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Refugees of Tawergha
Tripoli, Libya
By Mustafa Fetouri
18 Apr 2016

Tawergha is a Libyan coastal town about 300 km west of the capital Tripoli. It used to be home to nearly 40 thousand people. After Muammar Gaddafi was toppled, thanks to the help of NATO, the militias of nearby Misrata (40 km west of Tawergha) forced the entire population of Tawergha out and completely destroyed the town.

Tawerghans are Libyan Sunni Muslims just like the rest of the population however they are black. The Misrata militias accused them of fighting for the Gaddafi regime. Since 2011 not a single Tawerghan has returned home. For the last five years they have been living in makeshift camps scattered around Libya. Four such camps, home to nearly 4000 people, are around Tripoli. These photos are of the airport road camp, home to more than 2000 men, women, & children.

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Libyans Celebrate Feb 17 Revolution (...
Zuwara
By Mourad TEYEB
16 Feb 2016

Libyans celebrate the 5th anniversary of the February 17 Revolution in Zuwara, Libya.

See the full video, available for sale here: https://www.transterramedia.com/media/66708

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Refugees of Tawergha 01
Tripoli, Libya
By Mustafa Fetouri
24 Jan 2016

In this living room women try to produce little home decorations, from discarded material, for sale to camp visitors, to help their families.

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Refugees of Tawergha 02
Tripoli, Libya
By Mustafa Fetouri
24 Jan 2016

A narrow alley leading into the western part of the camp. Makeshift homes are on both sides of the alley.

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Refugees of Tawergha 03
Tripoli, Libya
By Mustafa Fetouri
24 Jan 2016

Two school age girls pausing for the camera. They are lucky as they can attend the small newly opened make shift school instead of leaving the camp for another school.

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Refugees of Tawergha 05
Tripoli, Libya
By Mustafa Fetouri
24 Jan 2016

Mr. Mabruk Eswasi founder and director of AL-Saber (Patience) charity at his office with his assistant Aida. He founded the charity to keep people together and help them after they were forced to flee their homes in Tawergha. He says not a single government department since 2011 has offered us any help.

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Refugees of Tawergha 06
Tripoli, Libya
By Mustafa Fetouri
24 Jan 2016

Makeshift storage room and laundry room for the camp residents. All supplies are kept here prior to distribution.

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Refugees of Tawergha 07
Tripoli, Libya
By Mustafa Fetouri
24 Jan 2016

Young children showing the V sign to my camera. Some appeared happy with my visit.

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Refugees of Tawergha 08
Tripoli, Libya
By Mustafa Fetouri
22 Jan 2016

A makeshift play ground for children, but Tripoli’s bitter cold during my visit left the place empty.

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Refugees of Tawergha 09
Tripoli, Libya
By Mustafa Fetouri
22 Jan 2016

The western entrance, the main entry to the makeshift airport road camp, 10 km south of Tripoli, Libya.

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Refugees of Tawergha 10
Tripoli, Libya
By Mustafa Fetouri
22 Jan 2016

A group of old Twareghan men gathered around a small fire to keep warm in the only “events hall” as they call it. They receive visitors here, watch TV, and organize events for refugees such as birthday parties, weddings, and even circumcision parties. They treated me to a round of Libyan green tea and chatted about their future with little hope of any return home to Tawergha.

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Hannibal Kadhafi Files
Tripoli, Libya
By mchreyteh
17 Dec 2015

In August 2011, a group of militiamen, who were fighting against the Libyan president Mummer Kadhafi, entered the house of Kadhafi’s youngest son, Hannibal, in Tripoli, and found a tablet device which they believe was his personal device.

The device was turned over to a group of media activists in Tripoli, who examined the content. On the device they found thousands of photos and videos, including personal and family images. In a folder titled “Bosleem” there were videos that appeared to show prisoners being tortured during questioning, and photos of what are believed to be prisoners including their names, some appearing to be injured. The content also included Word documents and power point presentations some of which are encrypted.

