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From Grey to Black: Four Years of War...
Syria
By Ahmad Mogharbel
16 Mar 2015

As the fourth anniversary of the outbreak of the Syrian Civil War looms, it becomes increasingly difficult to overstate the magnitude of the human catastrophe that has unfolded since March 15, 2011, the day typically cited as the beginning of a conflict that has now how claimed in excess of 220,000 deaths (UN) and driven more than 3.8m Syrians into Turkey, Lebanon, Jordan, Iraq and Egypt (UNHCR). Factoring in those estimated to have been internally displaced, nearly half the country’s entire population had been uprooted by August 2014 alone (UN).
To shed light upon the scale of the world’s worst humanitarian catastrophe in decades, Transterra Media is using the occasion to emphasize the courage and sheer audacity of the Syrian men and women that have been risking their lives to share their countrymen’s plight with the world over the past four years. Whether in photographs and video from the besieged heart of Homs; the desperate living conditions of rebel-held suburbs of Damascus; the mass exodus of Assyrian Christians into Kurdistan; or footage from ISIS-controlled areas detailing the Islamic State’s propaganda wing, educational initiatives and incarceration policies, TTM’s raw, heartrending and rare access to the Syrian Civil War gives the outside world an intimate glimpse into the true, human dimensions of the conflict.
As destructive, unpredictable and painful as the war has been, the battle lines are still shifting every day. One day Kobane is taken by ISIS; the next it’s liberated by Kurdish forces. And while the Syrian war draws in more and more foreign powers in the sky, the presence of international media on the ground has all but dwindled to none. Hence the enormous importance of bold, thoughtful and inquisitive contributors actually in Syria – a critical strength of TTM since 2011.
In light of the 4th anniversary of the Syrian Crisis, TTM has created a special archive for our database of stories from Syria since the outbreak of hostilities in 2011.
Dreadful Disease Appears in Eastern Ghouta

https://www.transterramedia.com/media/53375

The Syrian Teenager Who "Chose" War Over School

https://www.transterramedia.com/media/55956

Syrian Brothers Survive in Damascus

https://www.transterramedia.com/media/42168

Syria's Orphans Stuck in Limbo

https://www.transterramedia.com/media/55660

Picking Mushrooms for a Living in Syria

https://www.transterramedia.com/media/52899

Starving in Al hajar al aswad during Ramdan

https://www.transterramedia.com/media/40080

Desperate Living Conditions in Rebel-held Suburb of Damascus

https://www.transterramedia.com/media/57454

Profiteering in Besieged Damascus

https://www.transterramedia.com/media/53889

Digging for Antiquities in Rural Aleppo

https://www.transterramedia.com/media/57424

Inside the Last Rebel Bastion of Homs

https://www.transterramedia.com/media/49403

Syrian Palestinian Refugees Risk their Lives to Reach Europe

https://www.transterramedia.com/media/53174

Syrian Assyrians Flee ISIS to Qamishli

https://www.transterramedia.com/media/57378

Iraqi Christians Escape ISIS and Find Refuge in Lebanon

https://www.transterramedia.com/media/54174

Living Conditions “Extremely Bad” in ISIS-Controlled Jarabulus

https://www.transterramedia.com/media/56764

Kurdish, Arab Forces Retake Strategic Town From ISIS

https://www.transterramedia.com/media/57453

Censored Video From ISIS-Controlled Deir-al-Zor, Syria

https://www.transterramedia.com/media/56900

Destruction and Relief Accompany Liberation from ISIS

https://www.transterramedia.com/media/57494

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The Destruction of Damascus' Eastern ...
Unnamed Road, Irbin,Syria
By abdalmanamissa
03 Mar 2015

A series of photographs charting the destruction of several eastern suburbs of Damascus that fell under rebel control and were subsequently shelled and bombed by government forces. 

 

 

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Desperate Living Conditions in Rebel-...
Jobar
By abdalmanamissa
26 Feb 2015

Jobar, Syria
February 26, 2015

The Damascus suburb of Jobar has been transformed into a devastated ghost town after more than more than two years of heavy battles between government and opposition fighters have failed to bring decisive victory to either side.

The very few civilians who remain in the neighborhood gather broken doors and furniture from wrecked homes to provide firewood.

