Thumb sm
Iran: Mining Red Clay in Hormuz
Hormuz, Iran
By Mehdi Nazeri
07 Jan 2015

Iran’s Hormuz Island has one of the world’s most famous red clay mines, from which ocher is extracted, and a long history in the country’s mining industry. The island is located about 18 kilometers southeast of Bandar Abbas and occupies 42 square kilometers: covered by sedimentary rock and layers of volcanic material on its surface, with vast deposits of red clay.

Hormuz’s ocher is used in at least twenty different industrial products like paint, cosmetics, tiles and ceramics, mosaics, clay and glaze pottery, and the production of industrial micronized powders, among others. Even the island’s native people used ocher for making a traditional kind of food named Souragh.

But working conditions for laborers in Hormuz’s mines are very difficult, with one of the main issues being workplace conditions and a lack of safety facilities. The mine and factory belong to a private company that, according to its miners, does not pay enough to the workers.

One miner, Ali Hashem, 40, works at the Hormuz red clay mine and moves bags containing soil to be loaded and shipped for processing. Hashem says he is paid $260 per month and that the “amount of work is not worth the low payment workers receive monthly.”

“I am going to get married,” he says, “but my income is just too low working in this mine.”

Like Hashem, ten other workers spend long hours in the mine, facing hazardous conditions.

“If I was to raise a family, how would 260 dollars cover the expenses?” he asks.

Thumb sm
Xanti Mortu
By Andrea Falletta
28 Mar 2014

A miner getting off the lift used to go in and out of the mine.

Thumb sm
Tin Fever in Indonesia 33
By Steven Wassenaar
17 Mar 2014

Fondy (51 years) is a contracter working for PT Timah, his mine produces 60 tons of tin a month. He hopes to be able to produce 80-100 tons next year. The Pemali mine, the biggest legal mine in Bangka that has completely devastated the once green landscape. Operated by PT-Timah, it produces 60 tons of tin per month. Bangka Island (Indonesia) is devastated by illegal tin mines. The demand for tin has increased due to its use in smart phones and tablets.

Fondy (51 ans) est un sous-traitant, travaillant pour PT Timah, sa mine produit 60 tonnes d'étain par mois, il espère atteindre 80-100 tonnes l'année prochaine. Mine de Pemali, plus grande mine légale de Bangka. Exploité par PT-Timah. Elle produit 60 tonnes d'étain par mois. L'île de Bangka (Indonésie) est dévastée par des mines d'étain. La demande de l'étain a explosé à cause de son utilisation dans les smartphones et tablettes.

Thumb sm
Xanti Mortu
By Andrea Falletta
08 Aug 2013

A old man is crossing the street in Nuraxi Figus, a small town in Sardegna where most of the 600 inhabitants work in the coal mine, which is visible on the background of the photograph.

Thumb sm
Xanti Mortu
By Andrea Falletta
07 Aug 2013

Giacomo, 27, a young miner and DJ by night, waiting for the lift that will take him to the coal mine. His father is a miner who will soon retire. Unfortunately, the mine is more likely to close before Giacomo retires.

Thumb sm
Xanti Mortu
By Andrea Falletta
07 Aug 2013

An old miner sitting in front of his locker after a long day of work.

Thumb sm
Xanti Mortu
By Andrea Falletta
07 Aug 2013

Clemente, 54, has spent more than 25 years working in the mine. He plans on retiring in 10 years, but the mine will close down before that.

Thumb sm
Xanti Mortu
By Andrea Falletta
07 Aug 2013

Efisio, 49, is the head of the "cultivation" department. He spent most of his life working in the mine is angry at the fact that it will soon be closed. 10 years ago he had the opportunity to get an office job, but decided to stay at the with his coworkers.

Thumb sm
Xanti Mortu
By Andrea Falletta
07 Aug 2013

"SALA D'ATTESA NEUROLOGIA" means "Waiting Room Neurology" in Italian. Miners write messages on the mine's walls to keep moral high.

