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From Grey to Black: Four Years of War...
Syria
By Ahmad Mogharbel
16 Mar 2015

As the fourth anniversary of the outbreak of the Syrian Civil War looms, it becomes increasingly difficult to overstate the magnitude of the human catastrophe that has unfolded since March 15, 2011, the day typically cited as the beginning of a conflict that has now how claimed in excess of 220,000 deaths (UN) and driven more than 3.8m Syrians into Turkey, Lebanon, Jordan, Iraq and Egypt (UNHCR). Factoring in those estimated to have been internally displaced, nearly half the country’s entire population had been uprooted by August 2014 alone (UN).
To shed light upon the scale of the world’s worst humanitarian catastrophe in decades, Transterra Media is using the occasion to emphasize the courage and sheer audacity of the Syrian men and women that have been risking their lives to share their countrymen’s plight with the world over the past four years. Whether in photographs and video from the besieged heart of Homs; the desperate living conditions of rebel-held suburbs of Damascus; the mass exodus of Assyrian Christians into Kurdistan; or footage from ISIS-controlled areas detailing the Islamic State’s propaganda wing, educational initiatives and incarceration policies, TTM’s raw, heartrending and rare access to the Syrian Civil War gives the outside world an intimate glimpse into the true, human dimensions of the conflict.
As destructive, unpredictable and painful as the war has been, the battle lines are still shifting every day. One day Kobane is taken by ISIS; the next it’s liberated by Kurdish forces. And while the Syrian war draws in more and more foreign powers in the sky, the presence of international media on the ground has all but dwindled to none. Hence the enormous importance of bold, thoughtful and inquisitive contributors actually in Syria – a critical strength of TTM since 2011.
In light of the 4th anniversary of the Syrian Crisis, TTM has created a special archive for our database of stories from Syria since the outbreak of hostilities in 2011.
Dreadful Disease Appears in Eastern Ghouta

https://www.transterramedia.com/media/53375

The Syrian Teenager Who "Chose" War Over School

https://www.transterramedia.com/media/55956

Syrian Brothers Survive in Damascus

https://www.transterramedia.com/media/42168

Syria's Orphans Stuck in Limbo

https://www.transterramedia.com/media/55660

Picking Mushrooms for a Living in Syria

https://www.transterramedia.com/media/52899

Starving in Al hajar al aswad during Ramdan

https://www.transterramedia.com/media/40080

Desperate Living Conditions in Rebel-held Suburb of Damascus

https://www.transterramedia.com/media/57454

Profiteering in Besieged Damascus

https://www.transterramedia.com/media/53889

Digging for Antiquities in Rural Aleppo

https://www.transterramedia.com/media/57424

Inside the Last Rebel Bastion of Homs

https://www.transterramedia.com/media/49403

Syrian Palestinian Refugees Risk their Lives to Reach Europe

https://www.transterramedia.com/media/53174

Syrian Assyrians Flee ISIS to Qamishli

https://www.transterramedia.com/media/57378

Iraqi Christians Escape ISIS and Find Refuge in Lebanon

https://www.transterramedia.com/media/54174

Living Conditions “Extremely Bad” in ISIS-Controlled Jarabulus

https://www.transterramedia.com/media/56764

Kurdish, Arab Forces Retake Strategic Town From ISIS

https://www.transterramedia.com/media/57453

Censored Video From ISIS-Controlled Deir-al-Zor, Syria

https://www.transterramedia.com/media/56900

Destruction and Relief Accompany Liberation from ISIS

https://www.transterramedia.com/media/57494

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Escaping Syria
Tripoli, Bekaa Valley
By Christina Malkoun
04 Dec 2013

March 6th 2013, one Million refugee officially registered at the centre in Tripoli, Lebanon. A number expected in June 2013. Today it is estimated that double this number have crossed into Lebanon, that's how much the situation is getting worse.
Since the Syrian revolution started in January 2011, families have escaped their home, leaving all their belongings behind, their houses destroyed, terrorised, looking for a safer place to live. In August 2011, the UNHCR launched the Tripoli registration centre, ensuring extension of services to persons under its mandate. 600 to 800 refugees register there every day. 2000 register daily in all of Lebanon. And today there are 7000 daily registrations throughout the region, in the countries of asylum, including Lebanon, Jordan, turkey, Egypt and Iraq.
This project is about portraying the lives of Syrian refugees across Lebanon; their struggles, their strength, their weaknesses, their hope of returning home... one day.
Are their rights as refugees being acknowledged? Being outside of their home country, are Syrian children having access to education? Are Syrian men and women being able to work independently to earn a living? Are Syrian elderly having access to health care?
"Please! Take a picture of me and my children. Let the world see!" said to me a syrian woman during a visit to Halba in Northern Lebanon. Disseminating those life abstracts can only generate and enhance awareness. More people are becoming conscious about the situation and are now more involved in helping the ones in need. Some photos are taken at the UNHCR centre in Tripoli, where men, women, children and elderly refugees gather and wait for their turn to register. They stand in front of the gates sometimes under heavy rains, with no shelter. After registering, they will eventually get the help they need. Other photos were taken in Halba, in tiny apartments where 20 people live under one roof. Some women found each other at the Women Association Centre of Northern Lebanon, and started learning and making accessories to earn a living, while others live off charity contributions. Some more photos were shot at the Beqaa Valley, where Syrian families wander around the streets to find a shelter, holding their babies in their arms, and hiding from the rain. But the generosity of the locals had been tremendous, taking them voluntarily under their roof. They are now refugees. A fate they did not choose.

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Liban : le conflit syrien contamine T...
Tripoli, Lebanon
By Margaux Bergey
04 Dec 2013

Tripoli est régulièrement frappée par des affrontements armés entre deux quartiers. D'un côté Bab el Tabbeneh à majorité sunnite et pro-opposition syrienne. De l'autre, Jabal Mohsen, à majorité alaouite et pro-régime.
Mais les racines du problème remontent à la guerre civile libanaise

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The Husband and His Wife Fighting The...
Aleppo, Syria
By Mahmoud Hebbo
01 Oct 2013

The Husband and His Wife Fighting The Syrian Regime in Aleppo.

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Al Qaeda Affiliated Rebels Execute Al...
Raqqa, Syria
By Transterra Editor
16 Sep 2013

-Al Qaeda affiliated rebels in Syria executed two Alawite men on September 16 in the main square of the rebel-controlled city of Raqqa. Fighters from the “Islamic state of the Levant and Iraq”, a Sunni extremist group affiliated with Al Qaeda, justified the execution on the grounds that the men were “Nusaries”, a derogritory term used to describe members of the Alawite sect of Islam, from which Syrian president Bashar al-Assad hails.

When local women witnessing the execution protested the actions of the fighters, the fighters cursed the women and claimed that the men had raped women in the city of Homs. The men were subsequently executed and their bodies carted away in the back of a pick-up truck. This event has reinforced fears that Sunni extremists will try to eliminate the Alawite community of Syria if president Bashar al-Assad falls from power.

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Al Qaeda-affiliated Rebels Execute Tw...
Raqqa, Syria
By Al Raqqa Hurra
16 Sep 2013

Al Qaeda affiliated rebels in Syria executed two Alawite men September 16 in the main square of the rebel-controlled city of Raqqa. Fighters from the “Islamic state of the Levant and Iraq”, a Sunni extremist group affiliated with Al Qaeda, justified the execution on the grounds that the men were “Nusaries”, a derogritory term used to describe members of the Alawite sect of Islam, from which Syrian president Bashar al-Assad hails.

When local women witnessing the execution protested the actions of the fighters, the fighters cursed the women and claimed that the men had raped women in the city of Homs. The men were subsequently executed and their bodies carted away in the back of a pick-up truck. This event has reinforced fears that Sunni extremists will try to eliminate the Alawite community of Syria if president Bashar al-Assad falls from power.

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Kurdish YPG Rebels in Syria
Syria
By Mais Istanbuli
15 Jul 2013

In northern Syria near the city of Ras al-Ayn, young Kurds have been prepared for battle at the Kurdish People’s Defense Forces (YPG) training camp. Here, teenagers and young adults are trained to conduct guerilla warfare against any threatening enemy. They have also been educated and inspired by the philosophies of Abdullah Ocalan, who is one of the founding members of militant organization the Kurdish Worker’s Party (PKK). Unlike the typical Syrian opposition fighter, these trainees are fighting for a democratic society based on Marxist-Leninist philosophies. Most YPG soldiers believe that after President Bashar al-Assad falls, an all-out war against every faction involved is imminent.