The media activists have posted on social media a number of photos of Hannibal Kadhadi and his family, and several videos of prisoners being tortured. The activists group says one of its members was kidnapped and his fate remains unknown. Since then they have felt that they are in danger and have had to change locations frequently. They decided to move the content of the device outside of Libya. They contacted Lebanese journalist Mohamad Chreyteh, and one the the activists travelled to Lebanon in 2014 and gave the journalist the content.

Mr. Chreyteh says he has been working on organizing and verifying the content over the last year. He says he decided to make some of the content public on Sunday December 13, 2015, after hearing news that Hannibal Kadhafi is being held in detention. Kadhafi was turned over to Lebanese Internal Security official by gunmen who had seized him in Baalbek on Thursday December 10. Kadhafi is under investigation and official are trying to determine if he can be put on trial in Lebanon, in connection with the disappearance in Libya of Lebanese Shiaa spiritual leader and founder of the Amal Party, Moussa al-Sadr, in 1978.

The content includes many items that have not yet been made public:

  • More than 700 photos and videos, of Hannibal Kadhafi, his wife, children, homes, yacht, private jet and international travels.
  • More than 1700 photos and names of who are believed to be detainees held at Bosleem prison in Tripoli.
  • More than 50 video clips showing what appears to be the interrogation and torture of prisoners.
  • More than 35 documents including letters from investigators in Kadhafi’s security forces to senior officials, lists with names of wanted people, lists with names of detainees, lists with names of people recommended to be set free, notes detailing prisoner interrogations, letter from a senior military police official to a senior judge.
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Family Photo (089)
tripoli
By mchreyteh
15 Dec 2015

Hannibal Kadhafi and his Lebanese born wife Aline Skaf in what is believed to be their home.

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Doc 1
tripoli
By mchreyteh
15 Dec 2015

A portion of a lengthy undated document from 2011, that appears to be a report by a Libyan security official to a superior on the uprising against the Kadhafi regime in 2011.
The subject "Summary of the current incidents based on investigations of detainees".
The report says that what it refers to as the 'conspiracy', started in Benghazi on February 7, 2011, blaming it on what are called "crusader countries" including the US, France, Italy, and the UK.
The report goes on to also blame Arab countries including Qatar, UAE and the Arab League, as well as external opposition and "internal traitors".

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Doc 2
tripoli
By mchreyteh
15 Dec 2015

This is a of a portion of an undated document from 2011, that appears to be a reply by a Libyan security official to a letter from his superior dated May 18 2011. The document appears to be a report of interrogations of prisoners who have identified other people as participants in the uprising against the Kadhafi regime.

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Doc 3
tripoli
By mchreyteh
15 Dec 2015

A portion of a document dated June 24, 2011, that appears to be a list of detainees at the 'central prison', believed to be Bosleem Prison. The document lists the names of 385 prisoners showing their file number, nationality, and location and date of their apprehension.

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Doc 4
tripoli
By mchreyteh
15 Dec 2015

A portion of an undated document from 2011, that appears to be a letter by a Libyan security officer to a superior, accusing a police officer named Sufian Fawzi al-Seid al-Zarkani, of participating in the uprising against the Kadhafi regime.
The report also claims that the officer hid members of the opposition in his house, and did not allow his family to watch Libyan state television and instead allowed them to watch external channels such as al-Jazeera and al-Arabiya.

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Troops Loyal to Libya Dawn Launch Off...
Sirte
By laura.lesevre
17 Mar 2015

March 17, 2015
Sirte, Libya

Islamist troops loyal to Libya Dawn, a self appointed government based in Tripoli, have been instructed to drive ISIS out of Sirte. The 166 Brigade and militias from Misrata began their offensive against ISIS in Sirte, a coastal city that used to be a stronghold of Muammar Gaddafi.

The allied Islamist fighters have not yet been able to enter the city despite launching an offensive on Saturday March 14, 2015. They claim that Gaddafi loyalists are in control of the city and are now fighting under the ISIS flag.

In this video Gian Micalessin, an Italian veteran war reporter with more than 30s years of experience in war journalism who has covered Libya since 2011 revolution, visits the front lines with the allied fighters.

A longer rough cut is available on request.

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Torture of prisoner in Bosleem Prison...
tripoli, Libya
By mchreyteh
17 May 2014

A selected portion of video clip that appears to show an unidentified prisoner being shocked by a taser device by Libyan interrogators in Bosleem Prison in May 2011.

