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Meskhetian Family
Nasakirali, Georgia
By TemoBardzimashvili
12 Jul 2011

Meskhetian family in Nasakirali, Georgia.
In mid-November 1944, around 100,000 Georgian Muslims from the southern region of Samtskhe-Javakheti were deported to Central Asia. The vast majority of them were Meskhetians (or Meskhetian Turks). In the course of WWII, they were perceived by the Soviet government to be Turkey's potential allies. More than 60 years after the deportation, a few families managed to return to their ancestors' land.

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Remembering Srebrenica
Potocari, Bosnia and Herzegovina
By U.S. Editor
11 Jul 2011

Mourners gather to mourn the victims of Srebrenica genocide at the Potocari memorial center during the burial ceremony.

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Phnom Penh Stampede
Phnom Penh, Cambodia.
By Jeffrey Bright
23 Nov 2010

Family members and friends of the deceased. View notice boards displaying photographs of the 353 stampede victims outside Calmette Hospital. The vast majority of the victims were female and adultescents. Phnom Penh, Cambodia. 23/11/2010

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Phnom Penh Stampede
Phnom Penh, Cambodia.
By Jeffrey Bright
23 Nov 2010

Family members and friends of the deceased. View the notice boards displaying photographs of the stampede victims outside Calmette Hospital the following day. The stampede began at 21:30 local time (14:30 UTC) on a bridge across the Tonlé Sap river, though witnesses said that people had been "stuck on the bridge" for several hours before, and victims were not freed until hours after the actual stampede occurred. 353 people died, and upwards of 755 more people were injured, some seriously, and many local hospitals were pushed far beyond capacity by the influx of victims. Phnom Penh, Cambodia. 23/11/2010

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Phnom Penh Stampede
Phnom Penh, Cambodia.
By Jeffrey Bright
23 Nov 2010

Family members of the deceased. View the notice boards displaying photographs of the stampede victims outside Calmette Hospital the following day. The stampede began at 21:30 local time (14:30 UTC) on a bridge across the Tonlé Sap river, though witnesses said that people had been "stuck on the bridge" for several hours before, and victims were not freed until hours after the actual stampede occurred. 353 people died, and upwards of 755 more people were injured, some seriously, and many local hospitals were pushed far beyond capacity by the influx of victims. Phnom Penh, Cambodia. 23/11/2010

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Phnom Penh Stampede
Phnom Penh, Cambodia.
By Jeffrey Bright
23 Nov 2010

Family members travelled from all over Cambodia to Phnom Penh. In order to identify and prepare family members for burial. The vast majority of the victims were female and adultescents. Phnom Penh, Cambodia. 23/11/2010

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Phnom Penh Stampede
Phnom Penh, Cambodia.
By Jeffrey Bright
23 Nov 2010

Family members travelled from all over Cambodia to Phnom Penh. In order to identify and prepare family members for burial. The vast majority of the victims were female and adultescents. Phnom Penh, Cambodia. 23/11/2010

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Phnom Penh Stampede
Phnom Penh, Cambodia.
By Jeffrey Bright
23 Nov 2010

Family member grieves at Calmette Hospital after identifying victim of the stampede. The vast majority of the victims were female and adultescents. Many of the victims had travel from rural areas of Cambodia to celebrate in the Water Festival or were students studying in Phnom Penh. This meant family members had to travel great distances in order to identify victims. Phnom Penh, Cambodia. 23/11/2010

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Phnom Penh Stampede
Phnom Penh, Cambodia.
By Jeffrey Bright
23 Nov 2010

Two women looking shocked and exausted at Calmette Hospital. Family members travelled from all over Cambodia to Phnom Penh. In order to identify and prepare family members for burial. The vast majority of the victims were female and adultescents. Phnom Penh, Cambodia. 23/11/2010

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Phnom Penh Stampede
Phnom Penh, Cambodia.
By Jeffrey Bright
23 Nov 2010

Once a coffin was detained, family members layed the victims body and carried coffins to army trucks which will deliver coffins to the families home towns and allow families to mourn and bury the deceased. Phnom Penh, Cambodia. 23/11/2010

