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LOST IN THE JUNGLE
Etaeto, Democratic Republic of Congo
By U.S. Editor
04 Mar 2013

Kalibo Mandigo - Etaeto - Democratic Republic of Congo - September 10th, 2012

The hunt for precious coltan is killing Africa's dwindling Pygmy population. The village of Kalibo Mandigo, located in the Ituri rain forest in the eastern part of the Democratic Republic of Congo, lies in the heart of an obscure war zone that few in the West know about. The densely forested expanse along a stretch of border between the nation once known as Zaire and Uganda, furnishes some 80 percent of planet's Columbite Tantalite, or "coltan," an ore that is an essential ingredient in the creation of the miniature Tantalum capacitors present in virtually all electronic devices, including laptops, cell phones and pagers.

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Lost In The Jungle (30 of 31)
Etaeto, Democratic Republic of Congo
By Piero Pomponi World Focus
10 Sep 2012

Kalibo Mandigo - Etaeto - Democratic Republic of Congo - September 10th, 2012

The hunt for precious coltan is killing Africa's dwindling Pygmy population. The village of Kalibo Mandigo, located in the Ituri rain forest in the eastern part of the Democratic Republic of Congo, lies in the heart of an obscure war zone that few in the West know about. The densely forested expanse along a stretch of border between the nation once known as Zaire and Uganda, furnishes some 80 percent of planet's Columbite Tantalite, or "coltan," an ore that is an essential ingredient in the creation of the miniature Tantalum capacitors present in virtually all electronic devices, including laptops, cell phones and pagers. Coltan is panned for by hand in much the same way as gold during the California gold rush of the 19th century. The demand by major companies such as Nokia and Sony for coltan (Australia is the other major source) has made the Congo into a battleground for rogue miners, who enter the country, through Rwanda, Uganda and Burundi. The number of Pygmies is in constant decline as a result of the border fighting. On the move constantly, the pygmies, who are considered inferior, face the wrath of Congolese troops and Rwandan raiders who cross the border seeking the coltan. They were victims of rape, murder and cannibalism. According to Minority Rights Group International there is extensive evidence of mass killing, cannibalism and rape of Pygmies and they have urged the International Criminal Court to investigate a campaign of extermination against pygmies. Although they have been targeted by virtually all the armed groups, much of the violence against Pygmies is attributed to the rebel group, Movement for the Liberation of Congo.

The picture shows a pygmi man who lost his entire family after a rwandan rebel interamwe, raid Kalibo Mandigo village. His hut was totally devasted and destroyed by those rebels.

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Editor's Picks 10 September 2012
Middle East
By Editor's Picks
09 Sep 2012

New UN Arab League Envoy To Syria;
Spain Foreign Minister Discusses Economic Projects with Morsi;
Candid Shots of the Ambrosetti Forum;
Bikpela Bagarap: Big Damage: Logging Papua New Guinea
e-Wasteland: Documentary of unregulated electronic waste in Ghana

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Engineers Present Their Inventions on...
Cairo, Egypt
By U.S. Editor
02 Sep 2012

Egyptian engineers and engineering students presented their inventions in the 11th session of the Egyptian Engineering Day, held by the IEEE GOLD Egypt (Institute of Electrical & Electronics Engineers) on September 2nd and 3rd at a large exhibition hall in Cairo, under the auspices of Egypt’s Prime Minister Hesham Kandil.

The annual two-day exhibition is a chance for creative young Egyptian engineers to introduce their innovations to the field of industry and make use of their creative graduation projects to be utilized.

The EDD is held this year under the slogan “Egypt Moves Forward.”

SOUNDBITE 1 (Arabic) – Eng. Mohamed Yousri, member of the EDD Executive Committee:
“The Egyptian Engineering Day is an exhibition for projects. Through competitions, students present their projects and we bring in the industrial sector. We make a link between the engineering and the industrial sectors so that these projects and great innovations can be used in the field of industry.”

The creativity of the young engineers impressed the visitors.

Some engineers presented a project of water-fuelled vehicles as an alternative for gas-fuelled cars, avoiding the pollution of gasoline and finding a renewable source of fuel.

Others manufactured their own racing cars, although Egypt doesn’t manufacture cars.

