polling stations there also were observers and representatives of accredited Georgian and international mass-media.

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Parliamentary elections in Georgia 6
Tbilisi, Georgia
By Ketevan Mghebrishvili
01 Oct 2012

Parliamentary elections held yesterday in Tbilisi, Georgia. Many polling stations opened in cities and villages of the country. Members of the election commission wore special green uniforms. They were helping voters to go through the registration process and vote. Citizens came to the polling stations to vote for their favorite candidates and parties. At the polling stations there also were observers and representatives of accredited Georgian and international mass-media.

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Parliamentary elections in Georgia 7
Tbilisi, Georgia
By Ketevan Mghebrishvili
01 Oct 2012

Parliamentary elections held yesterday in Tbilisi, Georgia. Many polling stations opened in cities and villages of the country. Members of the election commission wore special green uniforms. They were helping voters to go through the registration process and vote. Citizens came to the polling stations to vote for their favorite candidates and parties. At the polling stations there also were observers and representatives of accredited Georgian and international mass-media.

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Parliamentary elections in Georgia 1
Tbilisi, Georgia
By Ketevan Mghebrishvili
01 Oct 2012

Parliamentary elections held yesterday in Tbilisi, Georgia. Many polling stations opened in cities and villages of the country. Members of the election commission wore special green uniforms. They were helping voters to go through the registration process and vote. Citizens came to the polling stations to vote for their favorite candidates and parties. At the polling stations there also were observers and representatives of accredited Georgian and international mass-media.

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Parliamentary elections in Georgia 2
Tbilisi, Georgia
By Ketevan Mghebrishvili
01 Oct 2012

Parliamentary elections held yesterday in Tbilisi, Georgia. Many polling stations opened in cities and villages of the country. Members of the election commission wore special green uniforms. They were helping voters to go through the registration process and vote. Citizens came to the polling stations to vote for their favorite candidates and parties. At the polling stations there also were observers and representatives of accredited Georgian and international mass-media.

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Parliamentary elections in Georgia 5
Tbilisi, Georgia
By Ketevan Mghebrishvili
01 Oct 2012

Parliamentary elections held yesterday in Tbilisi, Georgia. Many polling stations opened in cities and villages of the country. Members of the election commission wore special green uniforms. They were helping voters to go through the registration process and vote. Citizens came to the polling stations to vote for their favorite candidates and parties. At the polling stations there also were observers and representatives of accredited Georgian and international mass-media.

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Parliamentary elections in Georgia 8
Tbilisi, Georgia
By Ketevan Mghebrishvili
01 Oct 2012

Parliamentary elections held yesterday in Tbilisi, Georgia. Many polling stations opened in cities and villages of the country. Members of the election commission wore special green uniforms. They were helping voters to go through the registration process and vote. Citizens came to the polling stations to vote for their favorite candidates and parties. At the polling stations there also were observers and representatives of accredited Georgian and international mass-media.

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Parliamentary elections in Georgia 4
Tbilisi, Georgia
By Ketevan Mghebrishvili
01 Oct 2012

Parliamentary elections held yesterday in Tbilisi, Georgia. Many polling stations opened in cities and villages of the country. Members of the election commission wore special green uniforms. They were helping voters to go through the registration process and vote. Citizens came to the polling stations to vote for their favorite candidates and parties. At the polling stations there also were observers and representatives of accredited Georgian and international mass-media.

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PARLIAMENTARY ELECTIONS IN GEORGIA - ...
Tbilisi, Georgia
By Beirut Editor's Picks
01 Oct 2012

Parliamentary elections held yesterday in Tbilisi, Georgia. Many polling stations opened in cities and villages of the country. Members of the election commission wore special green uniforms. They were helping voters to go through the registration process and vote. Citizens came to the polling stations to vote for their favorite candidates and parties. At the polling stations there also were observers and representatives of accredited Georgian and international mass-media.

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Kabul's Reaction On Strategic Agreeme...
Afghanistan
By sarakeawal
03 May 2012

On May second, 2012, during the first anniversary of Osama Bin Laden's death, US President Barack Obama visited Afghanistan to sign a strategic contract between the United States and Afghanistan.

The broadly written agreement outlined US involvement in Afghanistan after 2014, and conveyed the goals and expectations that each nation holds.

