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frontline in Tuz Khurmatu, Iraq
tuzkhurmatu, iraq
By Arianna Pagani
28 Aug 2014

28 August 2014, Tuz Khurmatu distance about 75 km south of Kirkuk. The Kurdish army launches a mortar to the city occupied by the militants of the Islamic State. The soldiers who were outside the base to help the peshmerga who had been sent on ahead, come back at the end of the fight. No deaths and no injuries.

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frontline in Tuz Khurmatu, Iraq
tuzkhurmatu, iraq
By Arianna Pagani
28 Aug 2014

28 August 2014, Tuz Khurmatu distance about 75 km south of Kirkuk. The Kurdish army launches a mortar to the city occupied by the militants of the Islamic State. The soldiers who were outside the base to help the peshmerga who had been sent on ahead, come back at the end of the fight. No deaths and no injuries.

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Flee, protect and resist: Iraqi women...
Lalish, Iraq
By Arianna Pagani
19 Aug 2014

The temple Lalish is situated to the north of Mosul. It is a place of pilgrimage and an important sanctuary for Yazidis. After IS captured Bashiqua and other nearby villages, many people have sought refuge at the temple monitored by Peshmerga fighters who control the entire district of Sherkan. The Yazidi community has opened its doors to refugees allowing them to settle down within the sacred place, aided by NGOs providing tents and relief supplies.

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frontline in Tuz Khurmatu, Iraq
tuz khurmatu
By Arianna Pagani
25 Jun 2014

Tuz Khurmatu distance about 75 km south of Kirkuk. During the day of 28 August 2014 there was a firefight, about 3 hours, between IS and the Kurdish army. Peshmerga army sent on ahead a dozen men to evacuate a building occupied by the militants of Islamic State. The two sides are at a distance from each other about 100 meters.

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frontline in Tuz Khurmatu, Iraq
tuz khurmatu
By Arianna Pagani
25 Jun 2014

28 August 2014, Tuz Khurmatu distance about 75 km south of Kirkuk. There was a firefight between IS and the Kurdish army.

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frontline in Tuz Khurmatu, Iraq
tuz khurmatu
By Arianna Pagani
25 Jun 2014

28 August 2014, Tuz Khurmatu distance about 75 km south of Kirkuk. There was a firefight between IS and the Kurdish army.

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frontline in Tuz Khurmatu, Iraq
tuz khurma
By Arianna Pagani
25 Jun 2014

28 August 2014, Tuz Khurmatu distance about 75 km south of Kirkuk. The Kurdish army launches a mortar to the city occupied by the militants of the Islamic State.

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frontline in Tuz Khurmatu, Iraq
tuz khurma
By Arianna Pagani
25 Jun 2014

28 August 2014, Tuz Khurmatu distance about 75 km south of Kirkuk. The Kurdish army launches a mortar to the city occupied by the militants of the Islamic State.

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frontline in Tuz Khurmatu, Iraq
tuz khurma
By Arianna Pagani
25 Jun 2014

28 August 2014, Tuz Khurmatu distance about 75 km south of Kirkuk. The Kurdish army launches a mortar to the city occupied by the militants of the Islamic State. The peshmerga throw a mortar shell in the direction of the militants of the Islamic State.

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frontline in Tuz Khurmatu, Iraq
tuz khurma
By Arianna Pagani
25 Jun 2014

28 August 2014, Tuz Khurmatu distance about 75 km south of Kirkuk. The Kurdish army launches a mortar to the city occupied by the militants of the Islamic State. The peshmerga throw a mortar shell in the direction of the militants of the Islamic State.

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frontline in Tuz Khurmatu, Iraq
tuz khurma
By Arianna Pagani
25 Jun 2014

28 August 2014, Tuz Khurmatu distance about 75 km south of Kirkuk. The Kurdish army launches a mortar to the city occupied by the militants of the Islamic State. Kurdish soldiers repairing their eyes from the dust raised by the mortar.

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frontline in Tuz Khurmatu, Iraq
tuz khurma
By Arianna Pagani
25 Jun 2014

28 August 2014, Tuz Khurmatu distance about 75 km south of Kirkuk. The Kurdish army launches a mortar to the city occupied by the militants of the Islamic State. The peshmerga throw a mortar shell in the direction of the militants of the Islamic State.