SHOTLIST AND TRANSCRIPT

R-L pan of destroyed building
Traveling of road
Traveling of tunnel
Traveling of three children amid destruction
Various traveling of streets
Various of man chipping wood
Various/ traveling of roads
Wide of two women walking amide destroyed buildings
Various/ traveling of roads
Wide of destroyed building
Wide/ zoom in of two children carrying wood
Various of men sitting around a fire
Wide of fighters
Close-up of axe chopping wood
Wide/ zoom out of men carrying large bags

04:00 – 04:47

SOUNDBITE (Arabic, Man) Abu Ahmed, a fighter in Jobar Neighborhood

“As you can see, there are no civilians. There is no firewood nor any other means of heating. There is no electricity or diesel. All of this disappeared a long time ago. [NAT Sound: Heavy gunshot]. People come under shelling and shooting as they gather firewood. They take wood from wrecked houses and cut down trees – anything that can be used to provide heating because there is no diesel. People of all ages are doing what it takes to manage. They come all the way from over there. God, not us, is protecting them. They gather some firewood and then leave. The situation is extremely tragic. It is more difficult for civilians than it is for us.“

SOUNDBITE (Arabic, Man) Unnamed fighter in Jobar Neighborhood
04:48 – 05:36

“As you can see, dear brother, the situation is deplorable. People suffer from the lack of fuel and other basic necessities needed for heating and cooking. People are using wood from homes, which, as you can see, have been bombed, especially in Jobar. There are many destroyed homes. In general, Jobar has entirely been destroyed. People use any available wood from doors, window shutters and furniture. Everything is ruined and people go out to gather wood to provide heating for their children and prepare food. People undergo a lot of risk while doing this, under shelling from rockets and from warplanes.”

Wide of smoke rising as a result of bombing

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Censored Video From ISIS-Controlled D...
Deir-al-Zor
By abd alkareem
15 Feb 2015

Deir al-Zor, Syria

February 15, 2015

This video was recorded in the ISIS-controlled city of Deir al-Zor, in eastern Syria with the approval ISIS. The cameraman was escorted by a member of the group during the recording and the video was subjected to review and censorship by ISIS.
The appearance of this video on the Transterra Media website does not in anyway constitute an endorsement by Transterra Media of ISIS or any claims or statements made in this video.

The video shows detainees held by the ISIS police force, known as Al-Hisba. The detainees are believed to have been arrested for smoking or not praying, which are considered crimes according to ISIS’ interpretation of Islamic Sharia law. The video offers an insight of the moral disciplining and law enforcement measures practiced by ISIS.
In addition the video shows a nighttime public gathering and scenes of Deir al-Zor streets, where ISIS banners and propaganda billboards are conspicuous.
The video also shows ISIS fighters firing weapons in what is believed to be a battle against Syrian Army forces in the Huweijat Saqe area near Deir al

SHOTLIST and TRANSCRIPT

Zoom out of “reconciliation hall” door/ L-R pan inside police station.

Wide of ISIS security members and civilians inside police station.

Medium of poster declaring “The 10 practices that nullify faith in Islam.” Zoom out of detainees sitting under the poster/ R-L pan of detainees seemingly reading the Quran.

Various of preacher talking to detainees NAT Sound (Arabic, Man), Unnamed ISIS Preacher
01:04 – 01:33
“[Citing a saying by the Prophet Mohammad] That which differentiates us from them [unbelievers] is our performance of prayer. He who abandons it becomes a unbeliever. Imam Ahmad, a man for whose existence we thank God, said: ‘He who abandons prayers deliberately and out of laziness is a unbeliever.’ This is not a simple matter. It is a matter of belief or disbelief, of going to paradise or hell.”

Wide of man calling for praying for prayer as detainees prepare to start praying.

SOUNDBITE (ARABIC, Man) Unnamed detainee
01:51 – 02:01
“I was arrested for smoking. I have been here for two hours. There is no problem. All of this is in our interest.”

SOUNDBITE (ARABIC, Man) Unnamed detainee
02:02 – 02:49
- You were inside the police station, right? - Yes. - How long have were you arrested for? - Three or four days. - What was your charge? - I was accused of smoking.
- How were you treated inside? - The treatment is in accordance with Islam. - Did you see anything that was not good? - No, no. - Did anyone force to do anything? - No, everything was according to God’s Sharia. - Did you see anyone at the police station who being treated better than you were? - No, no. Everybody was treated the same way. There was no difference among people. - No you have been released by the police. Will you be arrested again? - No, no. I will commit this sin again.

Wide of released detainee talking to ISIS security officers.

Traveling shot of released detainee walking with security officer out of police station.

Various shots of children and adults watching ISIS propaganda film featuring battles in a public square.

Various shots of crowd waving ISIS flags. NAT Sound (Arabic) Crowd repeat after man speaking over loudspeaker (05:02 - 5:17): “The prophet is our leader; the Quran is our constitution; the State of the Caliphate is our state.”

Close-up/zoom out propaganda CDs with the title “The evidence that a woman’s face should be covered” being handed out to crowd of young men.

