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Earthquake Damage in Kathmandu 22
Kathmandu,
By nomichele
27 Apr 2015

A woman stands behind a ruined building in Thamel, where shops, hotels and temples collapsed during the earthquake.

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Earthquake Damage in Kathmandu 23
Kathmandu,
By nomichele
27 Apr 2015

The remains of a shop in the tourist district of Thamel.

This picture shows the ground floor of a 6 floor building that is leaning on the neighboring building and could collapse at anytime.

The entire area is not safe, with many damaged and unstable buildings.

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Earthquake Damage in Kathmandu 24
Kathmandu,
By nomichele
27 Apr 2015

The building housing the tourist shop in Thamel leans on the neighboring building and could collapse at anytime.

The entire area is not safe, with many damaged and unstable buildings.

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Earthquake Damage in Kathmandu 25
Kathmandu,
By nomichele
27 Apr 2015

The remains of a collapsed house in Kathmandu's Chhetrapati Chowk.

This building was severely damaged after the 1934 earthquake.

Luckily, the family that was living there during the 2015 earthquake evacuated as soon as the first tremor came and nobody was injured.

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Srebrenica: 20 Years After the Genocide
Srebrenica, Bosnia and Herzegovina
By Michael Biach
24 Apr 2015

It took Hajrija Selimovic (not pictured) 19 years to bury her dead husband and her two sons. "It was July 11th, 1995 when I last saw my boys Nermin, 19, and Samir, 25, and my husband Hasan".  On July 11, 1995, Bosnian Serb troops led by Ratko Mladic stormed through the UN peacekeeping enclave into the city of Srebrenica, executing over 8,000 Bosniaks, mostly men and boys. Many other hundred inhabitants tried to flee through enemy lines to reach the safe haven of Tuzla, Bosniak territory. At least 8,372 men and boys were killed in the Srebrenica area and burried in so called primary grave sites. Soon after the massacre the perpetrators tried to cover their traces of this genocide and opened the mass graves in order to rebury the dead all over Bosnian Serb territory in so called secondary mass graves. During this attempt many dead bodies were "broken" leading to the fact that some parts of a body went to one grave and other parts to other graves. It took several years after the war to identify the most of these 300 secondary mass graves. In 1997 the ICMP was set up in order to search and identify the dead people from Srebrenica. But it wasn't before 2002 until the first identification was possible through DNA.

Dragana Vučetić (pictured), Senior Forensic Anthropologist at the International Comitee for Missing Persons (ICMP): "The greatest problem we have is that we do not find a complete body in one grave. So we have to identify each and every bone. Sometimes we find human remains of one person in up to four secondary mass grave sites." That is what makes the work so complicated.

After bones are found - either in mass graves or above the surface (pictured) - these bones are collected by the ICMP. Dragana Vučetić then cuts out a piece of the bone (pictured) and sends it to Tuzla's Identification Coordination Division (ICD) where they try to extract DNA. The ICD is also responsible for the collecting of Blood samples by relatives. The closer the relatives are the better the chance to identify someone. Blood samples are stored in the ICD (pictured).

If a blood sample - like the one from Hajrija Selimovic - fits with DNA from newly found bones the ICMP is contacting the relatives. Hajrija Selimovic: "The ICMP called me and told me that they found my husband, but they don't know where his head is". It isn't difficult to understand that Hajrija didn't let the body of her husband be reburied but wanted to wait until the head was found. "I got another call", Hajrija says. "they have found my son! But the problem was they didn't know which son it was". Hajirija had to wait another two years before also her other son had been identified. In 2013 she was able to put her husband (with his head) to rest... In 2014 she had to attend (and didn't want to be photographed during the burial, acutally was just lying next to fence during the ceremony) the burial again and had to lay her two boys to rest! It took her 19 years!

Jasmin Agovic was the head of press at that time (in 2014) and told me following thing: "Imagine you are one of these women and you know that your brothers, your husband, your sons are dead. You can't be sure because their dead bodies haven't been found yet. Then you receive a call and someone tells you that they have found some bones and that one of your sons is dead. But they don't know which one, they can't tell you. And they haven't found everything of the human remains. On which point do you decide to burry your loved-ones or wait if the maybe find more bones. As an ICMP forensic team member you aks yourself if you identify onother bone: Should I call the women and tell them I have found one more bone or do I wait until I find more bones and they can burry their loved-ones. When do I call them and when do I not? What if they die in the meantime and you weren't able to give them their dead sons' bodies back?"

