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War Relics Continue to Plague Vietnam
Quang Tri, Vietnam
By Sean Kimmons
02 Jun 2014

QUANG TRI PROVINCE, Vietnam – A demining team carefully removes a pile of rusty explosives – each one still able to kill or maim – from a quiet farm field where fierce fighting once raged during the Vietnam War.

Shortly after the lethal mortars and grenade launcher rounds were taken away, an anxious farmer in her 50s marched over to the de-mining team and expressed her frustration to everyone around.

“I’m afraid of more bombs but I need to work,” she said. “I have to risk death just to earn money.”

The farmer, Van Thi Nga, stumbled across the relics while growing vegetables, the main source of income in her village. Her village sits along the war’s former demarcation zone and is strewn with hidden explosives.

However, there was no time for sympathy as the busy team frankly told her to report other unexploded ordinance (UXO) if she sees more. The bomb disposal experts then did a brief sweep with a metal detector and left to their next call of duty: an unstable bomb in a nearby rice paddy.

De-mining teams in Vietnam face an epic task where roughly 20 percent of the country is littered with UXO. UXO includes everything from bombs, landmines, munitions, and other explosives.

This central Vietnamese province is the worst-hit region, with more than 80 percent of the land still peppered with deadly devices after nearly 350,000 tons of explosives were used.

In total, almost four times more firepower was deployed on Vietnam during the Vietnam War than in all of World War II.

Around 10 percent of the explosives used in the Vietnam War are believed to not have detonated. As a result, up to 800,000 tons of UXO remain in the communist state. That’s even beyond the 635,000 tons of bombs that US forces dropped in the entire Korean War.

“The contamination in Vietnam is huge,” said Portia Stratton, country director of Mine Advisory Group, the largest non-profit de-mining group in Vietnam. “We’re still finding the same number of UXO that we were finding [when we started here] 15 years ago.”

‘Lagging behind’

Introduced in 2010, Vietnam’s mine action strategy came years after other UXO-infested nations including its neighbors, Laos and Cambodia. which were also heavily bombed to jam communist supply routes in the war.

“Vietnam is lagging behind a lot of other countries that have significant levels of contamination,” Stratton said. “We still don’t have a full picture of what our efforts have achieved.”

Since the end of the war in 1975, war remnants have killed more than 42,000 Vietnamese and injured at least 62,000 others, according to preliminary statistics by the government.

But with no national database in place, UXO incidents and demining operations cannot be accurately tracked while affected remote areas go unnoticed, advocates say.

In March, the Vietnam National Mine Action Center was launched to provide more oversight in the secretive state, which already had similar mine action bodies at the national level.

Stratton warns that the new center may serve as another bureaucratic layer and further delay mine action services that often take up to one year to get government approval.

Middle-income blues

Despite its fondness for red tape, Vietnam has revived itself as one of the fastest-growing economies in Asia after devastating warfare with US forces.

In 2009, the country gained lower middle-income status but the distinction has created a sort of Catch-22 paradox as foreign donors redirect funds elsewhere.

“There’s more of a challenge now to enable us to secure funding,” said Rickard Hartmann, country director for APOPO, a Belgium-based demining group. “We are very happy that Vietnam is developing but at the same time more and more donors are reducing their support.”

The 50-member APOPO group began operations in January after the German non-profit Solidarity Service International pulled out its 160 personnel from the area, leaving a two-thirds reduction in skilled labor, he said.

Prime Minister Nguyen Tan Dung recently called on the global community to boost support saying that “since the explosive contamination is so great, Vietnam truly needs assistance and support.”

Vietnamese officials claim that $10 billion is required to completely rid existing UXO – a feat that would take up to 300 years for the country to do on its own, they say.

Around 35,000 hectares of unsafe land is cleared annually but the state has ambitious plans to nearly triple that target to 100,000 hectares if external aid is increased.

Yet the government spends about $80 million on mine action, or less than 0.20 percent of its national budget.

Deputy Minister of Vietnam’s Ministry of Planning and Investment Nguyen The Phuong admitted that the meager funds “could not meet the actual needs of mine action activities.”

He also cited poor coordination between state and provincial entities, lack of human resources, and technology and equipment shortages as other factors hindering progress.

A 2012 assessment on Vietnam’s mine action program, conducted by the Geneva International Center for Humanitarian Deming, revealed that the government and state-connected private investors bankrolled 92 percent of activities from 2007 to 2011.