Moving shot of ISIS fighter handing out chocolate to children.

Wide/zoom out of street lined with ISIS flags.

Traveling of road sign at the entrance of Deir al-Zor and street. NAT Sound (Arabic): ISIS anthem/ billboard promoting hijab (6:43)

Various shots of ISIS flags hung on street light poles (07:15). Wide of billboard discouraging smoking. The right-hand side of the billboard bears what appears to be the image of miswak, a plant the prophet recommended for good breath in the Quranic verse, “He alloweth unto them things clean.” The second half of the billboard features what appears to be a cigarette stub, as well as the Quranic verse “And He forbiddeth unto them things impure.” The billboard is signed: “The Islamic State, Province of the Good,” the name given to Deir al-Zor by ISIS.

Various of ISIS flags hung on street light poles

Medium/zoom out of billboard: “There shall be a caliphate according to the Prophet’s path,” signed by the Islamic State.

Close-up/ zoom out of ISIS flags hung on street light poles.

Tilt down on ISIS flags hung on street light poles/zoom in on billboard: “There shall be a caliphate according to the Prophet’s path,” signed by the Islamic State.

Traveling of street; billboard reads: “There shall be caliphate according to the Prophet’s path”

Various of women wearing the niqab walking in market.

L-R pan of shops/ lettering on the wall reads: “O God, bring your victory soon.”

Wide of women Various of women wearing the niqab walking in market

Moving shot of ISIS fighters in a speed boat moving in the Euphrates NAT Sound (Arabic) fighter: "The State of Islam shall remain despite the awakenings and the Alawites.”

Various of fighters firing a heavy machine gun in an exchange of fire NAT Sound (Arabic) Unseen man: (12:22 – 12:37) “God is great! A mujahid returns the fire at regime troops at Huweijat Saqer. (13:15 – 13:17) The state of Islam shall remain.”

13:26: Nat SOUND fighters, “The state of Islam shall remain.”

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FSA Fights to Protect Civil Status Re...
Damascus
By Mohamad al-jazaare
09 Nov 2014

Eastern Ghouta, Syria
November 2014

A Free Syrian Army (FSA) group took over the civil status registry near Damascus. The official building contains documents such as birth certificates, identity card application forms and marriage contracts.

FSA fighters claim that they moved the documents through tunnels to a safe location after discovering that part of them has been damaged by the fighting.

This footage shows the battle to take over the civil status office near Damascus and the official building from the inside. A large amount of personal status documents can be seen, some of them torn.

Fighters can be seen in the video carrying large bags of documents through tunnels.

Shot List

1 Wide of fighter shooting through hole.
2 Wide of fighters running to re-position.
3 Wide of fighters taking cover.
4 Medium of fighter shooting through hole.
5 Wide of fighters taking cover.
6 Wide of shooting machine gun mounted on vehicle.
7 Wide of smoke.
8 Wide of destroyed buildings.
9 Various of fighters running/ walking amid rubble

10 SOUNDBITE (Arabic, Man) FSA commander Abu al-Jud

"We took over the civil registry office and the mosque. We advanced from the right side and took over Lamees area, and we also took over the Mazda company building. We are now very close to the municipality."

11 Close up of sign “Store” 12 Close up sign “Documents Certification”
13 Close up of writing on wall.
14 Close up of computers.
15 Close up of writing on wall.
16 Close up of ID cards.
17 Wide of inside building.
18 Various ID application forms for ID.
19 Close of birth certificate.
20 Various of torn documents.
21 Close up of broken ID, spent bullets on the floor.
22 Close up of IDs on the floor.
23 SOUNDBITE (Arabic. Man) FSA commander Mufid Abdel Hadi

"After liberating the civil registry office, we realized the importance of the documents that the regime tried to burn. We informed special committees about the documents and they confirmed that we need to recover them. We dug underground tunnels with the help of fighters and we took the documents to a safe place."

24 Medium of men taking documents out of bags
25 Close up of fighter taking documents out of bag.

26 SOUNDBITE (Arabic, Man) FSA commander Abu al-Jud

“Some of these documents are burnt.”

27 Wide of registry books.
28 Various of torn documents.
29 Wide of fighters carrying bags through tunnel.
30 Various of documents.
31 SOUNDBITE (Arabic, Man) Uabada, Member of pro-opposition Legal Office

"We are now in the civil registry office for Damascus and its rural areas. We are at the front line of Erbeen, since it has been liberated by the fighters. The office is always a target for shelling and bombing by the regime. We found many important documents such as birth and death certificates, marriage licenses, and civil documents for people from Damascus and its rural areas. Not only for inhabitants of Erbeen, but also those from Kalamoon, Haramoon, and al-Yarmouk camp."

