Tags / North Africa
Sun, sand and patience abound for natives of the Western Sahara, many of whom have survived the last 38 years in the Algerian hamada thanks to international aid. In 1976, the independence movement, the Polisario Front, proclaimed the Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic (RASD) in what is today called the Western Sahara just as Spain, the former colonial power, withdrew from the territory. This land has since been the subject of dispute between Mauritania and Morocco, the country which occupies almost all of it to date.
On 12 January 2007, Nicaragua joined the African Union and the 45 world nations which recognise the sovereignty of RASD. No European country either recognises the RASD as a sovereign entity, or the annexation carried out by Morocco. Meanwhile, 260,000 inhabitants of the Western Sahara are currently living in an effective no-man’s land claimed by Morocco. There, local institutions have no power and are not given any public assistance.
Neighbouring Algeria, a firm defender of Western Saharan independence, provides refuge to 160,000 Sahrawis in the desert surrounding the Algerian province of Tindouf. Isolated from the rest of the world, they depend on what the European NGO lorries take from the port of Oran to the south of the country. Here, a generation raised abroad is beginning to question how long it will be before a referendum is held. Many of these young men do not rule out returning to arms.
ARTICLE UPON REQUEST
A 30-minute multimedia documentary film produced for the International Organization for Migration (IOM) that presents the stories of six migrants moving in mixed and complex flows to, from and through Egypt, displaying the broad spectrum of diverse migration realities. Migrants moving in North Africa are often vulnerable and experience considerable abuse and exploitation including increasing numbers of migrants being trafficked.
Filmed, edited and photographs by Albert González Farran, IOM.
Music by Chris Zabriskie, Kevin MacLeod and Jason Shaw (Creative Commons license).
The aftermath of airstrikes in the Libyan town of Zuwarah.
Large food supplies were destroyed and infrastructure severely damaged when missiles landed on a warehouse for food storage and a chemical factory.
At least eight people were killed and 24 others wounded, including 10 African workers.
These airstrikes were carried out on December 2 by the forces of retired General Khalifa Haftar, who are trying to recapture areas in east Libya from Islamist rebels. Another wave of airstrikes, 10
days later, targeted areas in Zuwarah’s outskirts near the border with Tunisia.
Residents also expressed their anger that General Haftar’s attacks are harming civilians.
Rebel leaders accused Egypt of providing Haftar’s forces with warplanes used in the attacks.
The recent series of airstrikes also targeted a rebel-held international airport in in the outskirts of Tripoli. The spokesman of the rebel security force that controls the airport said that the bombings
were carried out during two consecutive days. According to the spokesman, the attacks targeted the airport’s runway, causing minor injuries and damaging civilian homes near the airport.
A bloody conflict has pitted two Libyan governments against each other since August. The country is torn between militias that were once united to oust dictator Muammar Qaddafi.
Despite recent United Nations mediation to broker a peace accord, fighting between the warring factions continues to weaken this fragile country. The prosperity to which Libyans have long aspired seem to many like a far-fetched hope.
2 M/S of a destroyed warehouse
C/S of food bags
M/S and C/S of a burnt truck
Various shots from the hospital
Various shots from Zuwarah Square
Various shots of streets of Tripoli
Various shots of destroyed houses near Mitiga International Airport
Various shots from inside the Mitiga International Airport
(Arabic, man) Unnamed employee
(00:30) We were working normally at the offices when were caught by surprise by missiles falling on the warehouses, killing 8 persons and wounding 14 others. These warehouses provided food supplies from Sabrata to Ras Jdair (00:54).
(Arabic, man) Issa al-Mansuri, a resident of Zuwarah
(01:39) We condemn these bombings by Haftar’s air force. They are targeting civilians and innocent foreigners who have nothing to do with [this conflict]. These airstrikes are destroying infrastructure and will not solve the problem. We want a ceasefire by any possible means, we do not want airstrikes in addition to the fighting. We have enough weapons to hold war on different front lines and they are bringing in weapons and pilots from abroad. How will they solve the problem this way? (02:05).
(Arabic, man) Mubarak al-Nayli, resident of Tripoli
(02:48) Life in Tripoli is relatively stable but certain armed groups are breaching security by bombing indiscriminately (03:01).
(03:07) This has [scared] school children and caused a fuel shortage, and we faced a shortage in electricity, too, but it is fixed now (03:18).
(Arabic, man) Unnamed resident of Tripoli
(03:46) Instead of bombing military bases, [Haftar] is targeting the homes of civilians who have nothing to do with military action (04:04).