The government currently expects foreign donors to cover about half of the estimated $368 million required for mine action from 2013 to 2015, according to a 2013 update on the national strategy.

But foreign donors only doled out $8.7 million for mine action in 2012, with the US contributing more than 40 percent of the total, the Landmine and Cluster Munition Monitor reported.

Vietnam may be entitled to more foreign aid if they signed the Mine Ban Treaty and the Convention on Cluster Munitions that prohibits their use.

Even so, landmines are seen as legitimate weapons for border security. Officials also reject the cluster bomb pact since the 10-year deadline for member states to finish land clearance is unrealistic to them, they said.

Ironically, cluster bombs would likely delay the country due to how they were dispersed in the war. Hundreds of cluster bombs – each about the size of a tennis ball – were packed inside large airdropped canisters that scattered the bomblets over wide swathes of the countryside.

Although designed to explode on impact, many of them did not.

Enlisting local help

To deal with the funding shortfalls, bomb experts rely on villagers to be their eyes and ears for war remnants.

“To clean up every bomb and mine in Vietnam is impossible,” said Hien Ngo, spokesperson for Project Renew, a demining group that also empowers locals. “It’s a daunting task that will never likely be achieved, so we want to make sure that the land is safe by educating people about the risks.”

Ngo has already seen the value of his group’s education programs that are taught in schools and to those who come to their mine action visitor center in the province’s largest city.

He recalled when a 12-year-old boy halted a crew driving to another call and led them to a cache of 180 explosives concealed in the dense jungle.

“The boy learned what to do after he visited the center,” he said. “Now people are helping us report explosives.”

Nguyen Xuan Tuan, 29, wished he knew the dangers of war relics before he scavenged for scrap metal at a deserted US military base back in 2002.

After his friend found something on a metal detector, Tuan sliced the ground with his shovel. But as he dug deeper, he struck a cluster bomb.

The blast severed his right hand, cut deep scars across his body and knocked him into a three-day coma.

“I woke up seeing my parents crying and I realized that I was in a miserable situation,” he said. “The only thing I could do was cry and think that this was the end of my life.”

Tuan, one of the nation’s five Ban Advocates that campaign against cluster bombs worldwide, is now using his experience to educate others throughout the province.

“I’ve been very lucky to be exposed to the outside world,” he said. “In rural areas, many voices are not being heard and people do not receive the assistance they need.”

By the end of 2015, Vietnam aims to develop a national database and expand risk education to the most dangerous areas.

The US also continues to be the top donor for mine action activities in Vietnam, giving over $62 million so far, officials say.

But 50 years after the US military drastically built up its presence to counter evasive communist fighters, Ngo said that both sides have failed to tackle the aftermath and must “step up” their efforts.

“Although we see positive developments to make the war’s legacy finally history, bombs and mines are still killing and injuring people,” he said.

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Tin Fever in Indonesia 33
By Steven Wassenaar
17 Mar 2014

Fondy (51 years) is a contracter working for PT Timah, his mine produces 60 tons of tin a month. He hopes to be able to produce 80-100 tons next year. The Pemali mine, the biggest legal mine in Bangka that has completely devastated the once green landscape. Operated by PT-Timah, it produces 60 tons of tin per month. Bangka Island (Indonesia) is devastated by illegal tin mines. The demand for tin has increased due to its use in smart phones and tablets.

Fondy (51 ans) est un sous-traitant, travaillant pour PT Timah, sa mine produit 60 tonnes d'étain par mois, il espère atteindre 80-100 tonnes l'année prochaine. Mine de Pemali, plus grande mine légale de Bangka. Exploité par PT-Timah. Elle produit 60 tonnes d'étain par mois. L'île de Bangka (Indonésie) est dévastée par des mines d'étain. La demande de l'étain a explosé à cause de son utilisation dans les smartphones et tablettes.

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Observance of International Labor Day...
Lahore, Pakistan
By Murtaza Syed
30 Apr 2013

A laborer recovers metal pieces from the soil, working hard to ensure that his children will have a good day’s meal.

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Observance of International Labor Day...
Lahore, Pakistan
By Murtaza Syed
30 Apr 2013

A laborer separates metal from soil with the help of a small magnet.

