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Donetsk Chemical Plant Is Under Attac...
Donetsk
By Andrey Samerkhanov
19 Sep 2014

Despite the declared ceasefire signed by both sides of the conflict in Minsk on Sept. 5, 2014, Russian-sponsored militants continued to shell residential areas and other civilian buildings in the conflict zone in eastern Ukraine. In addition to rocket and artillery fire aimed at Ukrainian Armed Forces units, residential areas, buildings and strategic objects such as airport, railway station, chemical plant also being hit.
Russia’s Armed Forces are using militants from DNR and LNR, terrorist organizations disguising themselves as local militia, to carry out various provocations such shelling as civilian areas while supplying these militants with the latest in Russian military hardware.
Local civilians in eastern Ukraine trying to survive the rocket and artillery fire have no way of really knowing which side is shelling them, so they often express opinions that completely contradict each other.

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Market after a night of shelling in D...
Donetsk
By Andrey Samerkhanov
16 Sep 2014

With most grocery stores shut down, this market was the main source of both food and income for many residents of Donetsk.
The market is only about three miles away from Donetsk International Airport, where fierce fighting has been going on for a long time.

Background
Despite the declared ceasefire signed by both sides of the conflict in Minsk on Sept. 5, 2014, Russian-sponsored militants continued to shell residential areas and other civilian buildings in the conflict zone in eastern Ukraine. In addition to rocket and artillery fire aimed at Ukrainian Armed Forces units, residential areas and buildings such as kindergartens, schools, hospitals and supermarkets are also being hit.

Russia’s Armed Forces are using militants from DNR and LNR, terrorist organizations disguising themselves as local militia, to carry out various provocations such shelling as civilian areas while supplying these militants with the latest in Russian military hardware.

Local civilians in eastern Ukraine trying to survive the rocket and artillery fire have no way of really knowing which side is shelling them, so they often express opinions that completely contradict each other.

Shot list:
Damaged and completely burned market building.
This building is completely destroyed and it’s unlikely that anyone will be able to restore it now.
Local residents help remove the rubble from the previous night’s shelling.

Stand up
Entrepreneur (personal opinion)
(Voice over) The most interesting thing is that I was the only one who managed to jump out. You can say that Ukrainians are fighting Ukrainians.
Back then it was one country (i.e., the Soviet Union), and now it’s something not understandable (i.e., Ukraine).
Now we’re killing each other.
This is just your typical civilian war.

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Residential areas shelled in Donetsk ...
Donetsk
By Andrey Samerkhanov
16 Sep 2014

This residential district in northern Donetsk has long been a popular battlefield between the Russian Army and Ukraine’s National Guard.

Background
Despite the declared ceasefire signed by both sides of the conflict in Minsk on Sept. 5, 2014, Russian-sponsored militants continued to shell residential areas and other civilian buildings in the conflict zone in eastern Ukraine. In addition to rocket and artillery fire aimed at Ukrainian Armed Forces units, residential areas and buildings such as kindergartens, schools, hospitals and supermarkets are also being hit.

Russia’s Armed Forces are using militants from DNR and LNR, terrorist organizations disguising themselves as local militia, to carry out various provocations such shelling as civilian areas while supplying these militants with the latest in Russian military hardware.

Local civilians in eastern Ukraine trying to survive the rocket and artillery fire have no way of really knowing which side is shelling them, so they often express opinions that completely contradict each other.

Shot list:
Damaged high-rise apartment buildings after artillery shelling.
Traces of falling shells can be seen on the walls of these buildings.
The area around the buildings has traces of multiple explosions.

Stand up
Owner of a private house interwiev (in front of the ruins of his home talks about shelling the previous night)
Earlier the shelling went only in one direction but now the direction is hard to figure out .
Shells and rockets are coming from all sides now.
There was smoke right at the corner of my house.
Let me tell you, just in the last three weeks, five shells have hit our house alone.
You can see that there’s nothing left now.
Otherwise, they just shell everywhere.

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Kindergarten shelled in Donetsk despi...
Donetsk
By Andrey Samerkhanov
16 Sep 2014

Kindergarten shelled in Donetsk
Fortunately, there were no children in this kindergarten during the shelling because the parents don’t trust to ceasefire agreement and are keeping their children at home.