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Phnom Penh Stampede
Phnom Penh, Cambodia.
By Jeffrey Bright
23 Nov 2010

Once a coffin was detained, family members layed the victims body and carried coffins to army trucks which will deliver coffins to the families home towns and allow families to mourn and bury the deceased. Phnom Penh, Cambodia. 23/11/2010

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Phnom Penh Stampede
Phnom Penh, Cambodia.
By Jeffrey Bright
23 Nov 2010

Once a coffin was detained, family members layed the victims body and carried coffins to army trucks which will deliver coffins to the families home towns and allow families to mourn and bury the deceased. Phnom Penh, Cambodia. 23/11/2010

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Phnom Penh Stampede
Phnom Penh, Cambodia.
By Jeffrey Bright
23 Nov 2010

People desperately rushed and struggled to detain a coffin, which were being delivered through out the day. Phnom Penh, Cambodia. 23/11/2010

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Phnom Penh Stampede
Phnom Penh, Cambodia.
By Jeffrey Bright
23 Nov 2010

Once a coffin was detained, family members layed the victims body and carried coffins to army trucks which will deliver coffins to the families home towns and allow families to mourn and bury the deceased. Phnom Penh, Cambodia. 23/11/2010

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Phnom Penh Stampede
Phnom Penh, Cambodia.
By Jeffrey Bright
23 Nov 2010

Once a coffin was detained, family members layed the victims body and carried coffins to army trucks which will deliver coffins to the families home towns and allow families to mourn and bury the deceased. Phnom Penh, Cambodia. 23/11/2010

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Phnom Penh Stampede
Phnom Penh, Cambodia.
By Jeffrey Bright
23 Nov 2010

Once a coffin was detained, family members layed the victims body and carried coffins to army trucks which will deliver coffins to the families home towns and allow families to mourn and bury the deceased. Phnom Penh, Cambodia. 23/11/2010

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Phnom Penh Stampede
Phnom Penh, Cambodia.
By Jeffrey Bright
23 Nov 2010

Family members outside Calmette Hospital prepare to move loved ones corpse from body bag to a coffin in preparation for funeral and burial. Phnom Penh, Cambodia. 23/11/2010

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Phnom Penh Stampede
Phnom Penh, Cambodia.
By Jeffrey Bright
23 Nov 2010

Family members travelled from all over Cambodia to Phnom Penh. In order to identify and prepare family members for burial. The vast majority of the victims were female and adultescents. Phnom Penh, Cambodia. 23/11/2010

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Phnom Penh Stampede
Phnom Penh, Cambodia.
By Jeffrey Bright
23 Nov 2010

The Cambodian Red Cross assist with operations at Calmette Hospital. Cambodia is one of the region's poorer countries and has an underdeveloped health system, with hospitals barely able to cope with daily demand. Phnom Penh, Cambodia. 23/11/2010

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Phnom Penh Stampede
Phnom Penh, Cambodia.
By Jeffrey Bright
23 Nov 2010

Once a coffin was detained, family members layed the victims body and carried coffins to army trucks which will deliver coffins to the families home towns and allow families to mourn and bury the deceased. Phnom Penh, Cambodia. 23/11/2010

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Phnom Penh Stampede
Phnom Penh, Cambodia.
By Jeffrey Bright
23 Nov 2010

Family members grieve next to the body of a loved one. People desperately rushed and struggled to detain a coffin, which were being delivered through out the day. Once a coffin was detained family members layed the victims body and carried coffins to army trucks which will deliver coffins to the families home towns and allow families to mourn and bury the deceased. Phnom Penh, Cambodia. 23/11/2010

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Phnom Penh Stampede
Phnom Penh, Cambodia.
By Jeffrey Bright
23 Nov 2010

Family members grieve next to the body of a loved one. People desperately rushed and struggled to detain a coffin, which were being delivered through out the day. Once a coffin was detained family members layed the victims body and carried coffins to army trucks which will deliver coffins to the families home towns and allow families to mourn and bury the deceased. Phnom Penh, Cambodia. 23/11/2010

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Phnom Penh Stampede
Phnom Penh, Cambodia.
By Jeffrey Bright
23 Nov 2010

