Bangladesh's Shipbuilding Industry 05
Dhaka, Bangladesh
By zakir hossain chowdhury
29 Dec 2014

17 year-old Ashraful has seen several of his colleagues fall victim to explosions, caused by ruptures in gas cylinders. He breaks down the rusty, old supertankers, cargo ships and cruisers to be scrapped. Most of them live by eating rice and vegetables. Ashraful cannot remember when he last ate meat.

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portrait of child worker that working...
Voirob
By zakir hossain chowdhury
30 Nov 2014

Tamanna, age of 11, works in a rice processing factory and earns 50 taka ($0.65 USD) per day.

Child workers in rice processing factories work with their mothers as a helping hand.By working from 8 a.m. to 6 p.m. on a daily basis, child workers earn 50 taka ($0.65 USD) per day. Most of them aged are 8 to 11.Full-time work frequently prevents children from attending school.

According to the Labour Laws of Bangladesh, the minimum legal age for employment is 14. UNICEF estimates that around 150 million children aged 5-14 in developing countries are involved in child labour.

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portrait of child worker that working...
Voirob
By zakir hossain chowdhury
30 Nov 2014

Mili, age 10, works in a rice processing factory and earns 50 taka ($0.65 USD) per day.

Child workers in rice processing factories work with their mothers as a helping hand.By working from 8 a.m. to 6 p.m. on a daily basis, child workers earn 50 taka ($0.65 USD) per day. Most of them aged are 8 to 11.Full-time work frequently prevents children from attending school.

According to the Labour Laws of Bangladesh, the minimum legal age for employment is 14. UNICEF estimates that around 150 million children aged 5-14 in developing countries are involved in child labour.

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portrait of child worker that working...
Voirob
By zakir hossain chowdhury
30 Nov 2014

Zhumu, age 11, works in a rice processing factory and earns 50 taka ($0.65 USD) per day.

Child workers in rice processing factories work with their mothers as a helping hand.By working from 8 a.m. to 6 p.m. on a daily basis, child workers earn 50 taka ($0.65 USD) per day. Most of them aged are 8 to 11.Full-time work frequently prevents children from attending school.

According to the Labour Laws of Bangladesh, the minimum legal age for employment is 14. UNICEF estimates that around 150 million children aged 5-14 in developing countries are involved in child labour.

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portrait of child worker that working...
Voirob
By zakir hossain chowdhury
30 Nov 2014

Tareq, age 11, works in a rice processing factory and earns 50 taka ($0.65 USD) per day.

Child workers in rice processing factories work with their mothers as a helping hand.By working from 8 a.m. to 6 p.m. on a daily basis, child workers earn 50 taka ($0.65 USD) per day. Most of them aged are 8 to 11.Full-time work frequently prevents children from attending school.

According to the Labour Laws of Bangladesh, the minimum legal age for employment is 14. UNICEF estimates that around 150 million children aged 5-14 in developing countries are involved in child labour.

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portrait of child worker that working...
Voirob
By zakir hossain chowdhury
30 Nov 2014

Bilqis, age 9, works in a rice processing factory and earns 50 taka ($0.65 USD) per day.

Child workers in rice processing factories work with their mothers as a helping hand.By working from 8 a.m. to 6 p.m. on a daily basis, child workers earn 50 taka ($0.65 USD) per day. Most of them aged are 8 to 11.Full-time work frequently prevents children from attending school.

According to the Labour Laws of Bangladesh, the minimum legal age for employment is 14. UNICEF estimates that around 150 million children aged 5-14 in developing countries are involved in child labour.

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portrait of child worker that working...
Voirob
By zakir hossain chowdhury
30 Nov 2014

Runa, age 9, works in a rice processing factory and earns 50 taka ($0.65 USD) per day.

Child workers in rice processing factories work with their mothers as a helping hand.By working from 8 a.m. to 6 p.m. on a daily basis, child workers earn 50 taka ($0.65 USD) per day. Most of them aged are 8 to 11.Full-time work frequently prevents children from attending school.

