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Iraqi Troops Advance Near Mosul
Rwala, Iraq
By Jawdat Ahmed
18 Apr 2016

Iraqi Army soldiers backed by the Kurdish Peshmerga and Sunni militia fighters entered the village of Rwala in Nineveh Province, southeast of Mosul, on April 18.
The Iraqi forces are trying to capture ISIS strongholds as they prepare to retake the city of Mosul from Islamic State.

Video provided by Kurdish Peshmerga.
Audio dropouts from source.

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Swedish Schoolteacher Joins Fight aga...
Al-Hassakah
By Bedir
28 May 2015

Jasper, a 24 year-old schoolteacher from Sweden describes his reasons for leaving his home and joining the fight against ISIS alongside the YPG in Syrian Kurdistan.

Going by his adoptive Kurdish name Agit, the young man has joined a battalion the YPG with two American fighters and one English fighter, all experienced military men, who give him special training to go head to head with ISIS in combat.

"I'm not afraid of them," he says. "They will pay for their crimes. I will fight to the last drop."

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Peshmerga Forces Battle ISIS in Sinjar
Sinjar, Iraq
By Balint Szlanko
25 May 2015

Kurdish peshmerga forces have been battling Islamic State militants outside the city of Sinjar since January.

The peshmerga are holding the heights to the north of the city, while IS controls the city itself. There is no sign of any civilians left in the city.

The warfare is largely static: both sides are stuck in their positions, sniping at each other, while IS occasionally tries to storm some of the Kurdish frontal positions, or lob mortars across their lines into the rear.

Low on heavy weapons themselves, the peshmerga typically call in coalition airstrikes when they spot IS forces moving around. On 25 and 26 May, when this report was filmed, the Kurds called in nearly a dozen airstrikes.

According to a report posted on the website of US Central Command said that on 26 May “near Sinjar, an airstrike struck an ISIL tactical unit, destroying two ISIL buildings and two ISIL heavy machine guns.”

The city of Sinjar is important because sits on a road between Mosul, Iraq, and Raqqa, Syria, the two biggest cities controlled by IS. The militants use the road to move personnel and equipment between the two major theatres of war.

The 12th peshmerga brigade, which has been on the lines since the beginning of May, lost 13 killed and nearly a hundred wounded in their first three weeks of deployment.

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On the Mosul Frontline Against ISIS
Tel Keif
By Stevennabil
21 Apr 2015

I was granted an exclusive visit to front line positions held by Peshmarga forces near Batnaya (25 km to the south of Mosul). ISIS fighters are a few hundred meters away and constantly try to infiltrate this frontline. Peshmerga forces are on constantly on the lookout for ISIS attacks. Only a week before my tour, ISIS suicide bombers advanced from Batnaya but were killed by Peshmerga fighters before they managed to blow themselves up. These fighters say that they were able to kill ISIS 25 militants during that attack. 

 

 

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Peshmerga and Turkoman Shiite Forces ...
Kirkuk
By mushtaq mohammed
21 Apr 2015

April 21, 2015
Kirkuk, Iraq

Video shows Kurdish Peshmerga forces alongside Shiite Turkoman fighters from the Popular Mobilization umbrella group clashing with ISIS militants in the town of Tel Ahmed, around 20 km south of Kirkuk. Smoke is seen rising following airstrikes carried out by US-led forces against positions held by ISIS.

SHOTLIST AND TRANSCRIPT

Medium of fighters inside a vehicle
Wide of explosion resulting from airstrike
Various of fighters trying to advance
Various of fighters taking cover behind a Humvee in a field
L-R pan of smoke and fighters
Wide of military commander firing a sniper rifle
Wide/ zoom out of smoke
Various of smoke rising from ISIS-controlled positions
Moving shot of fighters and military vehicles
Wide of smoke resulting from airstrikes
Various of fighters taking cover by Humvee
Wide of medics assisting injured fighter
Various of smoke resulting from airstrikes against ISIS-held positions

SOUNDBITE (Kurdish, Man), Serhad Qader, Peshmerga Head of Operations in Kirkuk
01:55 – 02:50

“According to the plan made by the Peshmerga forces, we have liberated a vast area in the outskirts of al-Bashir, al-Azizia and Tal Ahmad, as well as the former train station. Our forces were mobilized at 8 o’clock and we liberated a significant area.
ISIS had an important position here, but many of their fighters have been killed or injured. They fled to al-Bashir and they are now in the range of the Peshmerga fighters’ fire. We achieved victory and congratulate everybody for the liberation of al-Azizia and Atshana. We congratulate everyone for this victory.”