After signing the strategic agreement, President Obama, in a speech at Bagram Airbase, stated that the war in Afghanistan has come to an end, raising many questions and concerns among the people of Kabul over the meaning of "end."

SOUNDBITES:
(00:17) - It’s obvious that the effect of this agreement on Afghanistan and its future is that at first it will cut the hands of neighboring countries out of Afghanistan.

(00:27) - And then the interference that the neighboring countries have had in Afghanistan’s affairs in the past thirty years of war will decrease.

(00:38) - That is what we expect as the outcome of this agreement. Hopefully it will be effective.

(00:44) – The presence of foreign forces in Afghanistan is never for the good of Afghanistan.

(00:50) - But signing such an agreement should happen with the awareness of Afghan people; National Assembly should make these kinds of agreements, not only the president and his advisers.

(01:08) - Every single person in this country is part of this decision, and so they should be aware of it. But it is still not clear what this agreement is.

(01:18) - All Afghans, especially civil citizens, need good security, so we really need the forces that have come to Afghanistan because they have come to bring security here.

(01:36) - Before these forces we didn’t have stability in Afghanistan.

(01:39) - So now that they have come here they should bring a permanent security to Afghanistan, because it is very important for Afghans and Afghanistan.

(01:56) - Even if we get into a war, the National Army, the Police, and the Border Police are powerful enough to take care of it.

(02:15) - Like when the attacks happen we see in television, and our national army fights against the insurgents.

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Fears of Economic Depression Loom in ...
Afghanistan
By sarakeawal
24 Apr 2012

The international community is going to hand over full responsibility of the security and defense of Afghanistan to Afghan forces by 2014. It has been declared by the international community that the military pullout of the international forces will be accompanied with a reduction in aid money.

This happens at a time when 90 percent of GDP of Afghanistan is dependent on the foreign aid, and within the past ten years, solid measures to help Afghanistan become self sustainable financially have not been taken by the Afghan government and its international benefactors.

Many in Afghanistan believe that the reduction of aid without solid measures will lead to a financial crisis in Afghanistan, which will pave the ground for political instability and pervasive insecurity.

According to the World Bank's recent report TRANSITION IN AFGHANISTAN LOOKING BEYOND 2014, which came out in November 2011, the reduction in aid money will reduce civilian service delivery and will thus lead to economic depression.

The report says, "Aid for Afghanistan in 2010-11 was about $15.7 billion and World Bank's estimation suggests that a $0.5 billion decline in the external budget, which is going to happen, could affect 11,000-18,000 job opportunities in Afghanistan (on a six-month basis.)

Amar Rezayee, who is 23-year-old Afghan and an employee of one of the projects of USAID, which is the biggest donor in Afghanistan, says,

Translation sound bite #1, Amar Rezayee (USAID employee) (00:57- 1:52): "After 2014 the situation in Afghanistan will get worse because America says that they will take their troops out of Afghanistan, so it will effect security and will also have a bad affect on the economic situation in Afghanistan. Now there are a lot of salaries from USAID that are very high and can help me pay for my tuition at the American University of Afghanistan. But when Americans leave this country there will be high salaries for a limited number of people. Personally for me, it will have a very bad effect and I will not be able to attend this university because I won't be able to pay."

The World Bank report also states that In 2010/11, total public spending, including the “core budget” and “external budget,” was $17.1 billion.

Of this total spending, $15.7 billion was financed by international aid and only $1.9 billion of it was Afghanistan's budget.

Some people in Kabul are already scared of Afghanistan's future after 2014.

Vox Populi:

Translation Sound bite #2 Shafiq saighani (Kabul resident) (2:00-2:27) " If the US leaves Afghanistan, the financial support will be cut from Afghanistan, educational scholarships will be cut from Afghanistan, the unemployment will raise up and not only Taliban but also Iran and Pakistan will interfere in Afghanistan's affairs."

Analysts are also pessimistic about Afghanistan's future because of the foreseeable economic crisis after 2014.

Translation Sound bite #3, Candace Rondeaux (Crisis Group’s senior analyst in Kabul)(2:47-4:33) "The impact of the economical transition and the lack of planning will be tremendous. Politically it increases competition between Afghan elites. but more importantly what it does is it creates an environment of instability and insecurity and that I think will create incentives around the accedes of many, many Afghans for major capital flight, and also it will raise competition and rivalry between communities that could become very, very violent.