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Torture of prisoner in Bosleem Prison...
tripoli
By mchreyteh
17 May 2014

A selected portion of video clip that appears to show an unidentified prisoner being wiped by Libyan interrogators in Bosleem Prison in May 2011.

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Torture of prisoner in Bosleem Prison...
tripoli
By mchreyteh
17 May 2014

A selected portion of video clip that appears to show an unidentified prisoner being kicked and shocked with a taser device by Libyan interrogators in Bosleem Prison in May 2011.

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Former Gaddafi Regime Officials on Trial
By alnajem
14 Apr 2014

Video shot on April 14, 2014 in Tripoli, Libya
Shows the trial of former Gaddafi regime officials taking place in the Libyan Criminal Court, South of Tripoli.
The trial will resume April 27, 2014. Some of the accused officials were not there including two sons of Gaddafi, Seif al Islam and Al Saidi. Al Saddik Al Sour, the head of the investigation department in the attorney general's office, said they were not brought to the court room for security reasons.

Spokesman Sadiq Al-Sour, Head of Investigations at the Attorney-General’s office:

"The hearing today was postponed until 27 April, 2014. The hearings is for the accused persons Saif Al Islam Moamar Al Gaddafi, Abdullah AL Sanousi, Baghdadi al Mahmoudi, Mansour Dhao , Milad Daman, Mohamed al-Zwai, Abdul Hafeez Alzletunai, Hosni El Woheshi , and others. Today they did not bring the suspect Saif Al islam Moamar el Gaddafi from the institution of reform and rehabilitation in Zintan.
Furthermore they did not get the accused people Mansour Dhao and Milad Daman and four other accused people from the institution of reform and rehabilitation in Misurata.
The prosecution has requested the court today to prepare a report by the Office of the Attorney General to explain that because of the current security conditions the judicial police will not be able to bring them into the courtroom since they are being held in prisons in cities that are far away from Tripoli with a distances exceeding hundreds of kilometers. Because the country is experiencing difficult security conditions, to transfer them to the courtroom would put them in danger as well as create fear of them, especially since some of them are accused of dangerous crimes. In Saadi Ghadafi’s case the indictment is about to be completed and will depend on a decision by the Attorney General whether the case is referred in the next few days to the prosecutor."

Shot List:

Various exterior shots of the of the court building

Various shots of former Gaddafi regime officials behind bars in the court room.

Various shots of the press conference.

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Living in the Ruins of Gaddafi's Comp...
Tripoli, Libya
By Tripcarbons
10 Apr 2013

A child rides his bike in Gadaffi's compound

Abdullah's Mother

'My family is not in a good situation. I'm holding onto God, but you can't expect anything from the government right now. We're not proud of living here, but at least someone is putting this land to use.'

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Living in the Ruins of Gaddafi's Comp...
Tripoli, Libya
By Tripcarbons
05 Apr 2013

Mohamed Adbeeb Mohamed

‘When I was in the army, the army gave me house but they took it away when I left in 1988. After that, I rented a place. After the revolution I couldn’t afford rent anymore and I came here in November 2011. I live with my three sons, their wives, and children. There’s 16 of us in total. Bab Al Azizia's population is around 400 people.'

‘All of the people who live in the ruins of Bab Al-Azizia are good people. Many have seen a lot of suffering in their life but still persevere.’

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Gaddafi's Last Bodyguard
libya
By cyrilmarci
31 Dec 2012

Syrte, Juillet 2012. Ali était l'un des derniers gardes du corps de Kadhafi lorsque ce dernier a été capturé puis tué. Soldat de la garde rapprochée du leader libyen, il a été blessé lors du bombardement du convoi qui tentait d'emmener Kadhafi loin de Syrte. Blessé par des éclats d'obus et brulé, il est parvenu à s'échapper et vit aujourd'hui avec une nouvelle identité. Il avoue volontiers regretter le Guide.Sirte in July 2012.