(Arabic, man) Al-Sader al-Turki, Spokesperson of rebel security unit at Mitiga Airport
(04:48) The airstrikes carried out by the so-called Haftar’s group did not affect our morale. These warplanes do not belong to the Libyan air force; they were brought from another country (05:13).
October 30, 2014
In downtown Benghazi, normal daily life is gradually disappearing. For the past 15 days, streets have been empty and shops closed as fighting between Islamist militias and forces loyal to former General Khalifa Haftar escalates.
Haftar’s forces continue to advance on positions held by the Benghazi Revolutionaries Shura Council and have resorted to warplane attacks in their bid to control Libya’s second largest city. Mortar shell explosions can be heard in all parts of Benghazi. Violent clashes are still ongoing in Benghazi’s east and near the local university. The university’s administration building was also burned during the exchange of fire.
Government institutions have been closed and most of the roads were blocked. Most of this footage was taken at the rush hour in areas that would normally be crowded with cars and pedestrians, such as Jamal Abdul Nasser, Tipesti, and July 23rd streets. However, after the recent events, travel in these streets became almost impossible. Residents are likely to suffer an economic recession as activity in Benghazi continues to be paralyzed.
Various shots show the tree square in the city center with piles garbage on the ground.
Various shots show the piles of garbage on the road.
Various shots show Libya central bank closed along with a few shops.
Various shots show piles of garbage on the road.
Various shots show Jamal Abdul Nasser street.
Various shots show Jamal Abdul Nasser street.
Various shots show one of the closed markets.
Various shots show closed shops on al-Okaib street
Various shots show a blocked road.
Various shots show the Tree Square in the city center.
Various shots show an empty main road.
Various shots show a burnt car on the road.
Various shots shows Jamal Abdul Nasser Street blocked.
Various shots show empty blocked roads.
Various shots show Jamal Abdul Nasser street.
Various shots show the empty Tipesti intersection.
Various shots show the empty Tipesti intersection.
Various shots show the empty July 23rd Street.
Various shots the October 7th hospital on the July 23rd Street.
Various shots show Tipesti Street empty.
بنغازي تكاد أن تتحول إلى مدينة أشباح
بنغازي 30 أكتوبر وتحديداً في وسط المدينة ( داون تاون ) أصبحت مظاهر الحياة تنعدم شياً فشيأً الطرق فارغة وخالية من الناس المحال التجارية مقفلة لليوم الخامس عشر علي التوالي جميع المصالح الحكومية مقفلة أغلب الطرق مقفلة بينما لا تزال الإشتباكات متواصلة بيت الجيش وقوات مجلس الشورى في عدة مناطق متقرفة من بنغازي في الأطراف الشرقية والأطراف الغربية حيث يقوم الجيش بتضييق الخناق شيأً فشيأِ عي قوات مجلس الشورى من ما دعاها إلى التراجع إلى مناطق أخرى لا تزال خارجة عن نطاق الجيش
أغلب الصور التي ألتقطناها كانت في وقت الذروة وفي أكثر الأماكن إزدحاماً في الأيام العادية مثل شارع جمال عبد الناصر وطريق تبستي ومفترق طريق تبستي وطريق 23 يوليو أي من المفترض في هذه الأوقات أن تعج هذه الطرق والشوارع بالناس والسيارات لكن بعد التطورات الأخيرة أصبح التنقل حتى إلى أقرب الأحياء شيء مستحيل بالإضافه إلى إغلاق جميع المحال التجارية والمصارف من مايؤشر إلى حالة إفلاس عام تقترب من سكان هذه المدينة إذا أستمر الوضع علي ماهو عليه
طوال اليوم تدور الاشتباكات بين قوات الجيش وعناصر من مجلس الشورى ويسمع دوي أصوات الرصاص ومدافع الهاون في مختلف أنحاء مدينة بنغازي.
والجدير بالذكر أن الإشتباكات العنيفة مارال تدور رحاها في المناطق الغربية من بنغازي وفي محيط جامعة بنغازي تحديداً التي تضررت بشكل كبير وأدت الإشتباكات إلى إحتراق المبنى الرئيسي للإدارة بالجامعة .