The process of contacting family members is a psychologically stressful one from start to finish, as survivors re-live the agony of the loss while deciding to hold a funeral immediately or to wait until all the remains have been found. 

Not all of the dead are found in mass graves. Many were killed while they were trying to flee the enclave through Bosnian Serb enemy lines. Zijad Ibrić (pictured) who fled the enclave on Juy 11th, 1995 through enemy lines and survived is now working as a deminer in the region for Norwegian People's Aid. The area surrounding Srebrenica is still scattered with landmines and UXO. No anti-mine-vehicle and no dogs can operate in that area. Only the deminers themselves. And they have to see and collect the bones as well as clothings and personal belongings for ICMP for identification.

Zijad Ibrić: "I was fleeing Srebrenica with my younger brother on July 11th. My younger brother didn't make it. One moment he was next to me, the other he was vanished. Bosnian Serbs were coming and telling us they are refugees themselves and we should come out of the woods. Many did. They were arrested and later murdered. They also were firing granates on us. Many died. But today I am not angry. Norwegian People's Aid is a multi-ethnical family. I am working with Serbs and Croats. It wasn't my collegues who killed someone. It was those criminals and politicans at that time. Not today. Today I come back here and I am happy for each bone I find, for each individula I can help to be identified through ICMP. That is what I am doing today."

Dragana Vučetić (pictured): "Sometimes it is not easy to get useful DNA out of bones that were lying on the ground for nearly 20 years. We have some bones in our mortuary (pictured) we were trying to identify for four or five years now." But technology increases. In Sarajaevo ICMP now runs hyper-modern cubes that are able to multiply short DNA parts so that the DNA can be compared with the blood samples and so they were able to identify more and more people.

Every year on July 11th, the anniversary, a commemoration is happening in Potocari (the place where the UN Dutch peacekeeping bataillong was stationed - pictured) and all the dead who were identified in the last year are burried. 6,241 victims have been buried so far during the annual anniversaries of the massacre in Potocari, Bosnia. The number of burials decrease every year. While burrying their relatives (burial of Nermin, 19, and Samir, 25 - pictured / more images available including the names on graves and coffins) the women cry and collapse and faint (pictured). But finally they were able to say goodbye to their loved-ones. Only because of the work of ICMP.

More quotes and pictures available on request.

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Srebrenica 26
Srebrenica, Bosnia and Herzegovina
By Michael Biach
24 Apr 2015

Mined area near Srebrenica. On July 11th, 1995, when Bosnian Serb troops led by Ratko Mladic stormed through the UN peacekeeping enclave, hundreds of inhabitants decided to flee through the woods. Many of them were killed or captured.

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Srebrenica 27
Srebrenica, Bosnia and Herzegovina
By Michael Biach
24 Apr 2015

Human remains found in a mined area near Srebrenica.

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Srebrenica 28
Srebrenica, Bosnia and Herzegovina
By Michael Biach
24 Apr 2015

Human remains found in a mined area near Srebrenica.

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Srebrenica 29
Srebrenica, Bosnia and Herzegovina
By Michael Biach
24 Apr 2015

Human remains and a key of a missing person found in a mined area near Srebrenica.

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Srebrenica 30
Srebrenica, Bosnia and Herzegovina
By Michael Biach
24 Apr 2015

Deminer from Norwegian People's Aid demining the area around Srebrenica where hundreds of inhabitants tried to flee through enemy lines on July 11, 1995 when Bosnian Serb troops stormed trough the UN peacekeeping enclave. Deminers are trying to find human remains to identify missing persons.

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Srebrenica 31
Srebrenica, Bosnia and Herzegovina
By Michael Biach
24 Apr 2015

A deminer from Norwegian People's Aid (NPA) holding human remains found during demining activities in the Srebrenica area.

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Srebrenica 32
Srebrenica, Bosnia and Herzegovina
By Michael Biach
24 Apr 2015

Deminers from Norwegian Peoples Aid (NPA) are finding human bones and clothings of thoses who died while trying to flee through enemy lines after Bosnian Serb troops stormed Srebrenica on July 11, 1995.

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Srebrenica 33
Srebrenica, Bosnia and Herzegovina
By Michael Biach
24 Apr 2015

Human remains and clothings found during demining activities by Norwegian People's Aid (NPA) in Srebrenica area. After the enclave had been stormed by Bosnian Serb troops hundreds of people tried to escape through mined area.

