Frame 0004
Sunni Tribe in Iraq Trains Child Sold...
Ramadi
By mushtaq mohammed
02 Mar 2015

March 2, 2015
Anbar, Iraq

Children of the Sunni tribe of Bou Fahed receive weapons and trench-warfare training from community elders in Ramadi, al-Anbar province, Iraq in order to prepare them against potential ISIS assaults. In the video, boys as young as 12 claim to have taken part in pitched battles against ISIS, whereas others appearing much younger hold automatic weapons and join in chants vowing to "die with dignity" and defend their land from ISIS with their "dead bodies". One says he would rather train in combat in order to please his father and bring honor on his family than go to school. Abu Oman, a tribal Sheikh, says that teaching young children to defend their honor and protect their land is part of tribal tradition, and it is a father's duty to teach his son the importance of these virtues.

Transcription:

Trainer (man, Arabic):

(00:07) If you see anybody moving in front of you, shoot him. Our enemies are located from this point onward.

(00:21) You are the men of…

Children: Bou Fahed men!

Trainer: Whose men are you?

Children: The Bou Fahed!

(00:30) Trainer: Would you allow ISIS to come here?

Children: No!

(00:57) Trainer: By God, you will fight in real life, not in some fake battle.

(01:16) Hold it like that, to the front.

(01:24) Put the rifle butt against your shoulder.

(01:45) Trainer: Who is your enemy?

Children: ISIS! (Shouting)

Trainer: Do you want to fight them?

Children: Yes! (Shouting)

Trainer: You are heroes, good job.

Oman, 12 years old, (Child, Arabic):

(02:10) We are the heroes of the Bou Fahed clan. We are standing up to ISIS to defend our land and honor.

This is the field of honor, dignity and pride. We are standing here to defend our honor, women and land.

Many battles began in the Eastern Husseiba area, al-Madeek and al-Jareyya. We support our brothers in the police, the army, al-Hashd al-Shaabi (Popular Mobilization militia), and other tribal heroes.

We are steadfast against ISIS. By God, they will only step on this land over our dead bodies.

I participated in the battle of Eastern Huseiba. My brothers from the police and the clans were worried about my safety. But I asked to shoot, and they allowed me to shoot.

My friends at school are proud of me. I support my brothers from the Bou Fahed clan.

Interviewer: Are you not afraid of being injured or hurt? Are you not scared of the sound of shooting? What would you do?

Does one die once or twice?

Interviewer: What is that? Repeat it.

Does one die once or twice? We would rather die with our dignity than live in humiliation.

Ali Kamal Sabagh, 13 years old, (Child, Arabic):

(03:45) The Bou Fahed clan was at the barricade, the Eastern Husseiba barricade. There was shooting. I said: “Should I shoot?” They said: “No, do not.” They did not let me shoot.

They asked me to bring them water, to carry ammunition and bring food. I stayed with them.

Interviewer: Are you not afraid of being injured? What do your friends in school tell you? What class are you in?

I am in seventh grade. I am not afraid of being injured or of anything that might happen to me. All I care about is protecting my home, honor, and dignity.

Interviewer: How do you feel about the police and the army? What does your father do for a living?

I love the police and the army and I wish I could participate with them in fighting ISIS, the terrorists. I hope that ISIS leaves al-Anbar.

My friends ask me if I fear to get injured, I say: “No, I am protecting my home.”

Interviewer: What does your father do for a living?

He works in the police force.

Interviewer: Your father is in the police?

Yes.

Chanting 1:

(04:53) These are the people of al-Ramadi, who did not accept shame.

They are both young and gray-haired,

They are the people of dignity, generosity, manliness and goodness,

We want to die with dignity!

Chanting 2:

We will stand and fight you, ISIS!

You have doomed yourselves by attacking the Bou Fahed clan,

The brave have stood against you,

They will cut your tails.

Chanting 3:

O my brothers,

We are leopards and our flag shall remain high,

We taught the entire universe a lesson,

We will die with our dignity, and never surrender or be humiliated.