Background
Despite the declared ceasefire signed by both sides of the conflict in Minsk on Sept. 5, 2014, Russian-sponsored militants continued to shell residential areas and other civilian buildings in the conflict zone in eastern Ukraine. In addition to rocket and artillery fire aimed at Ukrainian Armed Forces units, residential areas and buildings such as kindergartens, schools, hospitals and supermarkets are also being hit.

Russia’s Armed Forces are using militants from DNR and LNR, terrorist organizations disguising themselves as local militia, to carry out various provocations such shelling as civilian areas while supplying these militants with the latest in Russian military hardware.

Local civilians in eastern Ukraine trying to survive the rocket and artillery fire have no way of really knowing which side is shelling them, so they often express opinions that completely contradict each other.

Shot list:
Kindergarten staff clears up the rubble after shelling that can be seen throughout the video
The building itself has been damaged, as well as the playground and surrounding area.

Stand up #1
Kindergarten Director interview
(Voice over) “As you can see our equipment is damaged”. There were three volleys.
How they were shooting and what they were shooting at, I have no idea, but they hit our kindergarten.
Where’s the [Donetsk International] airport and where are we? Why us?
I get the feeling that our kindergarten was shelled on purpose.
But how do I know? I just... (crying)
Why is this happening? What the heck is this anyway? I don't know!
We’ve been killing ourselves here.
I’ve worked in this kindergarten for 35 years, and now we have to build it from scratch again.
I really don’t know what we’re going to do now...
And when will this planet of ours finally find peace?
All we want is peace. Just peace. That’s all!
No one’s rich here. We’ve been living on a teacher’s salary all our lives.
And we want peace, not war.

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Ukraine Ceasefire Breached Again
Donetsk
By Andrey Samerkhanov
16 Sep 2014

Date: September 16, 2014
Location: Donetsk, Ukraine
Length: 3:52
Despite the ceasefire agreement signed by both sides of the conflict in Minsk on Sept. 5, 2014, Russian-sponsored militants continued to shell residential areas and other civilian buildings in the conflict zone in eastern Ukraine. In addition to rocket and artillery fire aimed at Ukrainian Armed Forces units, residential areas and buildings such as kindergartens, schools, hospitals and supermarkets were also hit.
Russia’s Armed Forces are supplying militants from DNR and LNR, terrorist organizations disguising themselves as local militia, with the latest in Russian military hardware to carry out various provocative actions, including shelling as civilian areas.
Civilians in eastern Ukraine trying to survive the rocket and artillery fire have no way of really knowing which side is shelling them, so they often express contradictory opinions.
Story #1
Kindergarten shelled in Donetsk
Fortunately, there were no children in this kindergarten during the shelling because the parents don’t believe the ceasefire agreement and are keeping their children at home.
Shotlist:
Kindergarten staff clears up the rubble after shelling
The building itself has been damaged, as well as the playground and surrounding area.
SOUNDBITE 1
Kindergarten Director
“As you can see our equipment is damaged. There were three volleys. How they were shooting and what they were shooting at, I have no idea, but they hit our kindergarten.
Where’s the [Donetsk International] airport and where are we? Why us?
I get the feeling that our kindergarten was shelled on purpose.
But how do I know? I just... (crying)
Why is this happening? What the heck is this anyway? I don't know!
We’ve been killing ourselves here.
I’ve worked in this kindergarten for 35 years, and now we have to build it from scratch again.
I really don’t know what we’re going to do now...
And when will this planet of ours finally find peace?
All we want is peace. Just peace. That’s all!
No one’s rich here. We’ve been living on a teacher’s salary all our lives.
And we want peace, not war.”
Story #2
Residential areas shelled in Donetsk
This residential district in northern Donetsk has long been a popular battlefield between the Russian Army and Ukraine’s National Guard.
Shotlist:
Damaged high-rise apartment buildings after artillery shelling.
Traces of falling shells can be seen on the walls of these buildings.
The area around the buildings has traces of multiple explosions.
SOUNDBITE 2
Owner of a private house
(In front of the ruins of his home, he talks about shelling the previous night.) “Earlier the shelling went only in one direction but now the direction is hard to figure out. Shells and rockets are coming from all sides now.
There was smoke right at the corner of my house.
Let me tell you, just in the last three weeks, five shells have hit our house alone.
You can see that there’s nothing left now.
Otherwise, they just shell everywhere.”
Story #3
A Market is shelled at night in Donetsk
With most grocery stores shut down, this market was the main source of both food and income for many residents of Donetsk.
The market is only about three miles away from Donetsk International Airport, where fierce fighting has been going on for a long time.
Shotlist:
Damaged and completely burned market building.
This building is completely destroyed and it’s unlikely that anyone will be able to restore it now.
Local residents help remove the rubble from the previous night’s shelling.
SOUNDBITE 3
Entrepreneur
“The most interesting thing is that I was the only one who managed to jump out. You can say that Ukrainians are fighting Ukrainians. Back then it was one country (i.e., the Soviet Union), and now it’s something not understandable (i.e., Ukraine).
Now we’re killing each other.
This is just your typical civilian war.”

