Famine Threatens South Sudan

Collection with 32 media items created by Jacob Zocherman

21 May 2014 06:31

May, 2014
South Sudan

Renewed fighting and large-scale displacement in South Sudan is now sowing the seeds of a potential famine, according to the UN. Although for some South Sudanese, starvation is already a reality.

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South Sudan 17
By Transterra Editor
07 May 2014

Nyal, Unity State, South Sudan, May 5, 2014: Nyagak Diew is treated in a clinic in Nyal, south of Leer and Bentiu. The two locations where the theatre of heavy fighting since the beginning of 2014.

Since the start of the conflict in December 2013, the number of causalities is only a rough estimate. Figures ranging from 10 000 to 30 000 are used. Thousands of people have been wounded.

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South Sudan 20
By Transterra Editor
05 May 2014

Renk, Upper Nile, South Sudan, May 1, 2014: A woman walks past a tank guarding the small UNMISS compound outside the town of Renk. Renk, which lays only an hour drive from the Sudanese border, witnessed heavy fighting at the end of April and the first week of May. The town is strategically important being it is close to the oil fields in the area.

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South Sudan 18
By Transterra Editor
07 May 2014

Nyal, Unity State, South Sudan, May 5, 2014: James Mading suffers from HIV. He is in the final stage of his life, according to the medical staff at the local clinic in Nyal. He is not able to get out of bed. He is constantly watched by his first wife. There are no antiretroviral drugs available at the clinic and chances of survival for James are slim.

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South Sudan 19
By Transterra Editor
06 May 2014

Malakal, Upper Nile, South Sudan, May 1, 2014: People desperate to leave the once bustling town of Malakal are waiting the tarmac of the city's airport. Many of them have been waiting for a chance to fly to Juba for weeks. Most of them will be waiting in vain.

Malakal has been abandoned and most of the buildings have been torched to the ground after months of heavy fighting. The few people seen on the street are only returning to collect their few belongings in their former homes. Malakal has been the center of the conflict since December 2013. There is still fighting and tension in the area and the town been controlled by different groups since then.

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South Sudan 14
By Transterra Editor
09 May 2014

Leer, Unity State, South Sudan, May 7, 2014: Children play on a tank that used to belong to the SPLA (government) forces. They (SPLA) attacked earlier in the year and fought against the rebels, resulting in many civilian casualties and a torched town. Leer has become symbolic in the conflict, as it is the hometown of ousted vice-president and rebel leader Riek Machar.

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South Sudan 8
By Transterra Editor
10 May 2014

Leer, Unity State, South Sudan, May 9, 2014: Nyavoba Tob arrived to an MSF nutrition program with her son Chathiack Badiet Teny. To reach Leer, Nyavoba had to walk and carry her son for 3 to 4 hours. When she arrived, her son was in a critical condition, but slowly gained strength after receiving emergency treatment. With continuous treatment, he will soon recover. Babies who do not receive supplementary feeding risk starvation and death.

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South Sudan 9
By Transterra Editor
10 May 2014

Severely malnourished children, some of them in critical condition, arrive at a screening a an MSF (Doctors Without Borders) hospital. Nyamot Mamuok is five years old and weights only ten kilos.

One girl (not the girl in the picture), who arrived with her mother died because she was too weak to recover. This MSF hospital was torched during clashes.

The UN has warned of a famine if seeds are not planted in May. But signs of starvation are already visible in Leer, where most people have lost everything.

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South Sudan 5
By Transterra Editor
15 May 2014

Juba, South Sudan, May 16, 2014: Government soldiers from the presidential guard during the 31st anniversary of the SPLA (Sudan People’s Liberation Army) and SPLM (Sudan People’s Liberation Movement) in Juba, where President Salva Kiir addressed the nation with a message of hope of a prevailing peace.

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South Sudan 25
By Transterra Editor
02 May 2014

Ganyiel, Unity State, South Sudan, 16 April 2014: An unusual delivery of tarpaulins. Soon, the rains will make it impossible for planes and helicopters to land, as the landing strip in Ganyiel will be flooded.

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South Sudan 1
By Transterra Editor
18 May 2014

Juba, South Sudan, May 18, 2014: A man suffering from cholera is being sprayed with chlorine at the isolation ward at the Juba Teaching Hospital, where patients suffering from cholera are treated and kept isolated. The capital of South Sudan Juba is witnessing an outbreak of cholera. Nine people have died so far according to the World Health Organization (WHO). Many fear this outbreak will spread and affect more people. WHO fears for a disaster if the disease reaches the UNMISS IDP camp.