Family members grieve next to the body of a loved one. People desperately rushed and struggled to detain a coffin, which were being delivered through out the day. Once a coffin was detained family members layed the victims body and carried coffins to army trucks which will deliver coffins to the families home towns and allow families to mourn and bury the deceased. Phnom Penh, Cambodia. 23/11/2010

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Phnom Penh Stampede
Phnom Penh, Cambodia.
By Jeffrey Bright
23 Nov 2010

The stampede began at 21:30 local time (14:30 UTC) on a bridge across the Tonlé Sap river. 353 people died, and upwards of 755 more people were injured, some seriously, and many local hospitals were pushed far beyond capacity by the influx of victims. Cambodia is one of the region's poorer countries and has an underdeveloped health system, with hospitals barely able to cope with daily demand. Phnom Penh, Cambodia. 23/11/2010

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Phnom Penh Stampede
Phnom Penh, Cambodia.
By Jeffrey Bright
23 Nov 2010

Family members outside Calmette Hospital prepare to move loved ones corpse from body bag to a coffin in preparation for funeral and burial. Phnom Penh, Cambodia. 23/11/2010

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Phnom Penh Stampede
Phnom Penh, Cambodia.
By Jeffrey Bright
23 Nov 2010

Once victims bodies were identified, families had to wait for a coffin to be delivered by pick up truck. People desperately rushed and struggled to detain a coffin, which were being delivered through out the day. Once a coffin was detained family members layed the victims body and carried coffins to army trucks which will deliver coffins to the families home towns and allow families to mourn and bury the deceased. Phnom Penh, Cambodia. 23/11/2010

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Phnom Penh Stampede
Phnom Penh, Cambodia.
By Jeffrey Bright
23 Nov 2010

Men carry the body of one of the stampede victims outside Calmette Hospital. The vast majority of the 353 deceased were female and adultescents. Cambodia is one of the region's poorer countries and has an underdeveloped health system, with hospitals barely able to cope with daily demand. Phnom Penh, Cambodia. 23/11/2010

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Phnom Penh Stampede
Phnom Penh, Cambodia.
By Jeffrey Bright
23 Nov 2010

Two masked volunteers carry the body of one of the stampede victims outside Calmette Hospital. The vast majority of the 353 deceased were female and adultescents. Cambodia is one of the region's poorer countries and has an underdeveloped health system, with hospitals barely able to cope with daily demand. Phnom Penh, Cambodia. 23/11/2010

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Phnom Penh Stampede
Phnom Penh, Cambodia.
By Jeffrey Bright
23 Nov 2010

Two men peer into one of the tents housing stampede victims inside the grounds of Clamette Hospital. Authorities had estimated that upward of two million people would descend on Phnom Penh for the three-day water festival. Poor policing and crowd control were thought to blame for the 353 victims of the stampede. Phnom Penh, Cambodia. 23/11/2010

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Phnom Penh Stampede
Phnom Penh, Cambodia.
By Jeffrey Bright
23 Nov 2010

One of the tents used to house some of the 353 stampede victims lies empty inside the grounds of Clamette Hospital. Family members travelled from all over Cambodia to Phnom Penh. In order to identify and prepare their loved ones for burial. Cambodia is one of the region's poorer countries and has an underdeveloped health system, with hospitals barely able to cope with daily demand. Phnom Penh, Cambodia. 23/11/2010

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Phnom Penh Stampede
Phnom Penh, Cambodia.
By Jeffrey Bright
23 Nov 2010

Friends and family members comfort eachother at the entrance to one of the tents housing stampede victims inside the grounds of Clamette Hospital. Family members travelled from all over Cambodia to Phnom Penh. In order to identify and prepare their loved ones for burial. Phnom Penh, Cambodia. 23/11/2010

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Phnom Penh Stampede
Phnom Penh, Cambodia.
By Jeffrey Bright
23 Nov 2010

Man sits looking shocked and exausted outside Calmette Hospital. Family members travelled from all over Cambodia to Phnom Penh. In order to identify and prepare family members for burial. The vast majority of the victims were female and adultescents. Phnom Penh, Cambodia. 23/11/2010