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Volunteers Upgrade Ukrainian Tanks, S...
Sloviansk
By Andrey Samerkhanov
07 Sep 2014

Date: September 8, 2014
Location: Sloviansk, Ukraine
Length: 3:51

When a shaped charge penetrates the armour of a vehicle, there is a massive build-up of heat that burns through the armour and threatens to kill the crew. Shaped charge protection prevents the round penetrating the vehicle armour and triggers the explosion outside the vehicle, in which case, the vehicle is likely to remain combat ready. A resident of Vinnitsa Oblast, Leonid, organized a team of volunteer welders after seeing his fellow countrymen die in conflict. He lead the team to Sloviansk where they are installing shaped charge protection onto Ukrainian combat vehicles.

Myroslav Gai from Kiev served in the National Guard of Ukraine as a volunteer and took part in the ground action in Sloviansk. After being rotated out, he organised a charity to provide aid to servicemen and refugees. Donations from people around the region have been used to buy the necessary materials for Leonid’s team of welders to manufacture and mount the shaped charge protection. Myroslav and Leonid’s objective is to equip 100 armoured vehicles with the potentially life-saving cage.

Shotlist:
A craftsman cuts the metal bars.
A craftsman takes measurements for the protective screens.
Craftsmen welding.
A craftsman demonstrates the mechanical window in the shaped charge protection.
Craftsmen assemble the shaped charge protection screen.
Craftsmen install the shaped charge protection.

SOUNDBITE 1
Myroslav, former National Guard serviceman
“The shaped charge protection screen. In simple terms – it is a metal cage encircling the armoured vehicle, which traps the charge, for example a rocket from a RPG (handheld launcher).”

“An incoming RPG charge explodes and burns out between the cage and main armour. The crew, therefore, survives.”

SOUNDBITE 2
Leonid, professional welder
“After losing some of our fellow countrymen, who burned alive because shaped charges hit their armoured vehicles, we decided to create a shaped charge protection. We did all the designing, manufacturing and testing. The live fire test revealed that the armour on the vehicle stays intact.”

SOUNDBITE 3
Myroslav, former National Guard serviceman
“The main thing is that these folks can install the protection in the field. There are not many people who would agree to go to a military base, where military action could start at any time.”

SOUNDBITE 4
Leonid, professional welder
“Every protective cage is being welded independently, after which they are all put together and bolted as a single structure. Afterwards, they are welded strongly to the armoured vehicle.”

SOUNDBITE 5
Myroslav, former National Guard serviceman
“Our target is to fix the protection to as many armoured vehicles as possible, since the Ukrainian army has only a limited quantity of such vehicles and those get destroyed in combat, along with the people in them.”

SOUNDBITE 6
Leonid, professional welder
“In a very short period of time we installed the protection onto seven armoured vehicles. At the same time, we install protective screens and repair the vehicles damaged in action.”

SOUNDBITE 7
Myroslav, former National Guard serviceman
“We have managed to collect significant amounts of money through donations. Only the materials used in manufacturing the protection for one vehicle is 24,000 UAH. Leonid thanks God and will take money only to reimburse the materials. The real costs are paying craftsmen’s hours and transportation, which we can’t afford. Therefore, their assistance is appreciated.”