SOUNDBITE (Arabic, Man), Ali al-Hussaini, Spokesperson of Turkoman Shiite fighters, part of Popular Mobilization forces
02:51 – 03:13

“Now, after we encircled [ISIS fighters], I can say that this area, from a military point of view, has been liberated. We are not in a hurry because we are at the entrance. We shall enter victoriously and liberate this area from ISIS.”

The Kurdish and Turkoman troops are backed by the US-led coalition who targeted ISIS positions with several airstrikes.

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Freed Yezidis Describe Their Detentio...
Kirkuk
By Adam Adam
08 Apr 2015

Kirkuk, Iraq
April 08 2015

More than 216 Yezidi Kurds held by ISIS were released on Wednesday, April 8 in the area of Nahrawan, some 25 km to the south of Kirkuk. Freed detainees were transported by the Kurdish Peshmerga forces. Video includes interviewees with released hostages who describe the situation during their captivity.

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On the Mosul Frontline Against ISIS 01
Tel Keif
By Stevennabil
03 Apr 2015

An open field is seen from a Peshmerga position near Mosul.

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On the Mosul Frontline Against ISIS 02
Tel Keif
By Stevennabil
03 Apr 2015

Empty casings of bullets shot by Peshmerga during clashes with ISIS.

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On the Mosul Frontline Against ISIS 03
Tel Keif
By Stevennabil
03 Apr 2015

Empty casings of bullets shot by Peshmerga during clashes with ISIS.

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On the Mosul Frontline Against ISIS 04
Tel Keif
By Stevennabil
03 Apr 2015

An open field and the ISIS-held town of Batnaya are seen from a Peshmerga position in Tel Keif near Mosul.

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On the Mosul Frontline Against ISIS 05
Tel Keif
By Stevennabil
03 Apr 2015

The village of Batnaya, which is held by ISIS, can be seen through a sniper's scope.

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On the Mosul Frontline Against ISIS 06
Tel Keif
By Stevennabil
03 Apr 2015

Brothers in arms, Karwan,Omar and Shirzad. Each of them has a different task; one is a sniper and one is a gunner who mans a new German weapon provided to the Peshmarga (left of photo). Shirzad's task us to look through the telescope to warn his two friends of any attackers.

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On the Mosul Frontline Against ISIS 07
Tel Keif
By Stevennabil
03 Apr 2015

An open field is seen from a Peshmerga position near Mosul.

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On the Mosul Frontline Against ISIS 08
Tel Keif
By Stevennabil
03 Apr 2015

The projector (left) is lit at night, while a Peshmerga fighter is on the lookout for ISIS who try to sneak frm behind the small green hill (center). The village of Batnaya, which is held by ISIS, can be seen at a distance.

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On the Mosul Frontline Against ISIS 09
Tel Keif
By Stevennabil
03 Apr 2015

An open field and the ISIS-held town of Batnaya are seen from a Peshmerga position in Tel Keif near Mosul.

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On the Mosul Frontline Against ISIS 10
Tel Keif
By Stevennabil
03 Apr 2015

Pictured above are the remains of what has killed ISIS members who tried to infiltrate the front line coming from the surroundings of Mosul.

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On the Mosul Frontline Against ISIS 11
Tel Keif
By Stevennabil
03 Apr 2015

Pictured above are the remains of what has killed ISIS members who tried to infiltrate the front line coming from the surroundings of Mosul.

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On the Mosul Frontline Against ISIS 12
Tel Keif
By Stevennabil
03 Apr 2015

Captain Nasir, a Peshmarga commander, poses for a photo with his crew, who captured the hills and plains surrounding the towns of Telesquf and Baqufa from ISIS in September 2014. Now these fighters are waiting for the right moment to start an offensive on the city of Mosul.

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On the Mosul Frontline Against ISIS 13
Tel Keif
By Stevennabil
03 Apr 2015

Aso, a Peshmerga fighter, is on the look out on the last line of defense against ISIS.

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On the Mosul Frontline Against ISIS 14
Tel Keif
By Stevennabil
03 Apr 2015

A machine gun is photographed in a Peshmerga position overlooking the ISIS-held town of Batnaya near Mosul.