One young female, Ahsi, said on her first day of training for the Kurdish Women Defense Forces, "'We train to defend ourselves. We never attack. We do not want FSA/Nusra forces here. We also don't want Assad's forces. We just want to be free."

Training of these young rebels came in before recent fighting in the city where the Islamist fighters were pushed out of Ras al-Ayn by Kurdish forces on July 17.

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Samir Patiently Waiting on Syria
Mafraq, Jordan
By Osie Greenway
13 Jul 2013

A Quran is placed above the entrance of the tent that Samir prays in, he cannot walk without assistance to the mosque built by the NGOs so he has made this area his devotion area.

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Women Fighters in Aleppo (10 of 13)
Aleppo, Syria
By horizon news agency
01 Jul 2013

Female fighters from "Um Al-Mouminin Aisha" form up on the separating line of the Salahaldin neighborhood splitting the area in half between opposition fighters and regime forces in Aleppo, Syria 2013.

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Women Fighter in Aleppo (13 of 13)
Aleppo, Syria
By horizon news agency
01 Jul 2013

A Free Syrian Army trainer, Abu Deeb, sets a rifle scope for sniper lessons for the "Al Mouminin Aisha" all female fighting unit in Aleppo, Syria.

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Women Fighters in Aleppo (9 of 13)
Aleppo, Syria
By horizon news agency
01 Jul 2013

The all female "Al Mouminin Aisha" fighting group gathers equipment to move to their next training location along the front lines of the Salahaldin neighborhood of Aleppo, Syria 2013.

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Women Fighters in Aleppo (5 of 13)
Aleppo, Syria
By horizon news agency
01 Jul 2013

Female trainees of the all female "Al Mouminin Aisha," fighting unit watch closely as Free Syrian Army trainers show their group different weaponry and equipment in Aleppo, Syria 2013.

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Female Fighters of Aleppo
Aleppo, Syria
By horizon news agency
01 Jul 2013

In the Salahaldin neighborhood of Aleppo, Syria, young women have joined the first female fighting unit, "Al Mouminin Aisha," to defend their homes and community from attacks by the Syrian regime and their allies. They function under the Al-Tawhid Brigade in Aleppo.

The head of the unit, Um Mohammed, is a mother of four children and the wife of a Free Syrian Army soldier also fighting in Salahaldin neighborhood. She decided to take protection into her own hands and pick up a rifle in hopes of defending her neighborhood from regime attacks and crimes against women such as rape that have been on a rise since fighting began. Um Mohammed has set strict criteria for accepting new members in the female unit, in which any new member should be a female Muslim rebel from Aleppo who fulfills her prayers and all other religious duties and has good reputation. There are currently thirteen members in the unit, ranging in age from 17 to 24.

Um Mohammed says that she is working with the rest of the fighters of the brigade in order to establish an Islamic caliphate state. The trainer, Abu Deeb, explains that the “La Ilaha illa allah” headband on the each female's foreheads is a symbol of the fighters deep faith in their religion, Islam.

They not only are facing challenges on the front lines and among other opposition fights. It's widely-known that other Islamist brigades are not unsupportive of female fighters joining the battle.

For Related Video: http://transterramedia.com/media/19601

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Women Fighters in Aleppo (13 of 13)
Aleppo, Syria
By horizon news agency
01 Jul 2013

The all female "Al Mouminin Aisha" fighting group gathers equipment to move to their next training location along the front lines of the Salahaldin neighborhood of Aleppo, Syria 2013.

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Female Fighting Group in Aleppo.
Aleppo, Syria
By horizon news agency
06 Jun 2013

Female Fighting Group in Saladin District, Aleppo

Syrian women between the ages of 17 and 25 formed a fighting group under the name of "Um Al-Mouminin Aisha" in the Saladin neighborhood in Aleppo. The independent unit consists of 13 female fighters who decided to participate in defending their hometowns against Assad`s attacks.

The fighters belonged to the educated working class of Syrian society, and some of them used to be professors and college students before the revolution began.

The leader of the unit, Um Amrou, said that after seeing her husband killed, she decided to take part in the battle and defend her town against the assaults. She added that she is not only fulfilling her duty to her city but also her duty as a mother to her orphaned children.

Other women mentioned that the 2-year-old war has affected them psychologically and forced them to be armed especially after the increase in the number of raped and imprisoned women by the regime forces.

The female battalion is currently working on sending its new members to Saladin neighborhood in order to witness the clashes and get used to a combat situation. The female fighters are also getting trained on how to use weapons and escape snipers' bullets.

--------Transcription--------

00:06 There is a nail here.
00:11 It's ready now, the weapon is washable.
00:18 It automatically loads, once you shoot a bullet. Load your ammunition and chamber the round and the weapon will automatically load the next round
00:28 For long distance shooting, 1 round at a time is more accurate than fully automatic.
00:34 The receiver catches the round and chamber the bullet when you pull the trigger, it will release the hammer to hit the firing pin that fires the bullet.
01:05 This is the nearest range you can see from this scope.
01:15 Get close to the weapon. When you hold the rifle make it apart of your body.
01:25 Put your hand on the grip.
01:45 You can tell through the scope when your target is clear.
01:48 Load the magazine into the rifle.
01:55 It's easier than that one
02:10 Watch out when you're reloading not to hit the scope and change the settings.
04:24 At the corner, stay there.

كتيبة للمقاتلات في حي صلاح الدين بحلب.

شكل مجموعة من النسوة تتراوح أعمارهم ما بين 17 عاما و 35 عاماً، كتيبة "أم المؤمنين عائشة"، تتألف من 13 مقاتلة في حي صلاح الدين في مدينة حلب، حملن السلاح للمشاركة في الدفاع عن مناطقهم في وجه الهجمات التي تشنها قوات الأسد.

يذكر أن أعضاء الكتيبة المستقلة من الطبقة المثقفة والعاملة في المجتمع، حيث يوجد بينهن معلمات وطالبات جامعيات، وذلك قبل اندلاع الثورة السورية. وقالت قائدة الكتيبة "أم عمرو" إنها وجدت نفسها في خضم المعارك بعد مقتل زوجها، وتيتم أبناؤها، وتلقت السلاح للدفاع عن نفسها، وأبنائها، عقب انتشار الاشتباكات في أنحاء مدينتها، وأنها إلى جانب حرصها على قيامها بمسؤولياتها الدفاعية تجاه الأسرة، فهي تقوم أيضاً بمسؤولياتها كأم في خدمة أبنائها. وذكر بعض المقاتلات أن الحرب التي تجاوزت العامين في بلدهم، تركت أثراً نفسياً على حالهم، وأرغمتهم على حمل السلاح للدفاع عن أنفسهن في ظل حديث متواصل عن تزايد أعداد المعتقلات والمغتصبات في سجون النظام. ومن ضمن مسؤوليات الكتيبة النسائية، إرسال المنتسبات الجدد إلى حي صلاح الدين" في حلب الذي يشهد مواجهات عنيفة بين الجيشين النظامي والحر، وذلك كي يتعودن على أصوات القصف المدفعي وتحليق الطائرات والاشتباكات، كما يتلقين دورات تدريبية على القتال والانتقال بسرعة بين أزقة الحارات لتفادي رصاصات القناصة. وتجدر الإشارة إلى أن وجود كتيبة للسيدات في صفوف الجيش الجيش الحر لاقى انزعاجاً كبيراً من المقاتلين الرجال، خاصة من الجماعات الإسلامية التي لا تنضوي تحت راية الجيش الحر، لكن يؤمن الكثير منهم في الوقت ذاته بضرورة عملهن وذلك لما يملكن من كفاءات عملية وعلمية.

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SYRIA: BETWEEN ANARCHY AND ISLAMISTS,...
Syria
By Eli Eli Andrews
30 Apr 2013

Deir Ezzor, Syria Photography and Interviews by Nils Metzger

VIDEO: FULL HD / PAL / 1080p / 16 x9, STEREO

RIGHTS AND RESTRICTIONS: All platform, Worldwide Rights Included. Affiliate Distribution, Resell Rights, Right to Archive and other custom licenses available on request. Exclusivity not available for this material.

