Thumb sm
Bitter Oranges - African Migrant Work...
Rosarno, Italy
By Carolincik
29 Jul 2013

Calabria is still a region of emigration, because unemployment and corruption are high. The tourism industry is poorly developed and the Calabrian mafia, the 'Ndrangheta - which is said to control the orchards of the south alongside the European cocaine trade - ubiquitous. The decay and the absence of the state are visible everywhere.

Rosarno has many long straight roads seemingly leading to nowhere. Rubbish is lying everywhere and local residents dispose of it in the outskirts.

Thumb sm
Bitter Oranges - African Migrant Work...
Rosarno, Italy
By Carolincik
29 Jul 2013

Italy is a major producer of citrus fruits in Europe and Calabria is the second biggest orange growing area. Much of the harvesting of Italy's 870,000-ton annual orange crop comes from this area. The majority of the oranges grown around Rosarno are cheap, industrial grade fruits favoured for processing into concentrates.

Thumb sm
Bitter Oranges - African Migrant Work...
Rosarno, Italy
By Carolincik
29 Jul 2013

The ones that arrive too late to receive a bed in a container or tent city, need to find another place to stay. With the low wages many people are not able to rent a room in the city and all over the outskirts of Rosarno makeshift camps develop. They have no electricity or running water.

During the winter months it rains most days. Coming home from a days work in the plantations, or standing by the side of the road hoping for a job, people have trouble to dry their clothes.