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On the Mosul Frontline Against ISIS 15
Tel Keif
By Stevennabil
03 Apr 2015

An open field and the ISIS-held town of Batnaya are seen from a Peshmerga position in Tel Keif near Mosul.

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On the Mosul Frontline Against ISIS 16
Tel Keif
By Stevennabil
03 Apr 2015

A machine gun is photographed in a Peshmerga position overlooking the ISIS-held town of Batnaya near Mosul.

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Peshmerga Check Refugees Returning to...
Kirkuk
By mushtaq mohammed
24 Mar 2015

March 23, 2015
Kirkuk, Iraq

Iraqis who are finally returning to their villages in Kirkuk are searched intensively by Peshmerga fighters who liberated the area from ISIS control. The residents of the villages of Daquq, al-Said, al-Wahda are asked to provide proof of identity and made to sign agreements that they will not allow anyone from outside of the village to enter or stay there.

:عقيد عبدالله ضابط في اللواء الثالث في البيشمركة‎

هذه القرى هي الآن تحت سلطة اقليم كردستان العراق وبمساعدة من العشائر تمكنا من طرد داعش، والآن بعد تحرير مناطقهم تم تبليغ العوائل للعودة اليها."

نحن الآن نفتش وندقق مواكب الناس الذين قرروا العودة الى بيوتهم ونتأكد من عدم وجود مندس او مخرب بين صفوفهم عن طريق مختار المنطقة وضباط الامن والمخابرات وقد تم توقيع العوائل على تعهد بعدم ايواء الغرباء في بيوتهم "وكذلك التبليغ عن الغرباء ان وجدوا.

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The Christian Militia Fighting ISIS i...
Unnamed Road, Bakufa,Iraq
By Nils Metzger
23 Mar 2015

This footage shows fighters from the Assyrian Christian Dwekh Nawsha militia at their forward operating base in Baqufa, Iraq, as well as on the frontline where they operate together with Peshmerga units. Since August, Dwekh Nawsha has guarded the village of Baqufa – especially its church – from looters. They also control the road connecting Mosul, the largest city in the Islamic State, and Dohuk, a large Kurdish city currently giving refuge to more than 100.000 displaced persons, many of them Christians.

This specific section of the frontline is very quiet, with no major fighting for the past six months since neither side has any heavy weapons deployed here. Many refugees criticize the militia’s lack of commitment to recapturing their village in the Niniveh area.

This footage shows an ordinary day with Dwekh Nawsha: watching the enemy on the frontline, waiting at the base camp, patrolling the village of Baqufa, staying awake all night to guard the small checkpoint, preparing breakfast for the day shift, cleaning the base and returning home for their week off.

The footage includes interviews with Rama Baito, the social media manager of Dwekh Nawsha; Sargon Logan, a 25-year old bread vendor from the city of Dohuk who joined Dwekh Nawsha three months ago; General Tareq Suliman, the local Peshmerga commander on the frontline near Dohuk; and his second-in-command, Colonel Kerim, who accompanied the journalist to the frontline.

BACKGROUND:

In August 2014, the Islamic State captured a number of Iraqi Christian towns in the area surrounding Mosul, among them Karakosh, the largest Iraqi city with a Christian majority.

While most fled, some Christians organized themselves into militias to defend their villages. One of them is Dwekh Nawsha (‘The Sacrificers’). Since August 2014, they have trained more than 60 fighters from the Ninaveh region of Iraq and control a small part of the frontline north of Mosul near a village called Baqufa. Dwekh Nawsha is not just a militia of Christians, but one fighting for the interests of the ancient Assyrian communities in Iraq. The Assyrians cherish a culture much older than Christianity, but were also one of the first peoples to convert in the 1st century AD. Over the last few months, the Islamic State has destroyed a number of important excavating sites and historical cities of the Assyrians, a people who used to rule over large parts of the Middle East 3.000 years ago.

The interviews were conducted in English and Kurdish.

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Interview: US Citizen Provides Iraqi ...
Dohuk, Iraq
By Nils Metzger
22 Mar 2015

In February 2015, Judd Carroll from Tyler, Texas decided to start a fundraising campaign to help Christian refugee children in northern Iraq and then deliver the material aid himself. Not only did the fundraising effort fail but, despite harsh criticism from family and friends, he spent his own money to fly to Iraq to bring both baby food and military equipment to local Christian militias. In this 30min interview, he explains his motivation and why he wants to join these Christian militias fighting the Islamic State.