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frontline in Tuz Khurmatu, Iraq
tuz khurma
By Arianna Pagani
25 Jun 2014

28 August 2014, Tuz Khurmatu distance about 75 km south of Kirkuk. The Kurdish army launches a mortar to the city occupied by the militants of the Islamic State. The soldiers stay in the guard position. through the bores target the enemy position.

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frontline in Tuz Khurmatu, Iraq
tuz khurma
By Arianna Pagani
25 Jun 2014

28 August 2014, Tuz Khurmatu distance about 75 km south of Kirkuk. The Kurdish army launches a mortar to the city occupied by the militants of the Islamic State. A Kurdish army vehicle shall move to another location.

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frontline in Tuz Khurmatu, Iraq
tuz khurma
By Arianna Pagani
25 Jun 2014

28 August 2014, Tuz Khurmatu distance about 75 km south of Kirkuk. The Kurdish army launches a mortar to the city occupied by the militants of the Islamic State. The peshmerga throw a mortar shell in the direction of the militants of the Islamic State.

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frontline in Tuz Khurmatu, Iraq
tuz khurma
By Arianna Pagani
25 Jun 2014

28 August 2014, Tuz Khurmatu distance about 75 km south of Kirkuk. The Kurdish army launches a mortar to the city occupied by the militants of the Islamic State. a break during the clash between the peshmerga and isis.

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frontline in Tuz Khurmatu, Iraq
tuz khurma
By Arianna Pagani
25 Jun 2014

28 August 2014, Tuz Khurmatu distance about 75 km south of Kirkuk. The Kurdish army launches a mortar to the city occupied by the militants of the Islamic State. The peshmerga throw a mortar shell in the direction of the militants of the Islamic State.

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frontline in Tuz Khurmatu, Iraq
tuz khurma
By Arianna Pagani
25 Jun 2014

28 August 2014, Tuz Khurmatu distance about 75 km south of Kirkuk. The Kurdish army launches a mortar to the city occupied by the militants of the Islamic State. The sniper is in position targeted. The militants ISIS answer to the attacks with mortars.

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frontline in Tuz Khurmatu, Iraq
tuz khurma
By Arianna Pagani
25 Jun 2014

28 August 2014, Tuz Khurmatu distance about 75 km south of Kirkuk. The Kurdish army launches a mortar to the city occupied by the militants of the Islamic State. a break during the clash between the peshmerga and isis.

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frontline in Tuz Khurmatu, Iraq
tuz khurma
By Arianna Pagani
25 Jun 2014

28 August 2014, Tuz Khurmatu distance about 75 km south of Kirkuk. The Kurdish army launches a mortar to the city occupied by the militants of the Islamic State. The Iraqi army is active and present in the base of the peshmerga against the attack of the militants of the Islamic state.

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frontline in Tuz Khurmatu, Iraq
tuz khurma
By Arianna Pagani
25 Jun 2014

28 August 2014, Tuz Khurmatu distance about 75 km south of Kirkuk. The Kurdish army launches a mortar to the city occupied by the militants of the Islamic State. The Iraqi army, in a time of rest during the gunfight.

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frontline in Tuz Khurmatu, Iraq
tuz khurma
By Arianna Pagani
25 Jun 2014

28 August 2014, Tuz Khurmatu distance about 75 km south of Kirkuk. The Kurdish army launches a mortar to the city occupied by the militants of the Islamic State. Munitions of Iraqi army that fought alongside the peshmerga.

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frontline in Tuz Khurmatu, Iraq
thuz
By Arianna Pagani
25 Jun 2014

28 August 2014, Tuz Khurmatu distance about 75 km south of Kirkuk. The Kurdish army launches a mortar to the city occupied by the militants of the Islamic State. The Iraqi army is active and present in the base of the peshmerga against the attack of the militants of the Islamic state.

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frontline in Tuz Khurmatu, Iraq
tuz khurma
By Arianna Pagani
25 Jun 2014

28 August 2014, Tuz Khurmatu distance about 75 km south of Kirkuk. The Kurdish army launches a mortar to the city occupied by the militants of the Islamic State. A mortar shell was launched by ISIS and hit a building close to the city that the Kurdish army must defend.

