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Inauguration of Christmas lights in B...
Brescia
By Cosimo Attanasio
26 Nov 2017

Brescia inaugurates the Christmas lights with a dance, circus and music show by the company Cafè Lulè.
The clock tower Victory square will change the color of the lighting every Sunday, for the inauguration it has been chosen the white color.
The next Sunday the tower will be illuminated with green, blue, red and gold light with as many show themes until all January 8.
In photo: A moment of the show in Loggia square, on the background there's the Loggia palace
Brescia - Italy 2017/Nov/26, ph Cosimo Attanasio

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Inauguration of Christmas lights in B...
Brescia
By Cosimo Attanasio
26 Nov 2017

Brescia inaugurates the Christmas lights with a dance, circus and music show by the company Cafè Lulè.
The clock tower Victory square will change the color of the lighting every Sunday, for the inauguration it has been chosen the white color.
The next Sunday the tower will be illuminated with green, blue, red and gold light with as many show themes until all January 8.
In photo: A moment of the show in Loggia square, on the background there's the ancient clock called "Macc de l'ure" (madmen of the time)
Brescia - Italy 2017/Nov/26, ph Cosimo Attanasio

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Inauguration of Christmas lights in B...
Brescia
By Cosimo Attanasio
26 Nov 2017

Brescia inaugurates the Christmas lights with a dance, circus and music show by the company Cafè Lulè.
The clock tower Victory square will change the color of the lighting every Sunday, for the inauguration it has been chosen the white color.
The next Sunday the tower will be illuminated with green, blue, red and gold light with as many show themes until all January 8.
In photo: A moment of the show in Loggia square, on the background there's the Loggia palace
Brescia - Italy 2017/Nov/26, ph Cosimo Attanasio

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Inauguration of Christmas lights in B...
Brescia
By Cosimo Attanasio
26 Nov 2017

Brescia inaugurates the Christmas lights with a dance, circus and music show by the company Cafè Lulè.
The clock tower Victory square will change the color of the lighting every Sunday, for the inauguration it has been chosen the white color.
The next Sunday the tower will be illuminated with green, blue, red and gold light with as many show themes until all January 8.
In photo: A moment of the show in Loggia square, on the background there's the ancient clock called "Macc de l'ure" (madmen of the time)
Brescia - Italy 2017/Nov/26, ph Cosimo Attanasio

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Inauguration of Christmas lights in B...
Brescia
By Cosimo Attanasio
26 Nov 2017

Brescia inaugurates the Christmas lights with a dance, circus and music show by the company Cafè Lulè.
The clock tower Victory square will change the color of the lighting every Sunday, for the inauguration it has been chosen the white color.
The next Sunday the tower will be illuminated with green, blue, red and gold light with as many show themes until all January 8.
In photo: the clock tower with the new lights.
Brescia - Italy 2017/Nov/26, ph Cosimo Attanasio

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Inauguration of Christmas lights in B...
Brescia
By Cosimo Attanasio
26 Nov 2017

Brescia inaugurates the Christmas lights with a dance, circus and music show by the company Cafè Lulè.
The clock tower Victory square will change the color of the lighting every Sunday, for the inauguration it has been chosen the white color.
The next Sunday the tower will be illuminated with green, blue, red and gold light with as many show themes until all January 8.
In photo: A moment of the show in Loggia square, on the background there's the Loggia palace
Brescia - Italy 2017/Nov/26, ph Cosimo Attanasio

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Inauguration of Christmas lights in B...
Brescia
By Cosimo Attanasio
26 Nov 2017

Brescia inaugurates the Christmas lights with a dance, circus and music show by the company Cafè Lulè.
The clock tower Victory square will change the color of the lighting every Sunday, for the inauguration it has been chosen the white color.
The next Sunday the tower will be illuminated with green, blue, red and gold light with as many show themes until all January 8.
In photo: A moment of the show in Loggia square, on the background there's the ancient clock called "Macc de l'ure" (madmen of the time)
Brescia - Italy 2017/Nov/26, ph Cosimo Attanasio

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Inauguration of Christmas lights in B...
Brescia
By Cosimo Attanasio
26 Nov 2017

Brescia inaugurates the Christmas lights with a dance, circus and music show by the company Cafè Lulè.
The clock tower Victory square will change the color of the lighting every Sunday, for the inauguration it has been chosen the white color.
The next Sunday the tower will be illuminated with green, blue, red and gold light with as many show themes until all January 8.
In photo: A moment of the show in Loggia square, on the background there's the Loggia palace
Brescia - Italy 2017/Nov/26, ph Cosimo Attanasio