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Observance of International Labor Day...
Lahore, Pakistan
By Murtaza Syed
30 Apr 2013

"Black and Bold"- A labourer holds out his discolored and calloused hands which have endured years of hard shifts at the metal polishing factory.

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Observance of International Labor Day...
Lahore, Pakistan
By Murtaza Syed
30 Apr 2013

"A rusty affair"- A worker covers his face with a piece of cloth while working at a metal polishing factory during International Labour Day in Lahore, Pakistan. Many laborers throughout the country often work under difficult and dangerous circumstances without using proper safety equipment.

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Observance of International Labor Day...
Lahore, Pakistan
By Murtaza Syed
30 Apr 2013

Rhemat, a laborer in a metal polishing factory, spares a moment from work to pose for the camera.

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Observance of International Labor Day...
Pakistan,Lahore
By Murtaza Syed
30 Apr 2013

A labourer separates metal from soil with the help of a small magnet.

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Observance of International Labor Day...
Lahore, Pakistan
By Murtaza Syed
30 Apr 2013

A job notice is displayed outside a factory to attract new recruits. The daily income of labourers is set at one dollar per day, equaling to $60 per month.

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Observance of International Labor Day...
Lahore, Pakistan
By Murtaza Syed
30 Apr 2013

Rehmat, age 30, manages to flash a bright smile despite years of working in harsh conditions at the metal factory.

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Tin Fever in Indonesia 1
By Steven Wassenaar
06 Dec 2012

Tin mines on Bangka Island (Indonesia) seen from a plane.
The hidden side of high tech smartphones. The demand for tin has increased due to its use in smartphones and tablets. Smartphone brands like Samsung and Apple deny all responsibility for the environmental situation in Bangka and refuse to give transparency in their tin supply chain. Bangka Island is devastated by illegal tin mines.

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Tin Fever in Indonesia 42
By Steven Wassenaar
05 Dec 2012

Miners sift sand in search of tin in an illegal tin mine in Reboh, Bangka Island, Indonesia. Tin mines have devastated the landscape of the island. This tin rush is a direct consequence of the success of smartphones and tablets like iPhones and iPads from Apple or Samsung. The demand for tin has significantly increased due to its use in smart phones and tablets.

Mineurs tamisent du sable dans une Mine d'étain illégale à Reboh, île de Bangka (Indonésie). L'île est dévastée par cette ruée d'étain mortelle, une conséquence directe du succès des smartphones et tablettes comme les iPhones et les iPads d'Apple ou Samsung. La demande de l'étain a explosé à cause de son utilisation dans les smartphones et tablettes.

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Tin Fever in Indonesia 41
By Steven Wassenaar
05 Dec 2012

A miner is working in a huge illegal tin mine in Batako, Tunghin. The mine has completely devastated the once green landscape of the island. This tin rush is a direct consequence of the success of smartphones and tablets like iPhones and iPads from Apple or Samsung. It is used as the solder that binds components in electronics such as tablet computers and smartphones.

Le côté caché du succès des smartphones. Des mineurs travaillent dans une grande mine d'étain illégale à Batako - Tunghin qui a complètement dévasté un paysage qui était autrefois verte. L'île de Bangka (Indonésie) est dévastée par des mines d'étain sauvages, une conséquence directe du succès des smartphones et tablettes comme les iPhones et les iPads d'Apple ou Samsung. La demande de l'étain a explosé à cause de son utilisation dans les smartphones et tablettes.

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Tin Fever in Indonesia 45
By Steven Wassenaar
05 Dec 2012

Miners work in a huge illegal tin mine in Batako, Tunghin. Working conditions in tin mines are extremely difficult and dangerous. Miners risk their life every day diving or digging for tin. The exploitation of the mine has completely devastated the once green landscape of the island. Mines are everywhere: in backyards, in the forest, on the side of the road, out at sea.

This tin rush is a direct consequence of the success of smartphones and tablets like iPhones and iPads from Apple or Samsung. The demand for tin has significantly increased due to its use in smart phones and tablets.

Des mineurs travaillent dans une grande mine d'étain illégale à Batako - Tunghin qui a complètement dévasté un paysage qui était autrefois verte. L'île de Bangka (Indonésie) est dévastée par des mines d'étain sauvages, une conséquence directe du succès des smartphones et tablettes comme les iPhones et les iPads d'Apple ou Samsung. La demande de l'étain a explosé à cause de son utilisation dans les smartphones et tablettes.