According to the Labour Laws of Bangladesh, the minimum legal age for employment is 14. UNICEF estimates that around 150 million children aged 5-14 in developing countries are involved in child labour.

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portrait of child worker that working...
Voirob
By zakir hossain chowdhury
30 Nov 2014

Mili, age 10, works in a rice processing factory and earns 50 taka ($0.65 USD) per day.

Child workers in rice processing factories work with their mothers as a helping hand.By working from 8 a.m. to 6 p.m. on a daily basis, child workers earn 50 taka ($0.65 USD) per day. Most of them aged are 8 to 11.Full-time work frequently prevents children from attending school.

According to the Labour Laws of Bangladesh, the minimum legal age for employment is 14. UNICEF estimates that around 150 million children aged 5-14 in developing countries are involved in child labour.

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portrait of child worker that working...
Voirob
By zakir hossain chowdhury
30 Nov 2014

Kabita, age of 11, works in a rice processing factory and earns 50 taka ($0.65 USD) per day.

Child workers in rice processing factories work with their mothers as a helping hand.By working from 8 a.m. to 6 p.m. on a daily basis, child workers earn 50 taka ($0.65 USD) per day. Most of them aged are 8 to 11.Full-time work frequently prevents children from attending school.

According to the Labour Laws of Bangladesh, the minimum legal age for employment is 14. UNICEF estimates that around 150 million children aged 5-14 in developing countries are involved in child labour.

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portrait of child worker that working...
Voirob
By zakir hossain chowdhury
30 Nov 2014

Tania, age 10, works in a rice processing factory and earns 50 taka ($0.65 USD) per day.

Child workers in rice processing factories work with their mothers as a helping hand.By working from 8 a.m. to 6 p.m. on a daily basis, child workers earn 50 taka ($0.65 USD) per day. Most of them aged are 8 to 11.Full-time work frequently prevents children from attending school.

According to the Labour Laws of Bangladesh, the minimum legal age for employment is 14. UNICEF estimates that around 150 million children aged 5-14 in developing countries are involved in child labour.

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portrait of child worker that working...
Voirob
By zakir hossain chowdhury
30 Nov 2014

Sheuli, age o8, works in a rice processing factory and earns 50 taka ($0.65 USD) per day.

Child workers in rice processing factories work with their mothers as a helping hand.By working from 8 a.m. to 6 p.m. on a daily basis, child workers earn 50 taka ($0.65 USD) per day. Most of them aged are 8 to 11.Full-time work frequently prevents children from attending school.

According to the Labour Laws of Bangladesh, the minimum legal age for employment is 14. UNICEF estimates that around 150 million children aged 5-14 in developing countries are involved in child labour.

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Mining the inferno- india's 100-year-...
Jharia, Jharkhand
By adrian
23 Nov 2014

Smoke comes out of a drain along the main road in Jharia, hinting at the alarming levels of underground fires in area. A few years ago, fires damaged the Jharia railway station, leading to its eventual closure.

Activists claim that the mining company in charge of the coal operations are allowing the fires to persist. The company is said to do this because the fires force residents off of their land for safety reasons, thus opening more prospective areas for mining.

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Mining the inferno- india's 100-year-...
Jharia, Jharkhand
By adrian
23 Nov 2014

Miners push around 350 kilograms of on a bicycle up a hillside.

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Mining the inferno- india's 100-year-...
Jharia, Jharkhand
By adrian
23 Nov 2014

A young girl miner observes her colleagues. Many local children are forced to work pilfering coal from state-owned mines in the area.

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Mining the inferno- india's 100-year-...
Jharia, Jharkhand
By adrian
23 Nov 2014

A miner takes a break overlooking the state-run open pit coal mine in Jharia. Miners have to manually carry large loads of coal from the bottom of the mine to the top, where it is delivered for processing.

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Mining the inferno- india's 100-year-...
Jharia, Jharkhand
By adrian
23 Nov 2014

A boy carrying a heavy load of coal over his head in Jharia. Many local children are forced to work pilfering coal from state-owned mines in the area.