O my brothers,

We shall fight,

We are the victorious leopards,

O my brothers,

Cover your head for the Bou Fahed have come.

Abu Oman, Tribal Sheikh (Man, Arabic):

(06:09) People should know that these are the traditions of the clans. We raise our children to have good ethics and religious values; to be generous and respect hospitality. This is the most important message we want to deliver. Our children, in spite of their young age, they were brought up to defend their land, honor, religion, homeland, the province, and the clan. As their fathers we have duties, but they also have duties, too. They need to understand the need to defend honor, land and religion.

We want to deliver this message to anyone who does not understand what a clan means. Each clan can represent a country that has its own traditions, customs and constitution. Whoever does not know this should know it.

Interviewer: How old were you when you started to shoot? Did your father also teach you these things?

I was 10 years old, as I remember. I started to shoot during the good times; at weddings, occasions, and funerals. We learnt how to shoot since we were children.

Interviewer: Do you know anyone from your clan who joined ISIS? What were the reasons behind this?

Unfortunately, yes, there are many people from the clans and from al-Anbar who joined ISIS. They were fooled due to unemployment. They were lured by money.

I hold government officials responsible for this. If they had good intentions to embrace all the sons of Iraq and keep them within a unified country, none of this would have happened.

Thumb sm
he 13th Istanbul Biennial, “Mom, am I...
Istanbul, Turkey
By Claudia Wiens
26 Sep 2013

Istanbul, Turkey. 11th September 2013. The 13th Istanbul Biennial, “Mom, am I barbarian?”, curated by Fulya Erdemci, runs from 14 September untill 20 October. Admission to the biennial exhibitions is free, overlapping with the biennial’s vision to create a public space and be accessible to everyone. © Claudia Wiens

Thumb sm
Daily Life - Poverty & Homelessness (...
Yenagoa, Bayelsa, Nigeria
By Tife Owolabi
17 Jun 2013

Two women in the oil rich Bayelsa State mine small rocks out moulding sand to make ends mate.

Thumb sm
Daily Life - Poverty & Homelessness (...
Yenagoa, Bayelsa, Nigeria
By Tife Owolabi
17 Jun 2013

A woman digs into the moulding sand by the road side of Yenagoa to get small rocks for building contruction in the oil rich Bayelsa state owing to husband jobless to provide for the family.

Frame 0004
Beach Scene - Barra Grande, Brazil
Barra Grande
By Ralf Falbe
05 Jan 2013

Brazilian girls walking on the beach of Barra Grande, Bahia, Brazil.

Thumb sm
Sand On Smoke
Belén, West Bank
By javiervidela
17 Nov 2012

A Palestinian throws sand on a tear gas canister, launched by the Israeli military, to stop the smoke

Thumb sm
Sanya, China's Hawaii 21
Sanya
By Biel Calderon
23 Oct 2012

A donut shaped floating device at Dadonghai Beach. This tropical destination has become the favorite beach paradise for many Chinese searching for a little sun, coconuts, good vibe and Hawaiian shirts. SANYA, CHINA - May 2012.

Thumb sm
Sanya, China's Hawaii 10
Sanya
By Biel Calderon
23 Oct 2012

A Chinese tourist is resting in a Mall, downtown Sanya city. This unique tourist destination, located South of the tropical island of Hainan, on the coast of the South China Sea, has become the favorite beach paradise of many Chinese people. SANYA, CHINA - May 2012.

Thumb sm
Sanya, China's Hawaii 9
Sanya
By Biel Calderon
23 Oct 2012

Workers gathering clams at Tianya Haijiaoh. The beach area is located at the foot of the Maling Mountain. SANYA, CHINA - May 2012.

Thumb sm
Sanya, China's Hawaii 27
Sanya
By Biel Calderon
23 Oct 2012

A Chinese tourist, wearing a 'Friday' souvenir t-shirt, at Tianya Haijiaoh beach. Also known as 'The Edge of the Sky' and 'The End of the Sea', Tianya Haijiaoh is Sanya's most famous scenic spot and the highlight for almost every visitor. Many Chinese tourists from nearby provinces visit Sanya during weekends to escape city buzz. SANYA, CHINA - May 2012. SANYA, CHINA - May 2012.