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Tin Fever in Indonesia 40
By Steven Wassenaar
05 Dec 2012

The hidden side of high tech smartphones.
Miners sifting sand in search of tin in an illegal tin mine in Reboh, Bangka island, Indonesia. The demand for tin has increased due to its use in smart phones and tablets. Thousands of miners from all over Indonesia come to Bangka Island (Indian Ocean), to work under hard circumstances in illegal and dangerous tin mines. Bangka Island is devastated by illegal tin mines.Le côté caché du succès des smartphones.

Mineurs tamisent du sable dans une Mine d'étain illégale à Reboh, L'île de Bangka (Indonésie) est dévastée par des mines d'étain sauvages. Des milliers de mineurs de toute l'Indonésie viennent à l'île de Bangka (océan Indien), pour travailler dans des conditions difficiles dans les mines d'étain illégales et dangereuses. La demande de l'étain a explosé à cause de son utilisation dans les smartphones et tablettes.

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Tin Fever in Indonesia 39
By Steven Wassenaar
05 Dec 2012

Miners sift sand in seach of tin in an illegal tin mine in Reboh, Bangka, Indonesia. The island is devastated by this deadly tin rush, a direct consequence of the success of smartphones and tablets like iPhones and iPads from Apple or Samsung. The demand for tin has increased due to its use in smart phones and tablets.

Des mineurs tamisent du sable dans une Mine d'étain illégale à Reboh. L'île de Bangka (Indonésie) est dévastée par des mines d'étain sauvages, une conséquence directe du succès des smartphones et tablettes comme les iPhones et les iPads d'Apple ou Samsung. La demande de l'étain a explosé à cause de son utilisation dans les smartphones et tablettes

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Tin Fever in Indonesia 38
By Steven Wassenaar
05 Dec 2012

Miners sift sand in search of tin in an illegal tin mine in Reboh, Bangka Island, Indonesia. Tin mines have devastated the landscape of the island. This tin rush is a direct consequence of the success of smartphones and tablets like iPhones and iPads from Apple or Samsung. The demand for tin has significantly increased due to its use in smart phones and tablets. Working conditions in tin mines are extremely difficult and dangerous. Approximately 100 to 150 miners die every year.

Des mineurs tamisent du sable dans une Mine d'étain illégale à Reboh. L'île de Bangka (Indonésie) est dévastée par des mines d'étain sauvages, une conséquence directe du succès des smartphones et tablettes comme les iPhones et les iPads d'Apple ou Samsung. La demande de l'étain a explosé à cause de son utilisation dans les smartphones et tablettes.

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Tin Fever in Indonesia 37
By Steven Wassenaar
05 Dec 2012

Abong (52 years) after a long day of labor in the middle of the devastated landscape. He has been a miner since more then 20 years. He considers mining as a very dangerous job but he needs the money for a decent living. Bangka Island (Indonesia) is devastated by a deadly tin rush, a direct consequence of the success of smartphones and tablets like iPhones and iPads from Apple or Samsung. The demand for tin has increased due to its use in smart phones and tablets.

Abong (52 ans) après une longue journée de travail au milieu d'un paysage dévasté par activité minière. Il a été mineur depuis plus de 20 ans. Il considère l'exploitation minière comme un travail très dangereux, mais il a besoin d'argent pour une vie décente. L'île de Bangka (Indonésie) est dévastée par des mines d'étain sauvages, une conséquence directe du succès des smartphones et tablettes comme les iPhones et les iPads d'Apple ou Samsung. La demande de l'étain a explosé à cause de son utilisation dans les smartphones et tablettes.

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Tin Fever in Indonesia 36
By Steven Wassenaar
05 Dec 2012

Makeshift rafts on the Indian ocean used as mining platforms near the fishing village Reboh. Offshore mining destroys the coral reef. Miners dig for tin by sucking the sand from the sea floor with machines. Offshore mining does not escape illegal mining practices with locals using small
boats or rafts called floating unconventional mines.

Radeaux de fortune sur l'océan Indien qui fonctionnement comme des plates-formes d'exploitation minière instables et dangereuses. Mines d'étain off shore au large de Reboh, un village de pécheurs. Ces mines détruisent les fonds sous marins, les barrières de corail et tuent les poissons. L'île de Bangka (Indonésie) est dévastée par des mines d'étain sauvages. La demande de l'étain a explosé à cause de son utilisation dans les smartphones et tablettes.

