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Street Protests for Political Reform ...
Casablanca
By Martin Jay
02 Jan 2016

Footage that shows street protests during the Food 20 Summit (F20) in Casablanca, Morocco, in 2011. Interviews with locals in English.

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2011 Casablanca Protests Demand Polit...
Casablanca
By Martin Jay
02 Jan 2016

Footage that shows street protests and calls for political reforms in Casablanca, Morocco, in 2011. (Interview with protester in English)

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Casablanca Textiles Factory in 2009
Casablanca
By Martin Jay
02 Jan 2016

Footage shows a textiles factory and its workers in Casablanca, Morocco, in 2009.

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Moroccan Warplane Downed Over Yemen 01
Saada
By Dhaifallah Homran
10 May 2015

Photos obtained from a Houthi fighter showing what is alleged to be a section of wreckage from a Moroccan fighter jet which the Houthis claim they shot down over Saada, Yemen on Sunday, May 10.
According to a news report the Moroccan military says the jet went missing at 6pm Sunday. The report says the pilot of another fighter jet said he could not see if the pilot of the downed aircraft had ejected.

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Moroccan Warplane Downed Over Yemen 02
Saada
By Dhaifallah Homran
10 May 2015

Photos obtained from a Houthi fighter showing what is alleged to be a section of wreckage from a Moroccan fighter jet which the Houthis claim they shot down over Saada, Yemen on Sunday, May 10.
According to a news report the Moroccan military says the jet went missing at 6pm Sunday. The report says the pilot of another fighter jet said he could not see if the pilot of the downed aircraft had ejected.

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Melilla: Over a Fence from Morocco to...
P6209, Province de Nador, Oriental, Morocco
By BrunoRocchi
30 Apr 2015

A triple wire fence, motion sensors and cameras protect the city of Melilla, a Spanish enclave on the coast of Morocco, against illegal immigration. Hundreds of Sub-Saharan African migrants are living in terrible conditions in the nearby Gourougou Mountain as they wait to attempt an illegal crossing into the enclave.

They live in shaky, makeshift tents where they remain exposed to the harsh winds and cold of the coastal area. The migrants allege the Moroccan security forces make regular raids on the camp, beating them and stealing the few possessions they have.

The goal of the migrants living in the camp is to make it into Spain and eventually travel to other European countries, where they hope to find a better life.

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A Biodiversity Odyssey (EN)
Worldwide
By Conteur d'images
06 Mar 2015

To celebrate the United Nations Decade on Biodiversity 2011-2020, an environmentalist and a photojournalist visited 10 countries in 300 days in order to discover the most innovative solutions implemented by the peoples of the world to preserve the biodiversity of our planet. A fabulous educational journey through the Amazon, the Arabian desert, the Andes, the Pacific Ocean and more!

TEXTLESS, NATURAL SOUND VERSION / CONFORMED DIALOGUES AVAILABLE ON REQUEST.

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Forty Years in Exile: The Western Sah...
Bir Lehlu, Morocco
By tclava
03 Mar 2015

A forgotten crisis, a conflict about to break out again, 2015 for the Saharawi people and Western Sahara can be a crucial year

A never-ending exile

When like all his fellow soldiers in the Saharawi People's Liberation Army (SPLA) 23 years ago, Bechir agreed to put away his weapons and bring to an end a twenty-year war waged against Morocco for the liberation of Western Sahara, he still had some doubts as to the wisdom of this decision.

He knew that the diplomatic route would be full of obstacles and pitfalls, but he hoped that the commitment of the international community could lead to concrete results, without more bloodshed.

But since 1991, the year of the UN-brokered ceasefire that should have paved the way to a referendum for the independence of this part of the desert, nothing, literally nothing has changed for the Saharawi people.

Bechir’s children were born in the camps to which his generation was forced to flee. They live in tents, brick houses of sand, in one of the most inhospitable areas of the whole Maghreb, in southern Algeria, between Tindouf and the border with Mauritania. A place that is a flat and stony desert, cold in winter and stifling in summer, often buffeted by strong winds that fill eyes, mouths and houses with sand. Here, among goats forced to eat plastic because they have nothing else available,  an unemployment rate that grows from year to year, the Saharawi population, made up of about 170 ,000 people, is still forced to live without a future, without prospects.