Thumb sm
La Rinconada, into the gold's bubble
La Rinconada, Peru
By Albert Gonzalez Farran
30 Jan 2013

La Rinconada was a nice, quiet rural village in Peru’s Los Andes range twenty years ago. However, the economic crisis in the country and the discovery of gold changed the town completely during the nineties. Now, it is a crowded place where thousands of the poor from all over South America frequently immigrate looking for opportunity. The precious metal has transformed La Rinconada into a chaotic village of nearly 50,000 inhabitants (four times more than the past) with a serious lack of social services. The increase in the price of gold (25% last year and 600% in ten years) has pushed many more people to move up there. But gold is also an economic bubble that Rinconada has experienced, likely to deflate at any time (right now its price is experiencing a significant drop).
Nowadays, the landscape in La Rinconada is full of metallic shelters built without official permits. There is no pavement, sewers and running water. It is full of rubbish and defecation everywhere. It is now a place with serious problems of alcoholism, drugs and crime. The police is nearly absent and illegal prostitution is always present. The use of mercury to separate gold from rock has created a high level of pollution that provokes aggressiveness among the population. This, added to the fact that La Rinconada is about 6,000 meters altitude, causes also breath sicknesses (especially among children) and the local clinic covers just 10% of the needs. Despite some apparent efforts of the local administration, the situation is getting worse year by year.
Apart from a minority of entrepreneurs, mining families are under some terrible conditions of life and work and they invest their profits in the consumption of alcohol and, mainly, in buying expensive clothes for Carnival or annual holidays in their original villages. Most of the residents in La Rinconada are from the rural areas in Peru and Bolivia, without saving plans, so they will continue to go up to La Rinconada for more and more gold. At least, until the bubble will burst.
Photo collection by Albert González Farran.
View more photos: http://www.transterramedia.com/users/1696

Thumb sm
La Rinconada, into the gold's bubble 5
La RInconada, Peru
By Albert Gonzalez Farran
20 Jan 2013

A "Pallaquera" (a woman who selects stones from the mine dumps) smokes cigarettes during a break in La Rinconada, Ananea, Peru.

Thumb sm
La Rinconada, into the gold's bubble 15
La RInconada, Peru
By Albert Gonzalez Farran
17 Jan 2013

A miner guides a truck inside a goldmine in La Rinconada, Ananea, Peru.

Thumb sm
La Rinconada, into the gold's bubble 16
La RInconada, Peru
By Albert Gonzalez Farran
17 Jan 2013

An exhausted miner after drilling takes a rest and cleans his dirty face, while chewing coca leaf, inside a goldmine in La Rinconada, Ananea, Peru.

Thumb sm
La Rinconada, into the gold's bubble 9
La RInconada, Peru
By Albert Gonzalez Farran
17 Jan 2013

A "Pallaquera" (a man who selects stones from the mine dumps) is pictured at work in La Rinconada, Ananea, Peru.

Thumb sm
La Rinconada, into the gold's bubble 1
La RInconada, Peru
By Albert Gonzalez Farran
17 Jan 2013

A "Pallaquera" (a woman who selects stones from the mine dumps looking for gold) takes a rest outside her shelter in La Rinconada, Ananea, Peru.

Thumb sm
La Rinconada, into the gold's bubble 26
La RInconada, Peru
By Albert Gonzalez Farran
17 Jan 2013

A "Pallaquera" (a woman who selects stones from the mine dumps) takes her selection back home at the end of the workday in La Rinconada, Ananea, Peru.

Thumb sm
La Rinconada, into the gold's bubble 22
La RInconada, Peru
By Albert Gonzalez Farran
16 Jan 2013

Former miner Filomeno Quispe (35 years old) working at his bakery and also his family bedroom in La Rinconada, Ananea, Peru.

Thumb sm
La Rinconada, into the gold's bubble 14
La RInconada, Peru
By Albert Gonzalez Farran
13 Jan 2013

A miner, on his way from work, crosses the main gate that connects the village with the goldmines, in La Rinconada, Ananea, Peru.

Thumb sm
La Rinconada, into the gold's bubble 23
La RInconada, Peru
By Albert Gonzalez Farran
12 Jan 2013

Former miner Filomeno Quispe (35 years old) working at his bakery in La Rinconada, Ananea, Peru. Quispe had no academic education and before coming to La Rinconada in 2004, he used to work in many different jobs (taxi driver, baker, builder...). During his first years working at the mines, he used to spend all money in alcohol and prostitutes, until his wife Ruth showed up with their two children. For health reasons (he has not enough oxygen in his blood), he has to leave the mines and joined her wife in her business. They currently run a grocery, a bakery and a small stand of juices in the main square.