STORY OVERVIEW: The city of Deir Ezzor in Eastern Syria used to be known throughout the country for its greenery, for its swimmers and for the Euphrates river. Now it is decimated by civil war and ruled by Islamist militias. Jihadi groups, like the infamous Jabhat al-Nusra, dominate the war against the Assad-regime. Here, they are far closer to establishing Islamist rule than anywhere else, and even the regular Free Syrian Army units consider themselves Islamist. In the rare video interviews below, they explain why they welcome foreign fighters in Syria and how they want to establish Islamic rule over Syria. They also discuss suicide bombings, their position towards religious minorities and their relations with al-Qaida in Iraq. CLICK ON INDIVIDUAL THUMBNAILS BELOW FOR FULL SHOT LIST, TRANSCRIPTION AND TRANSLATION.

VIDEO B-ROLL (TRT 15 minutes): Frontline battle footage of Free Syrian Army; a makeshift hospital; street warfare; urban food distribution; destroyed Armenian church; snipers; weaponry, including improvised mortars a and Russian anti-tank rockets; broad destruction of city, checkpoints, civilians.

INTERVIEWS (TRT 19 minutes): Member of the FSA-unit "al-Abbas," "Ahmad" Islamic Welfare and Food Distribution Activist, A civilian, "Abu Hasim," a Jabhat al-Nusra field commander and his spokesperson, "Abu Ishaq."

SUPPLEMENTAL MATERIAL: 1) A collection of still images featuring fighters, weapons and destruction in Deir Ezzor. 2) Video interviews and footage of makeshift Islamic-civillian court and prison close to Aleppo, including a leader of the newly formed "The Committee for the Protection of Virtue and Defense of the Oppressed" discussing Shariah law and his Islamic civilian police force. 3) Raw, HD video of rebel held areas in and around Aleppo, including interviews with a female FSA sniper.

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YPG rebel training Syria (16 of 16)
Ras al Ain, Syria
By Jeffry Ruigendijk
13 Apr 2013

Roshna, commander of the YPJ in Ras al-Ayn, milks a cow to provide her girls with a morning glass of milk.

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Kafranbel, the choice of democracy (8...
Kafranbel, Syria
By Marie
13 Apr 2013

The young activist Mohammad is the meeting leader. He launches into slogans that demonstrators sing along all together.

L’activiste Mohammad est le meneur du rassemblement, il entonne les slogans révolutionnaires repris en cœur par les manifestants.

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Kafranbel, the choice of democracy (1...
Kafranbel, Syria
By Marie
13 Apr 2013

After the Friday prayer at the mosque, inhabitants are gathering to demonstrate. Liberated since august 2012, the city is regularly bombed by the Syrian army located eight kilometers from there. 230 houses and buildings have been destroyed in Kafranbel.

Après la prière du vendredi à la mosquée, les habitants se rassemblent pour manifester. Libérée en aout 2012, la ville est régulièrement la cible des bombardements de l'armée régulière positionnée à 8 km de là. 230 maisons et bâtiments de Kafranbel ont été détruits.

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Kafranbel, the choice of democracy (2...
Kafranbel, Syria
By Marie
13 Apr 2013

Demonstrators hold the banner which message is: « Nobody can kill our dream of that this nation under god shall have a new birth of freedom ». Some of them also hold Syrian revolution flags.

Les manifestants tiennent la banderole où il est inscrit « Personne ne peut tuer nos rêves, avec la volonté de Dieu, que la liberté renaisse dans cette nation ». Certains d'entre eux tiennent des drapeaux à l'effigie de la révolution syrienne.

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Kafranbel, the choice of democracy (1...
Kafranbel, Syria
By Marie
13 Apr 2013

Kafranbel inhabitants sing « Kafranbel won't die, Syria is united ». The media activist Mohammad launches into slogans that demonstrators sing along all together.

Les habitants de Kafranbel, chantent « Kafranbel ne mourra pas, la Syrie est unie ». Mohammad activiste média entonne les slogans que les manifestants reprennent en cœur.

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Kafranbel, the choice of democracy (1...
Kafranbel, Syria
By Marie
13 Apr 2013

About one hundred Kafr Nabel inhabitants are participating to the Friday demonstration. They hold slogans written in arabic and english as well as caricatures. Kafranbel has become famous in Syria thanks for its mobilization and creativity. Shared on Facebook, caricatures and slogans are followed by Syrians who live inside the country as outside.

Une centaine d'habitants de Kafranbel, participent à la manifestation du vendredi. Ils brandissent des slogans en arabe et en anglais ainsi que des caricatures. Kafer Nabel est devenu célèbre en Syrie pour sa mobilisation et sa créativité. Partagés sur Facebook, les caricatures et les slogans sont très suivis par les syriens de l'intérieur comme de l'extérieur.

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Kafranbel, the choice of democracy (1...
Kafranbel, Syria
By Marie
12 Apr 2013

Five hours of work later, the drawing is ready to be exposed by the demonstrators for the Friday weekly meeting. The caricature of the day represents Hamlet, the famous character of a Shakespeare theatre play. Ahmad Jalal has transformed the Hamlet mythic sentence « to be or not to be » into « to be or to be ». The character holds in his hand an Egyptian cross which symbolizes life. It is painted with the colours of the Syrian revolution. According to Ahmad Jalal, « Syria must keep living ».

Après cinq heures de travail, le dessin est prêt à être exposé par les manifestants pour le rassemblement hebdomadaire du vendredi. La caricature du jour représente Hamlet, célèbre personnage d'une pièce de théâtre de Shakespeare. Il a détourné la phrase culte de Hamlet « to be or not to be » en « to be or to be ». Il tient dans sa main, une croix égyptienne, symbole de la vie peinte aux couleurs de la révolution syrienne. Pour Ahmad Jalal « La Syrie doit continuer à vivre. »

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Kafranbel, the choice of democracy (1...
Kafranbel, Syria
By Marie
12 Apr 2013

Ahmad Jalal also finds his inspiration on the Internet where he finds models. Here an Egyptian cross which symbolizes life. The famous character of a Shakespeare theatre play Hamlet will hold it.

Ahmad Jalal s'inspire également de modèles trouvés sur internet. Ici une croix égyptienne symbolisant la vie que tiendra Hamlet, célèbre personnage de Shakespeare.

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Kafranbel, the choice of democracy (1...
Kafranbel, Syria
By Marie
12 Apr 2013

Ahmad Jalal is coloring his caricature. He draws the life cross hold by Hamlet with the colours of the Syrian revolution flag.

Ahmad Jalal colore sa caricature. Il a dessiné la croix de la vie tenue par Hamlet aux couleurs du drapeau de la révolution syrienne.

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Kafranbel, the choice of democracy (1...
Kafranbel, Syria
By Marie
12 Apr 2013

Ahmad Jalal is coloring his caricature. He draws the life cross hold by Hamlet with the colours of the Syrian revolution flag.

Ahmad Jalal colore sa caricature. Il a dessiné la croix de la vie tenue par Hamlet aux couleurs du drapeau de la révolution syrienne.

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YPG rebel training Syria (1 of 16)
Syria
By Jeffry Ruigendijk
12 Apr 2013

Amara (14, left), Beritan (17, middle) and Rhoken (19) in the YPG base in Serekaniye. They finished their training and are now full members of the YPJ, the female branch of the Kurdish rebel army YPG. Amara joined the YPJ after her house got bombed by Assad's jets. Her older sister has children, so she choose to join the revolution in a different way. She is now a Kurdish teacher, something that was forbidden before the war.

When these photos were taken, there was a ceasefire between Al-Qaeda affiliated Jabhat al-Nusra and the YPG, who both controlled part of the city.

The three girls fought in the recent battle that drove out the Islamist fighters, but were kept away from the front line. They all survived and are now stationed in different parts of Kurdish Syria.

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Transition
Moscow, Russia
By Marina Fonda
03 Apr 2013

Wissam is a Journalism student in Moscow and former Syrian Army officer. After being forbidden by his advisor teacher of writing his final paper on the farce of Russian coverage of the conflicts on Syria, a brainwashing aimed to make Russians stand by Bashar al Assad and the Russian government protecting him, he decides to head back to his homeland to make a film and show Russians what's really going on in his country. The film depicts Wissam's entrance in Syria by a Free Syrian Army controled border, citizens running from snipers and their stations working mode, temporary hospitals, refugees crossing the border with Turkey, destroyed Suni mosques, schools, residential buildings by government army's bombs and contains interviews with refugees (internal and fleeing abroad), injured, FSA soldiers etc.
This is a 15 min, full-HD documentary film.