The failure of the international community is visible to all. Although a mission, MINURSO (United Nations Mission for the Referendum in Western Sahara) was created especially to give life to a referendum, in 23 years it has failed to produce one. Forty years on from the beginning of their exile in Southern Algeria, even the Saharawi wonder if it is still worthwhile to wait or whether it is appropriate to take up arms again to recover what, according to what they say, belongs to them. And so the military maneuvers in the desert began, with inspections of various bases of the Saharawi People's Liberation Army by the leadership of the government of the Polisario Front.

Mohammed Lamin Elbouhali, Defense Minister of the Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic (SADR), does not mince words to explain the thought of the Polisario Front, the political arm of the Saharawi people, on the issue: "We can not, and do not want, to wait any longer, our patience is over. We accepted the conditions imposed by the international community, we have agreed to dialogue, but it did not do anything. Morocco continues to provoke and not to accept even to discuss the electoral base for this referendum in which now no one believes. We are ready to take up arms to regain our land”.

You can breathe  the impatience going around among the refugee camps. You can breathe it in Smara, in Rabouni, in Auserd, you can breathe it talking with seniors who participated in the bloody war against Rabat, but also exchanging views with those young people that have never seen their homeland but who are aware that in these fields, for them, there are no prospects.

The collapse of humanitarian aid

For decades the Saharawi population has depended solely on humanitarian aid. Food, medicine, clothes, everything comes to the refugee camps in containers from the four corners of the world. But due to the economic crisis that has hit Western countries in recent years, to the explosion of war emergencies in other regions, and to the fact that this crisis, the crisis of Western Sahara and the Saharawi people, has continued for four decades,  latterly humanitarian aid has collapsed.

"In the last four years the donations and the commitment of the international community have been reduced significantly,” - says Brahim Mojtar, Minister of Cooperation. “ We can even say they have plummeted dramatically. This is hugely damaging for a population like the Saharawis that depends for all aspects on humanitarian aid. Eight million euro per year would be enough to feed everyone, a pittance, but we find it hard to scrape it together. But the real danger for us is not to die of hunger, the real risk for us is falling by the wayside. Such a long crisis, a conflict that has continued for so many years, inevitably leads to lower interest from the international community towards our cause and our sufferings and this is just what Morocco wants. And that's why we, as Polisario Front’s members, as Saharawis, can not risk waiting any longer in vain, unable to see our friends and our relatives who live in the occupied territories beyond the Moroccan Wall”.

The wall of shame

Two thousand seven hundred kilometers of mud, sand and barbed wire stretch, from the Algerian border to the Mauritanian one. On one side are the “liberated” territories controlled by the Polisario Front, on the other the "occupied" territories under the reign of Mohammed VI. On one side lies the desert, occasional villages, nomad tents, and nothing more, on the other there are rich deposits of phosphate, some of the most fish-rich waters of the planet and oil, so much oil that the US oil company Kosmos will shortly begin drilling offshore. In the middle is, a strip of land that is one of the most heavily mined in the world, which has already claimed 2,500 victims, both military and civilian.

By s ome estimates the number of land mines and anti-tank devices placed near the wall, on the side controlled by the Polisario Front, could be around 7 and 10 million. Among these, thousands of unexploded ordnance and cluster bombs that every year injure, and kill, dozens of people, mostly nomads that in those areas graze their flocks, and children who mistake the ordnance for toys.

"I was grazing the goats in the area close to the wall, not far from Mehaires, it had rained so I had to move a bit forward because in that area there was more water. I placed my foot on the ground, I realized I’d stepped on something but I couldn’t do anything. And so I lost a leg" says Embarel Mohamed, in his grocery store in the February 27 refugees camp. The conflict between Morocco and the Polisario Front, albeit muted by a shaky cease-fire, continues to claim victims then, in the silence of the media that seem to have forgotten about a crisis for which the entire international community has a huge responsibility.

In the “occupied” territories, so formally in Moroccan territory, the Saharawi community – numbering over 300 thousand people - lives scattered among the cities of Layyoune, Dakhla, Smara, Boujdour, discriminated by the institutions of Rabat and the Moroccan population. Violence against the Saharawi by security forces in Morocco is almost daily. Those Saharawi that demonstrate in the street for the independence of Western Sahara, about the difficult living conditions and against the repression are beaten, arrested, often tortured, and finally sentenced by military courts with up to life imprisonment.

