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Knla 08
Mae Sot, Thailand
By vincenzo floramo
31 Jan 2015

KNLA soldier forming the lines during the Karen National Liberation Army 66th revolution anniversary.

On Karen Revolution Day at the 7th Brigade headquarters hundreds of onlookers from Karen villages and refugee camps border-wide had gathered to commemorate Britain's departure from Burma in 1948 and the subsequent civil war between Karen and government forces, considered among the longest civil wars in history.

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Knla 09
Mae Sot, Thailand
By vincenzo floramo
31 Jan 2015

KNLA Major General Saw Johnny at the flag rising during the Karen National Liberation Army 66th revolution anniversary.

On Karen Revolution Day at the 7th Brigade headquarters hundreds of onlookers from Karen villages and refugee camps border-wide had gathered to commemorate Britain's departure from Burma in 1948 and the subsequent civil war between Karen and government forces, considered among the longest civil wars in history.

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Knla 10
Mae Sot, Thailand
By vincenzo floramo
31 Jan 2015

Karen National Union chairman General Saw Mutu Say Poe during his speech at the Karen National Liberation Army 66th revolution anniversary.

On Karen Revolution Day at the 7th Brigade headquarters hundreds of onlookers from Karen villages and refugee camps border-wide had gathered to commemorate Britain's departure from Burma in 1948 and the subsequent civil war between Karen and government forces, considered among the longest civil wars in history.

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Knla 11
Mae Sot, Thailand
By vincenzo floramo
31 Jan 2015

KNLA soldiers stand during the flag rising at the Karen National Liberation Army 66th revolution anniversary.

On Karen Revolution Day at the 7th Brigade headquarters hundreds of onlookers from Karen villages and refugee camps border-wide had gathered to commemorate Britain's departure from Burma in 1948 and the subsequent civil war between Karen and government forces, considered among the longest civil wars in history.

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Knla 12
Mae Sot, Thailand
By vincenzo floramo
31 Jan 2015

KNLA Major General Saw Johnny reviewing the soldiers at the Karen National Liberation Army 66th revolution anniversary.

On Karen Revolution Day at the 7th Brigade headquarters hundreds of onlookers from Karen villages and refugee camps border-wide had gathered to commemorate Britain's departure from Burma in 1948 and the subsequent civil war between Karen and government forces, considered among the longest civil wars in history.

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Knla 14
Mae Sot, Thailand
By vincenzo floramo
31 Jan 2015

DKBA soldiers assist at the KNLA ceremony out of the lines at the Karen National Liberation Army 66th revolution anniversary. The two insurgents groups they are holding talk to sign all toughener an agreement with the Burmese central government.

On Karen Revolution Day at the 7th Brigade headquarters hundreds of onlookers from Karen villages and refugee camps border-wide had gathered to commemorate Britain's departure from Burma in 1948 and the subsequent civil war between Karen and government forces, considered among the longest civil wars in history.

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Knla 15
Mae Sot, Thailand
By vincenzo floramo
31 Jan 2015

KNLA soldiers marching out of the main campground at the end of the parade on the Karen National Liberation Army 66th revolution anniversary.

On Karen Revolution Day at the 7th Brigade headquarters hundreds of onlookers from Karen villages and refugee camps border-wide had gathered to commemorate Britain's departure from Burma in 1948 and the subsequent civil war between Karen and government forces, considered among the longest civil wars in history.

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Knla 16
Mae Sot, Thailand
By vincenzo floramo
31 Jan 2015

KNLA soldiers march holding the Karen state and KNLA flags during the parade on the Karen National Liberation Army 66th revolution anniversary.

On Karen Revolution Day at the 7th Brigade headquarters hundreds of onlookers from Karen villages and refugee camps border-wide had gathered to commemorate Britain's departure from Burma in 1948 and the subsequent civil war between Karen and government forces, considered among the longest civil wars in history.

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Knla 17
Mae Sot, Thailand
By vincenzo floramo
31 Jan 2015

Soldiers of the KNLA are let free after the two hours parade for the Karen National Liberation Army 66th revolution anniversary.

