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Two girls playing on the village's main road which also passes by Chevron's compound. Pungesti, Romania.
Pungesti's villagers say environmental impact of fracking is jeopodizing the future of villages like Pungesti. Many young people are already forced to leave the village and go to Western Romania to find work.
Lack of opportunities and poverty is forcing the youth to leave Pungesti. Even education is difficult to access. Children who want to pursue their education after 9th grade are forced to go to school loated 37 kilometers away from Pungesti.
This poor farmer says there is no point in fighting Chevron and the Romanian government because Pungesti's resident will remain poor no matter what happens.
A poor elderly sitting in his small room. The man says the mayor burned down his house after he got in a fight with his father. Residents of Pungesti accuse the village's mayor of corruption.
Teenagers hanging out in the main square. Unemployment forces youth to either leave Pungesti, work with their family or apply for jobs at Chevron.
A farmer on haystack. Most people in Pungesti are farmers and rely on agriculture to survive. They say they oppose Chevron because they were not given enough information about the company's activities. They also fear that fracking will lead to health problems, water and air pollution and deforestation.
A man with his horses on the main street of Pungesti. The village is one of the poorest in Romanian. It lacks basic infrastructures like paved roads. Horses remain the main means of transportation.
A man is motivating other protesters before going to Chevron's compound to demonstrate. There is no actual leader, but some people are more active than others and try to encourage people from the village to keep fighting for the cause.
The activists' headquarters from where they organize their protests. At first, activists stayed in tent camps around Chevron's compound. They move to this house when the winter came. Hundreds of activists from all across the country flocked to Pungesti to supports the villagers' fight, but they all left to go back to their hometowns. Only one activist from Bucharest remains in the village now.
A Romanian flag hung in a three. Similar flags and signs saying "Chevron go out" or "No Fracking in Pungesti" have been hung across Pungesti and the surrounding villages to protest against' Chevron's fracking activities in the area. Pungesti, Romania.
A man scouting the area around Chevron's compound. Horses are still the main means of transportation in Pungesti.
Police filming protesters. Activists often post videos on social media to raise awareness about their cause. As a result, the police also started filming the protests in case protesters accuse them of brutality.
A police officer observing villagers protesting against Chevron's fracking activities in the area. Pungesti is one of the poorest villages in Romania but its people have been standing up against the US giant corporation Chevron for months.
A protester is trying to provoke a police officer from the gendarmerie. Both parties constantly try to provoke each other to justify their presence and actions.
Villagers discussing Chevron's activities. Residents and farmers of Pungesti are determined to keep fighting against Chevron's exploitation of their land.
Men from the village often gather to discuss issues and strategies related to Chevron's activities in the area.
A carriage on a muddy road in Pungesti. Pungesti is one of Romania's poorest villages. It lacks basic infrastructures. Only the village's main road is paved.
Pungesti is a typical Romanian village, with a church, a bar and a small bank and post office. Pungesti, Romania. Unemployment and poverty is forcing young people to leave the village.
Children playing football in front of the fields used by local farmers and also located next to Chevron's compound.
Chevron guard signaling demonstrators to back up from Chevron's compound in Pungesti. Guards are well equipped with helmet, shin pads and glasses. Many residents were injured by guards and the riot police in protests that turned violent.
The villagers of Pungesti, Romania are unlikely eco-activists. The tiny village garnered worldwide attention in October 2013 when villagers started protesting against US energy giant Chevron's fracking activities in their village. Hundreds of activists from across the country also flocked to the Pungesti to support the residents in their fight. Hydraulic fracturing, or “fracking”, consists of pumping chemicals at high pressure into deep rock to extract oil or gas. The village's inhabitants, most of whom are elderly farmers who rely on agriculture to survive, are worried fracking could damage the local environment by contaminating their land and ground water. They say fracking will lead to health problems, air pollution and deforestation. Following the protests, police and gendarmerie increased their presence in the village and many residents were subsequently injured in protests that turned violent.
In 2010, the Romanian Government quietly allowed fracking operations to commence by signing an agreement with Chevron, giving it access to more than two million acres of land in Romania. The villagers managed to collect over a thousand signatures from a population of 3,300 for a petition demanding the dismissal of the mayor, who they accuse of corruption. However, the Romanian government disregarded the petition and the mayor remains in office.
One of the barricades built around Maidan Square. Barricades were reinforced and rebuilt after police forces tried to evacuate the camp in the night between 10th and 11th of December, shortly after the departure of the EU representative Catherine Ashton.
Crowd gathered at Plac Svobody (Euromaidan Lviv) during anti-government protests.
Young Ukrainians decorate their cars with flags of Ukraine and European union before a parade of cars with anti-govenment protesters at Plac Svobody.
A profiteer of violence. Mohammed Al Hashar, one of the many arms dealers who doesn’t like when it’s quite and peaceful. On a regular day he sells 2-3 automatic weapons. When violence increases, he sells more and business is better.
Ateqa Muqble in the Osman valley herds the family’s goats. Ateqa is like most others in the village, not aware of her age. But her body is worn and tells stories of a long life. She is limping after a fracture that has not healed completely and each step outside the stone house in the hilly terrain is painful. One of her daughters is in the background.
An armed boy in the Osman-valley, some kilometers from Khameer in northern Yemen. Due to a conflict with the neighboring village, most people here are ready to pick up arms to defend themselves, old and young.
Weapons are a part of everyday life in rural Yemen. This teenage boy lives in a village in the Osman Valley, a three-hour drive from Khameer. Without transport, mobile phones and other means of communication, the villagers are cut off from the outside world. Two years have passed since the Arab spring swept across Yemen, urging protesters to rally against the three-decades-old rule of President Saleh. But since Saleh was forced from power, crime rates have soared while the population has fallen into a humanitarian crisis. Political fractions fight for power, and extremism flourish in the vacuum left by a weakened government. Justice means an eye for an eye, a tooth for a tooth.
Without radio, TV and mobile phones the villages in the north are very isolated and cut off from the rest of the country.
Young boys grow up fast. If the husband of a woman dies, the responsibility of taking care of the women and the children is passed on to the brother of the deceased. Many times the brothers are young, sometimes not even teenagers.
The old stone town of Khameer, the last frontier before al-Houthi territory in the north.
The red and green flag of the Shia Muslim rebel group al-Houthi is painted on an old house-wall in the Amran province, a few hours by car to the north of the capital Sana’a. The text says: God is great, death to America, death to Israel, condemn the Jews, power to Islam.
Mohamed Nabil Ahmed (laying in the hammock), five months old, the grandchild of Nassir Awad and Saeeda Thabit. Together they have eight children and live in a simple house under very basic conditions. The family’s eldest son is lucky, he has bought a camel and moved to the neighboring village. An exception since most people in this area do not have financial means to buy camels or other livestock.
Nassir Awad on his way home in the village of Al Mahaned. The road to Aden, passes in the middle of the village. Along the 200-kilometer road there are 13 military checkpoints. This is to prevent kidnappers and smugglers to take control over the strategically important road.
Saeeda Thabit holding her daughter Intesar who is treated for a respiratory tract infection at a UNHCR clinic in southern Yemen. The clinic is the only medical facility for the 2000 people currently living in the area.
On the day the Greek government was to vote for the third austerity package, imposed by the IMF and the European Union, massive demonstrations and clashes took place once more in Athens, with Police deploying their all new water cannon against protesters.
November 9, 2011
Mayor Olaf Scholz (SPD) of Hamburg, Germany speaking about the crisis of cheap apartments in the city.