During the war thousands of Saharawis disappeared into thin air from the territories under Moroccan control, and many of them, almost four hundred, are still missing. But the disappearances of activists are not a thing of the past. Associations like Afapredesa (Asociación de Familiares de Desaparecidos y Presos Sahrawis) denounce new and continuing disappearances of activists, protesters, youngsters and the elderly. Many of them try to escape and get over the wall that separates Morocco from the part of Western Sahara controlled by the Polisario Front, but few succeed in doing so because the control of the Moroccan government is rigid and the area is full of dangers, primarily mines. Despite the complaints and appeals of several NGOs and associations that invite the international community to take action against Morocco for human rights violations, the MINURSO mission is one of the few in the world that has no power on human rights issues.

A new challenge

Only sand, rocks, and the dark. And nothing more. And it is in this darkness that envelops the night in Western Sahara that smugglers, drug traffickers and terrorists prowl, in addition to the old cars of the SPLA. Al Qaeda in the Islamic Maghreb (AQIM), the Movement for the uniqueness of the Jihad in West Africa (MUJAO), Ansar Eddine, are just some of the acronyms that in recent years, have seared this strip of Africa with bombings and kidnappings. They exploit these stretches of sand, these no man's lands. The meeting with the jihadist for the Saharawi community was sudden, shocking. One night in October 2011, a jeep, gunfire, and three volunteers, two Spaniards and an Italian woman, were kidnapped and taken at full speed across the border with Mali. This kidnapping was to have a happy ending (the three were released after nine months of imprisonment) but it represents an important watershed in this arid land already stricken by years of conflict.

"Before the kidnapping of the three aid workers we thought that the phenomenon of Islamic terrorism wouldn’t have touched us” said Sidi Augal, the commander of the Fifth Military Region “We have always had only one enemy: Morocco. But now we have to fight on two fronts: to take back our land illegally occupied by Rabat and to stop the threat posed by terrorists".

In this area, where poverty and unemployment go hand in hand with the lack of interest of the international community, terrorists have found an ideal breeding ground to grow and propagate their ideas. The Polisario Front and the People's Liberation Army Saharawi know that this terrorism is a threat not only for the region but also for the stability of a community that has been living in extreme difficulty for four decades.

"The risk is that terrorist groups could be able to infiltrate refugee camps, mosques, and do proselytism, especially among the increasingly young people, who wonder what their future could be, far from their land and away from families and friends living in the territories occupied by Morocco” - explains Brahim Ahmed Mahmoud, Secretary of Security for the Polisario Front – “the Saharawi are in the midst of a whirlwind, in an explosive area, and they are the only victims of this situation. We do our best, with the means at our disposal, to check the area and ensure their safety, but until we get back our country, break down the wall that divides the Moroccan Western Sahara and embrace our brothers who suffer repression by the security forces in Rabat, everything will remain more difficult”.

Patrols day and night in the desert, roadblocks, checkpoints, stocks for the few Westerners who, despite calls by the various governments to abandon the region, have decided to continue working there, these are the means at the disposal of Polisario Front to try to curb the advance of terrorism in a region of porous borders and arid expanses difficult to control. This terrorism has touched the Saharawis deeply, because in the group of kidnappers of the three aid workers there were some (certainly one) of them, which has prompted Morocco to accuse the Polisario Front of backing the jihadists. Allegations  promptly refuted but the episode has made it even harder for the international community to commit  in the region.

Forty years have passed but little or nothing has changed for Saharawis. New challenges are piled on to unresolved conflicts and tensions are never silenced. The impatience of the youth mounts and the threat of a resumption of the armed conflict against Morocco no longer seems to be just a bogeyman used to attract the attention of the international community.

TOMASO CLAVARINO

 

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Sahrawi Dreams: The Western Sahara's ...
Tindouf, Algeria
By Ferran Garcia
24 Feb 2015

Sun, sand and patience abound for natives of the Western Sahara, many of whom have survived the last 38 years in the Algerian hamada thanks to international aid. In 1976, the independence movement, the Polisario Front, proclaimed the Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic (RASD) in what is today called the Western Sahara just as Spain, the former colonial power, withdrew from the territory. This land has since been the subject of dispute between Mauritania and Morocco, the country which occupies almost all of it to date.