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frontline in Tuz Khurmatu, Iraq
tuz khurma
By Arianna Pagani
25 Jun 2014

28 August 2014, Tuz Khurmatu distance about 75 km south of Kirkuk. The Kurdish army launches a mortar to the city occupied by the militants of the Islamic State. The soldiers who were outside the base to help the peshmerga who had been sent on ahead, come back at the end of the fight. No deaths and no injuries.

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Christians escaping from Qaraqosh 01
Erbil, Kurdistan, Iraq
By Arianna Pagani
24 Jun 2014

Two men try to repair the electrical system in an Erbil school where Christian refugees have taken shelter.

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Christians escaping from Qaraqosh 02
Erbil, Kurdistan, Iraq
By Arianna Pagani
24 Jun 2014

Every refugee has to register their documents and declare the number of family members with them in order to access the school. Aside from keeping track of family members, this also helps authorities estimate how many people reside in the school at a given moment.

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Christians escaping from Qaraqosh 03
Erbil, Kurdistan, Iraq
By Arianna Pagani
24 Jun 2014

Children staying in the school play and help to arrange benches and chairs to make room for their belongings.

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Christians escaping from Qaraqosh 04
Erbil
By Arianna Pagani
24 Jun 2014

Erbil, Region of Kurdistan, Iraq. A common example of what the refugees were able to move from their homes before fleeing.

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Christians escaping from Qaraqosh 05
Erbil, Kurdistan, Iraq
By Arianna Pagani
24 Jun 2014

A line forms outside the school where refugees are waiting to register with local authorities. Without registering, refugees are not allowed to take shelter there.

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Christians escaping from Qaraqosh 06
Erbil, Kurdistan, Iraq
By Arianna Pagani
24 Jun 2014

High temperatures of up to fifty degrees make life difficult for these refugees. Volunteers bring blocks of ice to cool the water.

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Christians escaping from Qaraqosh 07
Erbil, Kurdistan, Iraq
By Arianna Pagani
24 Jun 2014

While men are queuing up for registration, women begin to bring their belongings into the school and to make space on the ground for blankets.

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Christians escaping from Qaraqosh 08
Erbil, Kurdistan, Iraq
By Arianna Pagani
24 Jun 2014

Local authorities register refugees, but the lines grow longer as more displaced families begin to arrive.

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Christians escaping from Qaraqosh 09
Erbil, Kurdistan, Iraq
By Arianna Pagani
24 Jun 2014

Besides showing their documents to authorities, heads of households are required to give their thumbprint next to their name on the list.

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Christians escaping from Qaraqosh 10
Erbil, Kurdistan, Iraq
By Arianna Pagani
24 Jun 2014

A bus arrives at the youth center. Refugees who fled from Qaraqosh with little time to gather their belongs or decide where to go are often relocated by local authorities. A man waits to be moved to another center.

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Christians escaping from Qaraqosh 11
Erbil, Kurdistan, Iraq
By Arianna Pagani
24 Jun 2014

The UNHCR greets the refugees when they arrive in a school provided by the municipality. They have to record each arrival carefully.

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Christians escaping from Qaraqosh 12
Erbil, Kurdistan, Iraq
By Arianna Pagani
24 Jun 2014

During the first hours of the afternoon, some refugees are moved from a youth center to schools of the district of Ankawa. Classes are out for the summer, so the municipality has made the schools available to refugees fleeing the Islamic State.

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Christians escaping from Qaraqosh 13
Erbil, Kurdistan, Iraq
By Arianna Pagani
24 Jun 2014

A newborn child struggles to sleep after the many hours spent on the road to Erbil.

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Christians escaping from Qaraqosh 14
Erbil, Kurdistan, Iraq
By Arianna Pagani
24 Jun 2014

UNHCR had little time to prepare for a large influx of refugees arriving at first light. They distributed food and aid, but finished their supplies with many people still waiting in the room.

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Christians escaping from Qaraqosh 15
Erbil, Kurdistan, Iraq
By Arianna Pagani
24 Jun 2014

A woman pleads with UNHCR workers after the food and aid they had distributed ran out.