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Inauguration of Christmas lights in B...
Brescia
By Cosimo Attanasio
26 Nov 2017

Brescia inaugurates the Christmas lights with a dance, circus and music show by the company Cafè Lulè.
The clock tower Victory square will change the color of the lighting every Sunday, for the inauguration it has been chosen the white color.
The next Sunday the tower will be illuminated with green, blue, red and gold light with as many show themes until all January 8.
In photo: A moment of the aerial show on the palace of the post in Victory square.
Brescia - Italy 2017/Nov/26, ph Cosimo Attanasio

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Inauguration of Christmas lights in B...
Brescia
By Cosimo Attanasio
26 Nov 2017

Brescia inaugurates the Christmas lights with a dance, circus and music show by the company Cafè Lulè.
The clock tower Victory square will change the color of the lighting every Sunday, for the inauguration it has been chosen the white color.
The next Sunday the tower will be illuminated with green, blue, red and gold light with as many show themes until all January 8.
In photo: A moment of the aerial show on the palace of the post in Victory square.
Brescia - Italy 2017/Nov/26, ph Cosimo Attanasio

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Inauguration of Christmas lights in B...
Brescia
By Cosimo Attanasio
26 Nov 2017

Brescia inaugurates the Christmas lights with a dance, circus and music show by the company Cafè Lulè.
The clock tower Victory square will change the color of the lighting every Sunday, for the inauguration it has been chosen the white color.
The next Sunday the tower will be illuminated with green, blue, red and gold light with as many show themes until all January 8.
In photo: A moment of the show in Loggia square, on the background there's the ancient clock called "Macc de l'ure" (madmen of the time)
Brescia - Italy 2017/Nov/26, ph Cosimo Attanasio

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Inauguration of Christmas lights in B...
Brescia
By Cosimo Attanasio
26 Nov 2017

Brescia inaugurates the Christmas lights with a dance, circus and music show by the company Cafè Lulè.
The clock tower Victory square will change the color of the lighting every Sunday, for the inauguration it has been chosen the white color.
The next Sunday the tower will be illuminated with green, blue, red and gold light with as many show themes until all January 8.
In photo: A moment of the show in Loggia square, on the background there's the ancient clock called "Macc de l'ure" (madmen of the time)
Brescia - Italy 2017/Nov/26, ph Cosimo Attanasio

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Artisanal Gold Mining in Cameroon
Batouri, Bunduru Foro, Nairobi
By annamayumi
09 Jun 2015

Cameroon lies on the "gold belt" of West Africa, stretching from Mali through Ghana far into the continent. The eastern part bordering with the political instable Central African Republic is considered one of the most promising regions regarding gold and diamond resources. The business remains a poorly regulated one with hardly any official figures available on extraction or trade. Modern mining methods are under-utilised and foreign investors still to be drawn to the country. In more recent years international companies - mainly from France, China and Canada have shown increasing interest. With poor regulation of the sector and government prone for corruption this development is welcomed with careful scepticism. Illegal mining, land grabbing, and unlawfully accessed licences contribute to a bad image. 

Much of the gold extraction is conducted in artisanal mines. Families and villages jointly work together. Child labor is common, and numerous organizations have reported cases of parents taking their children out of school in order to support the family. 

Many of the informal mines are run by middle-men buying off the minerals (gold and diamonds) at low prices. But money issues are pressing and leave little room and/ or power for negotiation. A gram of 18 karat gold - the result of often multiple days of work goes for as little 10.000 XAF (about 15 Euros)

FULL ARTICLE AVAILABLE UPON REQUEST

 

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Profiteering in Besieged Damascus
Ghouta,
By Jawad Arbini
02 Jan 2015

Eastern Ghouta has been besieged by Syrian government forces for more than a year and half. Some residents accuse local gold traders and money exchangers of taking advantage of the crisis. Traders buy golden jewelry for cheap from people who are in dire need of money, who sell their property in order to buy to food, residents say. This gold is then sold outside Ghouta for higher prices.
The price of food supplies is also manipulated by the same wholesalers. Basic foodstuffs can be sold at almost 10 times their original prices.
Recently, some traders in Ghouta started to deal with counterfeit currency (Syrian Pound, US Dollar, Euro and Saudi Riyal). Fake money was used by many people before it was detected by local pro-opposition committees that oversee the economy.
These officials also say that they are working on raising awareness among residents, asking them not to sell their golden jewelry for less than the usual price.