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Tin Fever in Indonesia 35
By Steven Wassenaar
05 Dec 2012

Child in devastated landscape looks down on family members, who are miners in a huge illegal tin mine in Batako, Tunghin, a few meters from the village. Bangka Island (Indonesia) is devastated by a deadly tin rush, a direct consequence of the success of smartphones and tablets like iPhones and iPads from Apple or Samsung. The demand and price for tin has increased due to its use in smart phones and tablets.

Enfant dans un paysage dévasté regarde ses membres de la famille, des mineurs, dans une immense mine d'étain illégale à Batako - Tunghin, quelques mètres du village. L'île de Bangka (Indonésie) est dévastée par des mines d'étain sauvages, une conséquence directe du succès des smartphones et tablettes comme les iPhones et les iPads d'Apple ou Samsung. La demande de l'étain a explosé à cause de son utilisation dans les smartphones et tablettes.

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Tin Fever in Indonesia 34
By Steven Wassenaar
05 Dec 2012

A house is balancing on the edge of an illegal tin mine in Reboh. Working conditions in tin mines are extremely difficult and dangerous. Working in tin mines is dangerous. Landslides are common and the mined tin is usually mixed with radioactive elements. The exploitation of the mine has completely devastated the once green landscape of the island. Mines are everywhere: in backyards, in the forest, on the side of the road, out at sea.

Le côté caché du succès des smartphones. Une maison sur le bord d'une mine d'étain illégale à Reboh. L'île de Bangka (Indonésie) est dévastée par des mines d'étain sauvages, une conséquence directe du succès des smartphones et tablettes comme les iPhones et les iPads d'Apple ou Samsung. La demande de l'étain a explosé à cause de son utilisation dans les smartphones et tablettes.

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Tin Fever in Indonesia 32
By Steven Wassenaar
05 Dec 2012

Miners weigh tin sand after a day of work in an illegal tin mine in Reboh, Bangka, Indonesia. The island is devastated by this deadly tin rush, a direct consequence of the success of smartphones and tablets like iPhone and iPad from Apple or Samsung. The demand for tin has increased due to its use in smart phones and tablets.

Des mineurs pèsent de l'étain après une journée de travail dans un mine d'étain illégale à Reboh, Bangka, Indonésie. L'île est dévastée par des mines d'étain sauvages, une conséquence directe du succès des smartphones et tablettes comme les iPhones et les iPads d'Apple ou Samsung. La demande de l'étain a explosé à cause de son utilisation dans les smartphones et tablettes.

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Tin Fever in Indonesia 31
By Steven Wassenaar
05 Dec 2012

Darman (53 years) with his son Swanda (21 years) who was able to buy himself a new motorcycle with the money he earned in the mine in Bangka Island (Indonesia) that is devastated by illegal tin mines. The demand for tin has increased due to its use in smart phones and tablets.

Darman (53 ans) avec son fils Swanda (21 ans) qui a pu s'acheter une moto grosse cylindrée grâce à l'argent de l'étain. L'île de Bangka (Indonésie) est dévastée par des mines d'étain sauvages. la demande de l'étain a explosé à cause de son utilisation dans les smartphones et tablettes

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Tin Fever in Indonesia 30
By Steven Wassenaar
05 Dec 2012

Miner clims with difficulty an unstable sand ridge in a huge illegal tin mine in Batako, Tunghin, that has completely devastated the once green landscape. Bangka Island (Indonesia) is devastated by a deadly tin rush, a direct consequence of the success of smartphones and tablets like iPhone and iPad from Apple or Samsung. The demand and price for tin has increased due to its use in smart phones and tablets.

Mineur monte avec difficulté une crête de sable instable dans une mine d'étain illégale à Batako - Tunghin, qui a complètement dévasté un paysage qui était autrefois verte. L'île de Bangka (Indonésie) est dévastée par des mines d'étain sauvages, une conséquence directe du succès des smartphones et tablettes comme les iPhones et les iPads d'Apple ou Samsung. La demande de l'étain a explosé à cause de son utilisation dans les smartphones et tablettes.

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Tin Fever in Indonesia 29
By Steven Wassenaar
05 Dec 2012

Miners work in a huge an illegal tin mine in Batako, Tunghin, that has completely devastated the once green landscape. Bangka Island (Indonesia) is devastated by a deadly tin rush, a direct consequence of the success of smartphones and tablets like iPhone and iPad from Apple or Samsung. The demand and price for tin has increased due to its use in smart phones and tablets.