On Karen Revolution Day at the 7th Brigade headquarters hundreds of onlookers from Karen villages and refugee camps border-wide had gathered to commemorate Britain's departure from Burma in 1948 and the subsequent civil war between Karen and government forces, considered among the longest civil wars in history.

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Knla 18
Mae Sot, Thailand
By vincenzo floramo
31 Jan 2015

Traditional Karen dance are performed on the main campground for the Karen National Liberation Army 66th revolution anniversary.

On Karen Revolution Day at the 7th Brigade headquarters hundreds of onlookers from Karen villages and refugee camps border-wide had gathered to commemorate Britain's departure from Burma in 1948 and the subsequent civil war between Karen and government forces, considered among the longest civil wars in history.

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Knla 19
Mae Sot, Thailand
By vincenzo floramo
31 Jan 2015

A little child wearing a T-shirt with a Karen flags running around the weapons KNLA soldiers left out of the food barrack.

On Karen Revolution Day at the 7th Brigade headquarters hundreds of onlookers from Karen villages and refugee camps border-wide had gathered to commemorate Britain's departure from Burma in 1948 and the subsequent civil war between Karen and government forces, considered among the longest civil wars in history.

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The World's Longest-Running Civil War
Myawaddy, Myanmar
By vincenzo floramo
30 Jan 2015

Photos by Vincenzo Floramo

Text by Portia Larlee

Thick fog lifted at the break of dawn January 31 to reveal rows of troops at the Karen National Liberation Army headquarters on the Thai-Myanmar border. It was Karen Revolution Day and hundreds of onlookers from Karen villages and refugee camps border-wide had gathered to commemorate Britain's departure from Burma in 1948 and the subsequent civil war between Karen and government forces. Decades later Karen, young and old, are driven by the fierce nationalism of generations past in the push for political autonomy.  The event was an excellent starting point from which to discuss what a post-ceasefire Myanmar might look like. The peace process continues, with a seventh round of ceasefire talks set for the coming months. Karen leaders, including Karen National Union chairman Mutu Say Poe addressed troops at the KNLA headquarters, urging a nationwide ceasefire – and eventually a "federal army." Discussion of “security reform” was missing from the day's speeches, largely because the future of Myanmar's ethnic minority armies following a nationwide ceasefire remains unclear. What will become of Myanmar's freedom fighters? 

FULL ARTICLE AVAILABLE ON REQUEST

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Knla 01
Mae Sot, Thailand
By vincenzo floramo
30 Jan 2015

Local villagers and a soldier watching a night theatre show during the Karen National Liberation Army 66th revolution anniversary.

On Karen Revolution Day at the 7th Brigade headquarters hundreds of onlookers from Karen villages and refugee camps border-wide had gathered to commemorate Britain's departure from Burma in 1948 and the subsequent civil war between Karen and government forces, considered among the longest civil wars in history.

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Knla 02
Mae Sot, Thailand
By vincenzo floramo
30 Jan 2015

Armed soldiers flock all around the stage watching a night show during the Karen National Liberation Army 66th revolution anniversary.

On Karen Revolution Day at the 7th Brigade headquarters hundreds of onlookers from Karen villages and refugee camps border-wide had gathered to commemorate Britain's departure from Burma in 1948 and the subsequent civil war between Karen and government forces, considered among the longest civil wars in history.

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Knla 03
Mae Sot, Thailand
By vincenzo floramo
30 Jan 2015

Family with their children come from the nerdy villages and borders refugees camps to assist at the Karen National Liberation Army 66th revolution anniversary.

On Karen Revolution Day at the 7th Brigade headquarters hundreds of onlookers from Karen villages and refugee camps border-wide had gathered to commemorate Britain's departure from Burma in 1948 and the subsequent civil war between Karen and government forces, considered among the longest civil wars in history.

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Knla 04
Mae Sot, Thailand
By vincenzo floramo
30 Jan 2015

Dancers preforming a show at the Karen National Liberation Army 66th revolution anniversary.

On Karen Revolution Day at the 7th Brigade headquarters hundreds of onlookers from Karen villages and refugee camps border-wide had gathered to commemorate Britain's departure from Burma in 1948 and the subsequent civil war between Karen and government forces, considered among the longest civil wars in history.