1 W/S of street from inside money exchange office
2 Shot of man weighting gold and calculating the weight

3 SOUNDBITE (Arabic, Man) Abou Sariye, money exchange office owner

(00:18) In this shop we trade in gold. We sell and buy gold. We buy gold from people who sell it to us or from the people in need. They come to sell it here. We work on collecting gold from the people, we buy it from them and then we sell it to the wholesalers who work on getting the gold out of Ghouta. The price of gold varies from Ghouta to Damascus, almost 600 to700 Syrian Pounds (SYP) [per gram, around $3.3 to$3.8]. This rate was much bigger a year ago, it was around 1000 SYP, so wholesalers used to take advantage of the situation and come to buy it from Ghouta to make a profit (00:57)

4 Various of man looking at gold
5 Medium of gold bracelets and jewelry
6 Medium of gold weighting
7 Various of shop banners
8 Various of men counting money

9 SOUNDBITE (Arabic, Man) Monzer Abdel Aal, director of the Economic Office in Eastern Ghouta, a pro-opposition committee

(02:17) Wholesalers are taking advantage of the people’s situation due to the siege on Eastern Ghouta and the people’s need for money. People are forced to sell the gold they have, which they could have owned for decades. Because of the siege on Eastern Ghouta for more than a year and a half and the people’s need to cover daily expenses, they [the people] are forced to sell parts of their gold to wholesalers who unfortunately deal with Shabiha [regime thugs]. These wholesalers are taking advantage of the difference in the rate exchange between Damascus and Ghouta, where the rate can vary up to 1200-1300 SYP per gram, and of course they are not selling one or 20 grams, but hundreds of grams (03:12).

10 Various of men counting money

11 SOUNDBITE (Arabic, Man) Monzer Abdel Aal, Director of the Economic Office in Eastern Ghouta, a pro-opposition committee

(03:40) A committee is being formed at the moment in Eastern Ghouta to maintain a stable price of gold and dollar exchange rate, and even to [stop the circulation of] counterfeit currency. This committee might set up small scale bank that will fix the rate of dollar exchange and [regulate] the process of selling gold (04:06).

12 Various of men counting money

13 SOUNDBITE (Arabic, Man) Monzer Abdel Aal, Director in the Economic Office in Eastern Ghouta

(04:25) Monzer Abdel Aal: They are trying to inject the Dollar, even if counterfeit into the market without the supervision and the inspection of the regime, the Shabiha [regime thugs]. They are injecting large amounts of money that are being exchanged here, and the proof is that the exchange rate varies from Damascus to here around 6 Syrian Pounds (SYP).

14 Various of money
15 Various of the streets

16 SOUNDBITE (Arabic, Man) Abou Abdo, citizen in Eastern Ghouta

(05:07) Wholesalers? May God get avenge them, because they are waging war on us; on our children and their lives. If a warplane bombs us we know that this is our enemy, but when wholesalers do this, they would be killing us and our children, and they are part of us. One day, they will punished for them (05:30).

17 Various of vegetables stalls

18 SOUNDBITE (Arabic, Man) Abou Abdo, resident of Eastern Ghouta

(05:40) Bulgur wheat is the cheapest, for 1000 Syrian Pounds (SYP) [a kilogram]. A kilogram of sugar costs 3500 SYP. I swear this has never happened before, not even in Moscow (05:50).

19 Various inside a copper artifact shop
20 Various of men walking among rubble

21 SOUNDBITE (Arabic, Man) Hajj Abdo, resident of Douma

(07:23) These are all antiquities, these are all from our house that we owned for long time ago. We opened a shop and we are selling these products. Nothing is left in our house, and parts of the house fell due to the bombing. I am selling things that are more than 200 years old and owned by my great grandfather for cheap so I can buy bread. All of these have great value, but no one knows their value here and I am forced to sell them for cheap so I can buy food (08:04).

22 Various of destroyed house

23 SOUNDBITE (Arabic, Man) Hajj Abdo, resident of Douma

(08:18) This house was bombed by the regime’s warplanes. The children died, the women died, the old men died, everybody died. Half of the house is destroyed. I inherited it from my great grandfather. It is around 500 years old, from the times of Mamluks (08:43).