SOUNDBITE 2 (Arabic) – Eng. Michael Sidney, fresh graduate, Ain Shams University:
“Our graduation project is to manufacture a formula racing car and use it by participating in a race in England called ‘Formula Students’. We travelled this year and we scored the 11th place worldwide. We faced many issues as Egypt doesn’t manufacture cars and we had to design and manufacture our racing car. Some parts were difficult to get, as they are not manufactured in Egypt such as the engine, which we got from a racing motorbike. Apart from this, we designed and manufactured all the car components here in Egypt.”

SOUNDBITE 3 (Arabic) – Ahmed Mahmoud, Engineering student, Tanta University:
“Our graduation project is the water fuelled car. It is a car operating by water instead of gas due to the issues in the gas such as the pollution. We started searching for an alternative for the gasoline, and we find that the hydrogen is the best, which supplies three times the energy we get from gasoline. We started making electrical analysis in the water using a battery with water and applying 12 volts. It results in HHO gas that goes through the combustion engine through a flash arrestor to protect from backfire in the system so that the system is safe and secure.”

There are many other inventions such as the ROV or the Remotely Operated Vehicle which can be used as a spying robot under the far depth of water, lamps turning on and off by moving hands above, smart electric meters, etc, all designed and created by young Egyptian engineers.

The IEEE says that the EED is a symbol for the transitional stage of engineering and technology in Egypt.

Local News Agency: Middle East Bureau / VCS
Shooting Dateline: September 3, 2012
Shooting Location: Cairo, Egypt
Publishing Time: September 3, 2012
Length: 0:03:08
Video Size: 155 MB
Language: Arabic
Column:
Organized by:
Correspondent:
Camera: VCS
SHOTLIST:
1. Wide shot, the hall in Cairo where the inventions are displayed
2. Close up, an engineer wearing a T shirt written on it “EDD, Egyptian Engineering Day 2012”
3. Close up, an engineer wearing a T shirt written on it the slogan “Egypt Moves Forward”
4. Medium shot, crowds of visitors watching the innovations of the fresh engineers
5. Medium shot, a sign reading “IEEE” (The Institute of Electrical & Electronics Engineers)
6. Pan left, a miniature model for the Future City designed by an Egyptian fresh graduate engineer
7. Medium shot, an engineer showing visitors turning a lamp on and off remotely by moving his hands above it
8. Wide shot, crowds of visitors
9. SOUNDBITE 1 (Arabic) – Eng. Mohamed Yousri, member of the EDD Executive Committee:
“The Egyptian Engineering Day is an exhibition for projects. Through competitions, students present their projects and we bring the industrial sector. We make a link between the engineering and the industrial sectors so that these project and great innovations could be used in the field of industry.” 10. Pan right, visitors and engineers at the hall
11. Medium shot, a sign reading “Hydrogen-Car Fuel Injection Control”
12. Tilt down, a diagram and a monitor showing how a water fuelled car works
13. Various shots of a racing car designed by an Egyptian engineer
14. SOUNDBITE 2 (Arabic) – Eng. Michael Sidney, fresh graduate, Ain Shams University:
“Our graduation project is to manufacture a formula racing car and use it in participating in a race in England called ‘Formula Students’. We travelled this year and we scored the 11th place worldwide. We faced many issues as Egypt doesn’t manufacture cars and we had to design and manufacture our racing car. Some parts were difficult to get as they are not manufactured in Egypt such as the engine, which we got from a racing motorbike. Apart from this, we designed and manufactured all the car components here in Egypt.” 15. SOUNDBITE 3 (Arabic) – Ahmed Mahmoud, Engineering student, Tanta University:
“Our graduation project is the water fuelled car. It is a car operating by water instead of gas due to the issues in the gas such as the pollution. We started searching for an alternative for the gasoline, and we find that the hydrogen is the best, which emerges three times the energy we get from gasoline. We started making electrical analysis to the water using a battery with water and applying 12 volts. It results in HHO gas that goes through the combustion engine through a flash arrestor to protect from backfire in the system so that the system is safe and secure.” 16. Medium shot, a sign reading “ROV – Remotely Operated Vehicle”
17. Medium shot, crowds of visitors and a group of young women at the hall
18. Various shots of the inventions presented by Egyptian fresh engineers
19. Pan right, crowds of visitors at the exhibition hall