Des mineurs travaillent dans une grande mine d'étain illégale à Batako - Tunghin qui a complètement dévasté un paysage qui était autrefois verte. L'île de Bangka (Indonésie) est dévastée par des mines d'étain sauvages, une conséquence directe du succès des smartphones et tablettes comme les iPhones et les iPads d'Apple ou Samsung. La demande de l'étain a explosé à cause de son utilisation dans les smartphones et tablettes.

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Tin Fever in Indonesia 27
By Steven Wassenaar
05 Dec 2012

Ropiah (45 years) works in this mine on the road to Pemali since 8 years. Bangka Island (Indonesia) is devastated by illegal tin mines. The demand for tin has increased due to its use in smart phones and tablets. Most mines are exploited illegally and accidents occur often.

Ropiah (45 ans). Cherche de l'étain depuis 8 ans, mine d'étain illégale sur la route de Pemali. L'île de Bangka (Indonésie) est dévastée par des mines d'étain sauvages. la demande de l'étain a explosé à cause de son utilisation dans les smartphones et tablettes

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Tin Fever in Indonesia 26
By Steven Wassenaar
05 Dec 2012

The hidden side of high tech smartphones.
Tin mines offshore near the fishing village Reboh - Diver on an improvised offshore tin mining platform. He can dig out 15 kg of tin sand per day. These mines destroy the seabed, coral reefs and kill fish. Bangka Island (Indonesia) is devastated by illegal tin mines. The demand for tin has increased due to its use in smart phones and tablets.

Plongeur sur radeau de mine off shore depuis 5 ans. Il peut extraire 15 kilo d'étain par jour. Mines d'étain off shore au large de Reboh, village de pecheurs. Ces mines détruisent les fonds sous marins, les barrières de corail et tuent les poissons. L'île de Bangka (Indonésie) est dévastée par des mines d'étain sauvages. la demande de l'étain a explosé à cause de son utilisation dans les smartphones et tablettes.

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Tin Fever in Indonesia 25
By Steven Wassenaar
05 Dec 2012

Irwan, 25, has been a diver on an improvised offshore tin mining platform near the fishing village Reboh for 5 years now. He can dig out 15 kg of tin sand per day. These mines destroy the seabed, coral reefs and kill the aquatic fauna. Miners dig for tin by sucking the sand from the sea floor with machines. Offshore mining does not escape illegal mining practices with locals using small boats or rafts called floating unconventional mines.

Le côté caché du succès des smartphones. Plongeur sur radeau de mine off shore depuis 5 ans. Irwan (25 ans). Plongeur sur radeau de mine off shore depuis 5 ans et il peut extraire 15 kilo d'étain par jour. Mines d'étain off shore au large de Reboh, village de pecheurs. Ces mines détruisent les fonds sous marins, les barrières de corail et tuent les poissons. L'île de Bangka (Indonésie) est dévastée par des mines d'étain sauvages. la demande de l'étain a explosé à cause de son utilisation dans les smartphones et tablettes.

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Tin Fever in Indonesia 24
By Steven Wassenaar
05 Dec 2012

Reny (40) lost her husbad Sukirman (43 years) in a tin mine in Mapur, on 10 November 2012. He left 4 children, from 4 to 17 years behind. Bangka Island (Indonesia) is devastated by illegal tin mines. The demand for tin has increased due to its use in smart phones and tablets. Illegal tin mining causes environmental damage, injuries and regular casualties (100-150 miners die each year).

Reny (40) a perdu son mari Sukirman (43 ans) dans une mine à Mapur, le 10 novembre 2012. Il laisse 4 enfants de 4 à 17 ans. L'île de Bangka (Indonésie) est dévastée par des mines d'étain sauvages. la demande de l'étain a explosé à cause de son utilisation dans les smartphones et tablettes. Les Mines illégales son la cause des dommages écologiques, des blessés graves et décès (100 - 150 tous les ans) chez les mineurs.

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Tin Fever in Indonesia 23
By Steven Wassenaar
05 Dec 2012

Worker reparing a pumping station in the Pemali mine, the biggest legal mine in Bangka that has completely devastated the once green landscape. Operated by PT-Timah, it produces 60 tons of tin per month. Indonesia is the worlds biggest tin provider, vital for assembling smart phones and other electronic products. Bangka Island (Indonesia) is devastated by tin mines. The demand for tin has increased due to its use in smart phones and tablets.

