Tags / mourning
havana, Cuba,a man seat in front of his house during the days of mourning for Fidel Castro
Sadness on Havana's streets during the days of mourning for Fidel Castro
Cuba, Havana, a Woman watch on the tv the burial of Fidel Castro
Cuba, Havana, a man look at the cuban flag and the picture of the comandante Fidel during the mourning days of Fidel
In the mountains of the south of Sulawesi Island, Indonesia, Toraja people celebrate the death of their relatives with old rituals. They keep the body of the dead person until the "tomate" (funeral). They consider the deceased to be "makula" (sick) and they bring food and drink and talk with the dead person. When the family decides to celebrate the funeral they kill nine buffalos. (ARTICLE AVAILABLE IN ENGLISH, SPANISH AND FRENCH ON REQUEST).
Gyan Prasad Acharya has tended funeral pyres at Pashupatinath Temple in Kathmandu for 30 years. Since a massive earthquake devastated Nepal, the Ghats, traditional spaces reserved for cremating the dead, at Pashupatinath Temple have been overwhelmed. The Ghats have gone from seeing 30 bodies cremated a day to hundreds. Every open space along the river has been taken up by survivors trying to bid their loved ones a final farewell.
It took Hajrija Selimovic (not pictured) 19 years to bury her dead husband and her two sons. "It was July 11th, 1995 when I last saw my boys Nermin, 19, and Samir, 25, and my husband Hasan". On July 11, 1995, Bosnian Serb troops led by Ratko Mladic stormed through the UN peacekeeping enclave into the city of Srebrenica, executing over 8,000 Bosniaks, mostly men and boys. Many other hundred inhabitants tried to flee through enemy lines to reach the safe haven of Tuzla, Bosniak territory. At least 8,372 men and boys were killed in the Srebrenica area and burried in so called primary grave sites. Soon after the massacre the perpetrators tried to cover their traces of this genocide and opened the mass graves in order to rebury the dead all over Bosnian Serb territory in so called secondary mass graves. During this attempt many dead bodies were "broken" leading to the fact that some parts of a body went to one grave and other parts to other graves. It took several years after the war to identify the most of these 300 secondary mass graves. In 1997 the ICMP was set up in order to search and identify the dead people from Srebrenica. But it wasn't before 2002 until the first identification was possible through DNA.
Dragana Vučetić (pictured), Senior Forensic Anthropologist at the International Comitee for Missing Persons (ICMP): "The greatest problem we have is that we do not find a complete body in one grave. So we have to identify each and every bone. Sometimes we find human remains of one person in up to four secondary mass grave sites." That is what makes the work so complicated.
After bones are found - either in mass graves or above the surface (pictured) - these bones are collected by the ICMP. Dragana Vučetić then cuts out a piece of the bone (pictured) and sends it to Tuzla's Identification Coordination Division (ICD) where they try to extract DNA. The ICD is also responsible for the collecting of Blood samples by relatives. The closer the relatives are the better the chance to identify someone. Blood samples are stored in the ICD (pictured).
If a blood sample - like the one from Hajrija Selimovic - fits with DNA from newly found bones the ICMP is contacting the relatives. Hajrija Selimovic: "The ICMP called me and told me that they found my husband, but they don't know where his head is". It isn't difficult to understand that Hajrija didn't let the body of her husband be reburied but wanted to wait until the head was found. "I got another call", Hajrija says. "they have found my son! But the problem was they didn't know which son it was". Hajirija had to wait another two years before also her other son had been identified. In 2013 she was able to put her husband (with his head) to rest... In 2014 she had to attend (and didn't want to be photographed during the burial, acutally was just lying next to fence during the ceremony) the burial again and had to lay her two boys to rest! It took her 19 years!
Jasmin Agovic was the head of press at that time (in 2014) and told me following thing: "Imagine you are one of these women and you know that your brothers, your husband, your sons are dead. You can't be sure because their dead bodies haven't been found yet. Then you receive a call and someone tells you that they have found some bones and that one of your sons is dead. But they don't know which one, they can't tell you. And they haven't found everything of the human remains. On which point do you decide to burry your loved-ones or wait if the maybe find more bones. As an ICMP forensic team member you aks yourself if you identify onother bone: Should I call the women and tell them I have found one more bone or do I wait until I find more bones and they can burry their loved-ones. When do I call them and when do I not? What if they die in the meantime and you weren't able to give them their dead sons' bodies back?"