Thumb sm
Tin Fever in Indonesia 1
By Steven Wassenaar
06 Dec 2012

Tin mines on Bangka Island (Indonesia) seen from a plane.
The hidden side of high tech smartphones. The demand for tin has increased due to its use in smartphones and tablets. Smartphone brands like Samsung and Apple deny all responsibility for the environmental situation in Bangka and refuse to give transparency in their tin supply chain. Bangka Island is devastated by illegal tin mines.

Thumb sm
Tin Fever in Indonesia 42
By Steven Wassenaar
05 Dec 2012

Miners sift sand in search of tin in an illegal tin mine in Reboh, Bangka Island, Indonesia. Tin mines have devastated the landscape of the island. This tin rush is a direct consequence of the success of smartphones and tablets like iPhones and iPads from Apple or Samsung. The demand for tin has significantly increased due to its use in smart phones and tablets.

Mineurs tamisent du sable dans une Mine d'étain illégale à Reboh, île de Bangka (Indonésie). L'île est dévastée par cette ruée d'étain mortelle, une conséquence directe du succès des smartphones et tablettes comme les iPhones et les iPads d'Apple ou Samsung. La demande de l'étain a explosé à cause de son utilisation dans les smartphones et tablettes.

Thumb sm
Tin Fever in Indonesia 41
By Steven Wassenaar
05 Dec 2012

A miner is working in a huge illegal tin mine in Batako, Tunghin. The mine has completely devastated the once green landscape of the island. This tin rush is a direct consequence of the success of smartphones and tablets like iPhones and iPads from Apple or Samsung. It is used as the solder that binds components in electronics such as tablet computers and smartphones.

Le côté caché du succès des smartphones. Des mineurs travaillent dans une grande mine d'étain illégale à Batako - Tunghin qui a complètement dévasté un paysage qui était autrefois verte. L'île de Bangka (Indonésie) est dévastée par des mines d'étain sauvages, une conséquence directe du succès des smartphones et tablettes comme les iPhones et les iPads d'Apple ou Samsung. La demande de l'étain a explosé à cause de son utilisation dans les smartphones et tablettes.

Thumb sm
Tin Fever in Indonesia 45
By Steven Wassenaar
05 Dec 2012

Miners work in a huge illegal tin mine in Batako, Tunghin. Working conditions in tin mines are extremely difficult and dangerous. Miners risk their life every day diving or digging for tin. The exploitation of the mine has completely devastated the once green landscape of the island. Mines are everywhere: in backyards, in the forest, on the side of the road, out at sea.

This tin rush is a direct consequence of the success of smartphones and tablets like iPhones and iPads from Apple or Samsung. The demand for tin has significantly increased due to its use in smart phones and tablets.

Des mineurs travaillent dans une grande mine d'étain illégale à Batako - Tunghin qui a complètement dévasté un paysage qui était autrefois verte. L'île de Bangka (Indonésie) est dévastée par des mines d'étain sauvages, une conséquence directe du succès des smartphones et tablettes comme les iPhones et les iPads d'Apple ou Samsung. La demande de l'étain a explosé à cause de son utilisation dans les smartphones et tablettes.

Thumb sm
Tin Fever in Indonesia 40
By Steven Wassenaar
05 Dec 2012

The hidden side of high tech smartphones.
Miners sifting sand in search of tin in an illegal tin mine in Reboh, Bangka island, Indonesia. The demand for tin has increased due to its use in smart phones and tablets. Thousands of miners from all over Indonesia come to Bangka Island (Indian Ocean), to work under hard circumstances in illegal and dangerous tin mines. Bangka Island is devastated by illegal tin mines.Le côté caché du succès des smartphones.

Mineurs tamisent du sable dans une Mine d'étain illégale à Reboh, L'île de Bangka (Indonésie) est dévastée par des mines d'étain sauvages. Des milliers de mineurs de toute l'Indonésie viennent à l'île de Bangka (océan Indien), pour travailler dans des conditions difficiles dans les mines d'étain illégales et dangereuses. La demande de l'étain a explosé à cause de son utilisation dans les smartphones et tablettes.

Thumb sm
Tin Fever in Indonesia 39
By Steven Wassenaar
05 Dec 2012

Miners sift sand in seach of tin in an illegal tin mine in Reboh, Bangka, Indonesia. The island is devastated by this deadly tin rush, a direct consequence of the success of smartphones and tablets like iPhones and iPads from Apple or Samsung. The demand for tin has increased due to its use in smart phones and tablets.