The impact of the internationals being present here has increased income tenfold for the average Afghan man. It has created opportunities for Afghan women, which weren't there before. Once all of that collapses, first there is the impact on the family life which is going to be tremendous. Where women once had the ability to go out and work and find some sort of independence, I think that will go away quickly, in fact I think that will be the first thing that will go away. For young men, who have been earning a thousand dollars a month or in some case five thousand dollars if they were working on an international organization, for them, they have been in a certain standard of living in the past ten years and have become completely dependent on this type of money. They have cars now, they have got houses to maintain and suddenly that goes away. Imagine the impact on the family; already there is a lot of intentions around money issues in every family, doesn't matter if its Afghan or American but when income starts to shrink that always has an impact."

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New Edict Threatens Progress for Afgh...
Afghanistan
By sarakeawal
19 Apr 2012

Storyline: One of the most significant achievements of the new era in Afghanistan, after the fall of the Taliban, is in new freedoms for Afghan women. They are allowed to work in public, go to school, and participate in the political sphere-- something they were not allowed to do under the Taliban. However, the Afghan Religious Council, composed of hard-line religious leaders, has recently issued a new edict that calls women second-class citizens and prohibits them from traveling without the escort of a Mahram [male family member]. The edict was endorsed by the president, and has the potential of becoming law. Many people believe the Afghan government aims to woo the Taliban into peace talks by crafting and endorsing such a controversial mandate. The law has faced widespread resentment by Afghan women activists and Afghanistan’s civil society, putting pressure on the religious council and Ulema to revoke their edict.

Yalda Samih is young girl, her family lives in Kandahar province but Yalda lives in Kabul because she studies at the American University of Afghanistan.
Soundbite-1 Translation: Yalda Samih Student living in dorm: "it's very difficult for a girl to refrain from traveling unless she has a male chaperon, because not everyone has many brothers, or a father to accompany her everywhere. if it happens (the edict becomes a law), then we will face a lot of difficulties."
According to women activists in Kabul this is an unrealistic and unenforceable law for the citizens of Afghanistan.

Arezo Omid is a young woman activist who works with Young Women for Change, an organization of young women activists who advocate for women's rights. She says the law is unrealistic, and cannot be imposed on women in Afghanistan.
Soundbite-2 Translation: Arezo Omid (1:00-1:17): "I was very disappointed about this edict of Ulema council, because we are not rich people to have a male company accompany us during our trips outside the country. it's very difficult for those people who don't have a Mahram."

Soundbite-3 Translation: Yalda Samih (1:17-1:32): "if this edict becomes a law, I have to leave university. because I don't have anyone to come with me and live in the dorm. my father is responsible for the rest of the family, and I have a younger brother, who is studying school in Kandahar. So I would have to leave university.

Enayatullah Baligh a member of Islamic Ulema Council rejects Yalda's claim about the edict.
Soundbite-4 Translation: Enayatullah Baligh Member of Islamic Ulema councils: "Find a husband. find yourself a Mahram (male chaperon), these are all childish words."

Sounbite-5 Translation: Yalda samih (1:42-1:55): "I think it is impossible, because around 1.5 million widows live in Afghanistan. this edict also questions women's freedom. those who want to study can't get married and study. it is impossible."

Sounbite-6 Translation: Arezo Omid (1:56-2:05): "I personally think the government wants to get Taliban closer. If the Taliban come back to power, we will do the same thing we did last time and leave the country for the Taliban and immigrate to other countries"

Soundbite-7 Translation: Enayatullah Baligh (2:07-2:14): "When they say, 'we got closer to the Taliban because we are scared of the Taliban,' it's totally wrong. We are not scared of the Taliban, it is the issue of religion."

Sounbite-8 Translation: Arezo Omid (2:15-2:21): "the problem is that high ranking government officials support these edicts."

Sounbite-9 Translation: Enayatullah Baligh (2:23-2:44): "This edict does not need to be passed, it's a matter of religion. It is higher than the Constitution of Afghanistan, because the Afghanistan constitution states that no law is above the Islamic law. They must not ignore our edict, if they do, the Ulema Council will take action".

