Tags / rebellion
The Rwandan Hutu rebel group that has been battling the government in Kigali for the past twenty years has taken what it says is the first step in disarming its fighters and starting a political fight instead.
At a ceremony on Friday May 30 at Buleusa in North Kivu province of the Democratic Republic of the Congo more than 100 fighters of the Democratic Forces for the Liberation of Rwanda, FDLR, surrendered and handed in their weapons.
But the FDLR warned that continuing the process of peace depends upon the government of Rwandan President Paul Kagame agreeing to talks.
The leader of the rebel group General Victor Byiringiro said “We call up on the International community to help us get an open dialogue with the Rwandan Government”.
The Hutu led FDLR is made up of former Rwandan Army soldiers and Hutu militia who fled the country after the 1994 genocide and found refuge in Congo.
Lieutenant Colonel, Omari Ujani, representative of the SADC, Southern African Development Community promised surrendering combatants and their dependents security. He announced the creation of a joint commission to make sure their demobilization process is effective. Omari also assured them of SADC diplomatic support for their political reintegration in Rwanda. “As you freely decided to lay down your guns, we don’t want you to go back in jungle disturbing locals’ peace”, he said.
The surrendering combatants will wait in a transit camp in Kanyabayonga, a village near Congo's Virunga National Park, before being relocated in Equateur province.
Break Dance and Parcour Underground Scene in Libya
The b-boying scene in Libya started around 1999-2000 and is now since Qaddafi's death gaining new momentum. B-boy Ayashi was was one of the very first Libyans to introduce break dancing to Libya back then. Even though he is 40 years old now he is still active and gives workshops to the youth about hip hop culture. More and more young guys are starting to break dance and doing parcour. It is a way of expressing their feelings, rebelling against conservative powers and also staying sane in times of constant political turmoil and violence. The guys meet to practice in an old basket ball hall or a public park several times a week. The parcour guys find unused sandy spaces and create their own obstacle parcour where they practice crazy somersaults and dangerous jumps.
On 7th March a big break dance festival took place in a central public space in Tripoli with dozens of participants and hundreds of spectators. For almost a whole day dancers were battling against each other, showing off new moves and simply enjoying dancing to loud music open air. Even though there is the constant threat of some Islamic fundamentalist might turn up and violently object to young guys dancing in public to loud western hip hop music nobody let that stop them.
The one thing missing is female dancers. The guys explained that is already very difficult for them to break dance let alone having girls participating. They might dance secretely at home but it seems it is not the time yet to make a public appearance.
The story follows Ahmed Abu Ghalaza, an Egyptian activist from the Tamorrod, or Rebel, campaign that collected 20 million signatures in the last three months calling for early elections. His friend and mentor who organized the local Tamarrod sit-in in his neighborhood starting June 28, was shot and killed weeks earlier. And after the largest day of protests, June 30, members of the Muslim Brotherhood attacked the sit-in, killing a young girl and leading to armed clashes. Despite the conflict in his neighborhood and in the country, Ahmed believes the Egyptian people support the ouster of President Morsi, and remains hopeful that the next elections will better reflect their will.
Riots in Istanbul started for the sake of protecting Gezi Park, located beside Taksim Square, after the government announced a mall project which would be erected in place of the park. Initially, a few hundred people, mainly environmental activists, conducted peaceful protests and camped in the park. After the first two days of protesting, police officers violently attacked the protesters with tear gas and burned their sleeping tents.
The public furiously responded to these attacks, as they joined together void of any political movement, against the government. The protests contained a powerful, organic element, that combined the diverse Turkish community together for the first time in the country's history, fighting for one cause: freedom. Citizens want be to involved; they want to be the decision makers in the city. More than three weeks have passed since the riots began and there is still ongoing violence every day. Casualties already reached four dead, thousands injured, and thousands arrested. Also, many journalists have been taken into custody.
Present-day Gezi Park has a controversial history. The site was formerly an Armenian graveyard between 1551-1939 and was also the place of Topcu Kislasi, military barracks built under the reign of Sultan Selim III. The area also included the very first Genocide memorial statue in the world, built in 1919, which witness annual commemorations until 1924.
Photojournalists witnessed civilians being attacked by water tanks. Demonstrations took place beside Taksim Square as citizens protested against the government after a mall project that would take the place of Gezi Park was established. The protests were initially peaceful but ongoing violence has been taking place for over three weeks and continues to escalate in Istanbul, Turkey. June 2013.