24 Various of destroyed house backyard

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In Search of Poland's Black Gold
Walbrzych, Poland
By Michael Biach
29 Dec 2014

(FULL ARTICLE AVAILABLE UPON REQUEST)

For centuries coal mining has been the most important industry in Walbrzych, Poland. However, in the 1980s many of the coal mines became unprofitable. With Poland's transformation from a state-directed to a free-market economy in the 1990s, nearly all of the coal mines in Lower Silesia were shut down. Thousands of people became jobless.

The area still has one of the highest unemployment rates in the country despite new industry settling in the area. It didn't take very long until the jobless miners in the area started to dig for coal on their own. The business is dangerous and illegal. Tunnels leading as deep as ten or fifteen meters below the ground are only protected by wood and sandbags. Inside, people dig for coal the same way they did centuries ago, by hand.

Police regularly arrest illegal coal miners and confiscate their equipment, so most people dig by night to avoid police control. Not only the well-educated former miners search for 'black gold,' but also young and unexperienced jobless men risk their freedom and their lives to make a couple of Euros a night by selling illegal coal to residents.

Every year several people die after tunnels collapse. Roman Janiszek is a former coal miner, now an illegal miner who has founded a committee that is trying to make the activities legal and also to keep track of the situation in the outskirts of Walbrzych. Roman also points to the fact that people not only lost their jobs and privileges but also their social position with the closing of the mines. Once prideful coal miners, people like Roman Janiszek now work illegally every night to make a living.

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Cameroon Gold Mining 04
Batouri, Burundu Foro, Cameroon
By annamayumi
21 Aug 2014

Artisanal mining in the village of Bunduru Foro is done with rudimentary tools as tin bowls, plastic buckets, showels, and simple sieves.

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Cameroon Gold Mining 03
Batouri, Burundu Foro, Cameroon
By annamayumi
21 Aug 2014

The village of Burundu Foro was built in order to access the mineral rich soil close to the border with the Central African Republic.

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Cameroon Gold Mining 05
Batouri, Burundu Foro, Cameroon
By annamayumi
21 Aug 2014

The village of Burundu Foro was built in order to access the mineral rich soil close to the border with the Central African Republic. Many children regularly fail to attend school in order to support join their families from a very young age working in the mines. 18-year-old Pier sold a gram of gold for 10,000 XAF. He might get a better price (up to 14,000) but doesn't want to wait, he said.

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Cameroon's Informal Mines 07
Batouri, Burundu Foro, Cameroon
By annamayumi
21 Aug 2014

Artisanal mining in the village of Burundu Foro is done with rudimentary tools as tin bowls, plastic buckets, showels, and simple sieves. Familiy members organize themselves throughout various stations of digging and washing the soil. The physically stronger male members of the community dig up the mineral rich soil in unsecured quarries dozens of meters below the surface.

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Cameroon Gold Mining 09
Batouri, Burundu Foro, Cameroon
By annamayumi
21 Aug 2014

Only a few minutes away of the small mining Village of Burundu Foro a Chinese Company (not wanting to be named) started a semi-industrial mine. They praise themselves for not employing children as compared to the artisanal mines in the region. Jean Pierre Ngandu, Chief of Burundu Foro meanwhile criticized their illegal acquisition of the mining ground.
According to the law about 30 percent of the revenue of exporting gold and diamonds should be paid in taxes. But even government officials operating in the mining sector confirmed that theory and praxis are poles apart.

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Cameroon Gold Mining 10
Batouri, Burundu Foro, Cameroon
By annamayumi
21 Aug 2014

Only a few minutes away of the small mining Village of Burundu Foro a Chinese Company (not wanting to be named) started a semi-industrial mine. They praise themselves for not employing children as compared to the artisanal mines in the region. Jean Pierre Ngandu, Chief of Burundu Foro meanwhile criticized their illegal acquisition of the mining ground.
According to the law about 30 percent of the revenue of exporting gold and diamonds should be paid in taxes. But even government officials operating in the mining sector confirmed that theory and praxis are poles apart.

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Cameroon Gold Mining 11
Batouri, Burundu Foro, Cameroon
By annamayumi
21 Aug 2014

Villagers from Burundu Foro washing soil dug up in a nearby quarry in a rivlet.
Artisanal mining in the village of Burundu Foro is done with rudimentary tools as tin bowls, plastic buckets, showels, and simple sieves. Familiy members organize themselves throughout various stations of digging and washing the soil.

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Cameroon Gold Mining 12
Batouri, Burundu Foro, Cameroon
By annamayumi
21 Aug 2014

Only a short walk away international companies have established semi-industrial mines. In Burundu Foro artisanal miners keep working with rudimentary equipment.