Soundbite-10 Translation: Soraya Kabul resident: "As an Afghan girl, I do not accept this edict, because Afghan men and women had, and must have, equal rights. And women make half of the society."

Soundbite-11 Translation: Sana Kabul resident: "I do not accept this edict, because it states that every woman should be accompanied by a man, and I would like to say that President Karzai's wife is a doctor and Mr. president can't be with his wife everywhere. So I don't accept this edict and will not obey it."

Soundbite-12 Translation: Enayatullah Baligh (3:43-4:23): Afghan women are Muslims, so they can never oppose this edict. If they oppose this edict that means they have rejected the religion. If a minister is traveling he takes a body guard with him, so why can't our sisters take someone like their brother, uncle or nephew with them? These women do not understand. It's for their good. If there are widows, the government is responsible to pay for their food, and the government is responsible to pay for the person to travel with her as well. It's all for the good of the women. I don't understand how it is NOT observing women's rights.

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Egyptians Have Different Reactions to...
Cairo, Egypt
By Video Cairo Sat
15 Apr 2012

Cairo, Egypt | April 15, 2012

Security has been tightened around Egypt's Supreme Presidential Election Commission (SPEC) on Sunday, April 15, after the commission's decision of disqualifying ten presidential candidates including former vice president and former intelligent chief Omar Suleiman, the Muslim Brotherhood's Khairat al-Shater, Salafi sheikh Hazem Salah Abu Ismail and the liberal candidate Ayman Nour who was Mubarak's opponent in 2005 elections.

Representatives and attorneys of some of the disqualified candidates appeared at the SPEC headquarters to appeal the decision within the scheduled 48 hours.

While Suleiman's presidential campaign and office manager refused to speak to reporters, the Muslim Brotherhood's attorney said that he was certain of the right legal situation of the group's candidate Khairat al-Shater, hoping that he would rejoin the presidential race after the appeal.

SOUNDBITE 1 (Arabic) – Colonel Hussein Sherif, Omar Suleiman's presidential campaign and office manager:
"I have nothing to say at all! No comment!"

SOUNDBITE 2 (Arabic) – Abdel Moneim Abdel Maqsoud, Muslim Brotherhood attorney:
"We are completely convinced and 100% sure of the right legal situation of Eng. Khairat al-Shater. Hence, everything contrary to the constitutional principles and the judiciary settled basics I believe will vanish." Egyptians have different reactions to the disqualification decision according to their tendencies and desirable candidates.

Some believe the decision is a conspiracy to exclude Salafi sheikh Abu Ismail, others believe it was made to avoid fierce division over some candidates and some others see the decision is wrong and that it will deprive the presidential race of strong candidates with efficient programs.

SOUNDBITE 3 (Arabic) – Egyptian citizen:
"I see that this is a conspiracy against Sheikh Hazem Salah Abu Ismail. Everyone knows that it's a planned international conspiracy. God willing, we would live honorably under Sheikh Hazem Salah Abu Ismail."

SOUNDBITE 4 (Arabic) – Egyptian citizen:
"This is a right decision that will make the political street smoother and quieter. In addition, there will be no conflict among presidential candidates. That is better … because the country is going through a critical stage."

SOUNDBITE 5 (Arabic) – Egyptian citizen:
"Among the 10 candidates who were rejected there were some with good qualifications and provided good programs. Even if they had to disqualify them, it is necessary to point out the reasons for disqualification." The decision of disqualifying the ten candidates was made announced Saturday evening, and the commission gave two days for disqualified candidates to appeal.

Observers believe the exclusion decision is expected to add turmoil to Egypt's already chaotic political scene, bearing in mind that Suleiman, Al-Shater and Abu Ismail have a strong base of supporters.

Egypt's presidential elections are scheduled for May 23 and 24.

