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Nepal portfolio final 21
Bhaktapur
By Taylor Weidman
02 May 2015

Nepali men take a break after clearing rubble from their home in Bhaktapur, Nepal on May 2, 2015. On April 25, 2015, Nepal suffered a magnitude 7.8 earthquake killing over 6,000 people and injuring thousands more.

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Nepal portfolio final 20
Kathmandu
By Taylor Weidman
30 Apr 2015

Nepali soldiers and civilians try to pull down a dangerous section of severely damaged wall that is in danger of collapsing in Bhaktapur, Nepal on April 30, 2015. On April 25, 2015, Nepal suffered a magnitude 7.8 earthquake killing over 5,000 people and injuring thousands more.

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Child Labor in Bangladesh 01
Dhaka, Bangladesh
By Anik Rahman
24 Feb 2015

A boy is working in a brickfield only for $1.5 where adult people work for its double.

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Bricks of Bangladesh (3 of 24)
Kushtia, Bangladesh
By Karim Mostafa
21 Feb 2013

According to the law, no brick fields can be set up within five kilometers from residing areas but these regulations are not followed. Many fields are next to houses and schools, such as this one, which is right outside a village. Bricks are the most efficient and widely used building material and new brick buildings are erected across the country. Kushtia, Bangladesh. January 2013.

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Bricks of Bangladesh (12 of 24)
Kushtia, Bangladesh
By Karim Mostafa
20 Feb 2013

Bangladesh is one of the countries in the world that's hit hardest by climate change. Lowering the level of carbon emissions ought to be top priority. Bricks are the most efficient and widely used building material and new brick buildings are erected across the country. Kushtia, Bangladesh. January 2013.

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Bricks of Bangladesh (2 of 24)
Kushtia, Bangladesh
By Karim Mostafa
20 Feb 2013

The cities of Bangladesh are growing fast and there's a never-ending need for cheap and available construction material. Bricks are the most efficient and widely used building material and new brick buildings are erected across the country. Kushtia, Bangladesh. January 2013.

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Bricks of Bangladesh (1 of 24)
Kushtia, Bangladesh
By Karim Mostafa
20 Feb 2013

Brick fields are dispersed throughout the country. Many can be found in the midst of valuable forests or environmentally sensitive areas, like Cox’s Bazaar or Rangamati. The cities of Bangladesh are growing fast and there's a never-ending need for cheap and available construction material. Bricks are the most efficient and widely used building material and new brick buildings are erected across the country. Kushtia, Bangladesh. January 2013.

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Bricks of Bangladesh (4 of 24)
Kushtia, Bangladesh
By Karim Mostafa
20 Feb 2013

A man uses the heat generated from the kilns to cook lunch. Workers often live together on the site. Food is cooked and eaten communally. The cities of Bangladesh are growing fast and there's a never-ending need for cheap and available construction material. Bricks are the most efficient and widely used building material and new brick buildings are erected across the country. Kushtia, Bangladesh. January 2013.

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Bricks of Bangladesh (9 of 24)
Savar, Bangladesh
By Karim Mostafa
08 Feb 2013

To a large extent, women have been leading Bangladesh's development. In both public and family life, women have taken on a new economic role, and are increasingly impacting decision-making processes. Savar, Bangladesh. January 2013.

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Bricks of Bangladesh (10 of 24)
Savar, Bangladesh
By Karim Mostafa
08 Feb 2013

Improving the situation in the brick-making industry would be an important step for Bangladesh in the country's efforts to enhance human development. Big improvements have been made during the past decades: between 2000 and 2010, the number of people living in poverty declined from 63 million to 47 million. Savar, Bangladesh. January 2013. View the full collection here: http://transterramedia.com/collections/1201

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Bricks of Bangladesh (17 of 24)
Faridpur, Bangladesh
By Karim Mostafa
28 Jan 2013

Many of the Bangladesh's ancient cities were made entirely out of bricks. The cities of Bangladesh are growing fast and there's a never-ending need for cheap and available construction material. Bricks are the most efficient and widely used building material and new brick buildings are erected across the country. Faridpur, Bangladesh. January 2013.