Mineurs réparent une station de pompage dans la Mine de Pemali, la plus grande mine légale de Bangka, qui a complètement dévasté un paysage qui était autrefois verte. Exploité par PT-Timah, elle produit 60 tonnes d'étain par mois. L'Indonésie est le plus grand fournisseur mondes d'étain, vital pour l'assemblage des téléphones et autres produits électroniques. L'île de Bangka (Indonésie) est dévastée par des mines d'étain. La demande de l'étain a explosé à cause de son utilisation dans les smartphones et tablettes

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Tin Fever in Indonesia 22
By Steven Wassenaar
05 Dec 2012

Ketut Edy Mulyana, hotel manager of Parai Beach Resorts (11O rooms).
The number of tourists has decreased because of the tin mines off shore, polluting the sea water. Bangka Island (Indonesia) is devastated by illegal tin mines. The demand for tin has increased due to its use in smart phones and tablets.

Ketut Edy Mulyana, directeur de l'hôtel Parai Beach Resorts (11O chambres). Voit la fréquentation des touristes baisser à cause des mines sur la mer. L'île de Bangka (Indonésie) est dévastée par des mines d'étain sauvages. La demande de l'étain a explosé à cause de son utilisation dans les smartphones et tablettes.

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Tin Fever in Indonesia 21
By Steven Wassenaar
05 Dec 2012

A worker repairing a pumping station in the Pemali mine, the biggest legal mine in Bangka operated by PT-Timah. It produces 60 tons of tin per month. Indonesia is the worlds biggest tin provider. This chemical element is the solder used to bind components in electronics such as tablets computers and smartphones.

Mineurs réparent une station de pompage dans la Mine de Pemali, la plus grande mine légale de Bangka, qui a complètement dévasté un paysage qui était autrefois verte. Exploité par PT-Timah, elle produit 60 tonnes d'étain par mois. L'Indonésie est le plus grand fournisseur mondes d'étain, vital pour l'assemblage des téléphones et autres produits électroniques. L'île de Bangka (Indonésie) est dévastée par des mines d'étain. La demande de l'étain a explosé à cause de son utilisation dans les smartphones et tablettes

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Tin Fever in Indonesia 20
By Steven Wassenaar
05 Dec 2012

Tin mine on the road to Pemali.
Darman, a miner of 53 years, sifts sand in search of tin. He has been a miner for the past 22 years. He earns 6 Euros a day. Most mines are exploited illegally and accidents occur often. Bangka Island (Indonesia) is devastated by illegal tin mines. The demand for tin has increased due to its use in smart phones and tablets.

Un mineur, Darman (53 ans) tamise du sable à la recherche de l'étain. Il a été UN mineur depuis 22 ans et il gagne 6 euros par jour. La plupart des mines sont exploitées illégalement et les accidents se produisent souvent. Mine d'étain sur la route de Pemali. L'île de Bangka (Indonésie) est dévastée par des mines d'étain sauvages. La demande de l'étain a explosé à cause de son utilisation dans les smartphones et tablettes.

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Tin Fever in Indonesia 19
By Steven Wassenaar
05 Dec 2012

Miner runs to avoid missing a second in his search of tin in an illegal tin mine in Reboh, Bangka, Indonesia. The island is devastated by this deadly tin rush, a direct consequence of the success of smartphones and tablets like iPhones and iPads from Apple or Samsung. The demand for tin has increased due to its use in smart phones and tablets.

Mineur court pour ne pas rater une seconde dans son recherche d'étain dans une Mine d'étain illégale à Reboh. L'île de Bangka (Indonésie) est dévastée par des mines d'étain sauvages, une conséquence directe du succès des smartphones et tablettes comme les iPhones et les iPads d'Apple ou Samsung. La demande de l'étain a explosé à cause de son utilisation dans les smartphones et tablettes.

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Tin Fever in Indonesia 18
By Steven Wassenaar
05 Dec 2012

The hidden side of high tech smartphones.
Child sits in devastated landscape created by her family members, who are miners in a huge illegal tin mine in Batako, Tunghin, a few meters from the village they live in. Bangka Island (Indonesia) is devastated by a deadly tin rush, a direct consequence of the success of smartphones and tablets like iPhone and iPad from Apple or Samsung. The demand and price for tin has increased due to its use in smart phones and tablets.

