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"I Don't Pay Movement", Greek Austeri...
Athens,Greece
By giorgos33
31 Mar 2013

The '"I Don't Pay" movement stated it will continue to oppose future austerity measures imposed by the Greek goverment and the IMF.

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"I Don't Pay Movement", Greek Austeri...
Athens,Greece
By giorgos33
31 Mar 2013

The '"I Don't Pay" movement stated it will continue to oppose future austerity measures imposed by the Greek government and the IMF.

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"I Don't Pay Movement", Greek Austeri...
Athens,Greece
By giorgos33
31 Mar 2013

A man reading the newspaper about the "I Don't Pay" movement.

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London (6 of 10)
London, United Kingdom
By George Henton
30 Mar 2013

A woman stands admits other protesters during a demonstration outside Downing Street against the so called Bedroom Tax in London, United Kingdom, 30 March 2013. Officially known as the Under-Occupancy Penalty, the Bedroom Tax has generated protest across the United Kingdom from groups opposed to the coalition Government's anti austerity policies. GEORGE HENTON.

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Immigrants in Greece celebrate Nowruz...
Athens, Greece
By giorgos33
23 Mar 2013

Immigrants in Greece celebrate the Nowruz, the Persian New Year, in the Panionios Stadium of Athens

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Immigrants in Greece celebrate Nowruz...
Athens, Greece
By giorgos33
23 Mar 2013

Immigrants in Greece celebrate the Nowruz, the Persian New Year, in the Panionios Stadium of Athens

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Immigrants in Greece celebrate Nowruz...
Athens, Greece
By giorgos33
23 Mar 2013

Immigrants in Greece celebrate the Nowruz, the Persian New Year, in the Panionios Stadium of Athens

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Immigrants in Greece celebrate Nowruz...
Athens, Greece
By giorgos33
23 Mar 2013

Immigrants in Greece celebrate the Nowruz, the Persian New Year, in the Panionios Stadium of Athens

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Immigrants in Greece celebrate Nowruz...
Athens, Greece
By giorgos33
23 Mar 2013

Immigrants in Greece celebrate the Nowruz, the Persian New Year, in the Panionios Stadium of Athens

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Immigrants in Greece celebrate Nowruz...
Athens, Greece
By giorgos33
23 Mar 2013

Immigrants in Greece celebrate the Nowruz, the Persian New Year, in the Panionios Stadium of Athens

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Immigrants in Greece celebrate Nowruz...
Athens, Greece
By giorgos33
23 Mar 2013

Immigrants in Greece celebrate the Nowruz, the Persian New Year, in the Panionios Stadium of Athens

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Immigrants in Greece celebrate Nowruz...
Athens, Greece
By giorgos33
23 Mar 2013

Immigrants in Greece celebrate the Nowruz, the Persian New Year, in the Panionios Stadium of Athens

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Immigrants in Greece celebrate Nowruz...
Athens, Greece
By giorgos33
23 Mar 2013

Immigrants in Greece celebrate the Nowruz, the Persian New Year, in the Panionios Stadium of Athens

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Immigrants in Greece celebrate Nowruz...
Athens, Greece
By giorgos33
23 Mar 2013

Immigrants in Greece celebrate the Nowruz, the Persian New Year, in the Panionios Stadium of Athens

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Immigrants in Greece celebrate Nowruz...
Athens, Greece
By giorgos33
23 Mar 2013

Immigrants in Greece celebrate the Nowruz, the Persian New Year, in the Panionios Stadium of Athens

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Immigrants in Greece celebrate Nowruz...
Athens, Greece
By giorgos33
23 Mar 2013

Immigrants in Greece celebrate the Nowruz, the Persian New Year, in the Panionios Stadium of Athens

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Immigrants in Greece celebrate Nowruz...
Athens, Greece
By giorgos33
23 Mar 2013

Immigrants in Greece celebrate the Nowruz, the Persian New Year, in the Panionios Stadium of Athens

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Immigrants in Greece celebrate Nowruz...
Athens, Greece
By giorgos33
23 Mar 2013

Immigrants in Greece celebrate the Nowruz, the Persian New Year, in the Panionios Stadium of Athens

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Immigrants in Greece celebrate Nowruz...
Athens, Greece
By giorgos33
23 Mar 2013

Immigrants in Greece celebrate the Nowruz, the Persian New Year, in the Panionios Stadium of Athens

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Immigrants in Greece celebrate Nowruz...
Athens, Greece
By giorgos33
23 Mar 2013

Immigrants in Greece celebrate the Nowruz, the Persian New Year, in the Panionios Stadium of Athens

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Immigrants in Greece celebrate Nowruz...
Athens, Greece
By giorgos33
23 Mar 2013

Immigrants in Greece celebrate the Nowruz, the Persian New Year, in the Panionios Stadium of Athens

