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Christmas Celebration in Georgia
Tbilisi
By Ketevan Mghebrishvili
07 Jan 2019

On January 7 Georgian Orthodox Church celebrates Christmas. Today the theatrical walking called “Alilo” is organized all over the country. “Alilo” is led by the Orthodox priests. During this procession, participants in colorful clothes are singing church songs and collecting sweets and fruits for poor people. Collected sweets and gifts are put on special carts. The procession is moving to the Holy Trinity Cathedral, where the participants of the event will be met by the Georgian Catholicos-Patriarch Ilia II.

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Georgia celebrates Christmas
Tbilisi
By Ketevan Mghebrishvili
06 Jan 2019

Georgian Orthodox Church celebrates Christmas. Today the theatrical walking called “Alilo” is organized all over the country. “Alilo” is led by the Orthodox priests. During this procession, participants in colorful clothes are singing church songs and collecting sweets and fruits for poor people. Collected sweets and gifts are put on special carts. The procession is moving to the Holy Trinity Cathedral, where the participants of the event will be met by the Georgian Catholicos-Patriarch Ilia II.

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Georgia celebrates Christmas
Tbilisi
By Ketevan Mghebrishvili
06 Jan 2019

On January 7th Georgian Orthodox Church celebrates Christmas. Today the theatrical walking called “Alilo” is organized all over the country. “Alilo” is led by the Orthodox priests. During this procession, participants in colorful clothes are singing church songs and collecting sweets and fruits for poor people. Collected sweets and gifts are put on special carts. The procession is moving to the Holy Trinity Cathedral, where the participants of the event will be met by the Georgian Catholicos-Patriarch Ilia II.

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Georgia celebrates Christmas
Tbilisi
By Ketevan Mghebrishvili
06 Jan 2019

Georgian Orthodox Church celebrates Christmas. Today the theatrical walking called “Alilo” is organized all over the country. “Alilo” is led by the Orthodox priests. During this procession, participants in colorful clothes are singing church songs and collecting sweets and fruits for poor people. Collected sweets and gifts are put on special carts. The procession is moving to the Holy Trinity Cathedral, where the participants of the event will be met by the Georgian Catholicos-Patriarch Ilia II.

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Georgia celebrates Christmas
Tbilisi
By Ketevan Mghebrishvili
06 Jan 2019

Georgian Orthodox Church celebrates Christmas. Today the theatrical walking called “Alilo” is organized all over the country. “Alilo” is led by the Orthodox priests. During this procession, participants in colorful clothes are singing church songs and collecting sweets and fruits for poor people. Collected sweets and gifts are put on special carts. The procession is moving to the Holy Trinity Cathedral, where the participants of the event will be met by the Georgian Catholicos-Patriarch Ilia II.

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Georgia celebrates Christmas
Tbilisi
By Ketevan Mghebrishvili
06 Jan 2019

Georgian Orthodox Church celebrates Christmas. Today the theatrical walking called “Alilo” is organized all over the country. “Alilo” is led by the Orthodox priests. During this procession, participants in colorful clothes are singing church songs and collecting sweets and fruits for poor people. Collected sweets and gifts are put on special carts. The procession is moving to the Holy Trinity Cathedral, where the participants of the event will be met by the Georgian Catholicos-Patriarch Ilia II.

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Georgia celebrates Christmas
Tbilisi
By Ketevan Mghebrishvili
06 Jan 2019

Georgian Orthodox Church celebrates Christmas. Today the theatrical walking called “Alilo” is organized all over the country. “Alilo” is led by the Orthodox priests. During this procession, participants in colorful clothes are singing church songs and collecting sweets and fruits for poor people. Collected sweets and gifts are put on special carts. The procession is moving to the Holy Trinity Cathedral, where the participants of the event will be met by the Georgian Catholicos-Patriarch Ilia II.

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Christmas celebration in Georgia
Tbilisi
By Ketevan Mghebrishvili
06 Jan 2019

On January 7th Georgian Orthodox Church celebrates Christmas. Today the theatrical walking called “Alilo” is organized all over the country. “Alilo” is led by the Orthodox priests. During this procession, participants in colorful clothes are singing church songs and collecting sweets and fruits for poor people. Collected sweets and gifts are put on special carts. The procession is moving to the Holy Trinity Cathedral, where the participants of the event will be met by the Georgian Catholicos-Patriarch Ilia II.

