Editor's Picks 15 July 2013

Collection with 10 media items created by Editor's Picks

15 Jul 2013 08:00

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Muslims & Christians demonstrate toge...
Cairo, Egypt
By Yasmin Al Tellawy
14 Jul 2013

Muslim and Christians show they are together as one against President Morsi as they protest in Tahrir Square

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Citizen Paparazzi Informants in South...
Seoul, South Korea
By maltekol
15 Sep 2012

South Korean School Teaches Neighbors To Spy On Neighbors
Law-breakers in South Korea, beware.
Citizens who videotape illegal activity are on the loose and making extra income by selling the tapes to the police.
But some observers say a school that trains these citizen spies is turning neighbour against neighbour.

Ji Soo-hyun leads a double life. Starting six-months ago the housewife began a career catching lawbreakers red handed. The 54-year old says her specialty is going undercover at private tutoring schools.

INT: (Korean) Ji Soo-hyun, Citizen Paparazza
“I pretend that I am going to enroll my kids in the school. I ask the faculty about extra services. There are a lot of illegal activities in these schools, like staying open too late and charging additional fees. These are the types of things I record.”

When Ji is on her mission, she uses a small, concealed camera she hides in her bag. She is one of several hundred citizens who have been trained to record secret video of other people and businesses that break the law.

(Video Courtesy of Seoul Paparazzi School) This video was taken at a pharmacy in Seoul. Another citizen spy recorded the cashier that didn’t charge for a plastic bag, which is required by law in South Korea.The cameraman, as well as Ji Soo-hyun, are students of the Seoul paparazzi school.Here they learn the ins and outs of taking undercover video. They can try out tiny cameras that are disguised as jewelry. And they are taught which illegal activities can make them the most money if reported to the authorities.

Moon Seong-ok has run the paparazzi academy for 14 years. He helps his students find buyers for their secret footage.

INT: (KOREAN) Moon Seong-ok, Director, Seoul Paparazzi School
“The students who come here want to make money. I contact them with police agencies, local governments, health agencies and education authorities who pay them.”

Moon claims citizen paparazzi can earn between 20 and 30,000 dollars a year.But some other citizens are concerned that money is turning neighbors into spies. Koo Ja-kyoung describes himself as an ordinary guy who is alarmed at what paparazzi students are doing to his community.

INT: (KOREAN) Koo Ja-kyoung, Seoul
“I was just walking around one day and I saw an old lady crying. I asked her what was wrong and she told me she had to pay a fine because she put out the garbage using an unauthorized plastic bag. She said that a citizen paparazzo took a picture of her and gave it to the police.”

Koo says he was so upset with that woman’s story that he filed a complaint with the National Human Rights’ Commission.
That was several years ago and according to the Commision, until now Koo it’s the only person to complain about citizen paparazzi. The Commission has yet to decide whether or not to hear the case. Its not that South Koreans don’t care about this alleged spying, it’s that they are afraid to speak out against it.

That’s according to Chun Sang-chin, a sociologist at Seoul’s Sogang University. He says most citizens don’t like what the paparazzi do.

INT: (KIREAN) Chun Song-chin, Sogang University
“There is a certain cultural sensitivity here. People are worried that if they come forward and complain then others will think they are actually doing something wrong or illegal. They want others to think that what they do privately is as good as what they do publically, so they stay quiet about these things.”

Chun says the government should stop paying for these secret videos.

INT: Chun
“The government is outsourcing its responsibilities to the citizens. Everyone knows that is wrong. But if you look at Korea’s political history, of dictatorship, it just isn’t a concern for most people. I think it would be hard to create a public debate about the paparazzi”

So for now, South Koreans will do their best to keep their private lives behind closed doors. Moon Seong-ok of the Seoul paparazzi school says he feels no shame about what he or his students do.

INT: (KOREAN) Moon Seong-ok, Director of Seoul paparazzi School
“Good citizens who abide by the law like what the paparazzi citizens do. But for those who break the law, they are the ones who are uncomfortable with what my students do.”

Citizen paparazza Ji Soo-hyun agrees. She says she does not feel sympathy for people breaking the law.

INT: (KOREAN) Ji Soo-hyun, Citizen Paparazza
“At first I felt guilty about reporting on these people, but the more I did it, I realized how much illegal activity is going on around us. These people are not poor or struggling to make a living, so I do not feel bad about reporting on them.”

Ji says she is now turning her camera on people who skip out on paying their taxes.