Local News Agency: Middle East Bureau / VCS
Shooting Dateline: April 15, 2012
Shooting Location: Cairo, Egypt
Publishing Time: April 15, 2012
Length: 0:02:41
Video Size: 133 MB
Language: Arabic
Column:
Organized by:
Correspondent:
Camera: VCS

SHOTLIST: (Archive)
1- Medium shot, flag of Egypt on top of the headquarters of Supreme Presidential Election Comission (SPEC) in Cairo
2- Various external of the headquarters of Supreme Presidential Election Comission (SPEC) in Cairo
3- Various shots of Various shots of supporters of Salafi disqualified presidential candidate Hazem Salah Abu Ismail holding his posters
4- Various shots of security men and army men guarding the the headquarters of Supreme Presidential Election Comission (SPEC) in Cairo
5- Medium shot, Colonel Hussein Sherif, Omar Suleiman's presidential campaign and office manager, outside the SPEC headquarters
6- Wide shot, military policemen standing side by side outside the SPEC headquarters
7- SOUNDBITE 1 (Arabic) – Colonel Hussein Sherif, Omar Suleiman's presidential campaign and office manager:
"I have nothing to say at all! No comment!" 8- SOUNDBITE 2 (Arabic) – Abdel Moneim Abdel Maqsoud, Muslim Brotherhood attorney:
"We are completely convinced and 100% sure of the right legal situation of Eng. Khairat al-Shater. Hence, everything contrary to the constitutional principles and the judiciary settled basics I believe will vanish." 9- Wide over view of Cairo and the River Nile
10- Various shots of Egyptian streets and people
11- SOUNDBITE 3 (Arabic) – Egyptian citizen:
"I see that this is a conspiracy against Sheikh Hazem Salah Abu Ismail. Everyone knows that it's a planned international conspiracy. God willing, we would live honorably under Sheikh Hazem Salah Abu Ismail." 12- SOUNDBITE 4 (Arabic) – Egyptian citizen:
"This is a right decision that will make the political street smoother and quieter. In addition, there will be no conflict among presidential candidates. That is better … because the country is going through a critical stage." 13- SOUNDBITE 5 (Arabic) – Egyptian citizen:
"Among the 10 candidates who were rejected there were some with good qualifications and provided good programs. Even if they had to disqualify them, it is necessary to point out the reasons for disqualification." 14- Various external of the headquarters of Supreme Presidential Election Comission (SPEC) in Cairo
15- Various shots of security men and army men guarding the the headquarters of Supreme Presidential Election Comission (SPEC) in Cairo
16- Various shots of Various shots of supporters of Salafi disqualified presidential candidate Hazem Salah Abu Ismail holding his posters
17- Various external of the SPEC headquarters and security cordon outside it

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Egypt's Former Intelligence Chief Oma...
Cairo, Egypt
By Video Cairo Sat
08 Apr 2012

Cairo, Egypt | April 8, 2012

Egypt's former Intelligence Chief Omar Suleiman officially registered for the presidential race on Sunday, April 8, at the last minute before the deadline specified by the Supreme Presidential Election Commission (SPEC), amid hundreds of supporters who raised his posters and shouted support for him.
His supporters see him as the best man for the current transitional stage in Egypt's history due to his political experience and work history.
SOUNDBITE 1 (Arabic) – One of Suleiman's supporters (man):
"First, I have been one of the biggest admirers of Suleiman's personality and policy for a long time. Second, Suleiman is the man of the current stage because he will be able to preserve the Egyptian citizens' dignity at home and abroad. At the same time, we need a man of politics and economy, and Suleiman is an experienced politician and economist who can help develop Egypt's economy."

SOUNDBITE 2 (Arabic) – One of Suleiman's supporters (young woman):
"I want a president who can achieve security and investment. I see this applies only to Omar Suleiman. Who among the candidates can achieve security, good foreign relations, home security and investment at the same time? No one but him! Who is equally experienced among the presidential candidates? What did they do for Egypt? What are their CV's?"

However, the atmosphere was not free from some skirmishes and quarrels outside the commission headquarters between supporters and few opponents of former president's strongman and short-term vice president Suleiman.
SOUNDBITE 3 (Arabic) – One of Suleiman's supporters (man):
"Mr. Omar Suleiman is not only a man of the state but he's also experienced in foreign affairs and he owns files that other candidates don't have. I wonder who those who run for president are. I wonder what they have given to Egypt."

Suleiman, 76, was the one who announced Mubarak's historical resignation on February 11, 2011.
He has been the director of Egypt's Intelligence Service for eighteen years.