32 Various of fighters walking through tunnel.

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FSA Liberates Checkpoints in Maarat A...
Maarat Al-Noaman , Idlib, Syria
By TTM Contributor 10
08 Jul 2014

Units of the FSA and the opposition have announced their desire to liberate checkpoints in Idlib. A wide variety of artillery was used in the battle over the checkpoints, including anti-tank missiles, tanks, and canons. The rebels raided al-Tarraf checkpoint and liberated it from government control after destroying two tanks and capturing another, along with a large amount of munitions. The fighters also destroyed tanks in al-Dahman and al-Madajen, and killed and injured dozens of government fighters. Meanwhile, the town of Kfaroumah and the surrounding area has been bombarded by government airstrikes leaving eight rebels dead and many more injured.

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Syrians in Opposition-Held Damascus S...
By Rame ALsayaed
03 Jun 2014

June, 3, 2014,
al-Hajar al-Aswad

Residents in the opposition-held Damascus suburb of al-Hajar al-Aswad tell of starvation and mourning on election day and express their opinions about the Syrian presidential election. Opposition-held areas, like al-Hajar al-Aswad, are excluded from the voting process and have no polling stations.

Vox Pop 1:
“[We are] Still going on with our lives. We have no idea about the election happening outside. We are here in a besieged area in southern Damascus where we have no electricity and no water. We do not know what is happening outside of this area and we are still going on with the revolution. And about the election, who is it for? For the people’s blood, or for the chemical and barrel bombs? Or for the children who he [Bashar al-Assad] starved and slaughtered? What elections is he talking about? The country is destroyed and there are nine million refugees within Syria and outside. What should we put in the ballot boxes, the names of the martyrs? The names of the children who died from chemical weapons? Or the children who were slaughtered? What elections? For the country that is now occupied by Iran and Russia, the country that he [Bashar al-Assad] destroyed? Now he wants to make elections?!”

Vox Pop 2:
“This election is a joke. It is made so we would vote for a appalling president. Here in the liberated areas we are living our lives normally and we do not care about such an election, it is not credible and he is lying to the people. He is lying to himself and to the people because they are stupid and they need a stupid president like himself”.

Vox Pop 3:
“First let him bring back my mother and father who he killed with bombs and then I will vote for him. And let him give us food and water and open the roads for us and then I will vote for him”.

Vox Pop 4:
“This is the clearest image of the election. If you want to know about the election look at this: a bit of rice and soup, we are starved and besieged. Either you starve or kneel. If you want to vote for Bashar al-Assad, then you have to kneel before him. Let whoever wants to vote for him and kneel. This is the clearest image of the election, we have been completely besieged by the regime for over a year now. The election that we are having here in al-Hajar al-Aswad is being called the "Blood election". It [the Blood Election] is the election for the martyrs of the brigades of the FSA in the southern area. This [the Blood Election] is the real election because it is not meant for Bashar, [the person] who destroyed the country, killed people, and raped women”.

Vox Pop 5:
Interviewer: There is an election going on today...

“What election? Look at the people standing in line, waiting for the bit of rice to eat! And you say election?!”

Vox Pop 6:
“This election is for him and his thugs. Whoever demanded freedom has no election. This election is for his thugs”.

Vox Pop 7:
“As you can see we are breaking wood. We have no opinion in the election because we demanded freedom. We no longer have an opinion and he [Bashar al Assad] will win 100%. His people, his supporters, and his thugs are more important [to Bashar al-Assad] than us. All of this is for the international community so it would agree with him because it is just as hypocritical as Bashar al-Assad. As you can see, we are excluded from all of this”.

Vox Pop 8:
Interviewer: Today election is going on in Damascus, what are you doing?

“As you can see, this is the election for Bashar. We are cooking on wood fire to eat, that is if we eat. What is this election for? For the barrel bombs or our children who they [the Syrian Army/Government] have abducted? Or for my son who starved to death? Why should we vote for him [Bashar al-Assad]? If we do not vote for him they [the government/army] would hurt us when we stop at check points. Why would we vote for him? You can see our situation, we are begging for food, a bag of flour costs 1000 Syrian Pounds ($4). We go from place to place begging for food. One day we eat and ten days we have nothing to eat. Why would we vote for him after all this? For our children who died or the ones they have abducted or the innocent who had done nothing? May God have no mercy for him. If we find a bit of food to eat I hope he never finds it”.

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Syria Today by Hamza Abozeid
Syria
By Transterra Editor
07 Oct 2013

Photos of Syria covering Maskah and Ar Raqqah

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Zeyad, instant smile and a passion fo...
Ar Raqqa, syria
By Hamza Abozeid
01 Oct 2013

Zeyad is an engineering student who couldn't continue his study because of the events in the country and chose to volunteer with the Ahrar Al Sham Islamic movement, he is aiming to continue his education and gain his degree in engineering after the war ends, only God knows when!