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Knla 05
Mae Sot, Thailand
By vincenzo floramo
30 Jan 2015

Traditional Burmese and Karen dance were performed at the Karen National Liberation Army 66th revolution anniversary.

On Karen Revolution Day at the 7th Brigade headquarters hundreds of onlookers from Karen villages and refugee camps border-wide had gathered to commemorate Britain's departure from Burma in 1948 and the subsequent civil war between Karen and government forces, considered among the longest civil wars in history.

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Knla 13
Mae Sot, Thailand
By vincenzo floramo
30 Jan 2015

KNLA soldiers on the at the Karen National Liberation Army 66th revolution anniversary.

In 1994, a group of Buddhist soldiers in the KNLA, citing discrimination by the KNU's overwhelmingly Christian leadership against the Buddhist Karen majority, broke away and established the Democratic Karen Buddhist Army (DKBA).

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Child Labor in Southeast Asia 03
Kathmandu, Nepal
By Stephane Grasso
09 Jan 2015

Child selling items in the street in Kathmandu, Nepal.

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Thailand: A Solar-Powered Path to Dev...
Mae Sot, Thailand
By Ana Salvá
09 Dec 2014

FULL ARTICLE AVAILABLE ON REQUEST

Access to electricity is a key element in development. However, in Thailand there is an important gap in access to energy between rich and poor that has persisted over the years, especially in rural areas. The situation is critical in some marginal areas, such as the Thai-Burma border.

The lack of electricity makes these communities more vulnerable. In these areas, some villagers depend on candles or kerosene lamps that are very expensive and have a negative impact on their health. They also pose serious risks to their livelihoods since their homes are usually constructed with bamboo and dried leaves that can easily catch fire. On the other hand, these communities must gather wood in order to satisfy their most basic needs, tasks that are normally carried out by women, cutting into the time and energy they could devote to other economic activities. Moreover, some schools and hospitals do not have access to power for needs as basic as keeping vaccines refrigerated.

The Thai government implemented solar energy systems in more than 200.000 households in 2004. However, most of the systems died because of the lack of maintenance. In this context, a Thai woman founded an organization to refurbish the old equipment and to train local people on how to maintain it. Her project aims to be self-sustainable. If successful, it could bring some much needed relief to families who currently struggle to meet their energy needs.

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Rohingya #19
Sittwe
By Lauren DeCicca
28 Nov 2014

A young Rohingya boy stands next to his family's home in an IDP camp in Sittwe, Myanmar on November 28, 2014.

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Rohingya #06
Sittwe
By Lauren DeCicca
27 Nov 2014

A Rohingya woman gathers water from a small pond at the entrance to the Myebon IDP camp in Rakhine State on November 27, 2014.

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Rohingya #07
Sittwe
By Lauren DeCicca
27 Nov 2014

A young girl reads from her textbook in the makeshift school in the Myebon IDP camp in Myanmar's Rakhine State on November 27, 2014.

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Rohingya #05
Sittwe
By Lauren DeCicca
27 Nov 2014

A Rohingya woman holds her newly granted "pink card" giving her citizenship in Myanmar on November 27, 2014. The pink card will grant her the ability to travel outside of her camp, which has been restricted for the past two years.

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Rohingya #13
Sittwe
By Lauren DeCicca
27 Nov 2014

The Arakan Women's Network creates picket signs condemning the United Nations Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon for using the word "Rohingya" to describe the muslim population in Rakhine State.

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Rohingya #04
Sittwe
By Lauren DeCicca
27 Nov 2014

A Rohingya man and his ten year old son lay on the floor of their shelter in the Myebon IDP camp in Myanmar's Rakhine State on November 27, 2014.

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Rohingya #08
Sittwe
By Lauren DeCicca
26 Nov 2014

A Rohingya man who was granted a "pink card" stands outside of a market in the Rohingya Muslim internal displacement camps outside of Sittwe, Myanmar on November 26, 2014.

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Rohingya #25
Sittwe
By Lauren DeCicca
26 Nov 2014

Fishing boats sit on the edge of the Bay of Bengal in the Rohingya Muslim internal displacement camps outside of Sittwe, Myanmar on November 26, 2014. These boats are used to transport refugees to bigger boats that will take them out of Rakhine State.

