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Bangladesh's Jamdani Sari
Dhaka, Bangladesh
By zakir hossain chowdhury
08 Jul 2015

In December 2013, the Intellectual Property Association of Bangladesh (IPAB) celebrated a major success as Bangladesh's Jamdani Sari weaving tradition, a labor-intensive and time-consuming form of hand loom weaving is recognized as Intangible Cultural Heritage of Humanity by the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization. Jamdani is the finest Muslin textile produced in Bangladesh's Dhaka District.

A sari is the traditional garment worn by women in the Indian subcontinent, made up of a long strip of unstitched cloth, ranging from five to nine yards in length, which can be draped in various styles. The most common style is for the sari to be wrapped around the waist with one end then draped over the shoulders with the other. The Jamdani Sari is among the oldest styles, at more than 5,000 years old! Some people think that the sari was influenced by Greek or Roman toga, which we see on ancient statues. However, there is no solid historical evidence to this effect.

The sari is essentially designed to suit local conditions in the subcontinent. There are at least six varieties of Bengal handlooms, each deriving its name from the village in which it originated, and each with its own distinctive style. Dhaka was especially renowed for saris of fine muslin, a tradtion that carries on today. Jamdani is basically a transformation of the world famous Dhakai Muslin. According to their variety, fineness and patterns the traditional Dhakai Muslins were divided into specific categories. Among them, Aab-E-Rouhan, Shabnam, Sarband and Jamdani muslin were the most famous. Over the years the first three of these have vanished from history.

The production, marketing and export of Jamdani has somehow maintained its continuity. Dhaka has a history of only four hundred years from 1610 A.D., but the history of the cotton clothes of the region reveals more ancient traditions. Although most of the history of Jamdani weaving os lost in the mists of antiquity, it's known that trade in the fabric was established at least 2,000 years ago.

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Jamdani Sari 01
Dhaka, Bangladesh
By zakir hossain chowdhury
07 Jul 2015

A Bangladeshi weaver designs a Jamdani Sari in the village of Rupganj Thana in the outskirts of Dhaka.

Jamdani is the finest Muslin textile produced in Bangladesh's Dhaka District. This time consuming and labor-intensive form of hand loom weaving has been declared intagible cultural world heritage by UNESCO.

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Jamdani Sari 02
Dhaka, Bangladesh
By zakir hossain chowdhury
07 Jul 2015

A Bangladeshi weaver designs a Jamdani Sari in the village of Rupganj Thana in the outskirts of Dhaka.

Jamdani is the finest Muslin textile produced in Bangladesh's Dhaka District. This time consuming and labor-intensive form of hand loom weaving has been declared intagible cultural world heritage by UNESCO.

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Jamdani Sari 03
Dhaka, Bangladesh
By zakir hossain chowdhury
07 Jul 2015

A Bangladeshi weaver designs a Jamdani Sari in the village of Rupganj Thana in the outskirts of Dhaka.

Jamdani is the finest Muslin textile produced in Bangladesh's Dhaka District. This time consuming and labor-intensive form of hand loom weaving has been declared intagible cultural world heritage by UNESCO.

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Jamdani Sari 04
Dhaka, Bangladesh
By zakir hossain chowdhury
07 Jul 2015

A Bangladeshi weaver designs a Jamdani Sari in the village of Rupganj Thana in the outskirts of Dhaka.

Jamdani is the finest Muslin textile produced in Bangladesh's Dhaka District. This time consuming and labor-intensive form of hand loom weaving has been declared intagible cultural world heritage by UNESCO.

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Jamdani Sari 05
Dhaka, Bangladesh
By zakir hossain chowdhury
07 Jul 2015

Portrait of a Bangladeshi weaver of Jamdani Saris in the village of Rupganj Thana in the outskirts of Dhaka.

Jamdani is the finest Muslin textile produced in Bangladesh's Dhaka District. This time consuming and labor-intensive form of hand loom weaving has been declared intagible cultural world heritage by UNESCO.

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Jamdani Sari 06
Dhaka, Bangladesh
By zakir hossain chowdhury
07 Jul 2015

A Bangladeshi weaver designs a Jamdani Sari in the village of Rupganj Thana in the outskirts of Dhaka.