Des mineurs tamisent du sable dans une Mine d'étain illégale à Reboh. L'île de Bangka (Indonésie) est dévastée par des mines d'étain sauvages, une conséquence directe du succès des smartphones et tablettes comme les iPhones et les iPads d'Apple ou Samsung. La demande de l'étain a explosé à cause de son utilisation dans les smartphones et tablettes

Thumb sm
Tin Fever in Indonesia 38
By Steven Wassenaar
05 Dec 2012

Miners sift sand in search of tin in an illegal tin mine in Reboh, Bangka Island, Indonesia. Tin mines have devastated the landscape of the island. This tin rush is a direct consequence of the success of smartphones and tablets like iPhones and iPads from Apple or Samsung. The demand for tin has significantly increased due to its use in smart phones and tablets. Working conditions in tin mines are extremely difficult and dangerous. Approximately 100 to 150 miners die every year.

Des mineurs tamisent du sable dans une Mine d'étain illégale à Reboh. L'île de Bangka (Indonésie) est dévastée par des mines d'étain sauvages, une conséquence directe du succès des smartphones et tablettes comme les iPhones et les iPads d'Apple ou Samsung. La demande de l'étain a explosé à cause de son utilisation dans les smartphones et tablettes.

Thumb sm
Tin Fever in Indonesia 37
By Steven Wassenaar
05 Dec 2012

Abong (52 years) after a long day of labor in the middle of the devastated landscape. He has been a miner since more then 20 years. He considers mining as a very dangerous job but he needs the money for a decent living. Bangka Island (Indonesia) is devastated by a deadly tin rush, a direct consequence of the success of smartphones and tablets like iPhones and iPads from Apple or Samsung. The demand for tin has increased due to its use in smart phones and tablets.

Abong (52 ans) après une longue journée de travail au milieu d'un paysage dévasté par activité minière. Il a été mineur depuis plus de 20 ans. Il considère l'exploitation minière comme un travail très dangereux, mais il a besoin d'argent pour une vie décente. L'île de Bangka (Indonésie) est dévastée par des mines d'étain sauvages, une conséquence directe du succès des smartphones et tablettes comme les iPhones et les iPads d'Apple ou Samsung. La demande de l'étain a explosé à cause de son utilisation dans les smartphones et tablettes.

Thumb sm
Tin Fever in Indonesia 36
By Steven Wassenaar
05 Dec 2012

Makeshift rafts on the Indian ocean used as mining platforms near the fishing village Reboh. Offshore mining destroys the coral reef. Miners dig for tin by sucking the sand from the sea floor with machines. Offshore mining does not escape illegal mining practices with locals using small
boats or rafts called floating unconventional mines.

Radeaux de fortune sur l'océan Indien qui fonctionnement comme des plates-formes d'exploitation minière instables et dangereuses. Mines d'étain off shore au large de Reboh, un village de pécheurs. Ces mines détruisent les fonds sous marins, les barrières de corail et tuent les poissons. L'île de Bangka (Indonésie) est dévastée par des mines d'étain sauvages. La demande de l'étain a explosé à cause de son utilisation dans les smartphones et tablettes.

Thumb sm
Tin Fever in Indonesia 35
By Steven Wassenaar
05 Dec 2012

Child in devastated landscape looks down on family members, who are miners in a huge illegal tin mine in Batako, Tunghin, a few meters from the village. Bangka Island (Indonesia) is devastated by a deadly tin rush, a direct consequence of the success of smartphones and tablets like iPhones and iPads from Apple or Samsung. The demand and price for tin has increased due to its use in smart phones and tablets.

Enfant dans un paysage dévasté regarde ses membres de la famille, des mineurs, dans une immense mine d'étain illégale à Batako - Tunghin, quelques mètres du village. L'île de Bangka (Indonésie) est dévastée par des mines d'étain sauvages, une conséquence directe du succès des smartphones et tablettes comme les iPhones et les iPads d'Apple ou Samsung. La demande de l'étain a explosé à cause de son utilisation dans les smartphones et tablettes.

Thumb sm
Tin Fever in Indonesia 34
By Steven Wassenaar
05 Dec 2012

A house is balancing on the edge of an illegal tin mine in Reboh. Working conditions in tin mines are extremely difficult and dangerous. Working in tin mines is dangerous. Landslides are common and the mined tin is usually mixed with radioactive elements. The exploitation of the mine has completely devastated the once green landscape of the island. Mines are everywhere: in backyards, in the forest, on the side of the road, out at sea.