The process of contacting family members is a psychologically stressful one from start to finish, as survivors re-live the agony of the loss while deciding to hold a funeral immediately or to wait until all the remains have been found.
Not all of the dead are found in mass graves. Many were killed while they were trying to flee the enclave through Bosnian Serb enemy lines. Zijad Ibrić (pictured) who fled the enclave on Juy 11th, 1995 through enemy lines and survived is now working as a deminer in the region for Norwegian People's Aid. The area surrounding Srebrenica is still scattered with landmines and UXO. No anti-mine-vehicle and no dogs can operate in that area. Only the deminers themselves. And they have to see and collect the bones as well as clothings and personal belongings for ICMP for identification.
Zijad Ibrić: "I was fleeing Srebrenica with my younger brother on July 11th. My younger brother didn't make it. One moment he was next to me, the other he was vanished. Bosnian Serbs were coming and telling us they are refugees themselves and we should come out of the woods. Many did. They were arrested and later murdered. They also were firing granates on us. Many died. But today I am not angry. Norwegian People's Aid is a multi-ethnical family. I am working with Serbs and Croats. It wasn't my collegues who killed someone. It was those criminals and politicans at that time. Not today. Today I come back here and I am happy for each bone I find, for each individula I can help to be identified through ICMP. That is what I am doing today."
Dragana Vučetić (pictured): "Sometimes it is not easy to get useful DNA out of bones that were lying on the ground for nearly 20 years. We have some bones in our mortuary (pictured) we were trying to identify for four or five years now." But technology increases. In Sarajaevo ICMP now runs hyper-modern cubes that are able to multiply short DNA parts so that the DNA can be compared with the blood samples and so they were able to identify more and more people.
Every year on July 11th, the anniversary, a commemoration is happening in Potocari (the place where the UN Dutch peacekeeping bataillong was stationed - pictured) and all the dead who were identified in the last year are burried. 6,241 victims have been buried so far during the annual anniversaries of the massacre in Potocari, Bosnia. The number of burials decrease every year. While burrying their relatives (burial of Nermin, 19, and Samir, 25 - pictured / more images available including the names on graves and coffins) the women cry and collapse and faint (pictured). But finally they were able to say goodbye to their loved-ones. Only because of the work of ICMP.
More quotes and pictures available on request.
Mined area near Srebrenica. On July 11th, 1995, when Bosnian Serb troops led by Ratko Mladic stormed through the UN peacekeeping enclave, hundreds of inhabitants decided to flee through the woods. Many of them were killed or captured.
Human remains found in a mined area near Srebrenica.
Human remains found in a mined area near Srebrenica.
Human remains and a key of a missing person found in a mined area near Srebrenica.
Deminer from Norwegian People's Aid demining the area around Srebrenica where hundreds of inhabitants tried to flee through enemy lines on July 11, 1995 when Bosnian Serb troops stormed trough the UN peacekeeping enclave. Deminers are trying to find human remains to identify missing persons.
A deminer from Norwegian People's Aid (NPA) holding human remains found during demining activities in the Srebrenica area.
Deminers from Norwegian Peoples Aid (NPA) are finding human bones and clothings of thoses who died while trying to flee through enemy lines after Bosnian Serb troops stormed Srebrenica on July 11, 1995.
Human remains and clothings found during demining activities by Norwegian People's Aid (NPA) in Srebrenica area. After the enclave had been stormed by Bosnian Serb troops hundreds of people tried to escape through mined area.
Human remains found in a mined area near Srebrenica. After Bosnian Serb troops stormed the enclave hundreds tried to flee through enemy lines and were captured or killed.
Newly found human bones were marked. Soon they will be covered until they got collected by ICMP for identification process.
A deminer from Norwegian People's Aid is clearing a lot in Srebrenica area.
A deminer from NPA showing clothings found during demining activities in the Srebrenica area.
A deminer from NPA showing clothings found during demining activities in the Srebrenica area.
A wallet from a missing person found during demining activities. ICMP is collecting all clothings and human remains in order to identify missing persons.
