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Mugat Circumcision Ceremony 14
Parkent, Uzbekistan
By TTM Contributor 100
12 Sep 2011

According to tradition, every family at the ceremony will receive a dish full of fresh meat and a bottle of vodka. Despite the fact that the Mugat are Muslims, alcohol, and especially vodka is an accepted legacy of heavy Russian influence in the region.

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Mugat Circumcision Ceremony 15
Parkent, Uzbekistan
By TTM Contributor 100
12 Sep 2011

Fresh meat and vodka are very desirable products for Mugat, symbolizing prosperity. Guests will take this meat home.

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Mugat Circumcision Ceremony 17
Parkent, Uzbekistan
By TTM Contributor 100
12 Sep 2011

Like Roma gypsies, gold teeth are common fashion for the Mugat. The gun pictured in this photo is a toy gun intended as a gift for the boy being circumcised. Guns are strictly forbidden in Uzbekistan.

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Mugat Circumcision Ceremony 18
Parkent, Uzbekistan
By TTM Contributor 100
12 Sep 2011

Teenage Mugat girls enjoy their time at the ceremony. Most ethnologists believe the Mugat have Indian origins, causing many to draw parallels between the Mugat and the Roma gypsies of Europe. The comparison is not based solely on ethnicity, but also on lifestyle. The Mugat, like the Roma Gypsies, live on the fringes of society and have strong and insular communities.

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Centaurs of the Steppe 16
Hissor
By tkaye
30 May 2011

Sunlight and dust streams around Buzkashi players in Sharinav, Tajikistan. Spectators stand on a mound nearby - audience members often wander as close as possible to watch the game.

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Centaurs of the Steppe 17
Hissor
By tkaye
30 May 2011

Sunlight and dust streams around Buzkashi players in Sharinav, Tajikistan. Spectators stand on a mound nearby - audience members often wander as close as possible to watch the game.

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Centaurs of the Steppe 13
Hissor
By tkaye
22 Mar 2011

At a Navruz commemorative match in the mountains near Dushanbe.

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Centaurs of the Steppe 12
Hissor
By tkaye
08 Mar 2011

A farmer holds the head of a goat he just sold for extended rounds of a buzkashi game in Sharinav, Tajikistan. The goat carcass is normally prepared the day before the match.

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Centaurs of the Steppe 10
Hissor
By tkaye
27 Feb 2011

A player puts on his boots before a match near Dushanbe.

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Centaurs of the Steppe 11
Hissor
By tkaye
27 Feb 2011

A buzkashi player tries to escape from a rival at a match in Tezgar, near Dushanbe.

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Centaurs of the Steppe 09
Hissor
By tkaye
27 Feb 2011

An assistant buzkashi player in training at a match in Tezgar, near Dushanbe. As Tajikistan modernizes and young people increasingly move to Russia and elsewhere to work due to the lack of jobs in-country, the future of buzkashi is unclear.

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Centaurs of the Steppe 15
Hissor
By tkaye
20 Feb 2011

Young spectators view a horde of buzkashi horses from a nearby hill in Dangara, southern Tajikistan.

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Centaurs of the Steppe 03
Hissor
By tkaye
06 Feb 2011

A buzkashi player tapes up his fingers to ward off cold and blows from other players' whips during a winter match near Hissor, western Tajikistan.

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Centaurs of the Steppe 04
Hissor
By tkaye
06 Feb 2011

A new goat is handed off during a match in Jirganak, western Tajikistan, after the earlier goat is too destroyed to continue with.

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Centaurs of the Steppe 05
Hissor
By tkaye
06 Feb 2011

Spectators rally around a snowy buzkashi field. The truck in the foreground is both the prize truck, the announcer's truck and the holding pen for goats (buz) for the game.

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Centaurs of the Steppe 06
Hissor
By tkaye
06 Feb 2011

Assistants to master buzkashi players exercise their horses in the fog near Jirganak, western Tajikistan.

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Centaurs of the Steppe 07
Hissor
By tkaye
06 Feb 2011

A buzkashi rider wearing a USSR jersey takes a break during a foggy match.

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Centaurs of the Steppe 08
Hissor
By tkaye
06 Feb 2011

Players set up the goal posts for a buzkashi game in a winter fog at Jirganak, Tajikistan.

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Centaurs of the Steppe 24
Hissor
By tkaye
05 Feb 2011

A buzkashi player relaxes his horse between buzkashi rounds in Nojibolo, Tajikistan.