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"rakher upobas'' prayer 26
Narayangonj
By zakir hossain chowdhury
14 Nov 2014

Every year thousands of Hindu devotees gather in front of Shri Shri Lokenath Brahmachari Ashram temple for the Kartik Brati or Rakher Upobash religious festival in Barodi, Near Dhaka, Bangladesh. Faithful sit in front of candles light ( named locally as Prodip ) and absorb in prayer.

Lokenath Brahmachari who is called Baba Lokenath was an 18th Century Hindu saint and philosopher in Bengal. Hindu worshippers fast and pray in earnest to the gods for their favors during the traditional ritual called Kartik Brati or Rakher Upobash

Lokenath Brahmachari devotees pray with light to save their family and dear from cholera and pox disease

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"rakher upobas'' prayer 29
Narayangonj
By zakir hossain chowdhury
10 Nov 2014

Every year thousands of Hindu devotees gather in front of Shri Shri Lokenath Brahmachari Ashram temple for the Kartik Brati or Rakher Upobash religious festival in Barodi, Near Dhaka, Bangladesh. Faithful sit in front of candles light ( named locally as Prodip ) and absorb in prayer.

Lokenath Brahmachari who is called Baba Lokenath was an 18th Century Hindu saint and philosopher in Bengal. Hindu worshippers fast and pray in earnest to the gods for their favors during the traditional ritual called Kartik Brati or Rakher Upobash

Lokenath Brahmachari devotees pray with light to save their family and dear from cholera and pox disease

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"rakher upobas'' prayer 01
Dhaka, Bangladesh
By zakir hossain chowdhury
04 Nov 2014

At the Shri Shri Lokenath Brahmachari Ashram near Dhaka, members of BangladeshÕs Hindu community come together to celebrate the ÒRakher UpobasÓ prayer to the god Lokenath Brahmachari, who is said to embody love in the Hindu tradition. They light lamps and candles and bring offerings of fruit, sweets, nuts and cowÕs milk, praying to Baba Lokenath to save their family and dear ones from curses and disease.

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"rakher upobas'' prayer 06
Dhaka, Bangladesh
By zakir hossain chowdhury
04 Nov 2014

At the Shri Shri Lokenath Brahmachari Ashram near Dhaka, members of BangladeshÕs Hindu community come together to celebrate the ÒRakher UpobasÓ prayer to the god Lokenath Brahmachari, who is said to embody love in the Hindu tradition. They observe a strict fast and remain sitting absorbed in prayer until the flames burn-out.

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"rakher upobas'' prayer 12
Dhaka, Bangladesh
By zakir hossain chowdhury
04 Nov 2014

At the Shri Shri Lokenath Brahmachari Ashram near Dhaka, members of BangladeshÕs Hindu community come together to celebrate the ÒRakher UpobasÓ prayer to the god Lokenath Brahmachari, who is said to embody love in the Hindu tradition. They observe a strict fast and remain sitting absorbed in prayer until the flames burn-out.

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"rakher upobas'' prayer 18
Dhaka, Bangladesh
By zakir hossain chowdhury
04 Nov 2014

At the Shri Shri Lokenath Brahmachari Ashram near Dhaka, members of BangladeshÕs Hindu community come together to celebrate the ÒRakher UpobasÓ prayer to the god Lokenath Brahmachari, who is said to embody love in the Hindu tradition. They observe a strict fast and remain sitting absorbed in prayer until the flames burn-out.

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"rakher upobas'' prayer 25
Dhaka, Bangladesh
By zakir hossain chowdhury
04 Nov 2014

At the Shri Shri Lokenath Brahmachari Ashram near Dhaka, members of BangladeshÕs Hindu community come together to celebrate the ÒRakher UpobasÓ prayer to the god Lokenath Brahmachari, who is said to embody love in the Hindu tradition. They observe a strict fast and remain sitting absorbed in prayer until the flames burn-out.

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"rakher upobas'' prayer 02
Dhaka, Bangladesh
By zakir hossain chowdhury
03 Nov 2014

At the Shri Shri Lokenath Brahmachari Ashram near Dhaka, members of BangladeshÕs Hindu community come together to celebrate the ÒRakher UpobasÓ prayer to the god Lokenath Brahmachari, who is said to embody love in the Hindu tradition. They light lamps and candles and bring offerings of fruit, sweets, nuts and cowÕs milk, praying to Baba Lokenath to save their family and dear ones from curses and disease.

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"rakher upobas'' prayer 03
Dhaka, Bangladesh
By zakir hossain chowdhury
03 Nov 2014

At the Shri Shri Lokenath Brahmachari Ashram near Dhaka, members of BangladeshÕs Hindu community come together to celebrate the ÒRakher UpobasÓ prayer to the god Lokenath Brahmachari, who is said to embody love in the Hindu tradition. They observe a strict fast and remain sitting absorbed in prayer until the flames burn-out.