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Myanmar's Child Soldiers 20
Yangon, Myanmar
By Spike Johnson
25 Nov 2014

Arkar Min and his colleagues leave their job hauling fish from trawlers to trucks, and walk towards a boat that will take them an hour up the Yangon River to their village. Their boss is a Chelsea fan, and requests that they wear the football strip as a uniform at work. Anyone missing the kit is fined 2000 kyat, the equivalent of $2, the same as they're average daily wage.

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Myanmar's Child Soldiers 21
Yangon, Myanmar
By Spike Johnson
25 Nov 2014

Snake Pagoda south of Yangon. Boys in rural areas, often praying or hanging around public areas make easy targets for military recruiters. Many families are too poor to send their young to school past second or third grade, preferring them to contribute to the family income when work is available. Myanmar Army brokers prey on this desire for work, using fake jobs as drivers or mechanics to lure the boys towards nearby army bases.

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Myanmar's Child Soldiers 22
Yangon, Myanmar
By Spike Johnson
25 Nov 2014

Thein Myint works as an intermediary between villagers, and the International Labour Organization. She helps families find evidence of kidnapped children in the Army's training camps of Myanmar. Often she bribes her way into the 12 training facilities around the country, using meat or fish to pass the malnourished guards. When she's sure of a child's location, she directs the family to the ILO with their case.

"€œWhen we want a child soldier released, we have to work together with the village authorities and the International Labour Organization,"€ she says.€œ"We cannot do it alone."

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Myanmar's Child Soldiers 23
Yangon, Myanmar
By Spike Johnson
25 Nov 2014

One of the two jetties that Arkar Min and his group work at together. When there is no work at one jetty, they make their way to the other. Usually they hope to earn around 2000 kyat, the equivalent of $2 per day.

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Myanmar's Child Soldiers 24
Yangon, Myanmar
By Spike Johnson
25 Nov 2014

Thein Myint works from her small house in DIne Su. She lives with her husband, but they often give shelter to those in need, children with nowhere to go, or returning soldiers, feeding everyone that comes through her door.

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Myanmar's Child Soldiers 25
Yangon, Myanmar
By Spike Johnson
25 Nov 2014

Thein Myint works as an intermediary between villagers, and the International Labour Organization. She helps families find evidence of kidnapped children in the Army's training camps of Myanmar. Often she bribes her way into the 12 training facilities around the country, using meat or fish to pass the malnourished guards. When she's sure of a child's location, she directs the family to the ILO with their case.

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Burma's LGBT 01
Yangon, Myanmar
By Pablo L. Orosa
20 Nov 2014

Members of the LGTB community gather in People´s Park in Yangon. They light candles in remembrance of their friends who have suffered abuse, tortures and social discrimination.

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Burma's LGBT 02
Yangon, Myanmar
By Pablo L. Orosa
20 Nov 2014

Members of the LGTB community gather in People´s Park in Yangon. They light candles in remembrance of their friends who have suffered abuse, tortures and social discrimination.

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Burma's LGBT 03
Yangon, Myanmar
By Pablo L. Orosa
20 Nov 2014

Zae Ya, spokesperson for the Colors Rainbow association, poses in Yangon with his pride flags. Despite the improvement achieved since the dissolution of the Military Junta in 2011, lesbian, gay, transgender and bisexual people still face bullying and violence in their daily lives.

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Myanmar's Child Soldiers 12
Yangon, Myanmar
By Spike Johnson
17 Nov 2014

The ferry port of Botahtaung Pagoda. The Myanmar Army and it's civilian brokers use the city's dark bus stations, train stations, and ferry ports as recruiting grounds for young conscripts. Boys who are traveling home late at night, are approached by the army on false charges, and offered an ultimatum – a long prison term, or recruitment.

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Myanmar's Child Soldiers 08
Yangon, Myanmar
By Spike Johnson
15 Nov 2014

At fifteen years old Arkar Win was lured away from his village by a man offering him driving lessons. He was drugged and awoke in an army base.

"€œI was told I'€™d been sold to the Myanmar Army for $80,"€ he said.

Now twenty one, he'€™s free, and working in a fish yard on the River Yangon. He earns $2 per day, and commutes an hour up the river to his village, Dine Su.