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South Sudan 2
By Transterra Editor
18 May 2014

Juba, South Sudan, May 18, 2014: A woman mourning at the funeral of a mother of two who died of cholera. The South Sudanese capital Juba is witnessing an outbreak of cholera. Nine people have died so far according to the World Health Organization (WHO). Many fear this outbreak will spread and affect more people. WHO fears for a disaster if the disease reaches the UNMISS IDP camp.

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South Sudan 23
By Transterra Editor
04 May 2014

Ganyiel, Unity State, South Sudan, 17 April 2014: Women waiting in line for a chance to get one of the tarpaulins handed out by an aid organization. Poor infrastructure makes it difficult for relief efforts to reach the people in Ganyiel and the surrounding areas. Many people have to return empty-handed from the distribution, as there is not enough tarpaulins.

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South Sudan 15
By Transterra Editor
08 May 2014

Nyigaam Island, Unity State, South Sudan, May 6, 2014: UN has warned of famine if seeds are not planted in May. But signs of starvation are already present in communities hosting IDPs, away from UN bases. These communities have to share the little food they have with the new arrivals.

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South Sudan 4
By Transterra Editor
16 May 2014

Juba, South Sudan, May 16, 2014: A girl waving the flag of SPLA (Sudan People’s Liberation Army) during celebrations marking the SPLM/A's 31st anniversary in Juba, where President Salva Kiir addressed the nation with a message of hope of a prevailing peace.

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South Sudan 11
By Transterra Editor
09 May 2014

Leer, Unity State, South Sudan, May 8, 2014: A rebel soldier receives treatment after he was shot in the leg and beaten on the head in a dispute with his fellow rebel comrades.

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South Sudan 12
By Transterra Editor
09 May 2014

Leer, Unity State, South Sudan, May 8, 2014: A man looks at the remains of a victim of the recent fighting in Leer. Body parts and bones are scattered in the area, showing signs of fighting. Heavy shelling left many holes in the ground. People in Leer say most of the victims are civilians who have been dressed in military clothes by government soldiers in an effort to make them look like military casualties.

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South Sudan 16
By Transterra Editor
08 May 2014

Nyigaam Island, Unity State, South Sudan, May 6, 2014: Tabitha Nyanyun and her three children seeked refuge on Nyigaam, an island surrounded by swamps, where locals gave her tools and seeds to plant. She fled fierce fighting in Leer. Her son John Kawai, eight years old, found an automatic weapon, which he holds on to. "I don’t like that he keeps it but there is nothing else to play with" his mother Tabitha says. She hopes her family can return to Leer in the future but at the moment she is too afraid to go back.

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South Sudan 3
By Transterra Editor
17 May 2014

Juba, South Sudan, May 18, 2014: A man walking through water mixed with chlorine before entering the isolation-ward at the Juba Teaching Hospital where patients suffering from cholera are treated and kept isolated. The South Sudanese capital Juba is witnessing an outbreak of cholera. Nine people have died so far according to the World Health Organization (WHO). Many fear this outbreak will spread and affect more people. WHO fears for a disaster if the disease reaches the UNMISS IDP camp.

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South Sudan 22
By Transterra Editor
04 May 2014

Malakal, Upper Nile, South Sudan, April 30, 2014: Currently, 18 000 people have sought refuge at the UNMISS compound in Malakal. They live in cramped conditions and when the rain starts the site will be turned into a muddy swamp. Government soldiers are controlling the once bustling town of Malakal, which as now been abandoned. Buildings have been torched to the ground after months of heavy fighting. The few people still wandering among wreckage are only returning to collect what remains of their former homes. Malakal has been the center of the conflict since December 2013. There is still fighting and tension in the area and the town has been under the control of different groups.

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South Sudan 7
By Transterra Editor
11 May 2014

Leer, Unity State, South Sudan, May 9, 2014: A delivery of Plumpy’Nut, a nutrition supplement for malnourished children, arrives by air to Leer. Doctors Without Borders' (MSF) hospital was torched and looted during the fighting. Efforts are now coordinated to help the many severely malnourished children in the area. UN has warned of a famine if seeds are not planted in May. But signs of starvation are already visible in Leer, where most people have lost everything.

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South Sudan 24
By Transterra Editor
03 May 2014

Ganyiel, Unity State, South Sudan, 17 April 2014: A woman is waiting in line for a chance to get one of the tarpaulins handed out by an aid organisation. Poor infrastructure makes it difficult for relief efforts to reach the people in Ganyiel and the surrounding areas. Many people have to return empty-handed from the distribution, as there are not enough tarpaulins.

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South Sudan 13
By Transterra Editor
09 May 2014

Leer, Unity State, South Sudan, May 8, 2014: A boy looks down in a borehole where remains of several bodies have been dumped. The day after this photo was taken rebel leader Riek Machar met with Salva Kiir and signed a peace deal. However, violence erupted again in various locations of the Unity State only a few hours later.