Transcription:

(VO) My name is Wissam and I'm from Syria, I'm a student of Journalism in my final year ...In Moscow The reason why I came to study in a country that lacks freedom of press is that Russia was the only country to give me a visa after I resigned. Oh, I forgot to tell you... I was an officer in the Syrian army

(VO) After the Syrian dictator Hafez al-Assad's death, his son Bashar inherited the power for that, the Constitution was amended, in the world's fastest assembly. The former Constitution demanded that the minimum age for being president should be 40 years of age. They've changed it for 34, the age of Bashar at the time I realized it was about time to write my resignation letter and leave Syria I didn't see my mom for the last 8 years I was afraid of visiting my family in Syria since an old friend from the army told me I was wanted
by the Syrian intelligence they've received a report from the embassy in Moscow saying I was against the regime I remembered my father at that point When I was a kid, he used to say: “The walls have ears” By that time, I didn't understand He lived 79 years in fear. When I was in the army, he advised me not to speak about the regime in front of other officers I used to find it funny, him worried about me, and then he told me: “These people are criminals, you didn't see what I saw” Once, he told me about an event so that I could understand his uncommon fear of the regime He told me how the army came and took one person from each house during the Muslim holiday of Eid al-Adha, in 1980, in Aleppo They took around 100 people, among them children and elderly. It was a very difficult moment for my father, when he saw his childhood friends lined against the wall and get executed These crimes were called Al Mashariqa Massacre, named after the neighborhood where it occurred That's how Hafez al-Assad controlled the country for 3 decades, committing the worse massacres of these times The most famous of them was the Hama Massacre In this city, he killed dozens of thousands of civilians through shelling and artillery in 1982

(VO) In March 2011, the revolution began in Syria I realized then that the blood series started again The dictator inherited from his father not only the country, but also his criminality The difference this time was the will of the people, which had already changed with the generations The dictator used all means of intimidation, such as executions, torture and rape to eliminate the peaceful protests He counts on the support of loyal states, such as Iran and Russia, which provide him with weapons and hinder international resolutions against him But with the continuous bloodshed, people decided to take up arms and defend themselves After the liberation of wide areas in Aleppo, I decided to go back there where I grew up and from where I was away for a long time

(VO) This is the border of Bab al Salam, the security entrance which leads to Turkey

Bashar’s hired thugs, the “shabihha”, spent a long time in the region stealing The “Shabihha” used these offices to torment civilians A bunch of impolite people who got from the regime the power of making Syrian people’s lives unbearable

(Wissam says) But, thank God for the Free Syrian Army and free militias, we are free!

(Driver shout) Peace be upon you!

(VO) We entered Aleppo during the night to avoid the air strikes and snipers I was afraid, but my fears spread away when I saw the first FSA control station

(Militia) Peace be upon you! Where are you from?
(Driver) Aleppo (Militia) Where in Aleppo? (Driver) Al Jamiliyeh (Militia) Show me your documents (Driver) Here it is (Militia) Brother, could you show me your document as well? There are people trying to infiltrate during the night
(Driver) Ok, ok Did we arrive in Al Mushat already?
(Militia) It's Al Mushat! (Driver) We didn't realize because it's night We are part of your Tawhid Brigade
(Militia) Welcome! Honestly, it's because the regime infiltrated last week and took two of us
(Driver) Really? (Militia) Yes! Take care in Al Sinaa! The regime's snipers killed already 4 people there!

(VO) So much destruction made impossible for me to recognize the streets where I grew up The smell of blood replaced the fragrance of flowers
The sound of shelling took the place of birds singing The birds, just like the Syrian people, either died or ran away Young people lost their limbs in savage shelling I couldn't see any of this on Russian TV in 2 years of revolution World history doesn't know anyone who have killed its own people and destroyed its own country such as Bashar al Assad This fool overcame the madness of Nero burning Rome, and didn't spare women, children or elderly

(Wissam) This is an innocent 2year old child “Mig” bomber planes killed her parents and she was rescued by a civilian who brought her to a temporary hospital

(Wissam) Cluster bombs are still incubated. There it is. Bombs that didn't explode. It's a danger to every civilian who lives in this building, because inside there are dozens of bombs. It's internationally forbidden to use these bombs in populated areas. But this criminal regime doesn't see the difference between civilians and militaries. It points to residential buildings just to force people to leave Syria

(Wissam) This... We can hear the snipers, who’d target anyone that crosses the parallel street. They are based there, to the left. These are residential areas, which were abandoned because of the air strikes. Assad's snipers are on the top of the buildings. Anything that crosses their field of view will be targeted: children, women, and elderly... Even a dog or a cat!

(Wissam) Now we are in a building in Salah al Deen neighborhood and, because of the snipers, we are going to cross trough these wholes that the FSA opened. The fear of snipers forced these people to flee. Even they left their clothes behind. They left everything in the wardrobe. Here is a sniper shot. Looking down... Two more shots. And one here, through the glass. I can't continue, or a sniper will notice us.
This is a kitchen in a residence. They even targeted a kitchen... There are no terrorists here. It's a peaceful people's home.

(FSA soldier) Can you see him? (Wissam) I see! (FSA soldier) Do you want me to open the curtain a little bit? (Wissam) No, no, I see it! (Wissam) That's a mosque’s minaret in front of this house. There it is one, of them... There are many snipers based there. He shoots! He shoots, targeting civilians...

(FSA soldier) I'm an army deserter (Wissam) Why did you desert? (FSA soldier) Because of the injustice we presented (Wissam) Where did you serve? (FSA soldier) In Qatana's 10th platoon (Wissam) Did they order you to kill peaceful protesters? (FSA soldier) Yes (Wissam) Or isn't it true? (FSA soldier) Of course, and they gave us pills... (Wissam) They medicated you? (FSA soldier) Yes (Wissam) And the protesters? (FSA soldier) They'd put us in front of the protesters and told us to open fire. They didn't have permission to pass by. We wanted to protect the people, but we were only protecting a throne.

(VO) After all this, I arrived to my uncle's home. I wanted to surprise him with my visit. But I was the one surprised. The building was already empty. Aleppo is a historical city that the terror of the regime turned into a ghost city. People abandoned
their neighborhoods, leaving behind piles of pain and destruction that tears won't eliminate from
memory.

(Wissam) Did they shoot you in your leg? (Old man) They shot 4 times (Wissam) 4 times! (Old man) Russian shots AK-47 And what happened to you? (Old man) It’s broke! This bone here was shattered as well. Yes, it’s broke. (Wissam) Was it the Syrian army? (Old man) It was Bashar al-Assad's army! (Wissam) May God heal you! Who destroyed all this?

(Old man) It was his bombers and mortars, which invaded the Martyrs' street. We renamed it... (Wissam) Martyr's street? (Old man) We called it this way... (Wissam) Why Martyr's street? (Old man) Because during peaceful protests the regime opened fire and killed 14 civilians in here. The army sacked us, stole us, emptied our homes.

(Wissam) “Bashar's men passed here”... This school was used as a prison and headquarters. It was terrible for this neighborhood’s people.

(Wissam) “Scud” soviet missiles are sent from the capital, about a Km from Aleppo. Artillery and aviation are the means used to terrify the remaining population and force it to obey

(Boy) He attacked us with missiles, cluster bombs, “Mig” and “Shukhoi” airplanes...

(Woman) We came here because of Bashar. May he go to hell!

(Wissam) Why are you in this mosque? (Kid) Because of the bombings (Wissam) did you flee to the mosque because of the bombings?

(Wissam) What's your name? (Girl) Kifaa (Wissam) What? (Girl) Kifaa (Wissam) How old are you, Kifaa? (Girl) I'm seven years old (Wissam) Why do you live in the mosque? (Girl) They bombed our house

(VO) Terrifying the local population and destroying their homes, forcing people to flea the homeland: this is the regime's policy to try to eliminate the revolution.