Jamdani is the finest Muslin textile produced in Bangladesh's Dhaka District. This time consuming and labor-intensive form of hand loom weaving has been declared intagible cultural world heritage by UNESCO.

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Jamdani Sari 07
Dhaka, Bangladesh
By zakir hossain chowdhury
07 Jul 2015

Portrait of a Bangladeshi weaver of Jamdani Saris in the village of Rupganj Thana in the outskirts of Dhaka.

Jamdani is the finest Muslin textile produced in Bangladesh's Dhaka District. This time consuming and labor-intensive form of hand loom weaving has been declared intagible cultural world heritage by UNESCO.

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Jamdani Sari 08
Dhaka, Bangladesh
By zakir hossain chowdhury
07 Jul 2015

A Bangladeshi weaver designs a Jamdani Sari in the village of Rupganj Thana in the outskirts of Dhaka.

Jamdani is the finest Muslin textile produced in Bangladesh's Dhaka District. This time consuming and labor-intensive form of hand loom weaving has been declared intagible cultural world heritage by UNESCO.

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Jamdani Sari 09
Dhaka, Bangladesh
By zakir hossain chowdhury
07 Jul 2015

A whole saller of Jamdani Saris shows a piece from his collection in the village of Rupganj Thana in the outskirts of Dhaka.

Jamdani is the finest Muslin textile produced in Bangladesh's Dhaka District. This time consuming and labor-intensive form of hand loom weaving has been declared intagible cultural world heritage by UNESCO.

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Jamdani Sari 10
Dhaka, Bangladesh
By zakir hossain chowdhury
07 Jul 2015

Jamdani Saris are made from the finest Muslin textile produced in Bangladesh's Dhaka District. This time consuming and labor-intensive form of hand loom weaving has been declared intagible cultural world heritage by UNESCO.

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Jamdani Sari 11
Dhaka, Bangladesh
By zakir hossain chowdhury
07 Jul 2015

A whole saller of Jamdani Saris shows a piece from his collection in the village of Rupganj Thana in the outskirts of Dhaka.

Jamdani is the finest Muslin textile produced in Bangladesh's Dhaka District. This time consuming and labor-intensive form of hand loom weaving has been declared intagible cultural world heritage by UNESCO.

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Jamdani Sari 12
Dhaka, Bangladesh
By zakir hossain chowdhury
07 Jul 2015

A Bangladeshi weaver designs a Jamdani Sari in the village of Rupganj Thana in the outskirts of Dhaka.

Jamdani is the finest Muslin textile produced in Bangladesh's Dhaka District. This time consuming and labor-intensive form of hand loom weaving has been declared intagible cultural world heritage by UNESCO.

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Jamdani Sari 13
Dhaka, Bangladesh
By zakir hossain chowdhury
07 Jul 2015

A Bangladeshi weaver designs a Jamdani Sari in the village of Rupganj Thana in the outskirts of Dhaka.

Jamdani is the finest Muslin textile produced in Bangladesh's Dhaka District. This time consuming and labor-intensive form of hand loom weaving has been declared intagible cultural world heritage by UNESCO.

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Jamdani Sari 17
Dhaka, Bangladesh
By zakir hossain chowdhury
07 Jul 2015

A Bangladeshi weaver designs a Jamdani Sari in the village of Rupganj Thana in the outskirts of Dhaka.

Jamdani is the finest Muslin textile produced in Bangladesh's Dhaka District. This time consuming and labor-intensive form of hand loom weaving has been declared intagible cultural world heritage by UNESCO.

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Jamdani Sari 18
Dhaka, Bangladesh
By zakir hossain chowdhury
07 Jul 2015

A Bangladeshi weaver designs a Jamdani Sari in the village of Rupganj Thana in the outskirts of Dhaka.

Jamdani is the finest Muslin textile produced in Bangladesh's Dhaka District. This time consuming and labor-intensive form of hand loom weaving has been declared intagible cultural world heritage by UNESCO.

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Jamdani Sari 19
Dhaka, Bangladesh
By zakir hossain chowdhury
07 Jul 2015

A Bangladeshi weaver designs a Jamdani Sari in the village of Rupganj Thana in the outskirts of Dhaka.

Jamdani is the finest Muslin textile produced in Bangladesh's Dhaka District. This time consuming and labor-intensive form of hand loom weaving has been declared intagible cultural world heritage by UNESCO.