Ali was one of the last Gaddafi's bodyguards when he was captured and killed. A soldier of the bodyguard of the Libyan leader, he was wounded in the bombing of the convoy that tried to take away Gaddafi in Sirte. Wounded by shrapnel and burned, he managed to escape and now lives with a new identity.

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Libya's Rebirth 1
Tripoli, Libya
By Monique Jaques
08 Jul 2012

The entrance to Bab Azizya, the palace where former president Muammar Gaddafi lived. It has since been ransacked and destroyed.

42 years after the reign of Colonel Muammar Gaddafi and a violent civil war, Libya is waking up to a new and free country. With civil services and the countries infrastructure in ruins Libyans struggle with the transition period from dictatorship to democracy. On July 7, 2012, Libyans voted in their first parliamentary elections since the end of Gaddafi's rule. This body will replace the current governing body of the National Transitional Council, name a prime minister, and form a committee to draft a constitution.

L'entrée de l'ancienne résidence de Mouammar Kadhafi, appelée Bab al-Azizia, saccagée par les combattants rebelles pendant les combats contre les forces de Kadhafi.

Après 42 ans d'un régime dictatorial et une violente guerre civile qui a laissé les infrastructures du pays en ruines, la Libye apprivoise peu a peu sa nouvelle liberté et les défis de la transition vers la démocratie. Le 7 juillet dernier, les Libyens étaient appelés aux urnes pour la première fois depuis la fin de l'ère Kadhafi afin d'élire les 200 membres du futur Congrès national général, qui sera chargé de rédiger une Constitution pour le pays.

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Wounded Prisoners (22-24)
Misrata, Libya
By Karim Mostafa
23 Feb 2012

2011 meant big changes for Libya. After forty years in power, former dictator Muammar Gaddafi was ousted from power. But it took an ugly war, and Libyans are now facing the challenge of rebuilding and unifying their country. Among those suffering the consequences are the population of Tawergha, a coastal city of 30,000 inhabitants. During the war, many Tawerghans fought alongside Gaddafi’s forces. Many men were part of laying siege on the neighbouring Misrata, a city that suffered heavily during the months of fighting. When the war was nearing its end, Tawergha was captured by rebel groups from Misrata, who expelled the population and destroyed the houses. The inhabitants were forced to flee; today, many men are imprisoned while women, children and others are dispersed in refugee camps across the country. What will happen to them? The Tawerghans want to return to their homes, but the rebels guarding the city say that they can never come back.

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Intisar Mohammad Camp Security (16-24)
Benghazi ,Libya
By Karim Mostafa
20 Feb 2012

2011 meant big changes for Libya. After forty years in power, former dictator Muammar Gaddafi was ousted from power. But it took an ugly war, and Libyans are now facing the challenge of rebuilding and unifying their country. Among those suffering the consequences are the population of Tawergha, a coastal city of 30,000 inhabitants. During the war, many Tawerghans fought alongside Gaddafi’s forces. Many men were part of laying siege on the neighbouring Misrata, a city that suffered heavily during the months of fighting. When the war was nearing its end, Tawergha was captured by rebel groups from Misrata, who expelled the population and destroyed the houses. The inhabitants were forced to flee; today, many men are imprisoned while women, children and others are dispersed in refugee camps across the country. What will happen to them? The Tawerghans want to return to their homes, but the rebels guarding the city say that they can never come back.

The kids are passing their days in th...
Benghazi, Libya
By Karim Mostafa
19 Feb 2012

2011 meant big changes for Libya. After forty years in power, former dictator Muammar Gaddafi was ousted from power. But it took an ugly war, and Libyans are now facing the challenge of rebuilding and unifying their country. Among those suffering the consequences are the population of Tawergha, a coastal city of 30,000 inhabitants. During the war, many Tawerghans fought alongside Gaddafi’s forces. Many men were part of laying siege on the neighbouring Misrata, a city that suffered heavily during the months of fighting. When the war was nearing its end, Tawergha was captured by rebel groups from Misrata, who expelled the population and destroyed the houses. The inhabitants were forced to flee; today, many men are imprisoned while women, children and others are dispersed in refugee camps across the country. What will happen to them? The Tawerghans want to return to their homes, but the rebels guarding the city say that they can never come back.