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Cameroon Gold Mining 13
Batouri, Burundu Foro, Cameroon
By annamayumi
21 Aug 2014

Burundu Foro was constructed as a mining village. The living conditions are poor. Almost half of the Cameroonian population lives under the poverty line. For artisanal miners there is not much hope to climb the ladder in the trade business of precious minerals.

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Cameroon Gold Mining 15
Batouri, Burundu Foro, Cameroon
By annamayumi
21 Aug 2014

The continuing outbreaks of violence in the neighboring Central African Republic has forced hundreds of thousands of people to flee their homes. Ten thousands are hiding in the bush close to the border with Cameroon and actively participate in artisanal mining activities - among them are many children - in order to fight starvation.

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Cameroon Gold Mining 01
Batouri, Burundu Foro, Cameroon
By annamayumi
21 Aug 2014

A girl carrying a tin pan in the gold mine next to the village of Bunduru Foro in eastern Cameroon. The village was built in proximity to mineral rich grounds. The entire community depends on the gold and diamond economy. They sell one gram of gold for as little as XAF 10,000 (USD 17) to middle-men, melting the fine grains into nuggets or simple jewelry and reselling with high margins. Children regularly fail to attend school in order to support their families.

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Cameroon Gold Mining 16
Batouri, Burundu Foro, Cameroon
By annamayumi
21 Aug 2014

The continuing outbreaks of violence in the neighboring Central African Republic has forced hundreds of thousands of people to flee their homes. Ten thousands are hiding in the bush close to the border with Cameroon and actively participate in artisanal mining activities - among them are many children - in order to fight starvation.

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Cameroon Gold Mining 17
Batouri, Burundu Foro, Cameroon
By annamayumi
21 Aug 2014

The continuing outbreaks of violence in the neighboring Central African Republic has forced hundreds of thousands of people to flee their homes. Ten thousands are hiding in the bush close to the border with Cameroon and actively participate in artisanal mining activities - among them are many children - in order to fight starvation.

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Cameroon Gold Mining 18
Batouri, Burundu Foro, Cameroon
By annamayumi
21 Aug 2014

The continuing outbreaks of violence in the neighboring Central African Republic has forced hundreds of thousands of people to flee their homes. Ten thousands are hiding in the bush close to the border with Cameroon and actively participate in artisanal mining activities - among them are many children - in order to fight starvation.

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Cameroon Gold Mining 19
Batouri, Bunduru Foro, Cameroon
By annamayumi
21 Aug 2014

Artisanal mining in the east of Cameroon is done with rudimentary tools as tin bowls, plastic buckets, shovels, and simple sieves. Family members organize themselves throughout various stations of digging and washing the soil.

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Cameroon Gold Mining 20
Batouri, Burundu Foro, Cameroon
By annamayumi
21 Aug 2014

The continuing outbreaks of violence in the neighboring Central African Republic has forced hundreds of thousands of people to flee their homes. Ten thousands are hiding in the bush close to the border with Cameroon and actively participate in artisanal mining activities - among them are many children - in order to fight starvation.

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Cameroon Gold Mining 21
Batouri, Burundu Foro, Cameroon
By annamayumi
21 Aug 2014

Villagers of Bunduru Foro grinding dug up soil from the quarry in preparation to be washed in the rivlet.
Artisanal mining in the east of Cameroon is done with rudimentary tools as tin bowls, plastic buckets, shovels, and simple sieves. Family members organize themselves throughout various stations of digging and washing the soil.

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Cameroon Gold Mining 22
Batouri, Burundu Foro, Cameroon
By annamayumi
21 Aug 2014

Villagers of Bunduru Foro grinding dug up soil from the quarry in preparation to be washed in the rivlet.
Artisanal mining in the east of Cameroon is done with rudimentary tools as tin bowls, plastic buckets, shovels, and simple sieves. Family members organize themselves throughout various stations of digging and washing the soil.

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Cameroon Gold Mining 24
Batouri, Burundu Foro, Cameroon
By annamayumi
21 Aug 2014

A woman from the village of Bunduru Foro panning for gold. Artisanal mining in the east of Cameroon is done with rudimentary tools as tin bowls, plastic buckets, shovels, and simple sieves. Family members organize themselves throughout various stations of digging and washing for gold.