(Refugee) The air force is bombing the Northern villages (Wissam) The air force? (Refugee) Yes (Wissam) Might God protect you! Is your family in Turkey?
(Refugee) Yes

Frame 0004
Transition (Part 1 of 2)
Moscow, Russia
By Marina Fonda
03 Apr 2013

PART 2: http://transterramedia.com/media/18536

Wissam is a Journalism student in Moscow and former Syrian Army officer. After being forbidden by his advisor teacher of writing his final paper on the farce of Russian coverage of the conflicts on Syria, a brainwashing aimed to make Russians stand by Bashar al Assad and the Russian government protecting him, he decides to head back to his homeland to make a film and show Russians what's really going on in his country. The film depicts Wissam's entrance in Syria by a Free Syrian Army controled border, citizens running from snipers and their stations working mode, temporary hospitals, refugees crossing the border with Turkey, destroyed Suni mosques, schools, residential buildings by government army's bombs and contains interviews with refugees (internal and fleeing abroad), injured, FSA soldiers etc.
This is a 26 min, full-HD documentary film.

Transcription:

(VO) My name is Wissam and I'm from Syria, I'm a student of Journalism in my final year ...In Moscow The reason why I came to study in a country that lacks freedom of press is that Russia was the only country to give me a visa after I resigned. Oh, I forgot to tell you... I was an officer in the Syrian army

(VO) After the Syrian dictator Hafez al-Assad's death, his son Bashar inherited the power for that, the Constitution was amended, in the world's fastest assembly. The former Constitution demanded that the minimum age for being president should be 40 years of age. They've changed it for 34, the age of Bashar at the time I realized it was about time to write my resignation letter and leave Syria I didn't see my mom for the last 8 years I was afraid of visiting my family in Syria since an old friend from the army told me I was wanted by the Syrian intelligence they've received a report from the embassy in Moscow saying I was against the regime I remembered my father at that point When I was a kid, he used to say: “The walls have ears” By that time, I didn't understand He lived 79 years in fear. When I was in the army, he advised me not to speak about the regime in front of other officers I used to find it funny, him worried about me, and then he told me: “These people are criminals, you didn't see what I saw” Once, he told me about an event so that I could understand his uncommon fear of the regime He told me how the army came and took one person from each house during the Muslim holiday of Eid al-Adha, in 1980, in Aleppo They took around 100 people, among them children and elderly. It was a very difficult moment for my father, when he saw his childhood friends lined against the wall and get executed These crimes were called Al Mashariqa Massacre, named after the neighborhood where it occurred That's how Hafez al-Assad controlled the country for 3 decades, committing the worse massacres of these times The most famous of them was the Hama Massacre In this city, he killed dozens of thousands of civilians through shelling and artillery in 1982

(VO) In March 2011, the revolution began in Syria I realized then that the blood series started again The dictator inherited from his father not only the country, but also his criminality The difference this time was the will of the people, which had already changed with the generations The dictator used all means of intimidation, such as executions, torture and rape to eliminate the peaceful protests He counts on the support of loyal states, such as Iran and Russia, which provide him with weapons and hinder international resolutions against him But with the continuous bloodshed, people decided to take up arms and defend themselves After the liberation of wide areas in Aleppo, I decided to go back there where I grew up and from where I was away for a long time

Frame 0004
Transition (Part 2 of 2)
Syria
By Marina Fonda
03 Apr 2013

Wissam is a Journalism student in Moscow and former Syrian Army officer. After being forbidden by his advisor teacher of writing his final paper on the farce of Russian coverage of the conflicts on Syria, a brainwashing aimed to make Russians stand by Bashar al Assad and the Russian government protecting him, he decides to head back to his homeland to make a film and show Russians what's really going on in his country. The film depicts Wissam's entrance in Syria by a Free Syrian Army controled border, citizens running from snipers and their stations working mode, temporary hospitals, refugees crossing the border with Turkey, destroyed Suni mosques, schools, residential buildings by government army's bombs and contains interviews with refugees (internal and fleeing abroad), injured, FSA soldiers etc.
This is a 26 min, full-HD documentary film.

Transcription:

(VO) This is the border of Bab al Salam, the security entrance which leads to Turkey

Bashar’s hired thugs, the “shabihha”, spent a long time in the region stealing The “Shabihha” used these offices to torment civilians A bunch of impolite people who got from the regime the power of making Syrian people’s lives unbearable

(Wissam says) But, thank God for the Free Syrian Army and free militias, we are free!

(Driver shout) Peace be upon you!

(VO) We entered Aleppo during the night to avoid the air strikes and snipers I was afraid, but my fears spread away when I saw the first FSA control station

(Militia) Peace be upon you! Where are you from? (Driver) Aleppo (Militia) Where in Aleppo? (Driver) Al Jamiliyeh (Militia) Show me your documents (Driver) Here it is (Militia) Brother, could you show me your document as well? There are people trying to infiltrate during the night (Driver) Ok, ok Did we arrive in Al Mushat already? (Militia) It's Al Mushat! (Driver) We didn't realize because it's night We are part of your Tawhid Brigade (Militia) Welcome! Honestly, it's because the regime infiltrated last week and took two of us (Driver) Really? (Militia) Yes! Take care in Al Sinaa! The regime's snipers killed already 4 people there!

(VO) So much destruction made impossible for me to recognize the streets where I grew up The smell of blood replaced the fragrance of flowers The sound of shelling took the place of birds singing The birds, just like the Syrian people, either died or ran away Young people lost their limbs in savage shelling I couldn't see any of this on Russian TV in 2 years of revolution World history doesn't know anyone who have killed its own people and destroyed its own country such as Bashar al Assad This fool overcame the madness of Nero burning Rome, and didn't spare women, children or elderly

(Wissam) This is an innocent 2year old child “Mig” bomber planes killed her parents and she was rescued by a civilian who brought her to a temporary hospital

(Wissam) Cluster bombs are still incubated. There it is. Bombs that didn't explode. It's a danger to every civilian who lives in this building, because inside there are dozens of bombs. It's internationally forbidden to use these bombs in populated areas. But this criminal regime doesn't see the difference between civilians and militaries. It points to residential buildings just to force people to leave Syria

(Wissam) This... We can hear the snipers, who’d target anyone that crosses the parallel street. They are based there, to the left. These are residential areas, which were abandoned because of the air strikes. Assad's snipers are on the top of the buildings. Anything that crosses their field of view will be targeted: children, women, and elderly... Even a dog or a cat!

(Wissam) Now we are in a building in Salah al Deen neighborhood and, because of the snipers, we are going to cross trough these wholes that the FSA opened. The fear of snipers forced these people to flee. Even they left their clothes behind. They left everything in the wardrobe. Here is a sniper shot. Looking down... Two more shots. And one here, through the glass. I can't continue, or a sniper will notice us. This is a kitchen in a residence. They even targeted a kitchen... There are no terrorists here. It's a peaceful people's home.

(FSA soldier) Can you see him? (Wissam) I see! (FSA soldier) Do you want me to open the curtain a little bit? (Wissam) No, no, I see it! (Wissam) That's a mosque’s minaret in front of this house. There it is one, of them... There are many snipers based there. He shoots! He shoots, targeting civilians...

(FSA soldier) I'm an army deserter (Wissam) Why did you desert? (FSA soldier) Because of the injustice we presented (Wissam) Where did you serve? (FSA soldier) In Qatana's 10th platoon (Wissam) Did they order you to kill peaceful protesters? (FSA soldier) Yes (Wissam) Or isn't it true? (FSA soldier) Of course, and they gave us pills... (Wissam) They medicated you? (FSA soldier) Yes (Wissam) And the protesters? (FSA soldier) They'd put us in front of the protesters and told us to open fire. They didn't have permission to pass by. We wanted to protect the people, but we were only protecting a throne.

(VO) After all this, I arrived to my uncle's home. I wanted to surprise him with my visit. But I was the one surprised. The building was already empty. Aleppo is a historical city that the terror of the regime turned into a ghost city. People abandoned their neighborhoods, leaving behind piles of pain and destruction that tears won't eliminate from
memory.

(Wissam) Did they shoot you in your leg? (Old man) They shot 4 times (Wissam) 4 times! (Old man) Russian shots AK-47 And what happened to you? (Old man) It’s broke! This bone here was shattered as well. Yes, it’s broke. (Wissam) Was it the Syrian army? (Old man) It was Bashar al-Assad's army! (Wissam) May God heal you! Who destroyed all this?

