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Displaced Yezidi Still Stuck on Mt Si...
Sinjar, Iraq
By Balint Szlanko
26 May 2015

Nearly a year after they were forced to flee to Mount Sinjar following an attack by Islamic State militants on their villages, thousands of Yezidi refugees still remain on the mountain, despite a lack of water, food, and housing.

Almost all food and water has to be hauled up from the plains and the displaced are reduced to eating bred and some vegetables, though some families managed to rescue and bring their animals with them, providing them with milk and occasionally meat.

Some say they are unwilling to go to the official IDP camps in the north as they have relatives fighting with Kurdish forces against IS and don't want to abandon them. Others say they simply don't want to live in the camps and prefer it on the mountain, close to their ancestral land, despite the difficulties they face here.

Many still have relatives missing, too, as IS took thousands of women and children as hostage, many of whom are understood to be kept in sexual slavery.

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Morocco's Tree of Life 17
Essaouira, Morocco
By Gemima Harvey
20 Feb 2015

Argan oil has a multitude of uses: it can be drizzled over salads, cous cous and tagines to add a nutty taste, applied as a scar healing, skin rejuvenating, nail strengthening and hair vitality treatment and used medicinally as an anti-inflammatory and to aid with immunity and blood circulation.

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Morocco's Tree of Life 15
Essaouira, Morocco
By Gemima Harvey
20 Feb 2015

Argan oil has a multitude of uses: it can be drizzled over salads, cous cous and tagines to add a nutty taste, applied as a scar healing, skin rejuvenating, nail strengthening and hair vitality treatment and used medicinally as an anti-inflammatory and to aid with immunity and blood circulation.

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Morocco's Tree of Life 16
Essaouira, Morocco
By Gemima Harvey
20 Feb 2015

Argan oil has a multitude of uses: it can be drizzled over salads, cous cous and tagines to add a nutty taste, applied as a scar healing, skin rejuvenating, nail strengthening and hair vitality treatment and used medicinally as an anti-inflammatory and to aid with immunity and blood circulation.

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The yoruk- traditional nomads in a mo...
Taurus Mountains
By Piero Castellano
02 Nov 2014

Taurus Mountains (Turkey) November 2, 2014: YošruŸk shepherd Refik O…gan rests with his family and his business partner Naki Tez around a fire at a camp at 1200 m above sea level on the southern slope of the Taurus Mountains. (Photo by Piero Castellano)

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The yoruk- traditional nomads in a mo...
Taurus Mountains
By Piero Castellano
01 Nov 2014

Taurus Mountains (Turkey) November 2, 2014: Goats of YšorŸuk shepherd Refik …Ogan drink water at a spring in a wooded area of the Taurus Mountains, during their migration towards the winter grazes on the coastal hills. Goat milk is used by YošruŸks to produce their celebrated Tulum cheese and delicacies, like goat butter and yogurt. (Photo by Piero Castellano)

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The yoruk- traditional nomads in a mo...
Taurus Mountains
By Piero Castellano
01 Nov 2014

Taurus Mountains (Turkey) November 2, 2014: YošruŸk shepherd †UmmuŸ …Ogan milks a goat of her family's herd on the southern slope of the Taurus Mountains during their migration towards the winter grazes on the coastal hills. (Photo by Piero Castellano)

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The yoruk- traditional nomads in a mo...
Taurus Mountains
By Piero Castellano
01 Nov 2014

Taurus Mountains (Turkey) November 2, 2014: YšoruŸk shepherd U†mmuŸ O…gan makes the fire for lunch while her husband Refik brings her firewood. (Photo by Piero Castellano)

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The yoruk- traditional nomads in a mo...
Taurus Mountains
By Piero Castellano
01 Nov 2014

Taurus Mountains (Turkey) November 2, 2014: The goat herd, led by YšoruŸk shepherd Refik O…gan, walks down a trail in a wooded area of the Taurus Mountains during their migration toward winter grazes on the coastal hills. (Photo by Piero Castellano)

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The yoruk- traditional nomads in a mo...
Taurus Mountains
By Piero Castellano
01 Nov 2014

Taurus Mountains (Turkey) November 2, 2014: YošruŸk shepherd †UmmuŸ O…gan gets ready to make lunch with two butchered roosters, at a 1200 m above sea level camp on the southern slope of the Taurus Mountains. (Photo by Piero Castellano)

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The yoruk- traditional nomads in a mo...
Taurus Mountains
By Piero Castellano
01 Nov 2014

Taurus Mountains (Turkey) November 1, 2014: YošruŸk shepherd Refik O…gan leads his herd, armed with an automatic shotgun, while his older son …Ozcan follows it, also armed with a shotgun. Even more than wolves they fear feraldogs which, unlike wolves, are not afraid of men or shepherd dogs. A recent, controversial bill planning to solve stray dogs problem in urban areas by deporting them to the wilderness is deeply concerning for shepherds. (Photo by Piero Castellano)

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The yoruk- traditional nomads in a mo...
Taurus Mountains
By Piero Castellano
31 Oct 2014