SOUNDBITE 8
Leonid, professional welder
“I receive many text messages from the army unit for which we installed the protection screens. As a rule, I receive them at night. In the morning, my phone is bursting with the phone calls: ‘Thank you so much, uncle Lyonya. We got entrapped and shelled, but all are alive.’ Such gratitude is the most valuable thing I ever encountered in my life.”

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The Talisman
Krasny Partizan
By Andrey Samerkhanov
07 Sep 2014

Date: September 7, 2014
Location: Krasny Partizan near Horlivka, Ukraine
Length: 2:06
Ukrainian volunteers supply National Guards and the Ukrainian Army with all necessary equipment – they collect money for medical supplies, kevlar helmets, body armors, etc.. The equipment is then delivered to the troops on the front line.
Ukrainian soldiers also receive support letters from children from all over the country.
Each envelope also contains a talisman; the Swallow in the colors of the national flag of Ukraine.

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Iraq: Qaraqosh's Christians in Limbo
Erbil
By Arianna Pagani
24 Jun 2014

After bombings in Qaraqosh, the Iraqi government has decided to evacuate the entire town. About 5,000 families have taken refuge in the city of Erbil, where schools and sports centers have been made available by local volunteers and aid organizations.

A major city for Christians in Iraq, Qaraqosh fell to ISIS shortly after the latter's conquest of Mosul. Residents of Qaraqosh were reportedly terrorized by ISIS, who took Sharia law into their own hands, lashing one man for selling cigarettes, and killing several women found guilty of adultery. The city later suffered heavy bombardment during fighting between ISIS fighters and the Kurdish Peshmerga forces.

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Release of Captured Syrian Army Soldi...
Aleppo, Syria
By Activist Halabi
07 May 2014

May 8, 2014

Aleppo, Syria

Forty Syrian Army soldiers and members of pro-Assad forces, who had been held prisoner by the Free Syria Army, were released in exchange for safe passage out of the city of Homs for more than 15-hundred rebel fighters.
The release took place in Aleppo on May 8, 2014 during a temporary truce.
Video includes an interview with captured Syrian Army soldiers and Madar Najar, a leader of the Islamic Front..

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Rural Bosnia & Herzegovina Struggle w...
Sarajevo
By Transterra Editor
26 Sep 2013

Almost two decades after the war in Bosnia & Herzegovina ended, the country remains threatened by more than 120,000 landmines — about 2.5 percent of the total land mass — that remain a dark legacy of the war, buried in the ground along former frontlines.

While urban areas are being largely demined, people living in the remote landside of Bosnia are permanently threatened by the hidden hazards in the ground near their homes. Relatives of landmine victims, as well as survivors, mostly do not receive any governmental help. For these people live in remote areas with high unemployment rates with no possibility of earning money for a living, the only income for most is to collect firewood or fruits in the nearby forests. Some of these families have victims spanning two or three generations.

Without help from the government, the people largely depend on the Landmine Survivors Initiative (LSI), a non-governmental institution that provides affected people and communities with psychological and financial support. In some cases the NGO provides a greenhouse, in others agricultural machines, so that people can try to make a living instead of depending on the woods for survival.

Photos and Text by Michael Biach

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The remains of a shelled school in Az...
Azaz, Syria,
By Ms_R
14 Sep 2012

Azaz has seen brutal fighting in order to secure the northernmost crossing with Turkey. The remnants of fighting and the subsequent shelling, that saw 50 dead, are seen throughout the town, in burnt-out tanks and piles of rubble.

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A man stands inside his destroyed fac...
Azaz, Syria,
By Ms_R
14 Sep 2012

Azaz has seen brutal fighting in order to secure the northernmost crossing with Turkey. The remnants of fighting and the subsequent shelling, that saw 50 dead, are seen throughout the town, in burnt-out tanks and piles of rubble. Here, a local businessman, who owns an olive-oil pressing factory, stands amid the rubble. Rebuilding of the factory has begun, even as he fears that they will be shelled once more.

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A door to a factory in Azaz filled wi...
Azaz, Syria,
By Ms_R
14 Sep 2012

Azaz has seen brutal fighting in order to secure the northernmost crossing with Turkey. The remnants of fighting and the subsequent shelling, that saw 50 dead, are seen throughout the town, in burnt-out tanks and piles of rubble. The residents fear further shelling, even as they live among daily reminders of the battle to free the town from Bashar Al-Assad's forces.