A toothbrush from a missing person found during demining activities. ICMP is collecting all clothings and human remains in order to identify missing persons.
Zijad Ibrić who fled the enclave on Juy 11th, 1995 through enemy lines and survived. He is now working as a deminer in the region where he is also finding human remains of those who didn't make it through.
New roads had to be build in order to enter the mined area around Srebrenica to start demining activities and search for human remains.
A young Bosnian woman is walking next to some of the tombstones at the Potocari memorial cemetary.
March 20, 2015
In extremely rare and graphic imagery, this video shows family members of the slain gather at the morgue to identify and grieve the murder of their loved ones.
More than 135 people were killed in triple suicide bombings that rocked two Shiite mosques during Friday afternoon prayers in Yemen's capital of Sana'a. ISIS subsequently claimed responsibility for the attacks.
NAT Sound, crowd screaming in morgue: “Death to America. Death to Israel. May the Jews be Damned. Victory to Islam. God is greatest.”
SOUNDBITE (Arabic) Unnamed Woman
02:08 – 02:20
“Only an idiot would not be moved in such situation. Such cruelty! How could they be called human when they kill innocent people on a Friday? May God help us!”
SOUNDBITE (Arabic) Unnamed man
00:21 – 00:30
“We have only become stronger and more resilient. We shall continue to follow this path. We shall continue to stand against evil. We shall be stronger and stronger.”
March 12, 2015
Thousands of Iraqi Shiites attended the funeral of Saad Tamimi, the military commander of the Badr Organization in Tikrit who was killed in battle on Wednesday 11 March. The Badr Organization is arguably the most powerful of the Shiite militias who make up the Hashid Shaabi or "Popular Mobilization" umbrella group of militias.
Also in attendance was the Badr military leader in Karbala, Major General Hamed Saheb, also known as Abu Mustapha al-Karbalai'. General Saheb accused Saudi Arabia, Qatar and Turkey of working to help the United States, referred to as "the devil", carry out its agenda in Iraq.
The mourners carried the coffin of Tamimi to holy Shiite shrines in Karbala while chanting Shiite slogans.
Analysts and U.S. officials have repeatedly stated their concerns about the sectarianism that is (re)emerging in Iraq. Defense Secretary Ash Carter said he is "very concerned" about reports that Iran and Shiite militias are leading the fight against Islamic State militants in Iraq and exacerbating sectarian strife in that nation.
In a speech to Congress on 3 March, Carter said: "Sectarianism is what brought us to the point where we are, and so I do look at it with concern. We are watching it very closely."
SOUNDBITE: Major General Hamed Saheb, Military Commander of Badr Organization in Karbala (Arabic, Man)
02:59 – 04:51
“I offer condolences to myself, my brothers the mujahideen, and the people of Karbala on the occasion of the martyrdom of this hero from the military wing of Badr Organization. He participated in several operations. Eight days prior to his death, he took part with me in a very difficult operation, during which he marched ahead of my mujahideen brethren, calling: “Martyrdom! Martyrdom!” The day before yesterday, he was martyred in the Salahuddin district while he tried to sweep the area after it was liberated from the criminal gangs, which had entered the land of Imam Hussein, the Commander of the Believers. I congratulate you as well as ourselves for offering an elite of [martyrs] for the sake of the Master of Martyrs [Imam] Abi Abdullah al-Hussein, in defense of the land of Iraq and the holy shrines. We say, from the city of Imam Hussein, that neither ISIS, nor the malicious House of Saud, foundling Qatar, or damned Turkey will be able to achieve this scheme in Iraq, the scheme of America, the Great Satan. This is thanks to this safety valve [POINTING TO PORTRAIT OF AYATOLLAH SISTANI] who issued such a great fatwa, and these men who obeyed the fatwa.
God willing, in the next few hours, the good news of the full liberation of Salahuddin province will be announced.
Yes, we offered martyrs and casualties but, relatively to previous operations, their numbers are small.”
Born 16 july 1968 in Shahrestan village, near the northern Iranian city of Rasht, Mohammad Ali Hasanjani was only 18 years old when he was deployed by the Iranian Army on the frontlines of the Iran-Iraq war. Soon after he was killed and his body never recovered. For 27 years he lay missing, buried amidst the wreckage of war, his family having no remains with which to mourn. However, after missing for 27 years, Mohammad's body was found and he was recently returned home to his village for a hero's funeral.