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"rakher upobas'' prayer 04
Dhaka, Bangladesh
By zakir hossain chowdhury
03 Nov 2014

At the Shri Shri Lokenath Brahmachari Ashram near Dhaka, members of BangladeshÕs Hindu community come together to celebrate the ÒRakher UpobasÓ prayer to the god Lokenath Brahmachari, who is said to embody love in the Hindu tradition. They observe a strict fast and remain sitting absorbed in prayer until the flames burn-out.

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"rakher upobas'' prayer 05
Dhaka, Bangladesh
By zakir hossain chowdhury
03 Nov 2014

At the Shri Shri Lokenath Brahmachari Ashram near Dhaka, members of BangladeshÕs Hindu community come together to celebrate the ÒRakher UpobasÓ prayer to the god Lokenath Brahmachari, who is said to embody love in the Hindu tradition. They observe a strict fast and remain sitting absorbed in prayer until the flames burn-out.

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"rakher upobas'' prayer 07
Dhaka, Bangladesh
By zakir hossain chowdhury
03 Nov 2014

At the Shri Shri Lokenath Brahmachari Ashram near Dhaka, members of BangladeshÕs Hindu community come together to celebrate the ÒRakher UpobasÓ prayer to the god Lokenath Brahmachari, who is said to embody love in the Hindu tradition. They observe a strict fast and remain sitting absorbed in prayer until the flames burn-out.

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"rakher upobas'' prayer 08
Dhaka, Bangladesh
By zakir hossain chowdhury
03 Nov 2014

At the Shri Shri Lokenath Brahmachari Ashram near Dhaka, members of BangladeshÕs Hindu community come together to celebrate the ÒRakher UpobasÓ prayer to the god Lokenath Brahmachari, who is said to embody love in the Hindu tradition. They observe a strict fast and remain sitting absorbed in prayer until the flames burn-out.

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"rakher upobas'' prayer 09
Dhaka, Bangladesh
By zakir hossain chowdhury
03 Nov 2014

At the Shri Shri Lokenath Brahmachari Ashram near Dhaka, members of BangladeshÕs Hindu community come together to celebrate the ÒRakher UpobasÓ prayer to the god Lokenath Brahmachari, who is said to embody love in the Hindu tradition. They observe a strict fast and remain sitting absorbed in prayer until the flames burn-out.

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"rakher upobas'' prayer 10
Dhaka, Bangladesh
By zakir hossain chowdhury
03 Nov 2014

At the Shri Shri Lokenath Brahmachari Ashram near Dhaka, members of BangladeshÕs Hindu community come together to celebrate the ÒRakher UpobasÓ prayer to the god Lokenath Brahmachari, who is said to embody love in the Hindu tradition. They observe a strict fast and remain sitting absorbed in prayer until the flames burn-out.

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"rakher upobas'' prayer 11
Dhaka, Bangladesh
By zakir hossain chowdhury
03 Nov 2014

At the Shri Shri Lokenath Brahmachari Ashram near Dhaka, members of BangladeshÕs Hindu community come together to celebrate the ÒRakher UpobasÓ prayer to the god Lokenath Brahmachari, who is said to embody love in the Hindu tradition. They observe a strict fast and remain sitting absorbed in prayer until the flames burn-out.

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"rakher upobas'' prayer 13
Dhaka, Bangladesh
By zakir hossain chowdhury
03 Nov 2014

At the Shri Shri Lokenath Brahmachari Ashram near Dhaka, members of BangladeshÕs Hindu community come together to celebrate the ÒRakher UpobasÓ prayer to the god Lokenath Brahmachari, who is said to embody love in the Hindu tradition. They observe a strict fast and remain sitting absorbed in prayer until the flames burn-out.

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"rakher upobas'' prayer 14
Dhaka, Bangladesh
By zakir hossain chowdhury
03 Nov 2014

At the Shri Shri Lokenath Brahmachari Ashram near Dhaka, members of BangladeshÕs Hindu community come together to celebrate the ÒRakher UpobasÓ prayer to the god Lokenath Brahmachari, who is said to embody love in the Hindu tradition. They observe a strict fast and remain sitting absorbed in prayer until the flames burn-out.

