According to Kurdish government and Peshmerga officials, improvised explosive devices (IEDs) and mines planted by Islamic State militants are the biggest cause of death for Peshmerga forces. ISIS has adopted the tactic of heavily seeding all of the territory it withdraws from with the devices with the intent of slowing down Peshmerga advances. Some IEDs are also intentionally left in fields and homes to target civilians according to Kurdish officials. We go to the frontlines with a Kurdish military engineer team specialized in dismantling the devices, and speak to a farmer who is affected by IEDs. Mining NGO MAG also weighs in on the issue, as does the mayor of the Kurdish city of Makhmour, whose community is still dealing with getting rid of massive amounts of IEDs ISIS left in August.
Story can be extended with interviews of experts on mine dismantling and victims of the explosive devices.
Muhamed Husein, Local Farmer: 10´´-24´´ Most of the Peshmerga died or got injured because of the mines. They are everywhere, in the field, everywhere, they look like fluorescent light tubes.
Ibrahim Shikhala Ibrahim, Mayor of Makhmour: 28´´- 1´10´´ English