Thumb sm
Sanya, China's Hawaii 24
Sanya
By Biel Calderon
23 Oct 2012

Tourists taking pictures at Tianya Haijiaoh. Also known as 'The Edge of the Sky' and 'The End of the Sea', Tianya Haijiaoh is undoubtedly Sanya's most famous scenic spot and the highlight for almost every visitor. SANYA, CHINA - May 2012. SANYA, CHINA - May 2012.

Thumb sm
Sanya, China's Hawaii 23
Sanya
By Biel Calderon
22 Oct 2012

A tourist on the promenade of Dadonghai Beach. SANYA, CHINA - May 2012.

Thumb sm
Sanya, China's Hawaii 18
Sanya
By Biel Calderon
22 Oct 2012

Silhouettes of Chinese tourists at the Natural Museum of Sanya. Sanya, located South of the tropical island of Hainan, on the coast of the South China Sea, has become the favorite beach paradise of many Chinese people. SANYA, CHINA - May 2012.

Thumb sm
Sanya, China's Hawaii 26
Sanya
By Biel Calderon
22 Oct 2012

Tourists at Sanya beach. This unique tourist destination, located South of the tropical island of Hainan, on the coast of the South China Sea, has become the favorite beach paradise of many Chinese people. SANYA, CHINA - May 2012.

Thumb sm
Sanya, China's Hawaii 20
Sanya
By Biel Calderon
22 Oct 2012

Chinese tourists at the entrance of the Natural Museum of Sanya. Located in the south of the tropical island of Hainan, with its coast facing the South China Sea, Sanya is the only tropical beach destination in China. SANYA, CHINA - May 2012.

Thumb sm
Sanya, China's Hawaii 17
Sanya
By Biel Calderon
22 Oct 2012

Workers fixing a signboard at Tianya Haijiaoh. Also known as 'The Edge of the Sky' and 'The End of the Sea', Tianya Haijiaoh is undoubtedly Sanya's most famous scenic spot and the highlight for almost every visitors. SANYA, CHINA - May 2012. SANYA, CHINA - May 2012.

Thumb sm
Sanya, China's Hawaii 15
Sanya
By Biel Calderon
22 Oct 2012

A group of tourists enjoying a day at the beach in Sanya City. Package tours from Beijing are increasingly popular among Chinese tourists. SANYA, CHINA - May 2012.

Thumb sm
Sanya, China's Hawaii 13
Sanya
By Biel Calderon
22 Oct 2012

Tianya Haijiaoh, also known as 'The Edge of the Sky' and 'The End of the Sea', is undoubtedly Sanya's most famous scenic spot and the highlight for almost every visitor. SANYA, CHINA - May 2012. SANYA, CHINA - May 2012.

Thumb sm
Sanya, China's Hawaii 11
Sanya
By Biel Calderon
22 Oct 2012

A Chinese tourist taking a nap at Dadonghai Beach. The crescent-shaped beach of 2.3 kilometers length is one of the most popular beaches in Sanya. SANYA, CHINA - May 2012.

Thumb sm
Sanya, China's Hawaii 5
Sanya
By Biel Calderon
22 Oct 2012

A duck shaped floating device at Dadonghai Beach. Sanya, located South of the tropical island of Hainan, on the coast of the South China Sea, has become the favorite beach paradise of many Chinese people. SANYA, CHINA - May 2012.

Thumb sm
Sanya, China's Hawaii 3
Sanya
By Biel Calderon
22 Oct 2012

A Chinese tourist at Dadonghai Beach. Located 3 kilometers southeast of downtown Sanya, Dadonghai Beach is one of the most popular tropical seaside holiday areas in Hainan Province. SANYA, CHINA - May 2012.