Le côté caché du succès des smartphones. Une maison sur le bord d'une mine d'étain illégale à Reboh. L'île de Bangka (Indonésie) est dévastée par des mines d'étain sauvages, une conséquence directe du succès des smartphones et tablettes comme les iPhones et les iPads d'Apple ou Samsung. La demande de l'étain a explosé à cause de son utilisation dans les smartphones et tablettes.

Thumb sm
Tin Fever in Indonesia 32
By Steven Wassenaar
05 Dec 2012

Miners weigh tin sand after a day of work in an illegal tin mine in Reboh, Bangka, Indonesia. The island is devastated by this deadly tin rush, a direct consequence of the success of smartphones and tablets like iPhone and iPad from Apple or Samsung. The demand for tin has increased due to its use in smart phones and tablets.

Des mineurs pèsent de l'étain après une journée de travail dans un mine d'étain illégale à Reboh, Bangka, Indonésie. L'île est dévastée par des mines d'étain sauvages, une conséquence directe du succès des smartphones et tablettes comme les iPhones et les iPads d'Apple ou Samsung. La demande de l'étain a explosé à cause de son utilisation dans les smartphones et tablettes.

Thumb sm
Tin Fever in Indonesia 31
By Steven Wassenaar
05 Dec 2012

Darman (53 years) with his son Swanda (21 years) who was able to buy himself a new motorcycle with the money he earned in the mine in Bangka Island (Indonesia) that is devastated by illegal tin mines. The demand for tin has increased due to its use in smart phones and tablets.

Darman (53 ans) avec son fils Swanda (21 ans) qui a pu s'acheter une moto grosse cylindrée grâce à l'argent de l'étain. L'île de Bangka (Indonésie) est dévastée par des mines d'étain sauvages. la demande de l'étain a explosé à cause de son utilisation dans les smartphones et tablettes

Thumb sm
Tin Fever in Indonesia 30
By Steven Wassenaar
05 Dec 2012

Miner clims with difficulty an unstable sand ridge in a huge illegal tin mine in Batako, Tunghin, that has completely devastated the once green landscape. Bangka Island (Indonesia) is devastated by a deadly tin rush, a direct consequence of the success of smartphones and tablets like iPhone and iPad from Apple or Samsung. The demand and price for tin has increased due to its use in smart phones and tablets.

Mineur monte avec difficulté une crête de sable instable dans une mine d'étain illégale à Batako - Tunghin, qui a complètement dévasté un paysage qui était autrefois verte. L'île de Bangka (Indonésie) est dévastée par des mines d'étain sauvages, une conséquence directe du succès des smartphones et tablettes comme les iPhones et les iPads d'Apple ou Samsung. La demande de l'étain a explosé à cause de son utilisation dans les smartphones et tablettes.

Thumb sm
Tin Fever in Indonesia 29
By Steven Wassenaar
05 Dec 2012

Miners work in a huge an illegal tin mine in Batako, Tunghin, that has completely devastated the once green landscape. Bangka Island (Indonesia) is devastated by a deadly tin rush, a direct consequence of the success of smartphones and tablets like iPhone and iPad from Apple or Samsung. The demand and price for tin has increased due to its use in smart phones and tablets.

Des mineurs travaillent dans une grande mine d'étain illégale à Batako - Tunghin qui a complètement dévasté un paysage qui était autrefois verte. L'île de Bangka (Indonésie) est dévastée par des mines d'étain sauvages, une conséquence directe du succès des smartphones et tablettes comme les iPhones et les iPads d'Apple ou Samsung. La demande de l'étain a explosé à cause de son utilisation dans les smartphones et tablettes.

Thumb sm
Tin Fever in Indonesia 27
By Steven Wassenaar
05 Dec 2012

Ropiah (45 years) works in this mine on the road to Pemali since 8 years. Bangka Island (Indonesia) is devastated by illegal tin mines. The demand for tin has increased due to its use in smart phones and tablets. Most mines are exploited illegally and accidents occur often.

Ropiah (45 ans). Cherche de l'étain depuis 8 ans, mine d'étain illégale sur la route de Pemali. L'île de Bangka (Indonésie) est dévastée par des mines d'étain sauvages. la demande de l'étain a explosé à cause de son utilisation dans les smartphones et tablettes

Thumb sm
Tin Fever in Indonesia 26
By Steven Wassenaar
05 Dec 2012

The hidden side of high tech smartphones.
Tin mines offshore near the fishing village Reboh - Diver on an improvised offshore tin mining platform. He can dig out 15 kg of tin sand per day. These mines destroy the seabed, coral reefs and kill fish. Bangka Island (Indonesia) is devastated by illegal tin mines. The demand for tin has increased due to its use in smart phones and tablets.