The interview was filmed at the headquarters of the Christian Assyrian militia Dwekh Nawsha (‘The Sacrificers’).

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Interview: Yousif Thomas Mirkis, Chal...
Sulaimaniya, Iraq
By Nils Metzger
20 Mar 2015

Archbishop Yousif Thomas Mirkis of Kirkul is one of the most important clergymen in the Chaldean Church and one of the most influential representatives of the Christian community in all of Iraq. The diocese of Kirkuk has always been a centerpiece of Iraqi Christendom, its former Archbishop Louis Raphael Sako having become the Patriarch of the Chaldean Church in 2013. This interview with Bishop Mirkis was conducted on 19 March 2015 in Sulaimaniya, Iraq.

The main topics discussed are the current refugee crisis and the future role of Christians in Iraq.

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Interview: Emanuel Youkhana, Head of ...
Erbil, Iraq
By Nils Metzger
18 Mar 2015

This footage is an extended interview with Archimandrit Emanuel Youkhana, priest of the Assyrian Church of the East and head of the most important Christian relief organization in Iraq, CAPNI. Here he talks extensively about why, even after the Islamic State has collapsed, he thinks Iraqi Christendom is about to die out, and why he does not expect things to get much better.

The interview was conducted in English.

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German Coalition Advisors Train Peshm...
Peshmerga Training Base outside of Erbil KTCC camp
By Jeffry Ruigendijk
18 Mar 2015

B-roll of target practice and interviews with German trainers and Peshmerga trainees near Erbil.

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Christian Refugees in Erbil, Iraq 1080p
Erbil, Iraq
By Nils Metzger
18 Mar 2015

Jens Petzold is a Swiss monk who heads a monastery in Erbil, Iraq for Iraqi-christian refugees who fled ISIS attacks on their towns last year. A former resident of the famous Deir Mar Musa monastery in Syria, Petzold first came Iraq from Syria in 2011 in order to rebuild the abandoned monastery of Deir Maryam al-Adha. After the Islamic State started to attack Christian villages in Iraq this past summer, he became the sole caretaker of dozens of displaced families.

Petzold is a charismatic and unorthodox church congregation leader. This footage tries to show how a single person can make a big difference to many refugees as well as show how refugees from the Christian community try to get on with their daily lives, somehow trying to avoid leaving their homeland for good.

Background:

In August 2014, the Islamic State captured a number of Iraqi Christian towns in the area surrounding Mosul, among them Karakosh, the largest Iraqi city with a Christian majority. Most of its 50,000 residents fled within a couple of hours on the 6th of August and left most of their belongings behind. Right now more than 100,000 of the already shrinking population of Iraqi Christian community have become internally displaced or fled to other countries. While most of the IDPs have found refuge in Ankawa, the Christian quarter of Erbil and two large refugee camps near the city of Dohuk, a small monastery in Sulaimaniya opened its doors for more than 200 refugees who have now been living in this very crowded place for more than half a year. The monastery with its church and one building houses 80 people, nearby apartments another 100+ people. Almost 70 of them are children.

The author visited Sulaimaniya in March 2015. The entire footage was shot during that time. It includes interviews with Jens Petzold, several of the refugees, shows daily life in the monastery as well as a mass. I accompanied Jens Petzold during trips to the local market, to a Christian graveyard and to another local church community where they are raising funds to build new housing facilities.

The following rough cut is in chronological order as it was shot.

The interviews were conducted in English and Arabic.

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Inside Look: Peshmerga Advance on ISI...
Kirkuk
By mushtaq mohammed
16 Mar 2015

Kirkuk, Iraq
March 16, 2015

A Kurdish Peshmerga force of dozens of fighters, armored vehicles and tanks advanced on ISIS positions near the town Dakouk in the oil-rich province of Kirkuk in northern Iraq.

This video, shot by a fighter who took part in the operation, features Kurdish fighters taking control of a military position where an ISIS flag had been hoisted.

Kurdish tanks can be seen bombing ISIS positions, believed to be only about a few hundred meters away. Video also features Kurdish fighters neutralizing what appear to be improvised explosive devices placed on the side of the road, while an armored vehicle convoy advances slowly in a rural area.

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Kurds Mourn the Deaths of British and...
Derik, Syria
By TTM Contributor 33
14 Mar 2015

The body of Ashley Johnson, an Australian fighter in the Kurdish People Protection Units (YPG), was taken from Syria to Turkey at the Derik border crossing. Johnson, who joined the YPG six months ago, was killed on 25 February when the Kurdish militia retook the strategic town of Tal Hamis in northeast Syria from ISIS.