(Old man) It was his bombers and mortars, which invaded the Martyrs' street. We renamed it... (Wissam) Martyr's street? (Old man) We called it this way... (Wissam) Why Martyr's street? (Old man) Because during peaceful protests the regime opened fire and killed 14 civilians in here. The army sacked us, stole us, emptied our homes.

(Wissam) “Bashar's men passed here”... This school was used as a prison and headquarters. It was terrible for this neighborhood’s people.

(Wissam) “Scud” soviet missiles are sent from the capital, about a Km from Aleppo. Artillery and aviation are the means used to terrify the remaining population and force it to obey

(Boy) He attacked us with missiles, cluster bombs, “Mig” and “Shukhoi” airplanes...

(Woman) We came here because of Bashar. May he go to hell!

(Wissam) Why are you in this mosque? (Kid) Because of the bombings (Wissam) did you flee to the mosque because of the bombings?

(Wissam) What's your name? (Girl) Kifaa (Wissam) What? (Girl) Kifaa (Wissam) How old are you, Kifaa? (Girl) I'm seven years old (Wissam) Why do you live in the mosque? (Girl) They bombed our house

(VO) Terrifying the local population and destroying their homes, forcing people to flea the homeland: this is the regime's policy to try to eliminate the revolution.

(Refugee) The air force is bombing the Northern villages (Wissam) The air force? (Refugee) Yes (Wissam) Might God protect you! Is your family in Turkey? (Refugee) Yes

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Celebrating the 2nd Anniversary of th...
Aleppo, Syria
By LeeHarper
15 Mar 2013

People gather in the streets to mark the second anniversary of the revolution during the weekly protests held every Friday in Aleppo, Syria. The revolution is in its second year and does not seem to have an end in sight, with March being its bloodiest month yet.

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Syria Jihadists 06
Suruc
By Maciej Moskwa
14 Mar 2013

Syria, Hama province, Kaalat Madiq. Second anniversary of Syrian Revolution. After prayings people gathered in front of mosque. Some of them bring flags of Nusra front and Ahrar Al Sham banners. Photo: Maciej Moskwa/TESTIGO

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Deir Ezzor 5: Assault on Regime Airbase
Deir Ezzor, Syria
By Nils Metzger
06 Mar 2013

00:00-00:23
Driving towards the airport frontlines. All planes and helicopters used to bomb the city are based here. For more than a month the Free Syrian Army has been trying to storm the airbase. Civilian buildings alongside the road have been abandoned and mostly destroyed.

00:24-01:46
Following Free Syrian Army rebels to the frontline. They hide their positions in fields and farm land. Landscape surrounding the airport of Deir Ezzor. A conquered regime position in the background. Free Syrian Army trench and sniper positions. One commander shows an empty AK-47 magazine. His troops are suffering heavily from ammunition shortage.

01:46 - 03:10
Rebels moving towards the airport walls. They shoot an improvised mortar round at enemy positions. In the background an oil well is burning. Most mortar rounds are build in improvised factories in Deir Ezzor.

03:10 - 05:18
Rebels assemble a Russian anti-tank rocket, fire it at government positions, then run for cover.

Frame 0004
Deir Ezzor 4: Hospital and Social Ser...
Deir Ezzor, Syria
By Nils Metzger
06 Mar 2013

00:00 - 01:05
Surgeons operate on a severely wounded person.

01:06 - 02:14
B-roll of hospital, patients and supplies.

02:15 - 03:35
Interview Ahmed, a volunteer with al-Rawafed

Ahmed: This money comes from private organisations that help our organisation in a complete and continuous manner, to help this organisation go on with its great and hard work. Like we've said before, our volunteers already work in all areas, in everything, the kitchen, the bakery the food shop to prepare the food. The organisation feeds more than 500 families. It is currently responsible for over 500 families in this city. As much as we can we try to find a protected place for the organisation and the volunteers out of fear for their safety and to enable them to keep preparing food and to distribute it. This is because of the ferocity of the bombardment under which the people of this city have suffered for a long time.

04:45 - 06:05: Interview with resident at al-Rawafed social centre

Resident: For us, the aid we currently receive is absolutely necessary. Every day they distribute bread that is basic food, and then there are additional things. The people cannot work, the shops are closed, the houses destroyed and everyone is out of work . The aid organisations help the citizens that have stayed in the country to live. Staying in our country is better than living refugee camp. This country is our country and will stay our country. The more it is destroyed and the more it decays, the more will we resist the bombardment. We can never abandon this country. I have no intention to go to a refugee camp.

R: The land is inhabited by it's people, we will properly live here again. We are calm and we are not afraid, No one else will live here. We will stay here and live here.

R: We do not care about this any more, the bombardments and the destruction. We are people who believe in God and fear no one but Him, he is the one who cares for us and protects us.

06:05 - 06:20
A child collecting bread

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Deir Ezzor 2: Following Opposition Gr...
Deir Ezzor, Syria
By Nils Metzger
06 Mar 2013

00:00 - 01:28: Wide shots of destroyed city streets and blocks

04:02: An explosion with the sound of an airplane flying overhead as interviewee speaks.

06:57: Fighter fires machine gun from building

01:29 - 02:31
Interview with a fighter from the Al-Abbas Katiba

Fighter: So, first of all, they call me Abu Halab, I am a fighter from the al-Abbas Katiba and I am in charge of this zone of the Hatel quarter, against the regime's army.

F: Of course, we were forced to pick up arms. We are civilians, normal people, no one if front us or behind us. We had to start carrying weapons because of this situation, this ferocious campaign. We are facing an organised army, with tanks, rockets fire, an air force, artillery, all sorts of weapons. We had to pick up arms to counter this attack and the army. This is how it is, and this is the situation we are living in.

F: We are currently staying in this place. We eat and drink and sleep here. In terms of battles, we're constantly watching the army. They've got positions close by. In case we see any movement, so if a tanks moves, or soldiers, we engage them.

02:32 - 04:41
Translator: So you're guarding the place in shifts?

F:Yes, there is always someone on guard. 24 hours a day. But this is urban warfare. Sometimes we have to enter houses and it turns to a house-by-house battle.

F: Concerning the liberation of Syria, there are a few obstacles. The biggest problem is ammunition, we do not have enough. All the ammunition I have I carry. I cannot give it to all the others This is the sound of plane flying above us.

T: A helicopter

F: Yes. Speaking of the helicopters, we do not have anything like that and have nothing to fight them with. We need some rockets to shoot down the planes. To stop the air strikes and to frighten the army we are fighting. Our enemies need to know that we are weakert. We have automatic rifles, RPGs, so we can sort of deal with tanks, but for the air force we need missiles.

F: First I will talk about the situation in general and them speak about Deir El-Zor specifically.
The media in Syria always focusses on one certain place, for example Halab, Sham or Homs. But Deir Ezzor is completely marginalised. Sometimes, and very unregularily it comes up in the news and not always correct and complete. In Deir Ezzor, the media cover maybe 10 to 15 percent of what happens in this zone, but they do not transmit a clear or true picture. I only ask one thing from the media, that they come here and transmit the truth, the images of this situation in its correct form. We do not want the picture to be distorted. We want the truthful image, that of destrcution...

04:42 - 05:28
T: The image of this truth, destruction, injustice

F: Well, you can see with your own eyes where we are now: the destruction, there is nothing left. We are grateful for you. This is the first time that I see journalists coming here to film anything.

F: With regards to living in the country and us as fighters, the country needs security forces to maintain order, the army needs to order it. We want to move on from this phase to the phase of adjusting the country. The country needs jobs, like carpenter or painters and so on, all of them need to participate in this question, and in reforming security. Everyone who has an interest and can help. And God willing we will be able to live in this country, step by step.

05:29 - 09:21: B-roll: Members of "al-Abbas"-Katiba try to conquer a building controlled by the Syrian Army: City Destruction, Action shots, battle scenes, gunfire

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Deir Ezzor 1: The Nusra Front
Deir Ezzor, Syria
By Nils Metzger
06 Mar 2013

Interview with Abu Hasim, a Jabhat al-Nusra field commander (dressed in black), and Abu Ishaq, his spokesperson (blue sweater), conducted at their headquarters in Deir Ezzor. They explain why they welcome foreign fighters in Syria and how they want to establish Islamic rule over Syria. Among other things, they address suicide bombings, their position towards religious minorities and their relations with al-Qaida in Iraq.