On 12 January 2007, Nicaragua joined the African Union and the 45 world nations which recognise the sovereignty of RASD. No European country either recognises the RASD as a sovereign entity, or the annexation carried out by Morocco. Meanwhile, 260,000 inhabitants of the Western Sahara are currently living in an effective no-man’s land claimed by Morocco. There, local institutions have no power and are not given any public assistance.

Neighbouring Algeria, a firm defender of Western Saharan independence, provides refuge to 160,000 Sahrawis in the desert surrounding the Algerian province of Tindouf. Isolated from the rest of the world, they depend on what the European NGO lorries take from the port of Oran to the south of the country. Here, a generation raised abroad is beginning to question how long it will be before a referendum is held. Many of these young men do not rule out returning to arms.

ARTICLE UPON REQUEST

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Saharawi Dreams 01
Tindouf, Algeria
By Ferran Garcia
24 Feb 2015

A Sahrawi woman looks through the gate of the 27th of February camp in Tindouf, Algeria.

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Saharawi Dreams 02
Tindouf, Algeria
By Ferran Garcia
24 Feb 2015

A woman walks through poat pens at the February 27th refugee camp in Tindouf, Algeria.

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Saharawi Dreams 03
Tindouf, Algeria
By Ferran Garcia
24 Feb 2015

Two woman cook a family meal at a Sahrawi refugee camp in Tindouf, Algeria.

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Saharawi Dreams 04
Tindouf, Algeria
By Ferran Garcia
24 Feb 2015

A man works at a construction site at sunset in Tindouf, Algeria.

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Saharawi Dreams 05
Tindouf, Algeria
By Ferran Garcia
24 Feb 2015

A woman prepares tea at the 27th of February camp, in Tindouf, Algeria.

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Saharawi Dreams 06
Tindouf, Algeria
By Ferran Garcia
24 Feb 2015

A woman prays at the Auserd refugee camp Tindouf, Algeria.

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Saharawi Dreams 07
Tindouf, Algeria
By Ferran Garcia
24 Feb 2015

A young man walks through the graveyard in the Esmara camp, Tindouf, Algeria.

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Saharawi Dreams 08
Tindouf, Algeria
By Ferran Garcia
24 Feb 2015

A man stands in front of his small shop in Esmara refugee camp, Tindouf, Algeria.

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Saharawi Dreams 09
Tindouf, Algeria
By Ferran Garcia
24 Feb 2015

A child plays near an acacia tree at Dajla camp, Tindouf, Algeria.

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Saharawi Dreams 10
Tindouf, Algeria
By Ferran Garcia
24 Feb 2015

Sahrawi men in a Land Rover in El Aaiún camp, Tindouf, Algeria.

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Saharawi Dreams 11
Western Sahara
By Ferran Garcia
24 Feb 2015

Landscape near Tifariti in the Western Sahara, currently claimed as part of the 'buffer zone' by Morocco.

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Saharawi Dreams 12
Tindouf, Algeria
By Ferran Garcia
24 Feb 2015

Families from the refugee camps meet with other families from what they consider occupied territories in the Esmara camp in Tindouf, Algeria.

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Saharawi Dreams 13
Tindouf, Algeria
By Ferran Garcia
24 Feb 2015

A cemetery lies on the outskirts of Esmara refugee camp, Tindouf, Algeria.

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Saharawi Dreams 14
Tindouf, Algeria
By Ferran Garcia
24 Feb 2015

A man mutilated by war prepares tea in the room where he lives in the Rabuni refugee camp hospital in Tindouf, Algeria.

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Saharawi Dreams 15
Tindouf, Algeria
By Ferran Garcia
24 Feb 2015

A Sahrawi woman lives in the 27th of February camp in Tindouf, Algeria.

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Saharawi Dreams 16
Western Sahara
By Ferran Garcia
24 Feb 2015

Haimas in Tifariti, in the Western Sahara, currently claimed as part of the 'buffer zone' by Morocco.

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Saharawi Dreams 17
Tindouf, Algeria
By Ferran Garcia
24 Feb 2015

Landscape near El Aaiun camp, Tindouf, Western Sahara.

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Saharawi Dreams 18
Tindouf, Algeria
By Ferran Garcia
24 Feb 2015

Tomatoes are grown in one of the greenhouses in the Dajla camp, Tindouf, Algeria.

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Saharawi Dreams 19
Tindouf, Algeria
By Ferran Garcia
24 Feb 2015

Young people talk across the fence at the Dajla camp in Tindouf, Algeria.