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Immigrants in Greece celebrate Nowruz...
Athens, Greece
By giorgos33
23 Mar 2013

Immigrants in Greece celebrate the Nowruz, the Persian New Year, in the Panionios Stadium of Athens

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Immigrants in Greece celebrate Nowruz...
Athens, Greece
By giorgos33
23 Mar 2013

Immigrants in Greece celebrate the Nowruz, the Persian New Year, in the Panionios Stadium of Athens

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Immigrants in Greece celebrate Nowruz...
Athens, Greece
By giorgos33
23 Mar 2013

Immigrants in Greece celebrate the Nowruz, the Persian New Year, in the Panionios Stadium of Athens

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Immigrants in Greece celebrate Nowruz...
Athens, Greece
By giorgos33
23 Mar 2013

Immigrants in Greece celebrate the Nowruz, the Persian New Year, in the Panionios Stadium of Athens

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Immigrants in Greece celebrate Nowruz...
Athens, Greece
By giorgos33
23 Mar 2013

Immigrants in Greece celebrate the Nowruz, the Persian New Year, in the Panionios Stadium of Athens

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Immigrants in Greece celebrate Nowruz...
Athens, Greece
By giorgos33
23 Mar 2013

Immigrants in Greece celebrate the Nowruz, the Persian New Year, in the Panionios Stadium of Athens

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Immigrants in Greece celebrate Nowruz...
Athens, Greece
By giorgos33
23 Mar 2013

Immigrants in Greece celebrate the Nowruz, the Persian New Year, in the Panionios Stadium of Athens

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Celebrating Nowruz In Greece
Athens, Greece
By U.S. Editor
23 Mar 2013

Immigrants in Greece celebrate the Nowruz, the Persian New Year, in the Panionios Stadium of Athens

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London (7 of 10)
London, United Kingdom
By George Henton
16 Mar 2013

A man wearing a mask and handcuffs gestures during a march of Syrian opposition supporters in London, United Kingdom, 16 March 2013. The march was held in solidarity with those opposition forces and supporters currently fighting the incumbent regime in Syria. GEORGE HENTON.

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Archaeologists Discover Paleolithic A...
Vila Nova de Foz Coa Douro, Portugal
By U.S. Editor
11 Feb 2013

COA VALLEY, Portugal -- 18 January 2013 -- WHOEVER carved the graceful figures into the rocks of this valley on the upper reaches of the River Douro had no camera, pencils or paper. Though recent discoveries by Portuguese archaeologists have confirmed that the Palaeolithic Sapiens Sapiens that inhabited the Coa Valley 30,000 to 10,000 years ago were among the first humans to invent animation.

Using a quartzite tool, they carved thousands of depictions of animals, some of which - like the Przewalski's horse at the site on the upper part of the Coa Valley at Penascosa - show a clear understanding of movement depicted in animation, archaeologists here say.

"We cannot prove what the carvings were intended to do exactly...But if you consider cinema, then it is like two or three frames a second," says Antonio Batarda, an archaeologist who specializes in the animated figures of the Coa Valley Archaeological Park.

"What they are doing with these figures, when you analyse it...Is cinema," says Luis Miguel de Silva Simoes Luis (Luis Luis), another archaeologist at the Coa Valley Archaeological Park Museum.

"They break down movement and recompose it...What you then see is a goat or horse moving it's legs or head," he explains.

One sheltered site still shows the remains of ocre-painted figures, which are mostly of large herbivores such as the Aurochs - a bovine species about three times the size of the bulls and cows we see today. Other rock panels at the various sites here depict classic species of the Pleistiocene like the large deer Megalocerus, the Ibex, Aurochsen, horses and various species of goat - to name but a few. Rare human figures are also depicted. The tradition of carving on the rock panels here continued through the Neolithic and right up until recent centuries with Christian motiffs.

Back in the Palaeolithic, the Coa Valley - which still has a unique micro-climate - would have provided an easy environment for the small groups of Sapiens Sapiens living a nomadic hunter-gather existence. Outside of the valley, large predatory species like lions were common and the River Coa provided a certain security and was abundant in game.

Strangely, many of the figures carved onto the rocks beside the River Coa depict animals which would have been a significant challenge for Palaeoloithic man to hunt.

"Hunting was important...But it was mostly entertainment, as it was mostly the animal behaviour which seemed to have interested them," Antonio Batarda says, adding that it is impossible to prove what the animated figures (or the non-animated ones) were actually used for.

It is likely, he says, that the animations were indeed just that, using fire and screens in co-ordinated movement to create the illusion of movement, rather like the special effects on the stage of a late Victorian theatre. Animals were of great importance to Palaeolithic man and were likely to have been a form of entertainment in themselves, Batarda adds.

