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Ebola Diaries
By Daniel Van Moll
26 Oct 2014

EBOLA DIARIES (Voice Over Edit) 11:37

This is the story of a painful fight against a deadly disease.

While Liberia has barely recovered from civil war, more than 2,700 people have died from Ebola in this West African country during the past seven months.

The estimated number of Ebola infections worldwide is nearing 10,000. While the recorded death toll is close to 5,000, the World Health Organization says the real number could be as high as 15,000. All of these cases originated in West African countries.

In Liberia, the worst hit country, the number of deaths continues to grow at a frightening rate.

The disease, first discovered in 1976, is believed to be transmitted to humans from wild animals.

According to the World Health Organization, Ebola’s fatality rate can be as high as 90 percent in some cases. Ebola attacks the blood, causing heavy internal bleeding, leading eventually to failure of the body’s internal organs.

The virus can be transmitted among humans through contact with a victim’s bodily fluids. To prevent infection, people are advised to avoid touching any part of the victim’s body or any items he or she might have used. They also need to avoid contact with a dead body.

The virus, however, cannot be transmitted through the air.

Poor sanitation infrastructure has contributed to the rapid spread of the disease in rural areas and shantytowns outside West African cities.

One of the precaution that has been taken to limit the outbreak is treating victims in isolation.

People suspected of being infected need to be monitored for 21 days.

In Liberia, soldiers were used to quarantine large areas where Ebola was detected. Schools were also closed to in an attempt to slow down the spread.

Treatment facilities have been set up in the locations where infections are discovered.
In the course of their work, local and international medical staff risk catching the virus from the people they are trying to save. Nearly 250 health workers have died from Ebola in various countries.

To protect themselves, they take painstaking measures everyday.

Medical workers put on plastic and rubber gear from head to toe before entering quarantined work areas.

The UN health agency hopes to start testing two new vaccines in West Africa in January on more than 20,000 health care workers. The UN agency also said that it might be able to provide a serum treatment in Liberia in November.

The World Health Organization officially declared Nigeria free of Ebola, which gives hope that the disease can be defeated in other countries.

The response to the disease requires enormous resources, according to the United Nations. Around 19,000 nurses and doctors, 1,000 vehicles and 500 burial teams are needed to cope with the epidemic in West Africa. But the UN says that only a small fraction of these have been provided so far.

The international community has been criticized for not acting quickly and efficiently enough in the face of this pandemic. The United States has started to build a hospital outside the Liberian capital Monrovia and another 17 treatment units to care for medical workers.

In Liberia, soldiers were used to quarantine large areas where Ebola was detected. Schools were also closed to in an attempt to slow down the spread.

The Liberian President Ellen Johnson Sirleaf said in an open letter that Ebola has brought her country to a “standstill.” She warned the world, saying: “Across West Africa, a generation of young people risk being lost to an economic catastrophe.”

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MSF Hospital Restructures for Syrian ...
Amman, Jordan
By U.S. Editor
16 Jul 2012

MSF Reconstructive surgical project started in August of 2006 joins three surgical specialties: maxillofacial, orthopedic and plastic, and receives highly complex cases. Over 1700 victims of violence from Iraq, Gaza, Yemen, Libya and Syria have been admitted to MSF surgical project since its start. Admitted patients are those who were directly affected by violence in their home countries, like gunshot, missile and explosion related injuries. The possibility of getting a successful surgical and functional outcome is an essential standard for accepting cases.
The complexity of received cases often requires a multi-staged reconstruction of both hard and soft tissues. This means patients need to stay for a relatively long period of time close to the MSF surgical facility in Amman for monitoring the progress of treatment and for optimal planning of the stages of treatment. This reconstructive surgical project is a highly demanding one at technical level, and requires a skilled surgical, anesthetic and nursing team.