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Bricks of Bangladesh (5 of 24)
Faridpur, Bangladesh
By Karim Mostafa
28 Jan 2013

Establishing a brick field is a straightforward process which makes it attractive for investors because it does not require lots of experience. The cities of Bangladesh are growing fast and there's a never-ending need for cheap and available construction material. Bricks are the most efficient and widely used building material and new brick buildings are erected across the country. Faridpur, Bangladesh. January 2013.

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Bricks of Bangladesh (11 of 24)
Faridpur, Bangladesh
By Karim Mostafa
27 Jan 2013

In 2010, UNDP Bangladesh launched a five-year program to transform the brick-making industry and replace old and inefficient kilns with new ones, friendly to the environment. Faridpur, Bangladesh. January 2013. View the full collection here: http://transterramedia.com/collections/1201

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Bricks of Bangladesh (15 of 24)
Faridpur, Bangladesh
By Karim Mostafa
27 Jan 2013

Women often do monotonous work and suffer from illnesses related to bad working conditions. One specific problem is diseases in the reproductive organs, which are caused by long hours spent squatting in the same position. Faridpur, Bangladesh. January 2013.

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Bricks of Bangladesh (18 of 24)
Bandarban, Bangladesh
By Karim Mostafa
11 Jan 2013

Most work on the fields is done manually, from digging up the mud to forming the bricks, leaving them to dry and burning them in large kilns. Bricks are the most efficient and widely used building material and new brick buildings are erected across the country. Bandarban, Bangladesh. January 2013.

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Bricks of Bangladesh
Kushtia, Bangladesh
By Mais Istanbuli
10 Jan 2013

The cities of Bangladesh, one of the world's most densely populated countries, are growing fast and there's a never-ending need for cheap and available construction material. Today, bricks are the most efficient and widely used building material. Each day, new brick buildings are erected across the country. However, the millions of workers who make the bricks face harsh and uncertain conditions. All across Bangladesh, one can witness the towering brick chimneys.

There are more than 10,000 brick fields in the country, twice as many as ten years ago. Since Bangledash is rapidly urbanizing, bricks are a crucial building material. Some bricks get exported to nearby India, but the fields mainly provide for the local construction industry, which faces constant demand. The fields are staffed by hard-working Bangladeshis, many of whom come from rural backgrounds and work seasonally on the fields, which are closed during winter.

While brick-making represents an important part of Bangladesh’s industry, it remains both outdated and harmful to the workers. All the work is done manually, from digging the mud and forming the bricks to burning them in traditional kilns. Some workers live in make-shift buildings on the site, others have their houses and families nearby. The morning shift starts early, followed by a lunch break in the middle of the day. Then, they continue in the afternoon until sunset.

The workers eat together: traditional Bangladeshi fare which is rice accompanied by a spicy vegetable curry, lentils or fish. Many fields have a small pond nearby which allow the workers to rinse off the red dust generated in the brick-making process. The workers vary; young men, and some women too, work side by side with more experienced workers. Many young children work there as well.

While brick-making might provide a better income than agriculture or other jobs available in rural Bangladesh, it is unsafe and detrimental to the laborers' health. Accidents are common and workers have no protective gear. The fields affect nearby towns and villages as well, as the dust spreads across the surrounding areas, generating more health problems.

Moreover, the fields are a major source of environmental pollution. They represent the single largest source of greenhouse gas emissions in the country, with several million tons emitted annually. In an effort to make the industry more sustainable, UNDP Bangladesh has launched a program to make the fields greener and more efficient. Most fields, however, have yet to take the step and replace their old kilns with new technology.

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Bricks of Bangladesh (20 of 24)
Bandarban, Bangladesh
By Karim Mostafa
09 Jan 2013

During recent years, brick making has expanded rapidly in Bangladesh, especially in the area around Dhaka. Today, there are over 10 000 fields in the country – a doubling from ten years ago. Bricks are the most efficient and widely used building material and new brick buildings are erected across the country. Bandarban, Bangladesh. January 2013.

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Bricks of Bangladesh (23 of 24)
Bandarban, Bangladesh
By Karim Mostafa
09 Jan 2013

Many workers come from rural areas where agriculture no longer can provide for the growing workforce. Bricks are the most efficient and widely used building material and new brick buildings are erected across the country. Bandarban, Bangladesh. January 2013.