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Saharawi Dreams 20
Tindouf, Algeria
By Ferran Garcia
24 Feb 2015

A Sahrawi sits with is camel near the February 27th camp in Tindouf, Algeria.

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Saharawi Dreams 21
Tindouf, Algeria
By Ferran Garcia
24 Feb 2015

Young women walk around the February 27th camp in Tindouf, Algeria.

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Morocco's Tree of Life 17
Essaouira, Morocco
By Gemima Harvey
20 Feb 2015

Argan oil has a multitude of uses: it can be drizzled over salads, cous cous and tagines to add a nutty taste, applied as a scar healing, skin rejuvenating, nail strengthening and hair vitality treatment and used medicinally as an anti-inflammatory and to aid with immunity and blood circulation.

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Morocco's Tree of Life 15
Essaouira, Morocco
By Gemima Harvey
20 Feb 2015

Argan oil has a multitude of uses: it can be drizzled over salads, cous cous and tagines to add a nutty taste, applied as a scar healing, skin rejuvenating, nail strengthening and hair vitality treatment and used medicinally as an anti-inflammatory and to aid with immunity and blood circulation.

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Morocco's Tree of Life 16
Essaouira, Morocco
By Gemima Harvey
20 Feb 2015

Argan oil has a multitude of uses: it can be drizzled over salads, cous cous and tagines to add a nutty taste, applied as a scar healing, skin rejuvenating, nail strengthening and hair vitality treatment and used medicinally as an anti-inflammatory and to aid with immunity and blood circulation.

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Argan: Morocco's Tree of Life
Essaouira, Morocco
By Gemima Harvey
16 Feb 2015

On the stretch of a road between Essaouira and Marrakech in Morocco, prickly-leaved argan trees span out to the horizon in every direction, thriving in the arid climate where few other plants could prosper. Argan oil is so versatile and valuable it’s likened to ‘liquid gold’. With a wide-platform of uses, both culinary and cosmetic, and long list of medicinal properties, the oil is an attractive commodity and the rest of the world is catching on to its healing benefits.

Argan (Argania spinosa) is an endangered species that plays a vital role in resisting the ever-creeping Sahara Desert. The trees are also found in Algeria and have been successfully introduced to Israel but Morocco is the only nation that hosts a meaningful scale.

Exports more than doubled in the last 5 years to 700 tons, Bloomberg reported in 2013, adding that growing demand had bumped up wholesale prices 50 percent since 2007, to $30 a litre. Retail prices can exceed 10 times that amount.

Tap, tap, crack. Tap, tap, crack. The sound of argan nuts being split open between smooth river stones continues in a repetitive beat. Tap, tap, crack. Three barefoot Berber women are propped up with cushions, sitting cross-legged, as they go through the motions. Beside them are baskets brimming with argan pieces — the fruit casings, discarded shells and prized kernels — picked from the ‘Tree of Life’, a spiny evergreen, endemic to southwest Morocco.

Herds of goats climb the gnarled trunks, staring out from the canopy between indulgent mouthfuls of plum-sized argan fruits. A camel cranes its neck to secure a bite. The peel and pulpy flesh are a favourite treat for animals but the kernels are cherished for another reason: their oil.

Morocco’s argan forests cover about 800,000 hectares near the Souss Valley, an area framed by the Atlas Mountains, Atlantic Ocean and Sahara Desert, which hosts roughly 21 million trees and has been given UNESCO protection as a ‘biosphere reserve’.

According to the International Development Research Centre (IDRC), argan trees support the livelihoods of 3 million Moroccans, about 10% of the country’s population, who use the husks as firewood, the fruit for animal fodder and the pips to make precious oil. Argan oil is an important economy for locals — particularly for women, who have grouped together to form more than 150 cooperatives. Chemistry professor and founder of Morocco’s first female-run argan collective, Zoubida Charrouf, told the IDRC that the women’s incomes have increased to about €6 a day, 10 times more than a few years ago.

Argan oil has a multitude of uses: it can be drizzled over salads, cous cous and tagines to add a nutty taste, applied as a scar healing, skin rejuvenating, nail strengthening and hair vitality treatment and used medicinally as an anti-inflammatory and to aid with immunity and blood circulation. No wonder Berbers call argan the ‘Tree of Life.’ Assaisse Ouzeka is a certified organic cooperative, a short drive from Essaouira, which employs about 30 women.

