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Ghouta Under Siege
Eastern Ghouta, Syria
By mchreyteh
09 Apr 2014

في الغوطة الشرقية المحاصرة القصف لا يهدأ. يلجأ الناس الى استخدام علف المواشي وحبوب الذرة المتعفنة لصناعة الخبز. حاجة السكان للكهرباء جعلتهم يبحثون عن سبل بدائية لتوليد الطاقة عبر صناعات يدوية. وبعد توقف معظم المستشفيات عن العمل، تحل النساء مكان الطواقم الطبية بعد الالتحاق بدورات تدريبية على الاسعافات الاولية.

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Ghouta Under siege
Syria
By Jawad Arbini
09 Apr 2014

Video shot in the month of December 2013 depicting conditions in eastern Ghouta, an area near Damascus under the control of Syrian rebels.
Includes the following elements:
- Artillery and aerial bombing strikes on buildings in Ghouta. - Damage to buildings from the bombing strikes. - Sand bags and barrels to protect against bombing strikes. - First aid class teaching women how to treat the wounded and prepare medications. - Pushing cars and riding bicycles because of a shortage of gasoline. - Using bicycles to charge car batteries for electrical power - Using windmills to create electricity. - Corn husks, kernels and beans to be ground into flour for bread. - People clamoring to buy bread in a bakery. - Cooking on fires in the street. - Chopping firewood to burn for heat. - Transporting water to homes.

Shot list:
1- Kids looking to the military jet
2- Jet striking
3- Airstrike hitting a building
4- Airstrike hitting a building
5- Smoke coming out of a stroke building
6- Airstrike to a building
7- Airstrike to a building
8- Airstrike to a building
9- Smoke coming out of a stroke building
10- Sand bags in front of some shops
11- Rocket hitting a building
12- A shop with some rocks replacing the front door glass
13- A window with plastic shelters replacing the glass
14- Broken pieces of glass on the street
15- A rocket hitting an building
16- A rocket hitting an building
17- A rocket hitting an building
18- Sand bags and barrels in front of a shop
19- Sand bags and barrels in front of a shop
20- Sand bags and barrels in front of a shop
21- A damaged building with a man standing on the balcony
22- Broken windows of a building
23- Broken windows of a building
24- Broken pieces of glass on the street
25- Broken windows of a building
26- Sand bags in front of a shop
27- Barrels in front of a shop with a broken front door glass
28- Some people coming in to the shop protected by barrels

29-Sound bite - Abu El Fowz – grocery store owner
I am the owner of this shop and because of the large number of customers we had to fortify the place with barrels in order to protect them, protect the children and protect ourselves. Many people died in front of my shop so we set this protection so that people coming in will be protected.

30-Sound bite - Abu Thaer – Factory employee
We are pretty much used to the shelling these days. Before when a shell hit, or there was gunfire or the security forces were invading you could see everyone running for shelter. Now people don’t care as much, what is there more than death? Death occurs once. We are being shelled daily, a couple of days ago a Mig plane hit us over there. Here are the streets; this is our daily life, film as much as you want no one really cares anymore. What more is he going to do to us? He tried to hit us with Rocket launchers, Scud missiles and Mig planes and he couldn’t defeat us, he will not be able to defeat us. God’s will is above all of this.

31-Abu Mohammad – plumber
Despite all the shelling that West Ghouta witnessed, forty shells a day, with missiles and warplanes we are not concerned. Our main concern is to break the siege over West Ghouta; our concern is the piece of bread we have to secure for our children. He can shell as much as he wants; just break the siege so we can feed the children.

32- medical equipment
33-A woman taking notes
34-A woman preparing a natural medicine out of honey and some creams
35-First aid trainer giving medical tips to some women
36-First aid trainer giving medical tips to some women
37-Women attending a first aid training session
38-First aid trainer giving tips to some women
39-Women attending a first aid training session

40-Sound bite - First Aid Trainer
If a man gets hit by a sniper in front of me, what can I do for him? As first aid, we have to stop the bleeding. I put gauze on the places of entrance and exit of the bullet, and then I wrap an ace bandage tightly around the wound. That is all I can do. I can't do anything but wrap his wounds tight with gauze and ace bandage to stop the bleeding.