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Jamdani Sari 20
Dhaka, Bangladesh
By zakir hossain chowdhury
07 Jul 2015

A Bangladeshi weaver designs a Jamdani Sari in the village of Rupganj Thana in the outskirts of Dhaka.

Jamdani is the finest Muslin textile produced in Bangladesh's Dhaka District. This time consuming and labor-intensive form of hand loom weaving has been declared intagible cultural world heritage by UNESCO.

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Jamdani Sari 21
Dhaka, Bangladesh
By zakir hossain chowdhury
07 Jul 2015

A Bangladeshi weaver designs a Jamdani Sari in the village of Rupganj Thana in the outskirts of Dhaka.

Jamdani is the finest Muslin textile produced in Bangladesh's Dhaka District. This time consuming and labor-intensive form of hand loom weaving has been declared intagible cultural world heritage by UNESCO.

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Jamdani Sari 23
Dhaka, Bangladesh
By zakir hossain chowdhury
07 Jul 2015

A Bangladeshi weaver designs a Jamdani Sari in the village of Rupganj Thana in the outskirts of Dhaka.

Jamdani is the finest Muslin textile produced in Bangladesh's Dhaka District. This time consuming and labor-intensive form of hand loom weaving has been declared intagible cultural world heritage by UNESCO.

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Jamdani Sari 24
Dhaka, Bangladesh
By zakir hossain chowdhury
07 Jul 2015

A Bangladeshi weaver designs a Jamdani Sari in the village of Rupganj Thana in the outskirts of Dhaka.

Jamdani is the finest Muslin textile produced in Bangladesh's Dhaka District. This time consuming and labor-intensive form of hand loom weaving has been declared intagible cultural world heritage by UNESCO.

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Jamdani Sari 25
Dhaka, Bangladesh
By zakir hossain chowdhury
07 Jul 2015

A Bangladeshi weaver designs a Jamdani Sari in the village of Rupganj Thana in the outskirts of Dhaka.

Jamdani is the finest Muslin textile produced in Bangladesh's Dhaka District. This time consuming and labor-intensive form of hand loom weaving has been declared intagible cultural world heritage by UNESCO.

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Jamdani Sari 14
Dhaka, Bangladesh
By zakir hossain chowdhury
13 Jun 2015

A model shows off a Bangladeshi traditional Jamdani Sari in Dhaka on 13 June 2015 when the Intellectual Property Association of Bangladesh (IPAB) celebrated the Jamdani Sari being recognized as an Intangible Cultural Heritage of Humanity by the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization.

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Jamdani Sari 15
Dhaka, Bangladesh
By zakir hossain chowdhury
13 Jun 2015

A model shows off a Bangladeshi traditional Jamdani Sari in Dhaka on 13 June 2015 when the Intellectual Property Association of Bangladesh (IPAB) celebrated the Jamdani Sari being recognized as an Intangible Cultural Heritage of Humanity by the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization.

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Jamdani Sari 16
Dhaka, Bangladesh
By zakir hossain chowdhury
13 Jun 2015

A model shows off a Bangladeshi traditional Jamdani Sari in Dhaka on 13 June 2015 when the Intellectual Property Association of Bangladesh (IPAB) celebrated the Jamdani Sari being recognized as an Intangible Cultural Heritage of Humanity by the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization.

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Iran: Mining Red Clay in Hormuz
Hormuz, Iran
By Mehdi Nazeri
07 Jan 2015

Iran’s Hormuz Island has one of the world’s most famous red clay mines, from which ocher is extracted, and a long history in the country’s mining industry. The island is located about 18 kilometers southeast of Bandar Abbas and occupies 42 square kilometers: covered by sedimentary rock and layers of volcanic material on its surface, with vast deposits of red clay.

Hormuz’s ocher is used in at least twenty different industrial products like paint, cosmetics, tiles and ceramics, mosaics, clay and glaze pottery, and the production of industrial micronized powders, among others. Even the island’s native people used ocher for making a traditional kind of food named Souragh.

But working conditions for laborers in Hormuz’s mines are very difficult, with one of the main issues being workplace conditions and a lack of safety facilities. The mine and factory belong to a private company that, according to its miners, does not pay enough to the workers.