Local News Agency: Middle East Bureau / VCS
Shooting Dateline: April 8, 2012
Shooting Location: Cairo, Egypt
Publishing Time: April 8, 2012
Length: 0:02:51
Video Size: 141 MB
Language: Arabic
Column:
Organized by:
Correspondent:
Camera: VCS

SHOTLIST:

1- Various external shots of the headquarters of the Supreme Judicial Commission for Presidential Elections
2- Various shots of army and police security men and armored vehicles outside the commission headquarters
3- Medium shot, hundreds of supporters of Former Intelligence Chief Omar Suleiman shouting in his support, "Egyptians support Suleiman!"
4- Medium shot, pan right, Suleiman getting off the car and heading to enter the commission headquarters amid crowds of security men and supporters
5- Medium shots, supporters of Suleiman shouting statements in his support and raising his posters
6- SOUNDBITE 1 (Arabic) – One of Suleiman's supporters (man):
"First, I have been one of the most admirers of Suleiman's personality and policy for long. Second, Suleiman is the man of the current stage because he will be able to preserve the Egyptian citizen's dignity inside and abroad. At the same time, we need a man of politics and economy, and Suleiman is an experienced politician and he is an economist who can help developing Egypt's economy." 7- SOUNDBITE 2 (Arabic) – One of Suleiman's supporters (young woman):
"I want a president who can achieve security and investment. I see this applies only to Omar Suleiman. Who among the candidates can achieve security, good foreign relations, home security and investment at the same time? No one but him! Who is equally experienced among the presidential candidates? What did they do for Egypt? What are their CV's?" 8- Various shots of people pushing one another, quarreling, etc, outside the commission
9- Medium shot/zoom in, one of Suleiman's opponents shouting "Omar Suleiman is an agent of the U.S."
10- Wide shot, a crowds of people outside the commission headquarters
11- SOUNDBITE 3 (Arabic) – One of Suleiman's supporters (man):
"Mr. Omar Suleiman is not only a man of the state but he's also experienced in foreign affairs and he owns files that other candidates don't have. I wonder who those who run for president are. I wonder what they have given to Egypt." 12- Various shots of crowds of people and security presence outside the commission headquarters
13- Close up, a soldier's shield written on it "Military police"
14- Wide pan right, group of people and two armored vehicles outside the commission headquarters

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The Muslim Brotherhood Controversiall...
Cairo, Egypt
By Video Cairo Sat
01 Apr 2012

Cairo, Egypt | March 31 & April 1, 2012

The Muslim Brotherhood, Egypt’s largest and best organized group, decided to field a presidential candidate, the group's secretary-general announced in a press conference held Saturday evening, March 31, in Cairo.
SOUNDBITE 1 (Arabic) – Mahmoud Hussein, Muslim Brotherhood Secretary-General:
"The group's General Shura Council during its emergency session today, Saturday, March 31, 2012, decided to field a presidential candidate. The Council assigns the General Guidance office in coordination with the executive office of the Freedom and Justice Party to take and follow up the necessary procedures." The decision is seen as controversial and questionable, because the group announced late April last year in a similar conference at the same place by the same man, after the ousting of former regime, that it would not nominate a member to run for president.
SOUNDBITE 2 (Arabic) – Mahmoud Hussein, Muslim Brotherhood Secretary-General:
“The group reaffirms that it will not field a candidate for the presidency nor supports any of its members who will run for the presidency in violation of the (Guidance) Bureau.” Although the Muslim Brotherhood is popular in Egypt with a lot of supporters, many see that the decision negatively affects the group's credibility and good name.
On the other hand, the group dismissed Abdel Moneim Aboul-Fotouh, a renowned member, and regarded him as dissident when he decided to run for president. However, the group now nominates Deputy General Guide Eng. Khairat el-Shater as a strong candidate for the presidential race.
SOUNDBITE 3 (Arabic) – Egyptian citizen:
"The problem is that the Muslim Brotherhood speaks as an Islamic current. It has previously announced that it wouldn’t nominate a presidential candidate. Now, when they fielded a candidate, it caused the Egyptian society to mistrust them. They are supposed to be honest. They cannot go back on their word so explicitly." SOUNDBITE 4 (Arabic) – Egyptian citizen:
"Khairat el-Shater is an Egyptian citizen and he has the right to run for president. However, to be the candidate of the Freedom and Justice Party or the Muslim Brotherhood contradicts what they have previously announced. They disowned Dr. Abdel Moneim Aboul-Fotouh because he decided to run for president and they announced they wouldn’t field a candidate. This is contradiction in their former and recent statements." El-Shater resigned from his post as the Muslim Brotherhood deputy chairman upon the decision of running for president.
SOUNDBITE 5 (Arabic) – Abdel Moneim Abdel Maqsoud, Muslim Brotherhood attorney:
"Eng. Khairat el-Shater is now a presidential candidate, a post that will be elected by all the people. He is very keen not to belong to any political faction or any organized group with a political ideology. He doesn’t deny the Muslim Brotherhood, but since he announced to run for this post he saw that it was better to resign."
Mohamed Khairat el-Shater, 62, is married with ten children and ten grandchildren. He is a successful engineer and businessman, yet he was jailed several times during the rime of Mubarak over charges against the Muslim Brotherhood. He was released in March 2011 after he was sentenced to seven years in prison.