This video shows the procession in which Johnson’s body was taken from Syria to Turkey. It also shows the body of former British Royal Marine and Peshmerga fighter, Konstandinos Erik Scurfield, who died on March 4, being taken from a hospital in the Kurdish city of Derik to Iraqi Kurdistan through the Simalka border crossing. Scurfiled was also killed in the battle to retake Tal Hamis.

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Kurdish Gunsmith Fights ISIS with Rep...
Erbil
By Jeffry Ruigendijk
03 Mar 2015

The Kurds’ war against the so-called Islamic State may be grabbing headlines for the battles on the frontline, but far from the fighting the conflict has been good business for 36-year-old Kurdish Erbil gunsmith Bakhtiar Sadr ad-Din Aziz.

Aziz specializes in repairs and custom guns for the Kurds, and Peshmerga are lining up to pick up one of his custom creations, or just to get fixes done on one of their aging AK-47s, M16s or DShK heavy machine guns.

Bakhtiar’s shop is located in the Iraqi Kurdish capital Erbil’s central bazar, and Bakhtiar said it is a family business that was owned by his father, who was once imprisoned by the Saddam Hussein regime for supporting the Peshmerga.

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Kurdish Gunsmith Fights ISIS with Rep...
Downtown Erbil
By Osie Greenway
02 Mar 2015

The Kurds’ war against the so-called Islamic State may be grabbing headlines for the battles on the frontline, but far from the fighting the conflict has been good business for 36-year-old Kurdish Erbil gunsmith Bakhtiar Sadr ad-Din Aziz.

Aziz specializes in repairs and custom guns for the Kurds, and Peshmerga are lining up to pick up one of his custom creations, or just to get fixes done on one of their aging AK-47s, M16s or DShK heavy machine guns. 

Bakhtiar’s shop is located in the Iraqi Kurdish capital Erbil’s central bazar, and Bakhtiar said it is a family business that was owned by his father, who was once imprisoned by the Saddam Hussein regime for supporting the Peshmerga.

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Destruction and Relief Accompany Libe...
Tal Hamis
By TTM Contributor 33
02 Mar 2015

Kurdish and Arab commanders explain the significance of the liberation of the village of Tal Hamis in the broader struggle against ISIS in northeastern Syria. Suleiman al-Shemri, military leader of the Al-Sanadeed forces - themselves the descendants of the Al-Shummar tribe from which various ISIS fighters have been recruited - describes how the three-day battle to liberate the village was in response to pleas from the village's diverse population hailing from various tribal backgrounds. The film also depicts widespread scenes of destruction in a village that, while verdant, has been given over to abandon.

Shot List:

Shots of the destruction caused by the 3-day battle
Shots of some ISIS symbols and pronouncements
Shots of the city streets and road signs
Shots of the Kurdish forces in the city with the vehicles and flags of the Kurdish forces on a strategic hill in the city

Transcription:
(02:22-04:26) Akid Derek, field commander in the YPG:
(Man, Kurdish)

Telhamis was a center for the Syrian regime but they relinquished it about two years ago and it fell under the control of those terrorists. Our raid started from more than one angle. We began in the town of Jazaa, which is located on the border of Kurdish Iraq, and from the village of Palestine, until we reached here. People's Protection Units and Women's Protection Units along with several supporting Arab forces were able to liberate areas in order to reach Tel Hamis. Coalition air forces were available but not with the required intensity. The liberated area is very big and even reaches the town of Telbrak.

Civilians gradually began returning to their homes and are now free after having suffered under the control of ISIS. We talked to the inhabitants of the liberated villages who confirmed that members of ISIS had seized their property and belongings and evicted them from their homes and villages. At this moment we are going to continue with our raid until we clean the area of members of ISIS, who are now about 30km from Tel Hamis in the area of al-Hol.

ISIS placed mines in parts in the village and in cars too. Some of them are still underground and our specialists are working on deactivating them. We have imprisoned many members of ISIS in this raid, and our forces killed dozens of them. We have 30 ISIS corpses.

(06:30-10:00) Suleiman al-Shemri, military leader of the Al-Sanadeed forces
(Man, Arabic)

Interviewer: tell us about the raid, who participated in it? And how long did it take to liberate Tel Hamis?