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Centaurs of the Steppe 23
Hissor
By tkaye
05 Feb 2011

Using carpets won by the horseback riders, buzkashi fans near Hissor set aside time for afternoon prayers.

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Centaurs of the Steppe 01
Hissor
By tkaye
05 Feb 2011

Young buzkashi players taking a break from a muddy match in Nojibolo, western Tajikistan.

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Centaurs of the Steppe 02
Hissor
By tkaye
05 Feb 2011

Buzkashi players fight for possession for the buz during a muddy match in Nojibolo, western Tajikistan.

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Centaurs of the Steppe 20
Hissor
By tkaye
29 Jan 2011

Too slow to jump to a retreat with the rest of the audience, an old man is lost in the dust of a horde of buzkashi horses.

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Centaurs of the Steppe 21
Hissor
By tkaye
29 Jan 2011

Nasriddin Hissor, 5-time Soviet buzkashi champion, rides out of the fray with the buz. Unlike many other sports, senior players with the most experience are often the best and most respected players

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Centaurs of the Steppe 22
Hissor
By tkaye
29 Jan 2011

Players battle for possession of a goat carcass in a Buzkashi scrimmage in Novobod, Western Tajikistan.

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Centaurs of the Steppe 19
Hissor
By tkaye
09 Jan 2011

Audience members watching a match near Korgan-Teppe, Tajikistan, with the bikes they used to get to the buzkashi field from nearby farming villages.

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Centaurs of the Steppe 18
Hissor
By tkaye
03 Jan 2011

Khurshed's brother, Suhrob, exercises his horses in the mountains near Dushanbe.

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Kalasha People of Pakistan (18 of 18)
Chitral, Pakistan
By Jodi Hilton
01 Jul 2008

Kalash woman and girl look through the doors of a Kalash temple. Brun Village, Bumburet Valley, Chitral Region, Pakistan.

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Kalasha People of Pakistan (17 of 18)
Chitral, Pakistan
By Jodi Hilton
01 Jul 2008

Kalash children practice traditional dance at the Kalasadur School for Kalasha children in the Bumburet Valley.

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Kalasha People of Pakistan (16 of 18)
Chitral, Pakistan
By Jodi Hilton
01 Jul 2008

Kalash boys play a version of “Cat’s Cradle” at the Kalasadur School for Kalasha children in Bumburet. The school was built with money from Hellenic Aid, led by aid-worker Thanassis Lerounis. Lerounis was later kidnapped and held by extremists for eight months.

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Kalasha People of Pakistan (15 of 18)
Chitral, Pakistan
By Jodi Hilton
01 Jul 2008

Kalash children attending a mixed Kalasha and Muslim school built by the Agha Khan Foundation.

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Kalasha People of Pakistan (14 of 18)
Chitral, Pakistan
By Jodi Hilton
01 Jul 2008

Kalash girls wearing veils while attending public school in Brun Village.

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Kalasha People of Pakistan (13 of 18)
Chitral, Pakistan
By Jodi Hilton
01 Jul 2008

Family members doing chores in a Kalash settlement, Bumburet Valley.

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Kalasha People of Pakistan (12 of 18)
Chitral, Pakistan
By Jodi Hilton
01 Jul 2008

Kalash girl cares for her brother while her mother prepares “cahaka” and unleavened bread made of corn. Brun Village, Bumburet Valley.

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Kalasha People of Pakistan (11 of 18)
Chitral, Pakistan
By Jodi Hilton
01 Jul 2008

Kalash girl and her grandmother. The Kalash believe themselves to be descended from Alexander the Great. Bumburet Valley.

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Kalasha People of Pakistan (10 of 18)
Chitral, Pakistan
By Jodi Hilton
01 Jul 2008

Kalash girls look out from inside a Bashali-- a women's house. Kalash women segregate themselves during menstruation and childbirth.

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Kalasha People of Pakistan (9 of 18)
Chitral, Pakistan
By Jodi Hilton
01 Jul 2008

Fatha Rahman brings freshly cut hay onto his roof for storage. .

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Kalasha People of Pakistan (7 of 18)
Chitral, Pakistan
By Jodi Hilton
01 Jul 2008

Kalash girl preparing to bathe, Bumburet, Pakistan. Her “susutr,” (headdress), hangs on a nearby tree. Bumburet Valley.