لائحة اللقطات: (شرح غير تفصيلي لمجموعة اللقطات بالفيديو)
• مجموعة لقطات تظهر: W/S ميدان الشجرة وسط المدينة وتراكم القمامة به • مجموعة لقطات تظهر: M/S تراكم القمامة الملقاة في الطريق • مجموعة لقطات تظهر: M/S لمصرف ليبيا المركزي وبعض المحال التجارية مغلقة • مجموعة لقطات تظهر: M/S قمامة متراكمة في شارع جمال عبد الناصر • مجموعة لقطات تظهر: L/S شارع جمال عبد الناصر • مجموعة لقطات تظهر: W/S شارع جمال عبد الناصر • مجموعة لقطات تظهر: M/S أحد الشوارع التجارية ومحلاته المقفلة • مجموعة لقطات تظهر: M/S شارع العقيب و محلاته مقفله • مجموعة لقطات تظهر: M/S أحد الشوارع الرئيسية المقفلة • مجموعة لقطات تظهر: L/S ميدان الشجرة وسط المدينة • مجموعة لقطات تظهر: M/S أحد الشوارع الرئيسية فارغ • مجموعة لقطات تظهر: M/S سيارة محترقة علي الطريق جراء الإشتباكات • مجموعة لقطات تظهر: W/S شارع جمال عبد الناصر مقفل • مجموعة لقطات تظهر: M/S أثار إقفال الطرق والشوارع • مجموعة لقطات تظهر: L/S شارع جمال عبد الناصر • مجموعة لقطات تظهر: W/S مفترق طريق تبستي فارغ • مجموعة لقطات تظهر: M/S مفترق طريق تبستي فارغ • مجموعة لقطات تظهر: W/S طريق 23 يوليو ولا وجود مظاهر للحياة • مجموعة لقطات تظهر: M/S طريق 23 يوليو أمام مستشفى 7 أكتوبر • مجموعة لقطات تظهر: L/S طريق تبستي فارغ
October 20, 2014
The Libyan army launched an attack to stop rebel forces from capturing Benina International Airport in Benghazi, which has been under attack for months. Government ground troops, supported by air force, used mortar and heavy artillery fire, making a swift advance on positions held by Islamist rebels.
The government’s “Thunder 21” and “Artillery 204” battalions participated in the fighting that took place in the western Benghazi are of Al-Guarscia, which killed scores of government troops and rebels. Many civilians were either killed in the fighting or had to flee their homes.
The recent fighting is part of an offensive led by former General Khalifa Haftar to regain control over Benghazi, Libya’s second city.
1- A fighter fires a large-caliber sniper shot.
2- A fighter shoots a mortar shell.
3- Military vehicles with rocket launchers mounted on them move in a convoy.
4- Large rockets are fired from launchers mounted on a military vehicle.
5- Small rockets are fired from launchers mounted on a military vehicle.
6- A fighter on top of a military vehicle shoots rounds of heavy machine guns.
7- Empty ammunition boxes and bullet cases lie on the ground.
8- A destroyed building.
October 16, 2014
Choucha Refugee Camp, Southern Tunisia
The UNHCR Choucha Refugee Camp opened in 2011, seven kilometres away from the Ras Ajdir border crossing, to help the thousands of people fleeing the conflict in Libya. Most of the those who fled in 2011, returned home, but some 4,000 could not go back for fear of persecution. These individuals were granted refugee status by the UNHCR. Tunisia did not – and still does not – consider applicants for refugee status. According to UNHCR, most of the refugees from Choucha have already been taken by the United States (1,717) and Norway (485). The EU has been fairly strict on resettlement; Germany took the most refugees at 201, Britain took three, Italy two and France one. However, some still remain as they have nowhere else to go.
The Choucha camp was officially closed in June 2013, but approximately one hundred refugees still remain there. They insisted on remaining in the camp after it was closed despite the fact that all UNHCR food, water, and medical services were cut-off on June 30. 260 of the camp’s inhabitants, categorized as “rejected asylum seekers,” now find themselves in a dire situation. Falling outside of the UNHCR’s mandate, they are not entitled to the integration services that the organization offers to refugees and asylum seekers. The last time that the rejected asylum seekers here received food distribution aid was in October 2012. One of them is Bright O Samson, who is fighting against eviction from the camp, and is demanding resettlement to a safe third country with effective system of asylum seeker protection. Ismail is from Sudan and he fled to Libya in 2003 due to the war in his country. There, he found peace and a job as a mechanic, but the 2011 uprising forced him to leave again and cross the border into Tunisia. With no official structure supporting them, Ismail and other refugees from Chad, Ghana, Sudan, Liberia, and many other African countries, say they feel like they've been totally abandoned.