41-Sound bite – A trainee trying to apply some of the tips she just learned
We empty the needle from bubbles. Then after arranging the head we empty the air that's inside. We divide the heart into four parts; we take the upper right chamber. We put in in the catheter fully, and then apply pressure with a finger here so the blood won't pour out. We pull off its cover and pull it out and the catheter will be ready. Then you tape it from both sides.

43- Man walking while he’s pushing his bike and a taxi car (out of oil)
44-Man walking with his bike holding a sack that contains vegetables
45-Kid trying to produce electric field out of his bike
46-Men on their bicycles
47- A man trying to fix an electric wire
48-A man fixing an electric wire in a battery
49-A man placing electric wires
50-A battery connected to a bike through electric wires
51-A man rolling the bike pedals to recharge the batteries
52- Men rolling the bike pedals to recharge the batteries
53-Boys rolling the bike pedals to recharge the batteries
54-Boy rolling the bike pedals to recharge the batteries
55-Boys rolling the bike pedals to recharge the batteries
56- Handmade Fan that uses wind to generate electric field
57- Handmade Fan that uses wind to generate electric field
58-tilt down for the handmade Fan that uses wind to generate electric field
59-Shavers connected to a battery
60-A bakery using the handmade fan to generate electricity and turn on the light
61-The wind is turning the fan connected with wired
62-Fan in function
63- Fan in function
64-lamps in the ceiling
65-lamps connected to batteries
66-Some people in a crowded shop shouting and trying to get bread
67-Some people in a crowded shop shouting and trying to get bread
68-Some deserts made out of milk on a table in the street
69-Cooker over rocks and fire in the street
70-A boy cooking some food in the street
71-Beet being boiled in water
72-Peel of corncobs
58-Man peeling the corncob
59-Peel of corncobs
60- Man cutting wood
61-Man cutting wood with a tree branch in the foreground
62- low angle shot for the street with rocks and snow in the foreground
63-Cabbage on the floor
64-Corn grinder in function
65-A sign that locates the grindery
66-A hand showing grains
67-corns
68- grinded corns
69-flour made out of corncob peel and corns
70-Men pushing a barrel filled with water

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Niger, dark paradise of uranium 3
Niamey, Niger
By Emmanuel Haddad
05 Sep 2013

After the night’s prayer, reading of Koran under the white neon of a shop, Niamey.

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Niger, dark paradise of uranium 4
Niamey, Niger
By Emmanuel Haddad
05 Sep 2013

A cow lighted up by the headline of a bike in the black night of Niamey. 83,3% of Niger inhabitants live in rural areas, where less than 2% have access to electricity.

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Niger, dark paradise of uranium 2
Niamey, Niger
By Emmanuel Haddad
05 Sep 2013

Bike repairs under the white neon of one of the rare bookshops of the city-center of Niamey.

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Niger, dark paradise of uranium 7
Niamey, Niger
By Emmanuel Haddad
05 Sep 2013

A Nigerien makes his ablutions before the night’s prayer in a common courtyard of Niamey. His sun makes out his gestures in the darkness.

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Niger, dark paradise of uranium 6
Niamey, Niger
By Emmanuel Haddad
05 Sep 2013

Prayer, a major event that occurs in the dark in a society where more than 95 percent of the people are Muslims.

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Niger, dark paradise of uranium 5
Niamey, Niger
By Emmanuel Haddad
05 Sep 2013

From afar, itinerary sellers look like huge fireflies. When one comes closer, he can gradually make out the shape of their wheelbarrow carrying cigarettes, drugs imported from Nigeria, China and India… An entire bazaar illuminated by a torch made in China.