One miner, Ali Hashem, 40, works at the Hormuz red clay mine and moves bags containing soil to be loaded and shipped for processing. Hashem says he is paid $260 per month and that the “amount of work is not worth the low payment workers receive monthly.”

“I am going to get married,” he says, “but my income is just too low working in this mine.”

Like Hashem, ten other workers spend long hours in the mine, facing hazardous conditions.

“If I was to raise a family, how would 260 dollars cover the expenses?” he asks.

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portrait of child worker that working...
Voirob
By zakir hossain chowdhury
30 Nov 2014

Mili, age 10, works in a rice processing factory and earns 50 taka ($0.65 USD) per day.

Child workers in rice processing factories work with their mothers as a helping hand.By working from 8 a.m. to 6 p.m. on a daily basis, child workers earn 50 taka ($0.65 USD) per day. Most of them aged are 8 to 11.Full-time work frequently prevents children from attending school.

According to the Labour Laws of Bangladesh, the minimum legal age for employment is 14. UNICEF estimates that around 150 million children aged 5-14 in developing countries are involved in child labour.

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portrait of child worker that working...
Voirob
By zakir hossain chowdhury
30 Nov 2014

Zhumu, age 11, works in a rice processing factory and earns 50 taka ($0.65 USD) per day.

Child workers in rice processing factories work with their mothers as a helping hand.By working from 8 a.m. to 6 p.m. on a daily basis, child workers earn 50 taka ($0.65 USD) per day. Most of them aged are 8 to 11.Full-time work frequently prevents children from attending school.

According to the Labour Laws of Bangladesh, the minimum legal age for employment is 14. UNICEF estimates that around 150 million children aged 5-14 in developing countries are involved in child labour.

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portrait of child worker that working...
Voirob
By zakir hossain chowdhury
30 Nov 2014

Tareq, age 11, works in a rice processing factory and earns 50 taka ($0.65 USD) per day.

Child workers in rice processing factories work with their mothers as a helping hand.By working from 8 a.m. to 6 p.m. on a daily basis, child workers earn 50 taka ($0.65 USD) per day. Most of them aged are 8 to 11.Full-time work frequently prevents children from attending school.

According to the Labour Laws of Bangladesh, the minimum legal age for employment is 14. UNICEF estimates that around 150 million children aged 5-14 in developing countries are involved in child labour.

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portrait of child worker that working...
Voirob
By zakir hossain chowdhury
30 Nov 2014

Bilqis, age 9, works in a rice processing factory and earns 50 taka ($0.65 USD) per day.

Child workers in rice processing factories work with their mothers as a helping hand.By working from 8 a.m. to 6 p.m. on a daily basis, child workers earn 50 taka ($0.65 USD) per day. Most of them aged are 8 to 11.Full-time work frequently prevents children from attending school.

According to the Labour Laws of Bangladesh, the minimum legal age for employment is 14. UNICEF estimates that around 150 million children aged 5-14 in developing countries are involved in child labour.

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portrait of child worker that working...
Voirob
By zakir hossain chowdhury
30 Nov 2014

Runa, age 9, works in a rice processing factory and earns 50 taka ($0.65 USD) per day.

Child workers in rice processing factories work with their mothers as a helping hand.By working from 8 a.m. to 6 p.m. on a daily basis, child workers earn 50 taka ($0.65 USD) per day. Most of them aged are 8 to 11.Full-time work frequently prevents children from attending school.

According to the Labour Laws of Bangladesh, the minimum legal age for employment is 14. UNICEF estimates that around 150 million children aged 5-14 in developing countries are involved in child labour.

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portrait of child worker that working...
Voirob
By zakir hossain chowdhury
30 Nov 2014

Mili, age 10, works in a rice processing factory and earns 50 taka ($0.65 USD) per day.

Child workers in rice processing factories work with their mothers as a helping hand.By working from 8 a.m. to 6 p.m. on a daily basis, child workers earn 50 taka ($0.65 USD) per day. Most of them aged are 8 to 11.Full-time work frequently prevents children from attending school.

According to the Labour Laws of Bangladesh, the minimum legal age for employment is 14. UNICEF estimates that around 150 million children aged 5-14 in developing countries are involved in child labour.