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One day it was a class room!
Ar Raqqa, syria
By Hamza Abozeid
01 Oct 2013

The first lesson in the reading class is:
Dad died, mum died, Bassem died, Rabab died.

أول درس في كتاب القراءة : مات بابا ماتت ماما مات باسم ماتت رباب

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Ammo, What are you filming?
Ar Raqqa, syria
By Hamza Abozeid
01 Oct 2013

The kid stopped to ask us about what we are filming when we were taking photos of his school which was bombed by Al Asad regime two days earlier.

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Dr.Adnan - from death evolves life
Ar Raqqa, syria
By Hamza Abozeid
01 Oct 2013

A clinic still operating under a bombed house in Ar Raqqah.

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Hope ...
Ar Raqqa, syria
By Hamza Abozeid
01 Oct 2013

You can bomb my school, destroy my house but you will never kill my freedom ...
A kid standing over the pile of his neighbours house which was bombed earlier.

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A kid scared of being photographed ..
Ar Raqqa, syria
By Hamza Abozeid
01 Oct 2013

A sneaked photo for a kid, the kid was scared of been photographed, Al Asad regime killed and tortured many kids.

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One day it was a class room!
Ar Raqqa, syria
By Hamza Abozeid
01 Oct 2013

The first lesson in reading class is:
Dad died, mum died, Bassem died, Rabab diead!

أول درس في كتاب القراءة : مات بابا ماتت ماما مات باسم ماتت رباب

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One day students were walking these s...
Ar Raqqa, syria
By Hamza Abozeid
01 Oct 2013

Photo was taken in one of the bombed schools in Ar Raqqah, the city has many bombed schools.

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One of the bombed houses in Ar Raqqah...
Ar Raqqa, syria
By Hamza Abozeid
01 Oct 2013

Syrians got used to airplanes flying in the sky bombing houses, schools and mosques randomly.

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One of the bombed schools in Ar Raqqah
Ar Raqqa, syria
By Hamza Abozeid
01 Oct 2013

The air planes have targeted schools and not the headquarters of the resisting rebels!
The mayor office/palace was near by and it was not touched.

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One of the headquarters of the politi...
Ar Raqqa, syria
By Hamza Abozeid
01 Oct 2013

The political security was one of the most terrible bodies of the regime where lots of torture used to take place.

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School book cover
Ar Raqqa, syria
By Hamza Abozeid
01 Oct 2013

The photo is taken for a school book cover in the pile of one of the bombed schools in Ar Raqqah

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School books from the pile
Ar Raqqa, syria
By Hamza Abozeid
01 Oct 2013

Photo is taken at one of the bombed schools in Ar Raqqah.

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School remnants
Ar Raqqa, syria
By Hamza Abozeid
01 Oct 2013

The school was destroyed, but the children learned a lesson; to live with dignity and stand for truth, photo is taken at on of the bombed schools in Ar Raqqah.

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School yard
Ar Raqqa, syria
By Hamza Abozeid
01 Oct 2013

One of the bombed schools in Ar Raqqah, the city has several bombed schools, one of them was bombed two days before taking this photo, 15 civilians were killed, 10 boy, 3 girls, an office boy and another civilian who was passing by.

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Feeding the hospital stuff the injure...
Maskanah, Syria
By Hamza Abozeid
30 Sep 2013

In one of the hospitals a boy who used to volunteer there was brought dead to the same hospital after being injured in a bomb on the city.The photo was taken in a field hospital in Maskanah

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Syrian rebels check point
Maskanah, Syria
By Hamza Abozeid
30 Sep 2013

Locals organized themselves into troops and teams to free their cities and later to protect it from the regime, the check point is for one of the Islamic rebel movements called: Ahrar Al Sham.

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Hospital guard
Maskanah, Syria
By Hamza Abozeid
30 Sep 2013

The rebels started taking charge of running the freed cities from the regime, safety was on top of their priorities, the photo is for a soldier from Ahrar Al Sham movement who is protecting the field hospital.

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This is war ...
Maskanah, Syria
By Hamza Abozeid
30 Sep 2013

It is a war for freedom and dignity, the photo is for one of the members of the Ahrar Al Sham movement at a check point.