Plongeur sur radeau de mine off shore depuis 5 ans. Il peut extraire 15 kilo d'étain par jour. Mines d'étain off shore au large de Reboh, village de pecheurs. Ces mines détruisent les fonds sous marins, les barrières de corail et tuent les poissons. L'île de Bangka (Indonésie) est dévastée par des mines d'étain sauvages. la demande de l'étain a explosé à cause de son utilisation dans les smartphones et tablettes.

Thumb sm
Tin Fever in Indonesia 25
By Steven Wassenaar
05 Dec 2012

Irwan, 25, has been a diver on an improvised offshore tin mining platform near the fishing village Reboh for 5 years now. He can dig out 15 kg of tin sand per day. These mines destroy the seabed, coral reefs and kill the aquatic fauna. Miners dig for tin by sucking the sand from the sea floor with machines. Offshore mining does not escape illegal mining practices with locals using small boats or rafts called floating unconventional mines.

Le côté caché du succès des smartphones. Plongeur sur radeau de mine off shore depuis 5 ans. Irwan (25 ans). Plongeur sur radeau de mine off shore depuis 5 ans et il peut extraire 15 kilo d'étain par jour. Mines d'étain off shore au large de Reboh, village de pecheurs. Ces mines détruisent les fonds sous marins, les barrières de corail et tuent les poissons. L'île de Bangka (Indonésie) est dévastée par des mines d'étain sauvages. la demande de l'étain a explosé à cause de son utilisation dans les smartphones et tablettes.

Thumb sm
Tin Fever in Indonesia 24
By Steven Wassenaar
05 Dec 2012

Reny (40) lost her husbad Sukirman (43 years) in a tin mine in Mapur, on 10 November 2012. He left 4 children, from 4 to 17 years behind. Bangka Island (Indonesia) is devastated by illegal tin mines. The demand for tin has increased due to its use in smart phones and tablets. Illegal tin mining causes environmental damage, injuries and regular casualties (100-150 miners die each year).

Reny (40) a perdu son mari Sukirman (43 ans) dans une mine à Mapur, le 10 novembre 2012. Il laisse 4 enfants de 4 à 17 ans. L'île de Bangka (Indonésie) est dévastée par des mines d'étain sauvages. la demande de l'étain a explosé à cause de son utilisation dans les smartphones et tablettes. Les Mines illégales son la cause des dommages écologiques, des blessés graves et décès (100 - 150 tous les ans) chez les mineurs.

Thumb sm
Tin Fever in Indonesia 23
By Steven Wassenaar
05 Dec 2012

Worker reparing a pumping station in the Pemali mine, the biggest legal mine in Bangka that has completely devastated the once green landscape. Operated by PT-Timah, it produces 60 tons of tin per month. Indonesia is the worlds biggest tin provider, vital for assembling smart phones and other electronic products. Bangka Island (Indonesia) is devastated by tin mines. The demand for tin has increased due to its use in smart phones and tablets.

Mineurs réparent une station de pompage dans la Mine de Pemali, la plus grande mine légale de Bangka, qui a complètement dévasté un paysage qui était autrefois verte. Exploité par PT-Timah, elle produit 60 tonnes d'étain par mois. L'Indonésie est le plus grand fournisseur mondes d'étain, vital pour l'assemblage des téléphones et autres produits électroniques. L'île de Bangka (Indonésie) est dévastée par des mines d'étain. La demande de l'étain a explosé à cause de son utilisation dans les smartphones et tablettes

Thumb sm
Tin Fever in Indonesia 22
By Steven Wassenaar
05 Dec 2012

Ketut Edy Mulyana, hotel manager of Parai Beach Resorts (11O rooms).
The number of tourists has decreased because of the tin mines off shore, polluting the sea water. Bangka Island (Indonesia) is devastated by illegal tin mines. The demand for tin has increased due to its use in smart phones and tablets.

Ketut Edy Mulyana, directeur de l'hôtel Parai Beach Resorts (11O chambres). Voit la fréquentation des touristes baisser à cause des mines sur la mer. L'île de Bangka (Indonésie) est dévastée par des mines d'étain sauvages. La demande de l'étain a explosé à cause de son utilisation dans les smartphones et tablettes.