Sound bites:
01:44 - 01:51
In the phase following Bashar's removal, our first and primary objective is to establish an Islamic nation ruled by the Qur'an.

02:53 - 03:16
With some groups that are fighting the regime, we believe that there are shared interests in terms of overthrowing Bashar. But after Bashar is gone, we have our own aims and plans.

04:10
Terrorism is a doctrine for Muslims.

04:25 - 04:32
We do not receive financial support from other countries-- not from Al Qaeda, the Arab League or NATO.

11:55 - 12:08
Until now, Christians have not turned against us. We'll deal with the issue of Christians, Armenians and other minorities after we get rid of Bashar.

FULL INTERVIEW:
00:00 - 00:44
Abu Ishaq: I will speak in terms in accordance with Sharia law, so the term revolutionaries is not acceptable, we are waging Jihad. I see myself as one of the mujahideen, fighters who have gone out to fight in the name of God and establish God's law in this land, and this is a legitimate right that is in our hands. Bush spoke of the war in Iraq as a crusade, citing the Bible. So as Muslims we have the right to follow this religion and to fight against anyone who stands between us and this objective.

00:45 - 02:07
AI: The truth of the matter is that the infidels are the ones who enter our lands so we are not the ones who attack them. At the moment, we see the FSA as a legitimate group that defends the faith and we support them to be victorious. This is how it looks to us. In the future, we may act differently, but at the current time we support the FSA against Bashar and his allies to overthrow them. We show them the meaning of self-sacrifice and Jihad, which is not limited to carrying arms, as the Prophet said: “Fight the inidels with your money, souls and tongues.” So Jihad in our Islamic Sharia has all these forms, fighting with weapons, with the pen, helping the poor, protecting public institutions, all these are forms of Jihad.In the phase following Bashar's removal, our first and primary objective is to establish an Islamic nation ruled by the Qur'an. In terms of the civil state, if this is to be a civil state as to the fact that it's governed by institutions, this is not against the law. But if it is to be a democratic state then of course we say no. But if it is a country of institutions according to God's prescription, then yes.

02:08 - 03:24
AI: This is our aim, an Islamic civil state. Like Abu Satef says, if it is a country against Islamic prescriptions then we don not agree to it, but if we say we create this, this and that institutions then we are OK with it – there are two meanings to the word civil.

AI: This is one of the faulty ideas, that politics and Sharia are far apart. There is a book called “The Book of Sharia Politics”, written by some scholars, and some concepts can confuse people. Politics is a part of religion, and it is not to be separated from religion – otherwise we would become secularists. With some groups that are fighting the regime we believe that there are shared interests in terms of overthrowing Bashar. But after Bashar is gone, we have our own aims and plans. We know that we are in the right.

03:25 - 04:10
AI: Since the time of the Prophet until God takes over his land and who is on it there will be falsehoods. When Muhammad came out with his call, they said he was a poet, a wizard, a liar. This is the way of unjust people, tarnishing the people who are in the right. And terrorism is a doctrine for Muslims.

[inaudible question] 04:11 - 09:06 [partial translation]
AI: No, these are lies, the Front is a group among many that fight for Syria to topple the dictator and install the law of God. We do not receive financial support from other countries-- not from Al Qaeda, the Arab League or NATO.

AI: First, all our strenght comes from and is the will of God. It is the faith of our fighters, the suicide attacks of our heroes that make us what we are in relation to other groups. But our weapons we have obtained from Bashar's soldiers.

AI: The mass media spread false allegations in order to destroy the truth. How can we compare suicide attacks with bombings by American fighter jets that destroy entire cities? They are just a drop in the ocean. One or two civilians get killed but if we compare this to thousands who get killed by German or US soldiers in Afghanistan then you have to agree this comparison is unjust.

Deir Ezzor is suffering from the absence of foreign media. Especially if you think about that this is the region in Syria with the most oil. But thank God we are advancing every single day and we will pursue this goal until every square meter of Deir Ezzor and Syria is freed.

AI: alhammdulah we have many members ... but I can not tell exactly how many we have. We have no financial support from al-Qaeda or Arab countries or any foreign country. All our weapons were snatched by our heroes from regime soldiers in battles.

AI: What characterizes the Front in combat situations is the courage and the discipline of our fighters. Thank God many fighters arrived who helped in past revolutions in Libya and Iraq. This is what makes us stronger in combat. We have many specialists and missile experts. Also our social work has been well accepted by the Syrian people. We are known for our our services and that we protect their property.

(question: There are many rumors circulating about the al-Midan bombings in January 2012 especially since many civilians have been killed – were these the first attacks by Jabhat al-Nusra?)

AI: There is no proof that our brothers were responsible for this operation. According to my knowledge, the regime planed them in order to destroy the positive image of the fighters. They have not presented us with proof. If al-Nusra were responsible for this attack it would have been one of the very few mistakes. In every military organization orders by the commander have to be followed, this is also true for those by Abu Muhammad al-Golani. This is true for combat units but also for the Emirs who lead entire cities. In the end they all respond to the orders of Sheikh al-Golani.

09:07 - 10:44
Abu Hasim: There are courses and training camps but those are all secret and no one must tell about them. Al-Nusra is always working in secret until it strikes...

[missing translation]

We have in many ways a special relationship with the media. Most of our operations are secret and they are superior for being secret. That way no rumors get out – no one manipulates more than the media...

[missing translation]

10:45 - 11:07
There are many false rumours about us. Jabhat al-Nusra is in a situation of self-defense. We defend the people of Syria. It is Bashar who murders children and rapes women. We are not responsible for that.

It is America, Walid bin Talal and the Jews who control the media.

11:08 - 12:00
... [missing translation] AH: Our aim is to demonstrate our faith to the almighty God and to end the injustice against muslims. This includes Christians and all other faiths that accept the divine sharia.

11:55 - 12:08
AI: Until now, Christians have not turned against us. We'll deal with the question of Christians, Armenians and other minorities after we get rid of Bashar.

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Azaz Refugee Camp
Azaz, Syria
By LeeHarper
01 Mar 2013

Mohammed has four sons and four daughters. He used to work in Aleppo in a crisp factory, but the factory and his house have been destroyed by the regime. He now lives in a tent with his family of ten. The refugee camp holds approximately 10,000 refugees, with a remaining 2000 waiting to get in. The camp currently cannot cope with the massive influx of people, where disease is rife due to a shortage of international aid.

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Al Qusair Under Siege
Qusair, Syria
By Ghatfan Ghannoum
01 Jan 2013

"The Portrait of a Revolutionary City" –(Portrait madinah thaerah)- was filmed in the city of Al-Qusair before its fall based on interviews done with some prominent figures in the Syrian uprising. The film reflects the situation of the city back then. The characters are: the mosque Imam Abed Al-Sattar- the fighter Mohamad Raad from the Alwadi battalion that participated in most of the military operations- an anonymous sniper from Al-Qusair who is the character present in Alsinaa School in Al-Qusair.

The film was shot when Al-Qusair was being bombed under siege. During that period, a number of the regimes military checkpoints were taken by rebels like Hamed Amer and Al-Ghaisah checkpoints .The film tries to document a true, undistorted revolutionary vision of the people of Al-Qusair who protested for their dignity against the regimes brutality. The film as well tackles different perspectives of different kinds of people: conservative citizens, soldiers, and people crying over their martyrs in graveyards.

Shot list:

00:23 Al-Sinaa school in Al-Qusair- middle of the city

01:40 shots from the outside of the school building

02:36 inside shots of the school that was damaged

04:05 The small graveyard of Al-Qusair used for burying martyrs

04:12 The experimental field used by the free syrian army to test explosives

04:47 shots from the inside of the school

6:01 Inside the house of the fighter Mohamad Raad

07:09 Al-Rahman mosque

07:16 shots for the streets of the city

07:20 shots for "Tal Al-Nabi Mandou" checkpoint located above Kadish village which was taken over by the Free Syrian Army and then by the regime forces after long and violent clashes between them.