Suleiman: The raid began on 21 February 2015 and lasted three days. With the help of God we were able to accomplish our goal. We started this raid as an answer to the request of the population to fight those people who are not related to Islam, based on the request of the inhabitants of Tel Hamis, the people who are the tribes of Sharabeya, Shummar, and Tay. It was based upon their request that we came to Tel Hamis, a center for ISIS.

Interviewer: Why is Tel Hamis significant?

Suleiman: It is an area that connects Iraq and Syria, a strategic location for ISIS.

Interviewer: you, the Al-Sanadeed forces, participated with the YPG in the raid. Who else participated?

Suleiman: The participants in the raid were the YPG (People's Protection Units), the Women's Protection Units and the Al-Sanadeed forces. The Al-Sanadeed made up about 1200-1300 fighters in this raid, but the inhabitants also helped us, while the coalition air forces played a significant role. Almost 200 members of ISIS were killed, and we imprisoned others, but do not know the number of captives. The Peshmerga also helped us from the border.

Interviewer: How many villages were liberated? How big is the liberated area?

Suleiman: We liberated almost 150 villages in the first few days and up until now have done so in about 200 villages.

Interviewer: How far is ISIS now?

Suleiman: They are in al-Hol now. Yesterday the fighters liberated Telbrak, and now we are heading to al-Hol, and then hopefully on to Iraq. People are asking for our help and we are always ready to help people – to fight the enemies of Islam.

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IS attack on Makhmour District South ...
Makhmour
By Jeffry Ruigendijk
21 Feb 2015

NOTE: No audio from 3:30 to 4:17

In the evening of Feb. 21st, IS launched their second attack in three days on the Makhmour District 35 miles south of Erbil. The Makhmour District is important to the IS because it is their lifeline to Kirkuk and Mosul. Around 21.00 PM an estimated 200 IS fighters entered the village of Tel Rim. After 3 hours of fighting and 8 airstrikes 63 IS fighters died and IS retreated.

This footage shows Makhmour commander Najat Ali Salih arriving in Tel Rim on the morning of 22 Feb. He surveys the village and boasts about knowing about the attack beforehand because of his IS spies. After seeing many dead IS fighters he leaves the town. On the road back one of the Humvees in his convoy hits an IED and three wounded Peshmerga are driven off.

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Islamic State Militants Attack Peshme...
Makhmour
By Jeffry Ruigendijk
19 Feb 2015

General Sirwan Barzani, Commander Najat Salih and Peshmerga soldier Rokan comment on the IS attack in Makhmour two nights ago.

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Peshmerga Units Clear Explosives Laid...
Kirkuk, Makhmour
By Osie Greenway
13 Feb 2015

According to Kurdish government and Peshmerga officials, improvised explosive devices (IEDs) and mines planted by Islamic State militants are the biggest cause of death for Peshmerga forces. ISIS has adopted the tactic of heavily seeding all of the territory it withdraws from with the devices with the intent of slowing down Peshmerga advances. Some IEDs are also intentionally left in fields and homes to target civilians according to Kurdish officials. These images are from frontlines with a Kurdish military engineer team specialized in explosive ordnance disposal (EOD), and a farmer who is affected by IEDs after returning home after weeks of heavy fighting in Makhmour. These images follow with an article that includes demining NGO MAG who weighs in on the issue and has been clearing mines in Iraq for 30 years, as does the mayor of the Kurdish city of Makhmour, whose community is still dealing with getting rid of massive amounts of IEDs ISIS left behind to cover their retreat. 

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Peshmerga Units Clear Explosives Laid...
Kirkuk, Makhmour
By Jeffry Ruigendijk
08 Feb 2015

The amount of IEDs left by the Islamic State is staggering. 'Not normal', says the mayor of Makhmour. According to Kurdish government and Peshmerga officials, improvised explosive devices (IEDs) and mines planted by Islamic State militants are the biggest cause of casualties for Peshmerga forces. ISIS has adopted the tactic of heavily seeding all of the territory it withdraws from with the deadly devices, with the intent of slowing down Peshmerga advances. Some IEDs are also intentionally left in fields and homes to target civilians according to Kurdish officials. We go to the frontlines with a Peshmerga engineer team specialized in dismantling the devices, and speak to a farmer who is affected by Islamic State IEDs. The mayor of the city of Makhmour, whose community is still dealing with getting rid of massive amounts of IEDs ISIS left in August, also weighs in on the subject.