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Cameroon Gold Mining 25
Batouri, Burundu Foro, Cameroon
By annamayumi
21 Aug 2014

A family at the village of Bunduru Foro in eastern Cameroon. The village was built in proximity to mineral rich grounds. The entire community depends on the gold and diamond economy. They sell one gram of gold for as little as XAF 10,000 (USD 17) to middle-men, melting the fine grains into nuggets or simple jewelry and reselling with high margins. Children regularly fail to attend school in order to support their families.

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Cameroon Gold Mining 02
Batouri, Burundu Foro, Cameroon
By annamayumi
21 Aug 2014

The village of Burundu Foro was built in order to access the mineral rich soil close to the border with the Central African Republic. Many children regularly fail to attend school in order to support join their families from a very young age working in the mines.

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Cameroon Gold Mining 27
Batouri, Burundu Foro, Cameroon
By annamayumi
20 Aug 2014

A girl at Timangolo refugee camp in eastern Cameroon. The continuing outbreaks of violence in the neighboring Central African Republic has forced hundreds of thousands of people to flee their homes. Ten thousands are hiding in the bush close to the border with Cameroon and actively participate in artisanal mining activities - among them are many children - in order to fight starvation.

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Cameroon Gold Mining 26
Batouri, Burundu Foro, Cameroon
By annamayumi
20 Aug 2014

A girl at Timangolo refugee camp in eastern Cameroon. The continuing outbreaks of violence in the neighboring Central African Republic has forced hundreds of thousands of people to flee their homes. Ten thousands are hiding in the bush close to the border with Cameroon and actively participate in artisanal mining activities - among them many children - in order to fight starvation.

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Cameroon Gold Mining 28
Batouri, Burundu Foro, Cameroon
By annamayumi
20 Aug 2014

A young girl treated for malnutrition at Timangolo refugee camp in eastern Cameroon. The continuing outbreaks of violence in the neighboring Central African Republic has forced hundreds of thousands of people to flee their homes. Ten thousands are hiding in the bush close to the border with Cameroon and actively participate in artisanal mining activities - among them many children - in order to fight starvation.

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The Gold Fever of Lombok
lombok
By Elisabetta Zavoli
29 Apr 2014

Indonesia has a long tradition of gold mining. The country is in fact one of the world’s top gold producers. But when the price of gold increased in 2007 and early 2008, an illegal gold rush began. “Before 2009, people in the Mount Prabu area were all farmers or day workers. In 2008, people from Java and Kalimantan came here to teach us how to extract gold from the soil and rocks. Since then, everyone wants to be a miner”, Dina, an inhabitant, explains. The reason behind people's interest in gold mining is easy to understand. An average daily income for a farmer or a fisherman, living in central and south Lombok, is about 10 thousand Rupees, less than one US Dollar, while the daily earnings from gold mining activity can be five to ten times that amount.. At first, villagers became wealthy quickly because the first layers of ground were naturally rich in gold. Between 2008 and 2009, there were 10 to 20 grams of gold in every 30 kilogram bag of ore. However, in 2014 the concentration of gold in the soil has decreased to less than one gram per bag. The situation has drastically changed but villagers have not been able to save or invest the gains they made during the first years of activity. Most of them have spent all their money on consumer goods such as motorbikes, jewelry and hi-tech items. “When there will be no more ore to be processed for gold, I’ll come back to be a farmer”, Dina says. The gold rush in Lombok has not only changed the economy of a region, it has also had a serious impact on the environment. Today, the hills in Sekotong Province look like a gruyere cheese. Hundreds of meters of tunnels have been dug and now form a dense network that has weakened the hills from inside. Miners, most of whom are former farmers without any kind of knowledge of mining, dig tirelessly on land owned by someone else. As modern sharecroppers, they give the owner 5 bags full of soil for every 15 bags they collect, without knowing the concentration of gold in each bag. They keep the other 10 bags as their salaries. What remains is equally divided among the miners working in the same tunnel. Gold mining is a hazardous job. Many miners died when a tunnel collapsed on them. Mercury and cyanide slurry are everywhere. Miners use them without any kind of protection. Mercury accumulates in the body, degrading the nervous system and leading sometimes to madness. In 2011, Sekotong Province counted around 12 thousand grinders. Each grinder can mill 5 kilograms of raw ore and needs a hundred grams of liquid mercury to extract gold. Usually, the family of the miner can do two to three cycles of processing per day, using the same mercury for several extractions. Although the use of mercury in gold mining is illegal in Indonesia, it is commonly used to extract gold. Every year, tens of tons of mercury are released in the environment. In Lombok, gold fever seems to be more dangerous than dengue fever.