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Mining the inferno- india's 100-year-...
Jharia, Jharkhand
By adrian
23 Nov 2014

Miners have to manually carry large loads of coal from the bottom of the mine to the top, where it is delivered for processing.

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Mining the inferno- india's 100-year-...
Jharia, Jharkhand
By adrian
23 Nov 2014

A female miner balances raw coal stones on her head. The work is grueling and harmful to the health of the workers.

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Mining the inferno- india's 100-year-...
Jharia, Jharkhand
By adrian
23 Nov 2014

Smoke from underground fires rise in the state-run open pit mine near Jharia.

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Mining the inferno- india's 100-year-...
Jharia, Jharkhand
By adrian
23 Nov 2014

Miners have to manually carry large loads of coal from the bottom of the mine to the top, where it is delivered for processing.

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Fleeing Nature 1
Dhaka, Bangladesh
By Anik Rahman
19 Nov 2014

A homeless climate refugee sleeps in a park at Dhaka. The Bangladeshi capital is one of the most densely populated cities on earth. One of the major contributing factors to this swell in population is the mass migration of people from the impoverished countryside into the city. Many of those leaving the countryside fled after losing homes, crops, and livelihoods to natural catastrophes.

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Mining the Inferno: India's 100 Year ...
Jharia
By Sanjay Pandey
14 Nov 2014

Roughly 700,000 people live immediately above a series of underground fires that have been smoldering in the town of Jharia for a century, come next year. The government of India is, quite literally, playing with fire.

“State-run coal firm BCCL is deliberately stoking the fire so that they can have more and more of the area declared unsafe to live in and get a broader area in which to continue its mining operations,” says activist Ashok Agarwal of Jharia Coalfield Bachao Samiti, an organization formed by locals to fight the government’s dictatorial policies.

The area is rich in coal and, to cut costs, much of the mining in the area is done by opencast methods. Opencast mining is more profitable than deep mining since the costs of excavation are low and productivity is significantly higher. In Jharia, some 270km from Ranchi, the capital of Jharkhand province, coal is mined everywhere. People armed with shovels dig their way into rat-hole mines near villages and dwellings, roads and even railway tracks.

Bokalpari is one of the many areas affected by the perennial fires in Jharia: no less than 67 have been raging in the belly of the earth. Mining in the area is a source of revenue and livelihood. But with the advent of modern machines, a majority of the manual workforce has become redundant. For villagers like Shamim Khan, mining has become more of a curse. Shamim used to work as driver’s assistant, but is currently unemployed.  

“I haven’t had a job for around 5 years now," he said. "When my forefathers came here decades ago hoping to earn a good living, they left their land and property behind in Bihar. Now, we cannot even go and reclaim that land.”

Coal-seam fires annually spew around 1.4 billion tons of carbon dioxide into the atmosphere, making India the fourth biggest producer of greenhouse gas of the world. In Jharia, mining started back in 1896. After the nationalization of all coalmines in 1971, many were handed over to the state-owned Bharat Coking Coal Limited (BCCL). But the desire to produce cheaper and cheaper coal prompted BCCL to depart from the standard practice of underground or tunnel mining in 1974.

“Coal-seam fires are nothing new in the coal belt. But they became a threat after BCCL opened up the mines,” says Agarwal.

The underground fires in Jharia will be a century old next year, but the government seems to be doing little to douse the flames.

“The BCCL is digging the fire out as part of the master plan,” says T K Lahiri, a managing director of BCCL.

Though mining companies are officially meant to fill abandoned mines with sand, anyone can see that the pits are left unattended. According to local residents, the leftover coal in these pits then comes into contact with oxygen and catches fire. The government’s plan of relocating residents of fire-affected areas has not yet materialized due to resistance from the people and officials’ half-hearted approach to the issue. So far, around 1100 families out of 2500 have been relocated to a township in Belgaria. Those who have moved to the township complain of a lack of basic amenities and job opportunities. This has prompted many to return to their fire-ravaged villages.

“Since there is no source of employment, I have to travel 13km on foot to reach Bokapahari. I know people here so it is easier for me to get a job,” says Shamim, 45, whose two sons have migrated to Delhi where they work as daily wage laborers.