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South Sudan 26
By Transterra Editor
01 May 2014

Ganyiel, Unity State, South Sudan, 16 April 2014: Water lilies. Seeds are dried, ground and mixed with water to make porridge. The flower seeds is the only source of food for many of the refugees who have fled to Ganyiel. Without food and shelter, they rely on aid from the UN and voluntary organizations. But the rain and continued fighting will completely cut off the town Ganyiel and the surrounding villages. The only way to bring in aid during the rainy season will be to drop it from air. Food scarcity has reached emergency levels (four out of five on the IPC scale, or Integrated Food Security Phase) in many parts of the country. If nothing is done, the situation will deteriorate to starvation (five out of five on the IPC scale).

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South Sudan 10
By Transterra Editor
10 May 2014

Leer, Unity State, South Sudan, May 9, 2014: A child prepares to be measured, on the first day of an MSF nutrition program in Leer. Hundreds of people waited in line from the early morning to get treatment. Many severe cases were recorded and one child died on the second day. Over 1 000 children are currently enrolled in the program.

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South Sudan 6
By Transterra Editor
11 May 2014

Nyigaam Island, Unity State, South Sudan, May 6, 2014: Fishes caught by children in swampy rivers. Children sell their fishes to people who can afford to buy food. In many places, fish is the only food available as the conflict has halted the transport of goods. These young fishermen are prepared to walk for days if they hear food or supplies have been brought in to a specific location. They can buy food such as sorghum, maize and beans thanks to the money they made from selling fish.

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SouthSudan 32
By Transterra Editor
27 Apr 2014

Renk, Upper Nile, South Sudan, May 2, 2014: A government soldier on lookout in the town of Renk, which lies only an hour drive from the Sudanese border. It witnessed heavy fighting at the end of April and the first week of May. The town is strategically important, because of its proximity to the oil fields in the area, and has changed hands numerous times since the start of the conflict in December 2013.

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South Sudan 30
By Transterra Editor
29 Apr 2014

Ganyiel, Unity State, South Sudan, 16 April 2014: Mary Nyachak Dingding, is one of the thousands of people who have fled the violence and fighting in Bentiu, where she lost everything. She also lost her eyesight many years ago. Her only chance of survival is to rely on the charity of others. She sleeps in a hut made of straw, but her shelter will soon be flooded and perhaps even washed away by the rain.

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South Sudan 28
By Transterra Editor
30 Apr 2014

Leer, Unity State, South Sudan, May 7, 2014: Most houses were torched in clashes between rebels and government forces. The ones that remain are marked PK for President Kiir. This photo was taken two days before rebel leader Riek Machar met with Salva Kiir and signed a peace deal. But for most people, who know little about the conflict and even less about politics, the peace deal and the appointment of a transition government mean little.

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South Sudan 21
By Transterra Editor
05 May 2014

Ganyiel, Unity State, South Sudan, 16 April 2014: An elderly woman too weak to get up from the floor of her straw hut. The seasonal rains will soon hit the region. Some of the areas, where around 10 000 refugees have settled after fleeing violence in Bentiu, are already flooded. Without food and shelter, they rely on aid from the UN and voluntary organizations. But the rain and continued fighting will completely cut off the town of Ganyiel and the surrounding villages. The only way to bring in aid during the rainy season will be to drop it from the air.

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South Sudan 29
By Transterra Editor
30 Apr 2014

Leer, Unity State, South Sudan, May 7, 2014: A child in the late afternoon in Leer, where government soldiers attacked earlier this year. They fought against the rebels, resulting in many civilian casualties and a torched town. Leer has become symbolic in the conflict, as it is the hometown of ousted vice-president and rebel leader Riek Machar. Only days after government forces captured the town, rebels took it back and have held it since.

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South Sudan 31
By Transterra Editor
28 Apr 2014

Leer, Unity State, South Sudan, May 9, 2014: A mother and her child wait at a burnt out hospital for malaria treatment. Meanwhile, rebel leader Riek Machar met with Salva Kiir in Addis Ababa and signed a peace deal. But only hours after the ink was put on paper fighting erupted again in various locations in Unity State again violating the fragile cease-fire.

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South Sudan 27
By Transterra Editor
01 May 2014

Ganyiel, Unity State, South Sudan, April 21 2014: Rebbecca Nyaknme fled the fighting in Bentiu together with her family. Only her and two children arrived after they were separated from the husband and the other two children. Rebbecca and the two children live in simple straw huts on the outskirts of Ganyiel. Having lost everything they own, they arrived in Ganyiel empty-handed. Their survival relies on foreign aid, and without emergency food they will starve.