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Al Qaeda Affiliated Rebels Execute Al...
Raqqa, Syria
By Transterra Editor
16 Sep 2013

-Al Qaeda affiliated rebels in Syria executed two Alawite men on September 16 in the main square of the rebel-controlled city of Raqqa. Fighters from the “Islamic state of the Levant and Iraq”, a Sunni extremist group affiliated with Al Qaeda, justified the execution on the grounds that the men were “Nusaries”, a derogritory term used to describe members of the Alawite sect of Islam, from which Syrian president Bashar al-Assad hails.

When local women witnessing the execution protested the actions of the fighters, the fighters cursed the women and claimed that the men had raped women in the city of Homs. The men were subsequently executed and their bodies carted away in the back of a pick-up truck. This event has reinforced fears that Sunni extremists will try to eliminate the Alawite community of Syria if president Bashar al-Assad falls from power.

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Al Qaeda-affiliated Rebels Execute Tw...
Raqqa, Syria
By Al Raqqa Hurra
16 Sep 2013

Al Qaeda affiliated rebels in Syria executed two Alawite men September 16 in the main square of the rebel-controlled city of Raqqa. Fighters from the “Islamic state of the Levant and Iraq”, a Sunni extremist group affiliated with Al Qaeda, justified the execution on the grounds that the men were “Nusaries”, a derogritory term used to describe members of the Alawite sect of Islam, from which Syrian president Bashar al-Assad hails.

When local women witnessing the execution protested the actions of the fighters, the fighters cursed the women and claimed that the men had raped women in the city of Homs. The men were subsequently executed and their bodies carted away in the back of a pick-up truck. This event has reinforced fears that Sunni extremists will try to eliminate the Alawite community of Syria if president Bashar al-Assad falls from power.

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Deir Ezzor 3: Destroyed Church, City ...
Deir Ezzor, Syria
By Nils Metzger
06 Mar 2013

00:00 - 00:26
Wide shots of rubble, streets, destroyed buildings, markets

00:27 - 00:45
A guide explains how locals hang blankets to hide themselves from regime snipers.

01:25 - 02:09
A Destroyed Armenian church, home to the only exhibition on the Armenian genocide in the Middle East. It has been hit by mortar shelling, a few FSA fighters now try to protect it from possible looters.

All but one Christian family has fled from Deir Ezzor.

02:09 - 02:32
More decimated streets and markets.

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Deir Ezzor 4: Hospital and Social Ser...
Deir Ezzor, Syria
By Nils Metzger
06 Mar 2013

00:00 - 01:05
Surgeons operate on a severely wounded person.

01:06 - 02:14
B-roll of hospital, patients and supplies.

02:15 - 03:35
Interview Ahmed, a volunteer with al-Rawafed

Ahmed: This money comes from private organisations that help our organisation in a complete and continuous manner, to help this organisation go on with its great and hard work. Like we've said before, our volunteers already work in all areas, in everything, the kitchen, the bakery the food shop to prepare the food. The organisation feeds more than 500 families. It is currently responsible for over 500 families in this city. As much as we can we try to find a protected place for the organisation and the volunteers out of fear for their safety and to enable them to keep preparing food and to distribute it. This is because of the ferocity of the bombardment under which the people of this city have suffered for a long time.

04:45 - 06:05: Interview with resident at al-Rawafed social centre

Resident: For us, the aid we currently receive is absolutely necessary. Every day they distribute bread that is basic food, and then there are additional things. The people cannot work, the shops are closed, the houses destroyed and everyone is out of work . The aid organisations help the citizens that have stayed in the country to live. Staying in our country is better than living refugee camp. This country is our country and will stay our country. The more it is destroyed and the more it decays, the more will we resist the bombardment. We can never abandon this country. I have no intention to go to a refugee camp.

R: The land is inhabited by it's people, we will properly live here again. We are calm and we are not afraid, No one else will live here. We will stay here and live here.

R: We do not care about this any more, the bombardments and the destruction. We are people who believe in God and fear no one but Him, he is the one who cares for us and protects us.

06:05 - 06:20
A child collecting bread

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Deir Ezzor 2: Following Opposition Gr...
Deir Ezzor, Syria
By Nils Metzger
06 Mar 2013

00:00 - 01:28: Wide shots of destroyed city streets and blocks

04:02: An explosion with the sound of an airplane flying overhead as interviewee speaks.

06:57: Fighter fires machine gun from building

01:29 - 02:31
Interview with a fighter from the Al-Abbas Katiba

Fighter: So, first of all, they call me Abu Halab, I am a fighter from the al-Abbas Katiba and I am in charge of this zone of the Hatel quarter, against the regime's army.

F: Of course, we were forced to pick up arms. We are civilians, normal people, no one if front us or behind us. We had to start carrying weapons because of this situation, this ferocious campaign. We are facing an organised army, with tanks, rockets fire, an air force, artillery, all sorts of weapons. We had to pick up arms to counter this attack and the army. This is how it is, and this is the situation we are living in.