Le côté caché du succès des smartphones. Enfant dans un paysage dévasté, créé par les membres de sa famille, mineurs dans une immense mine d'étain illégale à Batako, Tunghin, à quelques mètres du village. L'île de Bangka (Indonésie) est dévastée par des mines d'étain sauvages, une conséquence directe du succès des smartphones et tablettes comme les iPhones et les iPads d'Apple ou Samsung. La demande de l'étain a explosé à cause de son utilisation dans les smartphones et tablettes.

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Tin Fever in Indonesia 17
By Steven Wassenaar
05 Dec 2012

Miner looking down on colleagues in a huge illegal tin mine in Batako, Tunghin, that has completely devastated the once green landscape. Bangka Island (Indonesia) is devastated by a deadly tin rush, a direct consequence of the success of smartphones and tablets like iPhones and iPads from Apple or Samsung. The demand and price for tin has increased due to its use in smart phones and tablets.

Mineur dans un paysage dévasté regarde ses collègues dans une immense mine d'étain illégale à Batako - Tunghin. L'île de Bangka (Indonésie) est dévastée par des mines d'étain sauvages, une conséquence directe du succès des smartphones et tablettes comme les iPhones et les iPads d'Apple ou Samsung. La demande de l'étain a explosé à cause de son utilisation dans les smartphones et tablettes.

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Tin Fever in Indonesia 16
By Steven Wassenaar
05 Dec 2012

The hidden side of high tech smartphones.
Miners -with 10-year-old children among them - sifting sand, the tin ore they find is kept in buckets. The youngest children play beside the working adults, learning the mining skills. The entire Batako village works in the dangerous illegal mine, meters away from their homes. Illegal tin mine in Batako, Tunghin. Bangka Island (Indonesia) is devastated by illegal tin mines. The demand for tin has increased due to its use in smart phones and tablets.

Le côté caché du succès des smartphones.
Mineurs-dont des enfants de 10 ans - tamisent du sable, le minerai d'étain trouvé est conservé dans des seaux. Les jeunes enfants jouent à côté des adultes qui travaillent, et apprennent ainsi des techniques minières. Tout le village de Batako travaille dans la mine illégale et dangereuse, à quelques mètres de leurs maisons. L'île de Bangka (Indonésie) est dévastée par des mines d'étain sauvages. La demande de l'étain a explosé à cause de son utilisation dans les smartphones et tablettes.

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Tin Fever in Indonesia 15
By Steven Wassenaar
05 Dec 2012

Abong (52 years) after a long day of labour in the middle of the devastated landscape his mining activity created. He has been a miner since more then 20 years. He considers mining as a very dangerous job but he needs the money for a decent living. Bangka Island (Indonesia) is devastated by a deadly tin rush, a direct consequence of the success of smartphones and tablets like iPhones and iPads from Apple or Samsung. The demand for tin has increased due to its use in smart phones and tablets.

Abong (52 ans) après une longue journée de travail au milieu d'un paysage dévasté par activité minière. Il a été mineur depuis plus de 20 ans. Il considère l'exploitation minière comme un travail très dangereux, mais il a besoin d'argent pour une vie décente. L'île de Bangka (Indonésie) est dévastée par des mines d'étain sauvages, une conséquence directe du succès des smartphones et tablettes comme les iPhones et les iPads d'Apple ou Samsung. La demande de l'étain a explosé à cause de son utilisation dans les smartphones et tablettes.utilisation dans les smartphones et tablettes.

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Tin Fever in Indonesia 14
By Steven Wassenaar
05 Dec 2012

Tin mine on the road to Pemali -Darman (53 years) has been a miner for 22 years. He earns 6 Euros a day. Most mines are exploited illegally and accidents occur often. Tin mine on the road to Pemali. Bangka Island (Indonesia) is devastated by illegal tin mines. The demand for tin has increased due to its use in smart phones and tablets.

Darman (53 ans) a été mineur depuis 22 ans et il gagne 6 euros par jour. La plupart des mines sont exploitées illégalement et les accidents se produisent souvent. Mine d'étain sur la route de Pemali. L'île de Bangka (Indonésie) est dévastée par des mines d'étain sauvages. La demande de l'étain a explosé à cause de son utilisation dans les smartphones et tablettes.