Full 30 minute video available: http://www.transterramedia.com/media/49074
Algerian Food Bank is the largest food bank in the history of Algeria. Initiated by SIDRA Association July 5, 2013, our project has a non-profit aims to collect, manage and share food and to free or almost free of charge to the poorest of effective and sustainable manner. We act at the national level through partner organizations to respond to food emergencies in the most remote areas. Our campaigns involve different sectors of society in a voluntary action and is based on the energy and freshness of Algerian youth to achieve innovative and effective against hunger and malnutrition campaigns.
Algerian families involved and interact positively with the charitable initiative to help the poor
Special logo including a special initiative wants to donate
Post variety of different strata of society
Volunteers of Algerian Food Bank initiative exchange a conversation.
The last recommendations before the start of the actual application of the initiative
Coordinator of the project is to encourage and motivate volunteers
Participation of different age groups of children
Great enthusiasm for the kids, and their active participation and distinctive in the promotion of the initiative
Childhood innocence mixed with charity work, a picture of kids pick up a souvenir photo by the way
College student volunteering in the joy of the initiative and smiling
A child holds a sign calling for encouraging good deeds and donating to the poor.
A large turnout of visitors to the shop to participate in donating to the poor and put their mark in charitable work.
Round youth volunteer initiative to invite people in solidarity with the poor
Visible signs of a smile on the young volunteer
Happy volunteer efforts and the interaction of people with initiative
Volunteers of the Algerian Food Bank initiative pose for a photo holding the slogan Dir El-Khir, which translates as a call for enjoining good.
A father and his two young daughters show support for the Algerian Food Bank campaign initiative.
A child shakes hands with the campaign's mascot.
Algerian Food Bank volunteers hold the slogan Dir El-Khir, which translates as a call for enjoining good.
Volunteers queue to sign up for the Algerian Food Bank campaign.
A child poses for a photo with the mascot of the Algerian Food Bank initiative while holding a sign calling on people to do good deeds.
Interface pulled commercials for the initiative
Video about : Political instability threatens the tourism sector in Tunisia.
Mohamed is a militant of the Jamhoury party. He joined the sit-in in Bardo to ask for the resignation of Ennahda. "We want to save our nation," he said. "We're asking for the resignation of the government and for elections. We demand a technical government who can end the Constituent composition and to lead Tunisia until the elections. We are not going to leave Bardo until our requests will be accepted and exercised". Tunis, Tunisia, August, 2013.
Wassida is an independent picketer. She joined the Bardo sit-in on the first day. "I want to save my nation from Ennahda project," she says. "Tunisia is a mix of cultures - not only black flags and Salafists. That's why I took the Tunisian flag with me. We don't want the Islamization of our beautiful country. We are not Qatar or Saudi Arabia, neither USA or France. We are Tunisians, we are plurality and we respect each other". Tunis, Tunisia, August, 2013.
Mohamed Ali, nicknamed "Dali", is a freelance journalist/photographer and independent demonstrator. He has joined the Bardo sit-in on the first day of the demonstration against Ennahda government. "I'm here for my flag and for Tunisia," he says. "We want to be free. We made a revolution for freedom and dignity and now it is time to remind Tunisians that our freedom is not Ennahda and his Islamic project. This is the second part of the 2011 revolution. This is our political revolution". Tunis, Tunisia, August, 2013.
Aziz, Kaiz and Kimo are independent demonstrators. "We are at the sit-in in Bardo against Ennahda's obscurantism. Tunisia is not only Islam. All of us are Muslims but we don't want to be like Qatar because Tunisa has always been a mix of cultures and religions. So we are here to ask for the resignation of Ennahda's government and for elections". Tunis, Tunisia, August, 2013.
Amal is a Popular Front sympathizer. She joined thousands of Tunisians at Bardo for the commemoration of Chokri Belaid six months after his murder. "We are more than 150 thousand people consisting of democrats, laics, and liberals," she says. "We are all Muslims but we don't want the Islamization of our country. Tunisia is a mixture of cultures and religions. We don't want Ennahda". Tunis, Tunisia, August, 2013.
Anarchists Bilel and Hosni joined the sit-in to demand the resignations of Ennahda. They are against the system because they claim nothing has changed after the revolution while poverty and unemployment have increased. Tunis, Tunisia, August, 2013.
Ameni Dhouib is a militant part of a new anarchist movement called "Kanaqtouna". This movement is against Ennahda's party and also against the Popular Front. Tunis, Tunisia, August, 2013.