08:37 Omar Al-Khattab Mosque (also known as "Al-jamih Alkbir") and Abed Alsalam Harba

09:20 Shots of Al-Qusair in ruin

09:44 Shots from inside Al-Hamidiah, a village in Al-Qusair, which is located near Dabaa` militiray airport and was taken over by the regime.

10:02 shots from Al-Qusair main square on which the regime`s flag was raised after the city was taken over

10:19 shots for the citys famous street and the citys municipality building which was later destroyed during the clashes

10:29 a shot for the municipality street and the destroyed municipality building

10:49 a shot for the famous village of Kfar Mousa( in Al-Hamadiah,Al-Qusair) in ruin

10:59 Shots around the national hospital in Al-Qusair which was taken over by the rebels after a long siege and fierce battles

12:18 The site of the massive explosion carried out by the rebels after they dug a tunnel beneath the hospital and filled it with explosives

15:26 A shot for one of the regime`s checkpoints near the village of Al-Ghassaniah that is known to be loyal to Al-Assad regime.

16:55 different shots for "the death" battalion in the orchards of Al-Qusair while manufacturing explosives

21:05 Next to Al-Rahman mosque while mourning the victims of Al-Qusair bombing

23:53 the site used by the free Syrian Army to experiment the heavy explosives in the village of Al-Borak in Al-Qusair

24:22 long, detailed takes for Annabi Mandou hill and the checkpoint situated on it

25:04 military aircraft of the Syrian regime

27:12 the small graveyard of Al-Qusair and the families of the martyrs

31:56 shots for the streets and markets in Al-Qusair

32:37 A shot for the "Death" road joining Borak village and Al-Qusair city

32:45 the main street joining Al-Hamidieh and Al-Qusair that shows Tal Safinah hill on which Assad forces are currently stationed.

32:52 shots for the abandoned Al-Hamidiah village and its houses

35:47 Sowaid checkpoint that was taken over by the rebels

35:52 Around the destroyed Sowaid checkpoint

36:00 Beneath the Sowaid checkpoint

36:20 trenches around Sowaid checkpoint

36:53 Hamed Amer checkpoint which was taken over by the rebels

37:06 A shot from beneath Hamed Amer checkpoint

37:15 A shot from the outside of Al-Ghaidah checkpoint that was taken over by the rebels

37:28 A shot from the inside of the checkpoint showing the barricades

37:45 A shot from nearby Addabaa military airport showing some cars moving and a still regime tank

41:17 general shots for Al-Qusair village including orchards, Assi River, and the destroyed houses

45:13 A general shot for Assinaa school`s wall which is full of symbolic drawings about the revolution

فيلم بورتريه مدينة ثائرة... تم تصويره في مدينة القصير قبل سقوطها. من خلال لقاءات مع نماذج مهمة من الفاعلين في الحراك الثوري للمدينة بوجه النظام السوري. تم رصد الواقع الذي كانت المدينة تعانيه. شخصيات الفيلم: - خطيب الجامع: السيد عبد السلام الملقب بعرعور القصير. - المقاتل محمد رعد: من كتيبة الوادي المقاتلة و المشاركة بأغلب العمليات العسكرية. - قناص القصير الذي رفض أن ينشر اسمه، و هو الشخصية المتواجدة في مدرسة الصناعة في القصير.

الفيلم تم تصويره في ظروف الحصار و القصف الذي كانت تعانيه المدينة، و على مدى عدة أشهر تم خلالها تحرير نقاط هامة من حواجز النظام، كحاجز حامد عامر و الغيضة و غيرها و تم تصويرهم. يحاول الفيلم أن يوثق رؤية ثورية حقيقية غير محرفة لأهل القصير الذين خرجوا للمطالبة بحقهم في حياة كريمة بعيداً عن القمع، و من وجهات نظر مختلفة، من المتدين إلى العسكري وصولاً للناس التي تبكي شهداءها في المقابر، مستعرضاً حال المدينة و شوارعها.

قائمة اللقطات:

00:23 مدرسة الصناعة في القصير- منتصف مدينة القصير
01:40 لقطات خارجية لبناء مدرسة الصناعة و محيطها
02:36 لقطات داخلية لبناء المدرسة و الخراب الذي حل بها
04:05 مقبرة القصير الأولى الصغيرة للشهداء
04:12 حقل التجارب الخاص بالجيش الحر للعبوات الناسفة
04:47 لقطات داخلية لمدرسة الصناعة
06:01 في منزل المقاتل محمد رعد التابع لكتيبة الوادي
07:09 مسجد الرحمن في القصير
07:16 لقطات عامة لشوارع مدينة القصير
07:20 لقطات عامة لحاجز " تل النبي مندو " القائم فوق تل قرية قادش و الذي وقع بأيدي الثوار بعد معارك عنيفة ثم استعادته قوات النظام بعد معارك استمرت أيام
08:37 مسجد عمر بن الخطاب "الجامع الكبير" ، عبد السلام حربا الملقب بعرعور القصير
09:20 لقطات عامة لشوارع مدينة القصير و الدمار الذي حل بها
09:44 لقطات من داخل قرية الحميدية التي تقع في ريف القصير و الواقعة تحت سيطرة النظام حالياً و المحاذية تماماً لمطار الضبعة العسكري
10:02 لقطة عامة لساحة الساعة الرئيسية في القصير و التي تم رفع علم النظام عليها بعد سقوطها
10:19 لقطة عامة لشارع البلدية الشهير، حيث يقع مبنى بلدية القصير الذي تم تدميره من قبل الثوار لتحريره من تواجد عساكر النظام
10:29 لقطة عامة لشارع البلدية و بناء البلدية المدمر
10:49 لقطة عامة لقرية كفر موسى الشهيرة بالحميدية في ريف القصير المهجورة
10:59 لقطات عامة لمحيط المشفى الوطني في القصير، و داخله، و الذي تم تحريره من قبل الثوار بعد حصار المشفى لمدة أشهر و معارك طاحنة أدت لتدميره، و يعتبر من أعنف مواقع النظام قبل الاستيلاء عليه
12:18 موقع التفجير الهائل الذي قام به الثوار تحت مبنى المشفى بعد حفر النفق للوصول إليه و زرع المتفجرات تحته
15:26 لقطة لأحد النقاط التي يتمركز بها جنود جيش النظام قرب قرية الغسانية الموالية للنظام
16:55 لقطات متعددة في مقر سرية الموت في بساتين القصير التابعة للجيش الحر أثناء تصنيع العبوات
21:05 قرب جامع الرحمن في وسط القصير، تشييع شهداء من القصير نتيجة القصف
23:53 موقع تجريب العبوات الناسفة الكبيرة، في محيط القصير قرب قرية البراك
24:22 لقطات تفصيلية بعيدة لحاجز تل النبي مندو الشهير و التل نفسه
25:04 الطيران الحربي لقوات النظام في سماء القصير
27:12 مقبرة القصير الأولى الصغيرة و أهالي الشهداء
31:56 لقطات عامة لشوارع القصير و سوق القصير
32:37 لقطة عامة للطريق الترابي الواصل بين قرية البراك و بين مدينة القصير، هذا الطريق يدعى " طريق الموت" سابقاً
32:45 الطريق العام الواصل بين قرية الحميدية و القصير و يظهر تل قرية الحميدية المسمى "تل سفينة" و الذي تتمركز عليه قوات النظام حالياً
32:52 لقطات عامة لقرية الحميدية المهجورة و بيوتها
35:47 حاجز سويد الذي تم تحريره من قبل الثوار، بعد أن كان في يد النظام
35:52 حاجز سويد أيضاً من محيط الحاجز
36:00 حاجز سويد و الدمار المحيط به، من تحت الحاجز
36:20 خنادق حاجز سويد
36:53 حاجز حامد عامر الذي تم تحريره من قبل الثوار
37:06 لقطة من تحت حاجز حامد عامر
37:15 لقطة عامة لحاجز الغيضة المحرر، من الخارج
37:28 لقطة لحاجز الغيضة من الداخل مع المتاريس
37:54 لقطة عامة لمحيط مطار الضبعة العسكري و تظهر به سيارات الزيل التابعة للنظام و هي تتحرك، مع دبابة واقفة
41:17 لقطات عامة للقصير مع البساتين و نهر العاصي و دمار البيوت
45:13 لقطة عامة لسور مدرسة الصناعة في القصير المليئ بالرسوم الثورية