F: We are currently staying in this place. We eat and drink and sleep here. In terms of battles, we're constantly watching the army. They've got positions close by. In case we see any movement, so if a tanks moves, or soldiers, we engage them.

02:32 - 04:41
Translator: So you're guarding the place in shifts?

F:Yes, there is always someone on guard. 24 hours a day. But this is urban warfare. Sometimes we have to enter houses and it turns to a house-by-house battle.

F: Concerning the liberation of Syria, there are a few obstacles. The biggest problem is ammunition, we do not have enough. All the ammunition I have I carry. I cannot give it to all the others This is the sound of plane flying above us.

T: A helicopter

F: Yes. Speaking of the helicopters, we do not have anything like that and have nothing to fight them with. We need some rockets to shoot down the planes. To stop the air strikes and to frighten the army we are fighting. Our enemies need to know that we are weakert. We have automatic rifles, RPGs, so we can sort of deal with tanks, but for the air force we need missiles.

F: First I will talk about the situation in general and them speak about Deir El-Zor specifically.
The media in Syria always focusses on one certain place, for example Halab, Sham or Homs. But Deir Ezzor is completely marginalised. Sometimes, and very unregularily it comes up in the news and not always correct and complete. In Deir Ezzor, the media cover maybe 10 to 15 percent of what happens in this zone, but they do not transmit a clear or true picture. I only ask one thing from the media, that they come here and transmit the truth, the images of this situation in its correct form. We do not want the picture to be distorted. We want the truthful image, that of destrcution...

04:42 - 05:28
T: The image of this truth, destruction, injustice

F: Well, you can see with your own eyes where we are now: the destruction, there is nothing left. We are grateful for you. This is the first time that I see journalists coming here to film anything.

F: With regards to living in the country and us as fighters, the country needs security forces to maintain order, the army needs to order it. We want to move on from this phase to the phase of adjusting the country. The country needs jobs, like carpenter or painters and so on, all of them need to participate in this question, and in reforming security. Everyone who has an interest and can help. And God willing we will be able to live in this country, step by step.

05:29 - 09:21: B-roll: Members of "al-Abbas"-Katiba try to conquer a building controlled by the Syrian Army: City Destruction, Action shots, battle scenes, gunfire

Frame 0004
Deir Ezzor 1: The Nusra Front
Deir Ezzor, Syria
By Nils Metzger
06 Mar 2013

Interview with Abu Hasim, a Jabhat al-Nusra field commander (dressed in black), and Abu Ishaq, his spokesperson (blue sweater), conducted at their headquarters in Deir Ezzor. They explain why they welcome foreign fighters in Syria and how they want to establish Islamic rule over Syria. Among other things, they address suicide bombings, their position towards religious minorities and their relations with al-Qaida in Iraq.

Sound bites:
01:44 - 01:51
In the phase following Bashar's removal, our first and primary objective is to establish an Islamic nation ruled by the Qur'an.

02:53 - 03:16
With some groups that are fighting the regime, we believe that there are shared interests in terms of overthrowing Bashar. But after Bashar is gone, we have our own aims and plans.

04:10
Terrorism is a doctrine for Muslims.

04:25 - 04:32
We do not receive financial support from other countries-- not from Al Qaeda, the Arab League or NATO.

11:55 - 12:08
Until now, Christians have not turned against us. We'll deal with the issue of Christians, Armenians and other minorities after we get rid of Bashar.

FULL INTERVIEW:
00:00 - 00:44
Abu Ishaq: I will speak in terms in accordance with Sharia law, so the term revolutionaries is not acceptable, we are waging Jihad. I see myself as one of the mujahideen, fighters who have gone out to fight in the name of God and establish God's law in this land, and this is a legitimate right that is in our hands. Bush spoke of the war in Iraq as a crusade, citing the Bible. So as Muslims we have the right to follow this religion and to fight against anyone who stands between us and this objective.

00:45 - 02:07
AI: The truth of the matter is that the infidels are the ones who enter our lands so we are not the ones who attack them. At the moment, we see the FSA as a legitimate group that defends the faith and we support them to be victorious. This is how it looks to us. In the future, we may act differently, but at the current time we support the FSA against Bashar and his allies to overthrow them. We show them the meaning of self-sacrifice and Jihad, which is not limited to carrying arms, as the Prophet said: “Fight the inidels with your money, souls and tongues.” So Jihad in our Islamic Sharia has all these forms, fighting with weapons, with the pen, helping the poor, protecting public institutions, all these are forms of Jihad.In the phase following Bashar's removal, our first and primary objective is to establish an Islamic nation ruled by the Qur'an. In terms of the civil state, if this is to be a civil state as to the fact that it's governed by institutions, this is not against the law. But if it is to be a democratic state then of course we say no. But if it is a country of institutions according to God's prescription, then yes.