Taurus Mountains (Turkey) November 1, 2014: YšoruŸk shepherd Refik O…gan's truck climbs along the trail
toward the mountain pass where they spent the summer, while his sons lead the herd through the mountains. (Photo by Piero Castellano)

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The yoruk- traditional nomads in a mo...
Taurus Mountains
By Piero Castellano
31 Oct 2014

Taurus Mountains (Turkey) November 1, 2014: YšoruŸk shepherd Refik O…gan's herd graze while the shepherds quickly eat and rest, during a pause in their migration towards the coastal low hills where they will spend the winter. (Photo by Piero Castellano)

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The yoruk- traditional nomads in a mo...
Taurus Mountains
By Piero Castellano
31 Oct 2014

Taurus Mountains (Turkey) November 1, 2014: YšoruŸk shepherd Refik O…gan guards his herd, armed with an automatic shotgun. The day before their migration began, a sheep belonging to a neighboring "yayla" had been killed by a wolf, and recent traces of wolves have been found along their path. The Turkish word for wolf is "kurt", but YošruŸks call it "janavar", "the beast". (Photo by Piero Castellano)

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The yoruk- traditional nomads in a mo...
Taurus Mountains
By Piero Castellano
31 Oct 2014

Taurus Mountains (Turkey) November 1, 2014: An outraged chicken looks at the camera while held by Yoruk shepherd †UmmuŸ hanim, while the rest of her family hunts down the other chickens, to take them for the winter migration down to the coastal hills. The older ones and the roosters will be used as meat supply, butchered along the way. (Photo by Piero Castellano)

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The yoruk- traditional nomads in a mo...
Taurus Mountains
By Piero Castellano
31 Oct 2014

Taurus Mountains (Turkey) November 1, 2014: …Ozay O…gan's , younger son of Refik, removes the cover of the goat shelter to store it for winter. He is doing so in preparation for the winter migration with the herd down to the coastal hills. The typical shelters are called "Ilkilik", from the archaic Turkish word for goat "ilki", still used only in YošruŸk language. Once they were covered with goat wool canvas. (Photo by Piero Castellano)

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The yoruk- traditional nomads in a mo...
Taurus Mountains
By Piero Castellano
31 Oct 2014

Taurus Mountains (Turkey) October 31, 2014: A "yayla", a mountain outpost where YošruŸk nomads and their herds spend the summers, at 1800 m above sea level. It is called SšoguŸt (Willow) from the derelict tree that stands by the well and it's made of just five houses and a dozen of goat shelters. (Photo by Piero Castellano)

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The yoruk- traditional nomads in a mo...
Taurus Mountains
By Piero Castellano
31 Oct 2014

Taurus Mountains (Turkey) November 1, 2014: The goat herd, led by YšoruŸk shepherds …Ozcan and …Ozay O…gan, descends the southern rim of the Taurus Mountains, toward the coastal low hills where they will spend the winter. (Photo by Piero Castellano)

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The yoruk- traditional nomads in a mo...
Taurus Mountains
By Piero Castellano
31 Oct 2014

Taurus Mountains (Turkey) November 1, 2014: YšoruŸk shepherd Refik O…gan's truck steers carefully along the hairpin turns of the trail down the southern rim of the Taurus Mountains, descending to the coastal low hills where his goats herd will spend the winter. (Photo by Piero Castellano)

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The yoruk- traditional nomads in a mo...
Taurus Mountains
By Piero Castellano
31 Oct 2014

Taurus Mountains (Turkey) November 1, 2014: YošruŸk shepherd Refik O…gan's herd climbs toward the mountain pass between the high plains where they spent the summer and the steep rim of the Taurus Mountains, before descending to the coastal low hills where they will spend the winter. (Photo by Piero Castellano)

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The yoruk- traditional nomads in a mo...
Taurus Mountains
By Piero Castellano
31 Oct 2014

Taurus Mountains (Turkey) November 1, 2014: The herd of 249 goats and 4 sheep, led by Refik …Ogan and his older son O…zcan, leaves the "yayla", the mountain outpost where they spent the summer, heading to the low coastal hills in their seasonal migration. (Photo by Piero Castellano)

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The yoruk- traditional nomads in a mo...
Taurus Mountains
By Piero Castellano
31 Oct 2014

Taurus Mountains (Turkey) November 1, 2014: YošruŸk shepherd U†mmuŸ O…gan prepares dinner while making tea on an old stove at a camp located 1200 m above sea level on the southern slope of the Taurus Mountains. (Photo by Piero Castellano)

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The yoruk- traditional nomads in a mo...
Taurus Mountains
By Piero Castellano
31 Oct 2014

Taurus Mountains (Turkey) November 1, 2014: Refik O…gan watches his goats descending the southern rim of the Taurus Mountains, while a break in the clouds shows glimpses of sunny wooded areas. (Photo by Piero Castellano)

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The yoruk- traditional nomads in a mo...
Taurus Mountains
By Piero Castellano
31 Oct 2014