Local News Agency: Middle East Bureau / VCS
Shooting Dateline: March 31 & April 1, 2012 [and archive]
Shooting Location: Cairo, Egypt
Publishing Time: April 1, 2012
Length: 0:03:58
Video Size: 196 MB
Language: Arabic
Column:
Organized by:
Correspondent:
Camera: VCS

SHOTLIST:
1. Various evening shots of the MB headquarters in Cairo, the building, the logo, the banner, etc
2. Various shots of last night's conference at the MB where they announced the decision
3. SOUNDBITE 1 (Arabic) – Mahmoud Hussein, Muslim Brotherhood Secretary-General:
"The group's General Shura Council during its emergency session today, Saturday, March 31, 2012, decided to field a presidential candidate. The Council assigns the General Guidance office in coordination with the executive office of the Freedom and Justice Party to take and follow up the necessary procedures." 4. Various shots of April 2011 press conference when they announced the opposite [Archive: April 30, 2011]
5. SOUNDBITE 2 (Arabic) – Mahmoud Hussein, Muslim Brotherhood Secretary-General:
“The group reaffirms that it will not field a candidate for the presidency nor supports any of its members who will run for the presidency in violation of the (Guidance) Bureau.” 6. Various shots of supporters of presidential hopeful Abdel Moneim Aboul-Fotouh raising his posters [Archive: March 29, 2012]
7. Various shots of Muslim Brotherhood dissident member and presidential hopeful Abdel Moneim Aboul-Fotouh outside the headquarters of the Supreme Commission for Presidential Elections after he officially submitted his candidacy papers [Archive: March 29, 2012]
8. SOUNDBITE 3 (Arabic) – Egyptian citizen:
"The problem is that the Muslim Brotherhood speaks as an Islamic current. It has previously announced that it wouldn’t nominate a presidential candidate. Now, when they fielded a candidate, it caused the Egyptian society to mistrust them. They are supposed to be honest. They cannot go back on their word so explicitly." 9. SOUNDBITE 4 (Arabic) – Egyptian citizen:
"Khairat el-Shater is an Egyptian citizen and he has the right to run for president. However, to be the candidate of the Freedom and Justice Party or the Muslim Brotherhood contradicts what they have previously announced. They disowned Dr. Abdel Moneim Aboul-Fotouh because he decided to run for president and they announced they wouldn’t field a candidate. This is contradiction in their former and recent statements." 10. Khairat el-Shater shaking hands with Copt business tycoon Ramy Lakkah during a Muslim Brotherhood breakfast (August 6, 2011)
11. Khairat el-Shater during a Muslim Brotherhood meeting (Archive 2012)
12. SOUNDBITE 5 (Arabic) – Abdel Moneim Abdel Maqsoud, Muslim Brotherhood attorney:
"Eng. Khairat el-Shater is now a presidential candidate, a post that will be elected by all the people. He is very keen not to belong to any political faction or any organized group with a political ideology. He doesn’t deny the Muslim Brotherhood, but since he announced to run for this post he saw that it was better to resign."
13. Khairat el-Shater during his trial (Feb and Dec 2007)
14. Khairat el-Shater coming out of police vehicle when released from prison (March 3, 2011 )
15. Khairat el-Shater in bus with his family on his way home after being released from prison (March 3, 2011 )