Journalists took photos as rioters threw grenades back at the police officers. Demonstrations took place beside Taksim Square as citizens protested against the government after a mall project that would take the place of Gezi Park was established. The protests were initially peaceful but ongoing violence has been taking place for over three weeks and continues to escalate in Istanbul, Turkey. June 2013.
A civilian rioted amid the tear gas without placing on his gas mask. Demonstrations took place beside Taksim Square as citizens protested against the government after a mall project that would take the place of Gezi Park was established. The protests were initially peaceful but ongoing violence has been taking place for over three weeks and continues to escalate in Istanbul, Turkey. June 2013.
''Taksim Dayanisma,'' an operation committee of riots, tried to convince the police to stop using excessive force on civilians. Demonstrations took place beside Taksim Square as citizens protested against the government after a mall project that would take the place of Gezi Park was established. The protests were initially peaceful but ongoing violence has been taking place for over three weeks and continues to escalate in Istanbul, Turkey. June 2013.
Rioters threw tear Gas grenade back at police officers. Demonstrations took place beside Taksim Square as citizens protested against the government after a mall project that would take the place of Gezi Park was established. The protests were initially peaceful but ongoing violence has been taking place for over three weeks and continues to escalate in Istanbul, Turkey. June 2013.
Tamarod (Rebellion), is an Egyptian campaign launched by a coalition of groups and movements of the civil society to demand the resignation of President Morsi.
Whenever confronted with critics, waves of protests and clashes, the Muslim Brotherhood constantly repeats that Morsi was democratically elected by more than 13 million people. Thus, Tamarod aims to collect by the end of June, 15 million signatures of people who are asking for Morsi's resignations and early elections.
The initiative - highly symbolic since it has no legal basis in the Egyptian constitution - is gaining ground thanks to the volunteers who are copying and distributing the forms everywhere in the country.
The video is 2 minutes and 18 seconds long and it features interviews and images of people signing the petition.
1- woman stopping taxis to give them the form, telling them "It's against Morsi"
2- interview in english with a volunteer. "The goal of Tamarod... we want to explain that we refuse the Muslim Brotherhood regime and Morsi as well"
3- woman distributing the form. Two women walk past saying "We don't want him (Morsi)"
4- interview with second female volunteer. "We are collecting 15 millions petitions... 15 Million petitions, to tell the public opinion in Europe and in Egypt that Morsi has to resign".
5- Three shots of the second volunteer collecting signatures and showing the papers.
6- close shot of woman holding the "Tamarod" petition. In the background we can hear demonstrators saying "we want the fall of the regime"
7- Eight shots of people signing forms. One guy waiting for a man to take a picture of him holding the Tamarod petition. Background interview in English with the first volunteer saying "Their excuse is that Morsi received 15 million votes, so we are trying to show them that more than this number refuses the Muslim Brotherhood. This is not just from Cairo, but also a lot of states (governorates) like Alexandria, Suez as well, Port Said and some cities in Upper Egypt"
8- volunteer talking to a man at intersection, while another man on a motorcycle reads the Tamarod papers
9- Interview in arabic with young volunteer from Alexandria. "The next 30 of June we will have collected 15 million requests or more...."
10- Young volunteers stopping cars to distribute the petition in Mohamed Mahmoud Street. The interview continues in the background "The government of the Supreme Council of the Armed Forces (SCAF) and the one of Morsi, the present government of the Muslim Brotherhood, did not break with the past, with Mubarak. The government of Morsi and that of Mubarak are the same". "For this reason the Egyptian people are returning again to the streets, to the square (Tahrir), to let Morsi and his group know "we don't want you!"
11- shots of women chanting in Tahrir square. "A new revolution in the square" and "down with Morsi"
12- interview in arabic with second volunteer "we don't want Mubarak or Morsi. We want young people, people from here, from Tahrir"
13- Woman with three children holding the "Tamarod signs" and singing "Erhal (Leave)"
Rebels for the katiba Shuhaa Al Arfie in the Al Mouada Fin (District)
Graffiti about the Ministry of Interior.
"Ministry of the Interior is Thugs"
The mass popular uprising in 1977 following the lifting of the bread subsidies.