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"rakher upobas'' prayer 15
Dhaka, Bangladesh
By zakir hossain chowdhury
03 Nov 2014

At the Shri Shri Lokenath Brahmachari Ashram near Dhaka, members of BangladeshÕs Hindu community come together to celebrate the ÒRakher UpobasÓ prayer to the god Lokenath Brahmachari, who is said to embody love in the Hindu tradition. They light lamps and candles and bring offerings of fruit, sweets, nuts and cowÕs milk, praying to Baba Lokenath to save their family and dear ones from curses and disease.

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"rakher upobas'' prayer 16
Dhaka, Bangladesh
By zakir hossain chowdhury
03 Nov 2014

At the Shri Shri Lokenath Brahmachari Ashram near Dhaka, members of BangladeshÕs Hindu community come together to celebrate the ÒRakher UpobasÓ prayer to the god Lokenath Brahmachari, who is said to embody love in the Hindu tradition. They observe a strict fast and remain sitting absorbed in prayer until the flames burn-out.

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"rakher upobas'' prayer 17
Dhaka, Bangladesh
By zakir hossain chowdhury
03 Nov 2014

At the Shri Shri Lokenath Brahmachari Ashram near Dhaka, members of BangladeshÕs Hindu community come together to celebrate the ÒRakher UpobasÓ prayer to the god Lokenath Brahmachari, who is said to embody love in the Hindu tradition. They observe a strict fast and remain sitting absorbed in prayer until the flames burn-out.

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"rakher upobas'' prayer 19
Dhaka, Bangladesh
By zakir hossain chowdhury
03 Nov 2014

At the Shri Shri Lokenath Brahmachari Ashram near Dhaka, members of BangladeshÕs Hindu community come together to celebrate the ÒRakher UpobasÓ prayer to the god Lokenath Brahmachari, who is said to embody love in the Hindu tradition. They observe a strict fast and remain sitting absorbed in prayer until the flames burn-out.

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"rakher upobas'' prayer 20
Dhaka, Bangladesh
By zakir hossain chowdhury
03 Nov 2014

At the Shri Shri Lokenath Brahmachari Ashram near Dhaka, members of BangladeshÕs Hindu community come together to celebrate the ÒRakher UpobasÓ prayer to the god Lokenath Brahmachari, who is said to embody love in the Hindu tradition. They observe a strict fast and remain sitting absorbed in prayer until the flames burn-out.

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"rakher upobas'' prayer 21
Dhaka, Bangladesh
By zakir hossain chowdhury
03 Nov 2014

At the Shri Shri Lokenath Brahmachari Ashram near Dhaka, members of BangladeshÕs Hindu community come together to celebrate the ÒRakher UpobasÓ prayer to the god Lokenath Brahmachari, who is said to embody love in the Hindu tradition. They observe a strict fast and remain sitting absorbed in prayer until the flames burn-out.

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"rakher upobas'' prayer 22
Dhaka, Bangladesh
By zakir hossain chowdhury
03 Nov 2014

At the Shri Shri Lokenath Brahmachari Ashram near Dhaka, members of BangladeshÕs Hindu community come together to celebrate the ÒRakher UpobasÓ prayer to the god Lokenath Brahmachari, who is said to embody love in the Hindu tradition. They light lamps and candles and bring offerings of fruit, sweets, nuts and cowÕs milk, praying to Baba Lokenath to save their family and dear ones from curses and disease.

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"rakher upobas'' prayer 23
Dhaka, Bangladesh
By zakir hossain chowdhury
03 Nov 2014

At the Shri Shri Lokenath Brahmachari Ashram near Dhaka, members of BangladeshÕs Hindu community come together to celebrate the ÒRakher UpobasÓ prayer to the god Lokenath Brahmachari, who is said to embody love in the Hindu tradition. They light lamps and candles and bring offerings of fruit, sweets, nuts and cowÕs milk, praying to Baba Lokenath to save their family and dear ones from curses and disease.

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"rakher upobas'' prayer 24
Dhaka, Bangladesh
By zakir hossain chowdhury
03 Nov 2014

At the Shri Shri Lokenath Brahmachari Ashram near Dhaka, members of BangladeshÕs Hindu community come together to celebrate the ÒRakher UpobasÓ prayer to the god Lokenath Brahmachari, who is said to embody love in the Hindu tradition. They light lamps and candles and bring offerings of fruit, sweets, nuts and cowÕs milk, praying to Baba Lokenath to save their family and dear ones from curses and disease.

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Abu Shakir 5
Damascus, Syria
By lukas.goga
11 Dec 2013

Abu Hamzeh, one of the owners of Abu Shakir, likes posing with his cocktails. This one is banana milk shake. His father taught him how to care for their loyal customers well, as can be seen by the lack of effects on Abu Shakir's business amidst the economic crisis in Syria.