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Phnom Penh Stampede
Phnom Penh, Cambodia.
By Jeffrey Bright
23 Nov 2010

Family members hold up a photograph outside Calmette Hospital to try and identify if their loved one is one of the victims of the stampede. The vast majority of the victims were female and adultescents. Cambodia is one of the region's poorer countries and has an underdeveloped health system, with hospitals barely able to cope with daily demand. Phnom Penh, Cambodia. 23/11/2010

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Phnom Penh Stampede
Phnom Penh, Cambodia.
By Jeffrey Bright
23 Nov 2010

Notice boards displaying photographs of the stampede victims outside Calmette Hospital. The vast majority of the victims were female and adultescents. Many of the victims had travel from rural areas of Cambodia to celebrate in the Water Festival or were students studying in Phnom Penh. This meant family members had to travel great distances in order to identify victims. Phnom Penh, Cambodia. 23/11/2010

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Phnom Penh Stampede
Phnom Penh, Cambodia.
By Jeffrey Bright
23 Nov 2010

Family members and friends of the deceased. View notice boards displaying photographs of the 353 stampede victims outside Calmette Hospital. The vast majority of the victims were female and adultescents. Phnom Penh, Cambodia. 23/11/2010

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Phnom Penh Stampede
Phnom Penh, Cambodia.
By Jeffrey Bright
23 Nov 2010

Family members and friends of the deceased. View notice boards displaying photographs of the 353 stampede victims outside Calmette Hospital. The vast majority of the victims were female and adultescents. Phnom Penh, Cambodia. 23/11/2010

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Phnom Penh Stampede
Phnom Penh, Cambodia.
By Jeffrey Bright
23 Nov 2010

Two women, family members of the deceased. View the notice boards displaying photographs of the stampede victims outside Calmette Hospital the following day. The stampede began at 21:30 local time (14:30 UTC) on a bridge across the Tonlé Sap river, though witnesses said that people had been "stuck on the bridge" for several hours before, and victims were not freed until hours after the actual stampede occurred. 353 people died, and upwards of 755 more people were injured, some seriously, and many local hospitals were pushed far beyond capacity by the influx of victims. Phnom Penh, Cambodia. 23/11/2010

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The Last Village
Bohoniki, Poland
By Kirk Ellingham
01 Mar 2010

Muslim Tartars in Poland

Bohoniki is a peaceful little village not far from Sokolka in the east of Poland,it is the last Tartar village before Belarus; maybe also the last of its kind.
There is no doubt that few people would have heard about it be it not for one fact: it was in this area that, in 1679, thirty Tatar soldiers were granted land for their faithful service to the Polish King Jan III Sobieski. A Tatar lady, who takes care of the Mosque, does not fail to stress that it was a reward for their valour in battle. Other sources simply say that the King was in financial straits and presented the land to his Tatar soldiers in lieu of due pay.
There are now only three Tatar families living in Bohoniki, but, considering that the village does not comprise more than thirty houses altogether, they make up about a fifth of the local population. And it is their Mosque that makes the village famous and attracts visitors from all over Poland and abroad.
Eugenia Radkieicz is the Mosque caretaker and you catch her dashing across the empty street to the small wooden Mosque when a tour bus arrives to conduct her lecture on the history of Bohoniki for groups of Polish schoolchildren.

The few families that remain are mostly elderly or sick, Evelina's father is bedridden and suffers from a Liver complaint. She takes care of the animials now and her mother worries about her future, as she must take care of them both when she gets older.
Many of the other family members are alone with their children working in cities as far afield as London to Riad.
Mrs Koztowska's son is in Spain and her elder son just returned from London, she cares for her blind husband who was injured as a boy by a German shell during World War II.
The community is still strong, the Iman comes in from Bialystock once a week for friday prayers and they are trying to set up a Religouse School in nearby Sokolka.
The village is changing though,as the young leave for foreign cities the old are left behind, but they have survived for 400 years in Poland , so they will survive still, by struggling and adapting.
The large Muslim cementary on the wooded hill just outside the village is proof of their endurance and intergration; with its Slavanised surnames and Muslim Crescents.