Taurus Mountains (Turkey) November 1, 2014: YošruŸk shepherd …Ozcan O…gan leads his goats herd out of the fog on the southern rim of the Taurus Mountains, descending to the coastal low hills where they will spend the winter. (Photo by Piero Castellano)

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The yoruk- traditional nomads in a mo...
Taurus Mountains
By Piero Castellano
31 Oct 2014

Taurus Mountains (Turkey) October 31, 2014: YšorŸuk shepherd Refik O…gan and his business partner, documentary film maker and honey producer Naki Tez discuss accounting in Mr. …Ogan's mountain "manar".(Photo by Piero Castellano)

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The yoruk- traditional nomads in a mo...
Taurus Mountains
By Piero Castellano
30 Oct 2014

Taurus Mountains (Turkey) October 31, 2014: The family of Refik …Ogan, and his business partner Naki Tez, have dinner in their mountain "manar". (Photo by Piero Castellano)

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The yoruk- traditional nomads in a mo...
Taurus Mountains
By Piero Castellano
30 Oct 2014

Taurus Mountains (Turkey) October 31, 2014: A typical YošruŸk dinner at shepherd Refik O…gan's mountain "manar". Aside from the bean stews and bread, goat yogurt is a pillar of YoroŸk cuisine and revered across Turkey. (Photo by Piero Castellano)

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The yoruk- traditional nomads in a mo...
Taurus Mountains
By Piero Castellano
30 Oct 2014

Taurus Mountains (Turkey) October 31, 2014: The "manar", a drywall house of YošruŸk shepherd Refik O…gan at SšoguŸt, the mountain "yayla" where his family spend the summers with their goats. (Photo by Piero Castellano)

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The yoruk- traditional nomads in a mo...
Taurus Mountains
By Piero Castellano
30 Oct 2014

Taurus Mountains (Turkey) October 31, 2014: †UmmuŸ hanim, wife of Refik O…gan, cooks on a stone hearth in their family's mountain "manar".

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Kurdish man
palangan
By Ulrik Pedersen
13 Feb 2014

Kurdish man on his way to look after the goats for the day. Before World War I, traditional Kurdish life was nomadic, revolving around sheep and goat herding throughout the Mesopotamian plains and highlands of Turkey and Iran. This continues in the rural area of the Kurdish area of Iran. Palangan, Iran.

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Goats and sheep
palangan
By Ulrik Pedersen
13 Feb 2014

The source of many Kurds' monthly income is livestock like goats and sheep, which they send to the fields outlying their villages in the morning. The average income is around 300 dollars. Palangan, Iran.

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Syrian shepards in Lebanon
Bar Elias, Lebanon
By lukas.goga
11 Oct 2013

Syrian shepards pasture flock of sheeps and goats in Bar Elias (Bekaa Valley, Lebanon)

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Morocco's Tree of Life 01
Essaouira, Morocco
By Gemima Harvey
23 Sep 2013

Herds of goats climb the gnarled trunks of argan trees, staring out from the canopy between indulgent mouthfuls of plum-sized argan fruits. A camel cranes its neck to secure a bite.

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Morocco's Tree of Life 05
Essaouira, Morocco
By Gemima Harvey
23 Sep 2013

A Berber woman from argan cooperative Assaisse Ouzeka, near Essaouira, patiently goes about the motions of cracking argan nuts to retrieve the prized kernels, which are used to make precious argan oil.

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Morocco's Tree of Life 06
Essaouira, Morocco
By Gemima Harvey
23 Sep 2013

Berber women from argan cooperative Assaisse Ouzeka, near Essaouira, patiently go about the motions of cracking argan nuts to retrieve the prized kernels, which are used to make precious argan oil.

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Morocco's Tree of Life 07
Essaouira, Morocco
By Gemima Harvey
23 Sep 2013

A Berber woman from argan cooperative Assaisse Ouzeka, near Essaouira, patiently goes about the motions of cracking argan nuts to retrieve the prized kernels, which are used to make precious argan oil.

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Morocco's Tree of Life 08
Essaouira, Morocco
By Gemima Harvey
23 Sep 2013

Berber women from argan cooperative Assaisse Ouzeka, near Essaouira, patiently go about the motions of cracking argan nuts to retrieve the prized kernels, which are used to make precious argan oil.

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Morocco's Tree of Life 09
Essaouira, Morocco
By Gemima Harvey
23 Sep 2013

A Berber woman from argan cooperative Assaisse Ouzeka, near Essaouira, patiently goes about the motions of cracking argan nuts to retrieve the prized kernels, which are used to make precious argan oil.

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Morocco's Tree of Life 10
Essaouira, Morocco
By Gemima Harvey
23 Sep 2013

Laila Kanzi, from argan cooperative Assaisse Ouzeka near Essaouira, holds up a handful of argan nuts and a handful of dried fruit casings.

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Morocco's Tree of Life 11
Essaouira, Morocco
By Gemima Harvey
23 Sep 2013

Laila Kanzi, from argan cooperative Assaisse Ouzeka near Essaouira, holds up some of the prized kernels that are used to make precious argan oil.