Thumb sm
Sanya, China's Hawaii 1
Sanya
By Biel Calderon
22 Oct 2012

A graffiti saying "Forever tropical paradise in Sanya". This unique tourist destination, located South of the tropical island of Hainan, on the coast of the South China Sea, has become the favorite beach paradise of many Chinese people. SANYA, CHINA - May 2012.

Thumb sm
Sanya, China's Hawaii 25
Sanya
By Biel Calderon
22 Oct 2012

Two kids on a bull shaped marble sculpture, downtown Sanya city. This unique tourist destination, located South of the tropical island of Hainan, on the coast of the South China Sea, has become the favorite beach paradise of many Chinese people. SANYA, CHINA - May 2012.

Thumb sm
Sanya, China's Hawaii 16
Sanya
By Biel Calderon
22 Oct 2012

Two Chinese tourists doing exercise at Sanya beach. This unique tourist destination, located South of the tropical island of Hainan, on the coast of the South China Sea, has become the favorite beach paradise of many Chinese people. SANYA, CHINA - May 2012.

Thumb sm
Sanya, China's Hawaii 4
Sanya
By Biel Calderon
22 Oct 2012

Tourists at Tianya Haijiaoh. Also know as 'The Edge of the Sky' and 'The End of the Sea', Tianya Haijiaoh is undoubtedly Sanya's most famous scenic spot and the highlight for almost every visitors. SANYA, CHINA - May 2012. SANYA, CHINA - May 2012.

Thumb sm
Sanya, China's Hawaii 12
Sanya
By Biel Calderon
22 Oct 2012

Downtown Sanya city. This unique tourist destination, located South of the tropical island of Hainan, on the coast of the South China Sea, has become the favorite beach paradise of many Chinese people. SANYA, CHINA - May 2012.

Thumb sm
Sanya, China's Hawaii 8
Sanya
By Biel Calderon
22 Oct 2012

A hotdog stand in a downtown mall of Sanya City. SANYA, CHINA - May 2012.

Thumb sm
Sanya, China's Hawaii 7
Sanya
By Biel Calderon
22 Oct 2012

A taxi driver is driving through Sanya, a tropical island located in the Southern province of Hainan. According to the Hainan Provincial Tourism Development Commission, in 2012, Hainan received 208,300 overnight visitors. SANYA, CHINA - May 2012.

Thumb sm
Sanya, China's Hawaii 6
Sanya
By Biel Calderon
22 Oct 2012

An employee of a restaurant located on the beach in Sanya hugs a mannequin. SANYA, CHINA - May 2012.

Thumb sm
Sanya, China's Hawaii 2
Sanya
By Biel Calderon
22 Oct 2012

A guard is resting on the beach under the shade of a tree. The hottest month of the year in Hainan is June, with temperatures around 28.8 C (83.8 F). SANYA, CHINA - May 2012.

Thumb sm
Sanya, China's Hawaii 22
Sanya
By Biel Calderon
18 May 2012

Tourists at Tianya Haijiaoh. Also known as 'The Edge of the Sky' and 'The End of the Sea', Tianya Haijiaoh is undoubtedly Sanya's most famous scenic spot and the highlight for almost every visitor. SANYA, CHINA - May 2012. SANYA, CHINA - May 2012.

Thumb sm
Sanya, China's Hawaii 19
Sanya
By Biel Calderon
18 May 2012

A Chinese tourist enjoys a day at the beact at Sanya beach. SANYA, CHINA - May 2012.

Thumb sm
Sanya, China's Hawaii 14
Sanya
By Biel Calderon
18 May 2012

Two Chinese tourists wearing hawaiian t-shirts, at Sanya beach. This particular tourist destination, located South of the tropical island of Hainan, on the coast of the South China Sea, has become the favorite beach paradise of many Chinese people. SANYA, CHINA - May 2012.

Thumb sm
Old Saharawi Dwellings
Tindouf, Southwest Algeria
By Docphot
29 Dec 2010

This old dwelling is constucted from sand and water.