Dipping freshly made bread into a paste of argan oil, honey and crushed sweet almonds is a favourite breakfast for locals. It’s called ‘Amlou’ and is like ‘Moroccan peanut butter,’ Ms Kanzi, from Assaisse Ouzeka, says.

Searching through bottles on shelves at Assaisse Ouzeka, you will see products used in Moroccan beauty rituals since antiquity, like Savon Noir, the black soap used as a traditional scrub at hammams and Rassouline, a mix of volcanic stones and argan oil infused with rose or orange blossom.

The Moroccan secret is out. Argan oil is now being sold around the world, and it’s not just a niche market for boutique and online brands either, big names like Unilever and L’Oréal are using the ‘miracle’ ingredient in hair care ranges.

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Les eaux cachées [FR SCREENER]
Fez, Morocco
By Joe Lukawski
11 Feb 2015

FR SCREENER

Hidden Waters tells the story of water in Fez, Morocco, the cultural practices surrounding it, and those who aim to save it for future generations. In the medieval medina of Fez, water was once the motor of medieval commerce and industry as well as a source of well-being and luxury for its peoples. Today, as the old hydraulic system falls into disrepair and the river running through Fez is threatened by pollution; inhabitants of the medina depend on modern water sources that become more expensive as each well dries up and each old water channel breaks down. Can Fez’s famous waters be saved?

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Spain's Southern Fortress: The Africa...
Melilla
By tclava
03 Jan 2015

A TEXTLESS NATURAL SOUND REPORT
VERSION WITH MUSIC TRACK AVAILABLE HERE: https://transterramedia.com/media/53117

Surrounded by a triple barrier 12 km long, controlled by dozens of cameras and continuous patrols, a small Spanish enclave in Moroccan territory called Melilla is – according to the Spanish government – a fortress under siege. It is a fortress which in recent years has faced increasing migratory pressure that has reached “unprecedented levels” according to Abdelmalik El Barkani, Madrid’s representative in Melilla.

Hiding in the forests of Oujda, Nador, and Selouane, nearly eighty-thousand migrants, mainly from sub-Saharan countries, are waiting for the right moment to slip across the frontier. Some go by boat or in a secret compartment of a car if they can afford it, but the majority try to jump the barriers surrounding Melilla. Spain and Europe stand silently by while every week hundreds of migrants risk their lives and allegedly face violent reprisals of the Moroccan police who they say beat, torture, rob and kill them. Meanwhile, Morocco is building a new barrier, a three meter deep ditch filled with barbed wire. Part of the 50 million euro project is reportedly funded by money Spain acquired from the EU, an accusation made by Spanish activists and media and never denied by Rajoy’s government.

A few kilometres from these barriers, on the slopes of mount Gurugu, in the forests overlooking Melilla, nearly four thousand migrants are waiting for the right time to jump across into the Spanish enclave and enter the CETI (Centro de Estancia Temporal de Inmigrantes), a collapsing first aid structure with two thousand people already inside. Gurugu seems a circle of Hell, where migrants live in inhuman conditions. In tents made of plastic bags, without water and food, heated only by firewood collected in the bush. Sought out by the Moroccan military, they have to hide like animals in the forest, digging in the garbage to find something to eat, walking miles on slippery rocks to drink. Systematically, every two days or so, at six in the morning, the soldiers break into Gurugu, destroying tents, burning, stealing what little the migrants were able to put aside, beating them and forcing people to jump down from the crags, arresting and bringing the detainees to Rabat.

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Western Sahara 12
Tifariti, Morocco
By tclava
28 Nov 2014

Soldiers line up in rank and file near Tifariti, in the Moroccan "buffer zone."

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Western Sahara 18
Bir Lehlu, Morocco
By tclava
28 Nov 2014

Bir Lehlu is a village in the part of the Western Sahara claimed by Morocco.

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Western Sahara 11
Bir Lehlu, Morocco
By tclava
27 Nov 2014

A soldier waves back to his colleagues during a counter terrorism patrol in the Western Sahara desert.

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Western Sahara 13
Tifariti, Morocco
By tclava
27 Nov 2014

Counter terrorism patrols are carried out regularly in the areas of the Western Sahara where Moroccan-claimed land borders Algeria and Mauritania.