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Libyan Rebel Treated After Heavy Fire
El Baydaa, Libya
By Ahmed Ajami
11 Dec 2011

February 19, 2011 - El Baidda City, Libya
At the Martyr's Hospital a young man is treated by Egyptian volunteers and Dr.Rashid Emam, Professor of General Surgery, Faculty of Medicine at Al-Azhar University. The man was shot as he and fellow rebels were attacked in a large-caliber assault on the city of al-Gaddafi.

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Crimes of Gaddafi in Libya, Never See...
Benghazi, Libya
By Ahmed Ajami
11 Dec 2011

February 24, 2011 - Benghazi, Libya
Following an airstrike by Gaddafi's forces, decapitated bodies are strewn out on the floot at Martyrs Hospital while Libyan doctors look on in disbelief.

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Libya (20 of 40)
Benghazi, Libya
By George Henton
23 Jun 2011

British, American and French flags fly in front of the court house in Benghazi, Libya, 22 May 2011. The city, the first to stage major protests against Muammar Gaddafi's rule in early Febuary, was threatened with destruction by the regime as a result, leading to the implementation of a NATO enforced no fly zone to protect the city from those forces loyal to Gaddafi. GEORGE HENTON.

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Libya (21 of 40)
Misrata, Libya
By George Henton
20 Jun 2011

A suspected NATO warship can be seen in the distance of the coast of the central Libyan city of Misrata, Libya, 19 June 2011. The military intervention by NATO in the North African country, which included a naval blockade, started on 19 March 2011. GEORGE HENTON.

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Libya (12 of 40)
Misrata, Libya
By George Henton
19 Jun 2011

Several destroyed armoured vehicles belonging to forces loyal to Muammar Gaddafi at a military airfield in Misrata, Libya, 19 June 2011. According to rebel fighters, now in control of the airfield, the vehicles, along with other military vehicles and aircraft, were destroyed weeks earlier by airstrikes carried out by NATO aircraft. GEORGE HENTON.

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Libya (13 of 40)
Misrata, Libya
By George Henton
19 Jun 2011

Two heavily damaged fighter aircraft belonging to forces loyal to Muammar Gaddafi at a military airfield in Misrata, Libya, 19 June 2011. According to rebel fighters, now in control of the airfield, the aircraft, along with other military vehicles and aircraft, were destroyed weeks earlier by airstrikes carried out by NATO aircraft. GEORGE HENTON.

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Libya (14 of 40)
Misrata, Libya
By George Henton
19 Jun 2011

Several destroyed armoured vehicles belonging to forces loyal to Muammar Gaddafi at a military airfield in Misrata, Libya, 19 June 2011. According to rebel fighters, now in control of the airfield, the vehicles, along with other military vehicles and aircraft, were destroyed weeks earlier by airstrikes carried out by NATO aircraft. GEORGE HENTON.

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Libya (40 of 40)
Misrata, Libya
By George Henton
13 Jun 2011

A rebel fighter relaxes by diving into the Mediterranean at a beach in the area of Al Jazeera, to the west of Misrata, Libya, 03 June 2011. Many coastal resorts, used previously by civilians and military forces loyal to Muammar Gaddafi, were now being used as staging areas and places of relaxation for rebel fighters. GEORGE HENTON.

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Libya (22 of 40)
Misrata, Libya
By George Henton
04 Jun 2011

Rebel fighters from the Libyan city of Zleetan carry out target practice by shooting at posters of Muammar Gaddafi, near the frontline at Al Dafniyeh, Misrata, Libya, 04 June 2011. Various brigades made up of fighters from different areas and tribes trained their forces at bases surrounding Misrata before sending them to the frontlines only a few kilometres away. GEORGE HENTON.

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Libya (38 of 40)
Misrata, Libya
By George Henton
04 Jun 2011

A rebel fighter jokes as he points a rifle at the back of the head of a fellow fighter during guard duty at the media centre in Misrata, Libya, 04 June 2011. Despite the central Libyan city of Misrata being surrounded by forces loyal to Muammar Gaddafi, and the lack of any mobile phone services, the media centre was a location which allowed local and foreign journalist contact with the outside world via satellite internet access. GEORGE HENTON.