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A child from Azaz silhouetted by bull...
Azaz, Syria,
By Ms_R
14 Sep 2012

Azaz has seen brutal fighting in order to secure the northernmost crossing with Turkey. The remnants of fighting and the subsequent shelling, that saw 50 dead, are seen throughout the town, in burnt-out tanks and piles of rubble.

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A man stands inside his destroyed fac...
Azaz, Syria,
By Ms_R
14 Sep 2012

Azaz has seen brutal fighting in order to secure the northernmost crossing with Turkey. The remnants of fighting and the subsequent shelling, that saw 50 dead, are seen throughout the town, in burnt-out tanks and piles of rubble. Here a local businessman who owns an olive-oil pressing factors displays the damage done to his business after it was shelled and used as a sniper base for Syrian regime soldiers.

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Children run through a burnt-out scho...
Azaz, Syria,
By Ms_R
14 Sep 2012

Azaz has seen brutal fighting in order to secure the northernmost crossing with Turkey. The remnants of fighting and the subsequent shelling, that saw 50 dead, are seen throughout the town, in burnt-out tanks and piles of rubble.

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Traders wait next to shops showing sh...
Azaz, Syria,
By Ms_R
14 Sep 2012

Azaz has seen brutal fighting in order to secure the northernmost crossing with Turkey. The remnants of fighting and the subsequent shelling are seen throughout the town, in burnt-out tanks and piles of rubble.

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Children pose on top of a burnt-out t...
Azaz, Syria,
By Ms_R
14 Sep 2012

Azaz has seen brutal fighting in order to secure the northernmost crossing with Turkey. The remnants of fighting and the subsequent shelling that left 50 dead are seen throughout the town, in burnt-out tanks and piles of rubble.

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Children climb on a burnt out tank in...
Azaz, Syria,
By Ms_R
14 Sep 2012

Azaz has seen brutal fighting in order to secure the northernmost crossing with Turkey. The remnants of fighting and the subsequent shelling, that left 50 dead, are seen throughout the town, in burnt-out tanks and piles of rubble.

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Refugees living in a transit camp nex...
Azaz, Syria,
By Ms_R
14 Sep 2012

Azaz has seen brutal fighting in order to secure the northernmost crossing with Turkey. It's estimated that around 10,000 (some estimates touch as high as 17,000) refugees are currently trapped on the Syrian border, waiting to get into Turkey. Many refugees have been waiting there for up to three weeks, in squalid conditions. Refugees here can see the Turkish border from inside the disused transit stop where they are sleeping in the open.

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Children play on a tank amidst a pile...
Azaz, Syria,
By Ms_R
14 Sep 2012

Azaz has seen brutal fighting in order to secure the northernmost crossing with Turkey. The remnants of fighting and the subsequent shelling are seen throughout the town, in burnt-out tanks and piles of rubble. The shelling, on the 15th August, killed an estimated 50 people.

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Deserted houses display the after-eff...
Azaz, Syria,
By Ms_R
14 Sep 2012

Azaz has seen brutal fighting in order to secure the northernmost crossing with Turkey. The remnants of fighting and the subsequent shelling, that saw 50 dead, are seen throughout the town, in burnt-out tanks, destroyed buildings and piles of rubble.

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Inside Azaz: Syria.
Azaz, Syria,
By Ms_R
14 Sep 2012

The northernmost town of Azaz in Syria, is both a gateway and border point for refugees, fighters and supplies coming in and out of Syria, and a small town that tells a horrific story. On the 15th August 2012 the town was shelled by regime forces, leaving 50 dead. This followed weeks of fighting that allowed FSA fighters to take the town in order to allow the safe passage of many people into and out of Syria. The residents of the town are rebuilding, but fear another shelling attack that they fear is coming soon.

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The road into Azaz viewed through the...
Azaz, Syria,
By Ms_R
14 Sep 2012

Azaz has seen brutal fighting in order to secure the northernmost crossing with Turkey. The remnants of fighting and the subsequent shelling, that saw 50 dead, are seen throughout the town, in burnt-out tanks and piles of rubble.

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Iran War Zone Pilgrims
Iran
By mianeh
02 Aug 2011

Clerics, who are mostly Basij members, lead prayers at a war zone site.