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Bricks of Bangladesh (24 of 24)
Bangladesh, Bandarban
By Karim Mostafa
09 Jan 2013

The workers work only six months per year: during the summer monsoon months, no bricks can be produced. Bricks are the most efficient and widely used building material and new brick buildings are erected across the country. Bandarban, Bangladesh. January 2013.

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Bricks of Bangladesh (21 of 24)
Bandarband, Bangladesh
By Karim Mostafa
08 Jan 2013

The workers' salaries differ. The more bricks they carry or burn in the kilns, the more they get paid. Bricks are the most efficient and widely used building material and new brick buildings are erected across the country. Bandarban, Bangladesh. January 2013.

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Bricks of Bangladesh (6 of 24)
Bandarban, Bangladesh
By Karim Mostafa
08 Jan 2013

Traditional brick fields like this one produce around 5,000 bricks per day. The new, more efficient, kilns can produce up to 40,000 bricks per day, according to UNDP. The cities of Bangladesh are growing fast and there's a never-ending need for cheap and available construction material. Bricks are the most efficient and widely used building material and new brick buildings are erected across the country. Bandarban, Bangladesh. January 2013.

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Bricks of Bangladesh (8 of 24)
Bandarban, Bangladesh
By Karim Mostafa
08 Jan 2013

Many workers suffer from bronchitis or coughing because of the dust generated in the brick-making process. The cities of Bangladesh are growing fast and there's a never-ending need for cheap and available construction material. Bricks are the most efficient and widely used building material and new brick buildings are erected across the country. Bandarban, Bangladesh. January 2013.

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Bricks of Bangladesh (19 of 24)
Bandarban, Bangladesh
By Karim Mostafa
08 Jan 2013

Many children like Shuhun work in the fields alongside the grownups. Often, they take care of forming the mud into bricks using metal and wooden forms. Bricks are the most efficient and widely used building material and new brick buildings are erected across the country. Bandarban, Bangladesh. January 2013.

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Bricks of Bangladesh (7 of 24)
Bandarban, Bangladesh
By Karim Mostafa
08 Jan 2013

The government was supposed to stop issuing licenses to traditional kilns by September 2012, but most brick fields are still using old methods that continue to pollute the environment. Bricks are the most efficient and widely used building material and new brick buildings are erected across the country. Bandarban, Bangladesh. January 2013.

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Bricks of Bangladesh (13 of 24)
Jhalakati, Bangladesh
By Karim Mostafa
28 Dec 2012

The brick fields are the largest emitter of greenhouse gas in Bangladesh. More than 6.4 million tons are generated each year by the industry. Bricks are the most efficient and widely used building material and new brick buildings are erected across the country. Jhalakati, Bangladesh. January 2013.

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Bricks of Bangladesh (16 of 24)
Jhalakati, Bangladesh
By Karim Mostafa
27 Dec 2012

Today, brick making is Bangladesh's fastest growing industry. Its popularity is partly due to the fact that it's so easy to start up a field: a small piece of land and between 40-50 000 taka ($500-$650) is all that's needed. The revenue within six months is up to five times that amount. Jhalakati, Bangladesh. January 2013.

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Bricks of Bangladesh (14 of 24)
Jhalakati, Bangladesh
By Karim Mostafa
27 Dec 2012

Bangladesh has the second worst air pollution in the world, according to the 2012 Environmental Performance Index. One of the biggest contributors to the unclean air is the brick-making industry. Most fields use coal or wood to burn the bricks, both of which are very bad for the environment. Jhalakati, Bangladesh. January 2013.

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Brickmakers of Helwan
Cairo, Egypt
By admin
04 Jul 2012

A Transterra Special with journalist Beesan Odwan about brick factories outside of Cairo. The effects on environment and the health of the workers.

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Port Gabtoli
Dhaka, Bangladesh
By U.S. Editor
05 Apr 2012

Gabtoli is a small domestic port in Dhaka, Bangladesh. Here, raw construction materials for both industrial and residential developments comes from different parts of Bangladesh. Among the raw materials are coal, stones, bricks, sand and metal. Approximately 20,000 workers labor in the port day and night, mostly originating from rural areas of Bangladesh leaving their families behind. They earn less then $4 a day to maintain their family and are literally deprived of health, education and other basic facilities.