As for those who decided to stay on, a different kind of social problem has emerged. Now, boys and girls living in fire-affected parts of Jharia find it difficult to find a match for themselves. Akhtari Bano, 75, has three marriageable sons and two daughters, but is not able to find anyone suitable for them.  

“It is not that the proposals don’t come at all. But when people come and see that we’re sitting on the lap of a burning fire and that smoke is always emanating from our houses, they run away,” she says. “The government might be having fun playing with fire. But why play with our lives?”

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Apraham's Cafe: How Coffee Can Define...
Beirut
By Ahmad Mogharbel
12 Nov 2014

68-year-old Apraham is a Lebanese Armenian who lives in Naba'a a section of Beirut's famous Armenian Ghetto known as Bourj Hammoud.
Apraham has diabetes and has no other choice but to work at his little coffee "shop" under the Bourj Hammoud bridge in order to pay for his medications. He starts work every morning at 5am in order to catch the morning worker crowd and spends the whole day serving his customers.

Coffee making on the streets of Lebanon is a famous profession, not only because it is tradition, but also for the simple fact that it is a relatively easy and accessible source of income.

Apraham's friends are loyal customers, they come and hang everyday to check on him and watch the busy streets of Bourj Hammoud. Apraham has survived all of these years thanks to the people who still enjoy gathering around his freshly pulled cups of coffee.

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Junk Eaters 4
Manila, Philippines
By Javier Triana
06 Nov 2014

50-year old Danilo Valdra and his wife, both of them 'pagpag' buyers and consumers, outside the tiny slum-house they live in Baseco, Manila.

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Junk Eaters 5
Manila, Philippines
By Javier Triana
06 Nov 2014

50-year old Danilo Valdra and his wife, both of them 'pagpag' buyers and consumers, outside the tiny slum-house they live in Baseco, Manila.

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Junk Eaters 6
Manila, Philippines
By Javier Triana
06 Nov 2014

50-year old Danilo Valdra and his wife, both of them 'pagpag' buyers and consumers, outside the tiny slum-house they live in Baseco, Manila.

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Junk Eaters 16
Manila, Philippines
By Javier Triana
06 Nov 2014

Jessica Padilla (standing) and her cousin fill plastic bags with 'pagpag' they'll later sell at the Baseco Market, Manila.

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Junk Eaters 17
Manila, Philippines
By Javier Triana
06 Nov 2014

Jessica Padilla (standing) and her cousin fill plastic bags with 'pagpag' they'll later sell at the Baseco Market, Manila.

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Junk Eaters 22
Manila, Philippines
By Javier Triana
06 Nov 2014

An image of the impoverished Baseco slum, Manila, where many 'pagpag' consumers live.

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Junk Eaters 23
Manila, Philippines
By Javier Triana
06 Nov 2014

Men playing pool and daily life at the impoverished Baseco slum, Manila, where many 'pagpag' consumers live.

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Junk Eaters 9
Manila, Philippines
By Javier Triana
05 Nov 2014

Jessica Padilla (R) and her cousin fill plastic bags with 'pagpag' they'll later sell at the Baseco Market, Manila.

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Junk Eaters 10
Manila, Philippines
By Javier Triana
05 Nov 2014

Jessica Padilla (R) and her cousin fill plastic bags with 'pagpag' they'll later sell at the Baseco Market, Manila.

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Junk Eaters 11
Manila, Philippines
By Javier Triana
05 Nov 2014

Jessica Padilla (R) and her cousin fill plastic bags with 'pagpag' they'll later sell at the Baseco Market, Manila.

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Junk Eaters 12
Manila, Philippines
By Javier Triana
05 Nov 2014

Jessica Padilla (R) and her cousin fill plastic bags with 'pagpag' they'll later sell at the Baseco Market, Manila.

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Junk Eaters 13
Manila, Philippines
By Javier Triana
05 Nov 2014

Jessica Padilla (R) and her cousin fill plastic bags with 'pagpag' they'll later sell at the Baseco Market, Manila.