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Niger, dark paradise of uranium 1
Niamey, Niger
By Emmanuel Haddad
05 Sep 2013

An ice-cream seller below a white neon in Niamey. Without electricity, ice-cream is an utopia and his fridge is empty.

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Niger, paradis obscur de l'uranium 2
Niamey, Niger
By Emmanuel Haddad
03 Sep 2013

De loin, les marchands ambulants ressemblent à des lucioles géantes. Plus on se rapproche d’eux, plus on devine les cigarettes et les médicaments importés du Nigéria, d’Inde ou de Chine... Le tout éclairé par une lampe… fabriquée en Chine.

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Niger, paradis obscur de l'uranium 6
Niamey, Niger
By Emmanuel Haddad
03 Sep 2013

Evènement majeur de la vie quotidienne de cette société à plus de 95% musulmane, la prière se passe souvent dans le noir une fois la nuit tombée.

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Niger, paradis obscur de l'uranium 8
Niamey, Niger
By Emmanuel Haddad
03 Sep 2013

A la tombée de la nuit, les habitants de Niamey se concentrent sous les rares ampoules qui percent l’obscurité.

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Niger, paradis obscur de l'uranium 7
Niamey, Niger
By Emmanuel Haddad
03 Sep 2013

Réparation de moto sous les néons de l'une des rares librairies du centre-ville de Niamey.

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Niger, paradis obscur de l'uranium 8
Niamey, Niger
By Emmanuel Haddad
03 Sep 2013

Devant sa boutique de cigarettes et de thé, Ibrahim égrène le temps à lampées de thé sucré.

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Niger, paradis obscur de l'uranium 3
Niamey, Niger
By Emmanuel Haddad
21 Aug 2013

Une vache éclairée par le phare d'une moto dans la nuit noire de Niamey.

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Young Girl Invents a Urine Powered Ge...
Lagos, Nigeria
By Taiwo Adeleke
23 Jan 2013

Journalist:
Taiwo Adeleke

CUE:
Fourteen years old Nigeria girl created a generator that produces electricity for six hours using a single liter of urine as fuel .

Headline:
Girl power generator with urine in Nigeria.

SLUG:
RAW-NIGERIA-ELECTRICITY-GENERATOR-:

Byline:
Taiwo Adeleke / --

SYNTHE:
Duro-Aina Adebola (Female), Urine power Generator initiator (Student)
Omotayo Fakinlede(Male), Professor of Engineering
Olatuji Araoye (Male), Engineer
Patrick Uloba (Male) Teacher.
SHOTLIST:
LAGOS, NIGERIA, JANUARY 2013
VAR of student starting the Generator.
VAR of cylinder and filters
VAR of bulb and socket with electricity
VAR of students talking
VAR of School University
VAR of Man in the Office
VAR of Lagos Street at Night
VAR of man starting generator
VAR of generator sounds
VAR of secondary school building
VAR of teacher with student in the classroom

SOUNDBITE 1, Duro-Aina Adebola (Female), Urine power Generator initiator (Student) (English, 00:14:18 seconds ):
"I got the idea when i went on net and i saw a family of five (5) killed by carbon-monoxide poison. its now stroke me that people are dying regularly from generator poison and that what could be done that wouldn't releases any harmful gases into the environment . Urine is a waste material definitely Nigerians will opt for urine since is a waste material, Nigerians like cheap things "

SOUNDBITE 2, Omotayo Fakinlede(Male), Professor of Engineering (English. 14:01 seconds)
"we can view hydrogen as the hydro carbon minus the carbon. There are very good properties that its as one of the most important thing is the environmental friendliness".

SOUNDBITE 3, Olatuji Araoye (Male), Engineer (English 10:18 seconds).
"Its depend on the cost of the generator first and i will look at the durability at the same time".

SOUNDBITE 4, Patrick Uloba (Male) Teacher.(English 20:18 seconds)
"We have done several other project before this, we are hoping that with the volume of information that as gone out on this project, we are trusting that somebody will come and pick up this project , so that it can be mass produce and it can be there in the market.