02:08 - 03:24
AI: This is our aim, an Islamic civil state. Like Abu Satef says, if it is a country against Islamic prescriptions then we don not agree to it, but if we say we create this, this and that institutions then we are OK with it – there are two meanings to the word civil.

AI: This is one of the faulty ideas, that politics and Sharia are far apart. There is a book called “The Book of Sharia Politics”, written by some scholars, and some concepts can confuse people. Politics is a part of religion, and it is not to be separated from religion – otherwise we would become secularists. With some groups that are fighting the regime we believe that there are shared interests in terms of overthrowing Bashar. But after Bashar is gone, we have our own aims and plans. We know that we are in the right.

03:25 - 04:10
AI: Since the time of the Prophet until God takes over his land and who is on it there will be falsehoods. When Muhammad came out with his call, they said he was a poet, a wizard, a liar. This is the way of unjust people, tarnishing the people who are in the right. And terrorism is a doctrine for Muslims.

[inaudible question] 04:11 - 09:06 [partial translation]
AI: No, these are lies, the Front is a group among many that fight for Syria to topple the dictator and install the law of God. We do not receive financial support from other countries-- not from Al Qaeda, the Arab League or NATO.

AI: First, all our strenght comes from and is the will of God. It is the faith of our fighters, the suicide attacks of our heroes that make us what we are in relation to other groups. But our weapons we have obtained from Bashar's soldiers.

AI: The mass media spread false allegations in order to destroy the truth. How can we compare suicide attacks with bombings by American fighter jets that destroy entire cities? They are just a drop in the ocean. One or two civilians get killed but if we compare this to thousands who get killed by German or US soldiers in Afghanistan then you have to agree this comparison is unjust.

Deir Ezzor is suffering from the absence of foreign media. Especially if you think about that this is the region in Syria with the most oil. But thank God we are advancing every single day and we will pursue this goal until every square meter of Deir Ezzor and Syria is freed.

AI: alhammdulah we have many members ... but I can not tell exactly how many we have. We have no financial support from al-Qaeda or Arab countries or any foreign country. All our weapons were snatched by our heroes from regime soldiers in battles.

AI: What characterizes the Front in combat situations is the courage and the discipline of our fighters. Thank God many fighters arrived who helped in past revolutions in Libya and Iraq. This is what makes us stronger in combat. We have many specialists and missile experts. Also our social work has been well accepted by the Syrian people. We are known for our our services and that we protect their property.

(question: There are many rumors circulating about the al-Midan bombings in January 2012 especially since many civilians have been killed – were these the first attacks by Jabhat al-Nusra?)

AI: There is no proof that our brothers were responsible for this operation. According to my knowledge, the regime planed them in order to destroy the positive image of the fighters. They have not presented us with proof. If al-Nusra were responsible for this attack it would have been one of the very few mistakes. In every military organization orders by the commander have to be followed, this is also true for those by Abu Muhammad al-Golani. This is true for combat units but also for the Emirs who lead entire cities. In the end they all respond to the orders of Sheikh al-Golani.

09:07 - 10:44
Abu Hasim: There are courses and training camps but those are all secret and no one must tell about them. Al-Nusra is always working in secret until it strikes...

[missing translation]

We have in many ways a special relationship with the media. Most of our operations are secret and they are superior for being secret. That way no rumors get out – no one manipulates more than the media...

[missing translation]

10:45 - 11:07
There are many false rumours about us. Jabhat al-Nusra is in a situation of self-defense. We defend the people of Syria. It is Bashar who murders children and rapes women. We are not responsible for that.

It is America, Walid bin Talal and the Jews who control the media.

11:08 - 12:00
... [missing translation] AH: Our aim is to demonstrate our faith to the almighty God and to end the injustice against muslims. This includes Christians and all other faiths that accept the divine sharia.

11:55 - 12:08
AI: Until now, Christians have not turned against us. We'll deal with the question of Christians, Armenians and other minorities after we get rid of Bashar.

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Armed Militiamen
Tripoli, Lebanon
By Randa Mirza
21 May 2012

Sheikh Ahmad Abed Al-Wahed burial took place in the midst of threats directed by Sunni figures against the Lebanese army they accused of being biased in favor of Hezbollah. The Sheikh’s supporters assumed that the Lebanese army murdered the Sheikh because he was one of the most prominent supporters of the Syrian revolution in Lebanon while supporters of the Syrian regime claimed he was smuggling weapons in to the rebels in Syria.