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Daily Life in Tareq Al-Bab Market in ...
Aleppo, Northwestern Syria
By Antonio-Pampliega
15 Sep 2013

Thousands of people make their daily life in the city of Aleppo.
The most important markets of the city remain open.
Customers flock to buy despite the bombings on different areas of the city.

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Food insecurity: Does South Korea hav...
Seoul, South Korea
By maltekol
12 Jul 2013

The World Health Organization warns that overpopulation and a lack of arable land contribute to global food insecurity. So scientists are developing new farming technology to offset potential food shortages. Researchers in South Korea are experimenting with vertical farms; gardens that instead of spreading out, go straight up.
Jason Strother and Malte Kollenberg report from Seoul.

Almost half of South Korea’s 50 millions citizens live here in the capital. And in a country with very limited agricultural land, feeding all of these people presents a challenge. Some observers say the nation faces increasing food insecurity.

Park Hwan-il is food security analyst at the Samsung Economic Research Institute in Seoul.

Int: Park Hwan-il, SERI (English)
"The food self sufficiency rate in Korea is just about 26 percent. Which means three quarters of the food we consume is from the foreign countries. That means the Korean people’s health and nutrition depends on outside factors that we cannot control”

Park says that climate conditions or other instability in the international market makes importing food unpredictable. It’s not only a problem for Korea, but for many other countries too. But some scientists say there is a solution.

Int. from online: Dickson Despommier, Columbia University (English)
“My name is Dickson Despommier: I teach at Columbia Universities Medical School and school of public health. The world would be a much better place, if we had vertical farming.”

Despommier says tower-like hydroponic farms could someday stand alongside skyscrapers as a key food source for billions of city dwellers

Int. from online: Dickson Despommier, Columbia University (English)
“Here’s my vision of what a vertical farm might look like. My gold standard for this is the Apple Store in New York City on 5th Avenue. If you took that building and made it into a five-story building. Now in the building you have multiple floors of course, and inside each floor you have multiple layers of crops.”

Despommier says vertical farms could be a key solution for countries with a growing population or limited arable land. Like South Korea.

30-kilometers south of Seoul in Suwon, the government is trying to make Despommier’s vision a reality. The Rural Development Administration has built the prototype of a vertical farm.Inside this research facility a small team of scientists is working on turning this concept a marketable product.So far, their experiment is only 3-storeys high. But they hope that one day, the technology will expand and be capable of feeding the entire nation.

Agrarian scientist Choi Kyu-hong is still sorting out more basic challenges.

Int: Choi Kyu-hong, RDA (English)
“The plant factory requires a lot of energy, the light energy and the heating and cooling energy. So we provide the heating or cooling energy using geothermal systems. We adopted the solar cell system to provide light source energies, but we are still (only) provide 15 percent of the total energy”

Choi adds his team still faces many challenges:

Int: Choi Kyu-hong, RDA (English)
“We are still (in) the research state, its take some time to make a commercial plant factories. We are firstly trying to find out the optimum wavelength of light”

Choi says the problem is that different plants grow at different speeds, depending on the light’s color and wavelength.

But even though the government hasn’t perfected vertical farming technology yet, some in the private sector are already putting it to use. Inside this Lotte Mart, a supermarket franchise in Seoul, lettuce grows under the lights of this small vertical farm.

Store mangers say produce grown in this facility has extra benefits for customers.

Int: Kim Chang-jo, Lotte Mart
(Korean) “We are the first super market to install a vertical farm. We hope that it will draw attention to environmental concerns. The plants are affordable and no pesticides were used, so its healthier for our customers”

Kim says the vertical farm lettuce costs the same as lettuce grown the old fashioned way. But some analysts say that all the lights and heating systems required to operate a vertical farm is just too expensive to make it a viable solution for food insecurity.

Int: Park Hwan-il, SERI
(English) “Vertical farming costs too much. / Even though the productivity in vertical farming is very high, very good, but it does not have the merit in price or marketing advantage at all”

Back at the Suwon experimental vertical farm, scientists admit they still have a long way to go. The Rural Development Administration’s Lee Hye jin gives a rough time frame.

Int: Lee Hye-jin, RDA
(Korean) “It might take at least five more years of research to make progress on these obstacles. Then vertical farms might be ready for commercial use”

The South Korean scientists say that once all the problems are resolved, vertical farms won't just have to stop at three-stories. The sky is the limit.