During the Iran-Iraq war (1980-1989) hundreds of thousands of soldiers were killed on both sides. In Iran, people who were killed in the conflict were declared martyrs, or heroes for their country. Due to the chaotic and exceptionally deadly nature of the war, many soldiers went missing in battle. At the end of the war, the search began to find those missing in action and the mission continues to this day. Many of those soldiers who are found are never identified. However, in some cases, like that of Mohammad Ali Hasanjani, missing soldiers are indentified and returned home for a long overdue funeral.
These photos chronicle the funeral of Mohammad Ali Hasanjani 27 years after he was killed.
Memorial Candle is lit at Maidan Square, Kyiv by local woman in memorial of those killed in recent separatist assault at Mariupol. Hundreds of locals, members of volunteer battalions, soldiers and activists turned out during the anti-Russia protest.
Candles are lit in the pattern of the Ukrainian trident in Maidan Square to show Ukrainian solidarity after pro-Russian separatists assaulted Mariupol. Hundreds gathered to demonstrate against Russian intervention in Ukraine. Hundreds of locals, members of volunteer battalions, soldiers and activists turned out during the anti-Russia protest.
Man holds sign showing Putin as the anti-Christ during an anti-Russian demonstration in Maidan Square, Kyiv after separatists assault Mariupol. Hundreds of locals, members of volunteer battalions, soldiers and activists turned out during the anti-Russia protest.
Activist holds sign at anti-Russian demonstrations in Maidan Square, Kyiv in a rally protesting Russian involvement in the Ukraine Crisis. Hundreds of locals, members of volunteer battalions, soldiers and activists turned out during the anti-Russia protest.
Signs say "Stop Russian Terrorism" laid out on the ground at Maidan Square, Kyiv in protest of Russian intervention in Ukraine Crisis after separatists assaulted Mariupol. Hundreds of locals, members of volunteer battalions, soldiers and activists turned out during the anti-Russia protest.
At demonstration in Maidan attracting hundreds of local Ukrainians, an orthodox priest holds an anti-Russia, anti-Putin sign. Hundreds of locals, members of volunteer battalion fighters, soldiers and activists turned out during the anti-Russia protest.
Protestors in Maidan, Kyiv light up for press with signs saying "Je suis Mariupol" (I am Mariupol), and "Stop Russian Aggression" at demonstration where hundreds turn out to protest Russian intervention after separatists assault Mariupol.
Protestors in Maidan, Kyiv light up for press with signs saying "Je suis Mariupol" (I am Mariupol), and "Stop Russian Aggression" at demonstration where hundreds turn out to protest Russian intervention after separatists assault Mariupol. Hundreds of locals, members of volunteer battalion fighters, soldiers and activists turned out during the anti-Russia protest.
Candles are laid out in the shape of the Ukrainian Trident along side blue/yellow flowers to represent the Ukrainian flag and signs supporting the victims who are killed by the violence in the east as well as signs against "Russian Terrorism" and Vladmir Putin's intervention. Hundreds of locals, members of volunteer battalion fighters, soldiers and activists turned out during the anti-Russia protest.
Bosnian women mourn at the coffin of a relative prior to the mass burial at Potocari on the 19th anniversary of the Srebrenica genocide.
In the mortuary of Tuzla’s Podrinje Identification Project (PIP) rest several hundred body bags with the remains of victims from the 1995 Srebrenica massacre. The dead have been identified through DNA analysis but not yet all of their remains have been found. Sometimes family members of the killed victims decide to wait to hold a burial until all bones have been excavated. The identification process is complicated by the fact that in the days and weeks following the Srebrenica massacre ‘primary mass graves’ were unearthed and the remains buried in many different ‘secondary mass graves’ to cover tracks.
Human remains from a secondary mass grave. Forensic anthropologists from Podrinje Identification Project (PIP) have tried to extract DNA from the bones and connect it to blood samples in ICMP’s databank. Until now they didn’t find a match. Sometimes it is not easy to extract enough intact DNA from bones, and often identification is not possible because of the lack of blood samples from relatives.