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Srebrenica 34
Srebrenica, Bosnia and Herzegovina
By Michael Biach
24 Apr 2015

Human remains found in a mined area near Srebrenica. After Bosnian Serb troops stormed the enclave hundreds tried to flee through enemy lines and were captured or killed.

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Srebrenica 35
Srebrenica, Bosnia and Herzegovina
By Michael Biach
24 Apr 2015

Newly found human bones were marked. Soon they will be covered until they got collected by ICMP for identification process.

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Srebrenica 36
Srebrenica, Bosnia and Herzegovina
By Michael Biach
24 Apr 2015

A deminer from Norwegian People's Aid is clearing a lot in Srebrenica area.

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Srebrenica 37
Srebrenica, Bosnia and Herzegovina
By Michael Biach
24 Apr 2015

A deminer from NPA showing clothings found during demining activities in the Srebrenica area.

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Srebrenica 38
Srebrenica, Bosnia and Herzegovina
By Michael Biach
24 Apr 2015

A deminer from NPA showing clothings found during demining activities in the Srebrenica area.

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Srebrenica 39
Srebrenica, Bosnia and Herzegovina
By Michael Biach
24 Apr 2015

A wallet from a missing person found during demining activities. ICMP is collecting all clothings and human remains in order to identify missing persons.

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Srebrenica 40
Srebrenica, Bosnia and Herzegovina
By Michael Biach
24 Apr 2015

A toothbrush from a missing person found during demining activities. ICMP is collecting all clothings and human remains in order to identify missing persons.

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Srebrenica 41
Srebrenica, Bosnia and Herzegovina
By Michael Biach
24 Apr 2015

Zijad Ibrić who fled the enclave on Juy 11th, 1995 through enemy lines and survived. He is now working as a deminer in the region where he is also finding human remains of those who didn't make it through.

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Srebrenica 42
Srebrenica, Bosnia and Herzegovina
By Michael Biach
24 Apr 2015

New roads had to be build in order to enter the mined area around Srebrenica to start demining activities and search for human remains.

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Srebrenica 43
Srebrenica, Bosnia and Herzegovina
By Michael Biach
24 Apr 2015

A young Bosnian woman is walking next to some of the tombstones at the Potocari memorial cemetary.

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Yemeni Civilian Victims Describe Last...
Sanaa
By Yousef Mawry
21 Apr 2015

Sanaa, Yemen
April 21, 2015

This video shows several Yemenis, including children, at a hospital in Sanaa. The victims were severely injured in an airstrike that targeted a Houthi-held military base in the Sanaa suburb of Faj Attan on April 20. Civilian neighborhoods located about 5 km away from the base were severely damaged.

The interviewed patients recall the last moments before they were hit. One of the children says that he was injured while he was on the street, trying to make a living by selling a traditional plant used for brushing teeth called miswak.

According to the Yemeni official news agency Saba, at least 25 people were killed and 398 others wounded in the attack.

TRANSCRIPT

SOUNDBITE (Arabic, Boy) Abdullah Mohamed Gushab, A civilian injured in an airstrike
00:18 – 00:28

"I was selling miswaq in Jamaal Street. The attack began and then the explosion hit me. Q: There was an airplane?
A: An airplane."

SOUNDBITE (Arabic, Man) Mohamed Gushab, The father of a civilian injured in an airstrike
00:29 – 00:52

"He was just selling miswaq in order to provide food for the family. He was in Tahrir Square and then the plane launched a strike and he was hit. He was injured severely. A benefactor found him and took him to the hospital."

SOUNDBITE (English, Man) Emanual Abdullah, A civilian injured in an airstrike
01:10 – 01:41

“I come from Faj Attan. And I as inside my house, so I was about coming out when I had the bomb blast in front of my house. I was thinking all over my life and the big block smashed my head. That is how I got the injury. And the doctor is saying something about making an operation on me tomorrow. So… that is just it.”

SOUNDBITE (Arabic, Boy) Abd al-Wahab, A civilian injured in an airstrike
02:00 – 02:28

"The first explosion was light. I went to see where it had hit and then the second missile was launched and I did not expect the strike to be that strong. I thought I was in a horror movie. I tried to run and the door of the store fell on my back. I then tried to run again but the debris hit me and I was injured."