There are around one hundred panels depicting animated movement. Sometimes it is subtle, such as a horse flicking it's ears or a goat sticking out it's tongue. Others are more complex and show a horse moving it's head or a goat involved in a mating display.

Not all the archaeologists here are certain about the sites being an ancient cinema, but all agree that the carvings are definately animations.

"I compare it with comic books...I think it may be pushing it a bit to say it was cinema. Though it was the first time we know that animation was used," says Antonio Martinho Baptista, the Director of the Coa Valley Archaeological Park.

Mr Martinho Baptista says that the Palaeolithic humans who inhabited the Coa Valley were nomadic and wandered around in small groups of 30-50 individuals over a radius of around 90 miles and were probably around a thousand or so in number.

The site was discovered in the mid 1990s during archaeological surveys to construct a hydro-electric dam. It soon became a UNESCO World Heritage Site and thus far, archaeologists have found around 100 outdoor rock carvings which show some form of animation.

"I believe it had a function...This was public art," says Martinho Baptista. He says that as it was public - it was probable that the carvings were used for story telling and education. Religion may have also played a part, the figures show many pregnant animals, possibly signifying some kind of reverence for the creation of new life.

This makes sites of outdoor Upper Palaeolithic art like the Coa Valley very important in our understanding of our ancient ancestors, he adds. While the Lascaux cave paintings are famous, Mr Martinho Baptista believes cave art was rare and that much of the art of the Upper Palaolithic was outdoors carved on rocks like in the Coa Valley.

"Why did we find the art at Lascaux? Because they were protected. Nowadays, we think that the open air Palaeolithic art was much more common...Though much of it has been destroyed by wind and rain...Probably cave art in this time was exceptional," says Luis.

One of the more tender carvings depicts a moment of affection between two horses, a favourite of the museum's director. For Martinho Baptista, this is a prime example of the keen eye of Palaeolithic man. "It's a masterful work...It was made 20,000 years ago...But could be shown in a gallery by a modern artist today," he says.

Whatever the actual true use of these rock carving animations was, it is clear that these recent discoveries by Portuguese archaeologists in the Coa Valley render the popular image of prehistoric man quite obsolete. "Palaeolithic man was an artist just like some contemporary ones," Martinho Bapista says. -ends- approx 700 words

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Demonstration of solidarity by the ME...
Athens, Greece
By giorgos33
27 Jan 2013

Demonstrators upon reaching the Greek Parliament disbanded peacefully.

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Homeless persons in Athens (1 of 14)
Athens, Greece
By giorgos33
27 Jan 2013

A homeless man with a handamde sign that reads "Please help me I have been homeless for many months"

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DEMONSTRATION OF SOLIDARITY BY THE ME...
Athens, Greece
By Mais Istanbuli
27 Jan 2013

-Demonstrators upon reaching the Greek Parliament disbanded peacefully. -Communist party members with red flags demonstrate shouting anti-government slogans. -Members of the Teacher's Union with their banner demonstrate in Solidarity in the center of Athens -A demonstration was organised in Omonoia square by PAME (Communist Union of Greece) in support for the METRO workers struggle. -A KKE (Comunist Party of Greece) representative shows his solidarity to the METRO railway workers that Greek government has forcefully ended their 8 day strike

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Demonstration of solidarity bythe MET...
Athens, Greece
By giorgos33
26 Jan 2013

Members of the Teacher's Union with their banner demonstrate in Solidarity in the center of Athens

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Demonstration of solidarity bythe MET...
Athens, Greece
By giorgos33
26 Jan 2013

A KKE (Comunist Party of Greece) representative shows his solidarity to the METRO railway workers that Greek goverment has forcefully ended their 8 day strike

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Demonstration of solidarity by the ME...
Athens, Greece
By giorgos33
26 Jan 2013

A demonstration was organised in Omonoia square by PAME (Communist Union of Greece) in support for the METRO workers struggle.

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Demonstration of solidarity by the ME...
Athens, Greece
By giorgos33
26 Jan 2013

Communist party members with red flags demonstrate shouting anti-goverment slogans.

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Archaeologists discover Paleolithic a...
Vila Nova de Foz Coa Douro Portugal
By Jonathan Mitchell
18 Jan 2013

Archaeologists have discovered 100 or so rock carvings from the Upper Palaeolithic (10,000 to 30,000 years ago) which depict basic animation at 2 to 3 frames per second. This panel depicts a Auroch (a large ancient bovine species) in two frames.

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Archaeologists discover Paleolithic a...
Foz Coa Douro, Portugal
By Jonathan Mitchell
17 Jan 2013

In the Coa Valley of northern Portugal, archaeologists have discovered around 100 rock panels which depict animation at 2 or 3 frames per second carved onto the rocks of the valley. This is a pan shot of the Coa Valley.