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portrait of child worker that working...
Voirob
By zakir hossain chowdhury
30 Nov 2014

Kabita, age of 11, works in a rice processing factory and earns 50 taka ($0.65 USD) per day.

Child workers in rice processing factories work with their mothers as a helping hand.By working from 8 a.m. to 6 p.m. on a daily basis, child workers earn 50 taka ($0.65 USD) per day. Most of them aged are 8 to 11.Full-time work frequently prevents children from attending school.

According to the Labour Laws of Bangladesh, the minimum legal age for employment is 14. UNICEF estimates that around 150 million children aged 5-14 in developing countries are involved in child labour.

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portrait of child worker that working...
Voirob
By zakir hossain chowdhury
30 Nov 2014

Tania, age 10, works in a rice processing factory and earns 50 taka ($0.65 USD) per day.

Child workers in rice processing factories work with their mothers as a helping hand.By working from 8 a.m. to 6 p.m. on a daily basis, child workers earn 50 taka ($0.65 USD) per day. Most of them aged are 8 to 11.Full-time work frequently prevents children from attending school.

According to the Labour Laws of Bangladesh, the minimum legal age for employment is 14. UNICEF estimates that around 150 million children aged 5-14 in developing countries are involved in child labour.

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portrait of child worker that working...
Voirob
By zakir hossain chowdhury
30 Nov 2014

Sheuli, age o8, works in a rice processing factory and earns 50 taka ($0.65 USD) per day.

Child workers in rice processing factories work with their mothers as a helping hand.By working from 8 a.m. to 6 p.m. on a daily basis, child workers earn 50 taka ($0.65 USD) per day. Most of them aged are 8 to 11.Full-time work frequently prevents children from attending school.

According to the Labour Laws of Bangladesh, the minimum legal age for employment is 14. UNICEF estimates that around 150 million children aged 5-14 in developing countries are involved in child labour.

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portrait of child worker that working...
Voirob
By zakir hossain chowdhury
30 Nov 2014

Tamanna, age of 11, works in a rice processing factory and earns 50 taka ($0.65 USD) per day.

Child workers in rice processing factories work with their mothers as a helping hand.By working from 8 a.m. to 6 p.m. on a daily basis, child workers earn 50 taka ($0.65 USD) per day. Most of them aged are 8 to 11.Full-time work frequently prevents children from attending school.

According to the Labour Laws of Bangladesh, the minimum legal age for employment is 14. UNICEF estimates that around 150 million children aged 5-14 in developing countries are involved in child labour.

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Tin Fever in Indonesia 33
By Steven Wassenaar
17 Mar 2014

Fondy (51 years) is a contracter working for PT Timah, his mine produces 60 tons of tin a month. He hopes to be able to produce 80-100 tons next year. The Pemali mine, the biggest legal mine in Bangka that has completely devastated the once green landscape. Operated by PT-Timah, it produces 60 tons of tin per month. Bangka Island (Indonesia) is devastated by illegal tin mines. The demand for tin has increased due to its use in smart phones and tablets.

Fondy (51 ans) est un sous-traitant, travaillant pour PT Timah, sa mine produit 60 tonnes d'étain par mois, il espère atteindre 80-100 tonnes l'année prochaine. Mine de Pemali, plus grande mine légale de Bangka. Exploité par PT-Timah. Elle produit 60 tonnes d'étain par mois. L'île de Bangka (Indonésie) est dévastée par des mines d'étain. La demande de l'étain a explosé à cause de son utilisation dans les smartphones et tablettes.

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Garment Factory Fire Survivors 05
Saver
By zakir hossain chowdhury
09 Mar 2014

Shahnaz Begum, 36, jumped from 3rd floor of the Tazreen Fashion building to escape the deadly fire that permanently damaged her eye. She sustained serious spinal injuries from the fall.

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Garment Factory Fire Survivors 07
Saver
By zakir hossain chowdhury
09 Mar 2014

Hasan Mia, 30, jumped from the 2nd floor of the Tazreen Fashion building when it went ablaze two years ago. He still struggles with mental illness.

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Garment Factory Fire Survivors 12
Saver
By zakir hossain chowdhury
09 Mar 2014

Shama, 20, jumped from 2nd floor of the Tazreen Fashion building to escape the fire that killed 117 people in 2012. She sustained serious injuries to her leg and the right side of her body that still cause her complications two years later.