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Collapsing Houses in Bangladesh
Dhaka
By Anik Rahman
16 Apr 2015

ARTICLE AVAILABLE UPON REQUEST

A two story house made of bamboo and tin collapsed at Hjipara Jheel, near Dhaka, Bangladesh, on April 15, 2015 at 3:30 PM (local time). There were 14 rooms on each floor, and each room was inhabited by an entire family. The rooms were rented for BDT.3, 500 ($44) per month.

The location of the building on a polluted, swampy wetland meant that it was very difficult for people inside the building to survive, as the rubble from the building pushed into the water.

Casualty rates are currently 12 dead and 100 missing.

Locals claim that the main reason of the collapse was lack of a proper foundation. Add to this the fact that the building owner built an additional floor on the building 5 months ago with the aim of increasing profits. Survivors of the collapse said the building began vibrating and shaking in bizarre ways after the second floor was added.

The collapse highlights the problem of shoddy housing in Bangladesh’s heavily impoverished areas. There was no government oversight or intervention to monitor and prevent the construction and habitation of such a poorly constructed building.  The collapse spurred protests from the Bangladesh Communist Party calling on the government to step up regulations on building safety and exploitation of the poor. 

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Building Collapse 01
Dhaka
By Anik Rahman
15 Apr 2015

The Bangladesh Communist Party holds a protest after the housing collapse in Dhaka, Bangladesh, 16 April 2015.

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Building Collapse 02
Dhaka
By Anik Rahman
15 Apr 2015

Relatives of people missing in the house collapse wait at Hajipara Jheel, Dhaka, Bangladesh, 16 April 2015.

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Building Collapse 03
Dhaka
By Anik Rahman
15 Apr 2015

Samia and her mom shortly after being rescued safely from the wreckage of the housing complex April 16, 2015.

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Building Collapse 04
Dhaka
By Anik Rahman
15 Apr 2015

A survivor of the housing collapse in his new house. April 16, 2015.

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Building Collapse 05
Dhaka
By Anik Rahman
15 Apr 2015

A man still waiting for his missing family members at a temporary house near the collapsed building in Hajipara Jheel, Dhaka, Bangladesh, April 16, 2015.

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Building Collapse 06
Dhaka
By Anik Rahman
15 Apr 2015

A picture floats in the swampy wreckage of the collapsed housing complex April 16, 2015.

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Building Collapse 07
Dhaka
By Anik Rahman
15 Apr 2015

A man waits for his missing family members at a temporary house near the collapse housing complex in Hajipara Jheel, Dhaka, Bangladesh. April 16, 2015.

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Building Collapse 08
Dhaka
By Anik Rahman
15 Apr 2015

Firefighters try to rescue the missing people from the collapsed, two story house inHajipara Jheel, Dhaka, Bangladesh. The collapse of the house, which was built on swampy ground killed 12 people and more than 100 people are still missing.

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Building Collapse 09
Dhaka
By Anik Rahman
15 Apr 2015

Firefighters try to rescue the missing people from the collapsed, two story house inHajipara Jheel, Dhaka, Bangladesh. The collapse of the house, which was built on swampy ground killed 12 people and more than 100 people are still missing.

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Building Collapse 10
Dhaka
By Anik Rahman
15 Apr 2015

A remaining tin shed over the Hajipara Jheel, Dhaka, Bangladesh, after the collapse of a two storied tin and bamboo housing structure.

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Building Collapse 11
Dhaka
By Anik Rahman
15 Apr 2015

Firefighters try to rescue the missing people from the collapsed, two story house inHajipara Jheel, Dhaka, Bangladesh. The collapse of the house, which was built on swampy ground killed 12 people and more than 100 people are still missing.

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Building Collapse 12
Dhaka
By Anik Rahman
15 Apr 2015

Najrul Islam waits at a temporary shelter for missing family members still trapped inside the collapsed housing structure.

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Building Collapse 13
Dhaka
By Anik Rahman
15 Apr 2015

4 year Samia girl was rescued from the rubble of the collapsed housing complex.

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Building Collapse 14
Dhaka
By Anik Rahman
15 Apr 2015

A man waits for his missing family members after the collapse of two storied tin-shed house in Hajipara Jheel, Dhaka, Bangladesh, on April 16, 2015.

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Building Collapse 15
Dhaka
By Anik Rahman
15 Apr 2015

Families gather goods salvaged from the wreckage of the building complex at a temporary shelter.