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Isolation | Tuberculosis in Cambodia
Phnom Penh, Cambodia
By Aman Singh
12 Jul 2013

An old patient waiting for TB test results in Phnom Penh. The patients admitted in the government hospitals are kept in separate wards away from the administration and other areas.

Cambodia is one of the 22 countries most affected by tuberculosis in the world. The country ranks second in the prevalence rate of tuberculosis, after South Africa. To get cured, the patients have to go through a stringent six-months daily-dose therapy of multiple medications. Often, these medications cause severe side-effects and co-infections with other diseases like HIV/AIDS, Cancer, etc make the lives of patients impossible due to drug interactions. This leads to lack of compliance which may result in multi-drug resistant TB, a lethal form of the disease and almost a death warrant. Once infected, the cure from this disease under the public sector of such a country is not a small hope to live by. Therefore, there is a stark dejection in the lives of people suffering from tuberculosis.

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LEBANON: Pact of Silence
Lebanon
By carloscastro
01 Jun 2011

SYNOPSIS:
Those who fought the war imposed silence. They could do so because they still have power. The political elite in Lebanon neither assumed their guilt in a conflict that pitted the country's communities nor held external actors accountable for their participation. Their objective has been to build a new country over the ruins of the old one in order to forget the war. The words justice, truth and reconciliation are not on the political agenda, but there are voices still crying courageous. "I can not reconcile with the criminal if I do not know the truth. Then I will decide whether to forgive or not", says Wadada Halwani, president of the Committee of Families of the Kidnapped and Missing persons in Lebanon.

The long way towards peace starts just after the signature of the peace agreements, when the complex and difficult process of building peace, memory, truth, reconciliation and justice for all the victims begins. The documentaries of the ‘After Peace' project seek to analyze and explain different paths taken by various countries who suffered an armed conflict in the last quarter of the 20th century. Researchers, activists for peace and reconciliation, victims, lawyers and educators expose what has been done and what has been ignored in their countries and talk about their experiences.

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Ship-breaking yards (3 of 24)
Sitakund, Bangladesh
By Michael Biach
10 Apr 2012

Workers at the ship-breaking yards in Bangladeshi town of Sitakund use rope in order to dismantle a ship. The employees are exposed to tough working conditions with little labour rights.

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Today's weapons trade in Aleppo
Aleppo, Syria
By salem_rizk
14 Jun 2013

Recently, weapon stores that sell and repair arms have been sprouting up in Aleppo, Syria. These stores are opening in rebel held areas in Syria and, due to the lack of regulation, are further destabilizing the fragile security situation. The omnipresence of arbitrary militias in civilian areas is creating discomfort among citizens. Citizens are demanding the Free Syrian Army and Sharia authority find a solution and enact laws that govern the sales of weapons in the area.

Shop owners have stated that most of their clients are rebels. They mention that their weapons supply comes from the Free Syrian Army. Members of the Free Syrian Army often barter their weapons for ammunition. Furthermore, some members of the Assad regime sell their weapons to civilians who then sell them back to the shops. In general, most of the arms that are available in the shops are Russian made.

First interview is with Abu Mohammed a weapons sales man 38 years
Second interview is with Abu Ibrahim, a weapon sales man, 36 years

Third interview is with Abdullah Karmo, a civillian, 33 years

Fourth interview is with Moustapha Amro, a civillian, 22 years

-----Transcription-----

00:30 Are they here?
00:31 Yes, they are.
00:32 How much is this one?
00:33 75 Syrian Pounds.
00:39 Most of my clients are Free Syrian Army soldiers. They gain weapons in the battles and exchange them for bullets because of the lack of ammunition.

Interview 1:
00:56 Regarding civilians, when they ask for weapons, I don't sell to them unless they have a permission slip from Al Sharia authority.
Even if the person is an FSA soldier, I ask about him before I sell him anything, or he needs to give me a paper that states which brigade he fights for.

Interview 2:
01:23 Here, we fix weapons as a service.
01:33 Some thugs sell weapons to civilians. so we get the weapons from them.
01:40: We have all types of Russian weapons, Russian bullets, Russian BKC, we have a variety of Russian weapons.

Interviews 3:
02:32 The city of Aleppo is witnessing a spread of weapons in a chaotic and random way. It's even a bit weird and strange. This is a very bad phenomenon, which is also unethical.
02:43 It's extremely messy, the way weapons are being spread.
02:48 There are many shops that sell weapons now and these shops are not legally organized.
02:54 To be able to control this, we must have a mechanism to monitor the process of selling and buying weapons, with both brigades and sellers.
03:06 Al Sharia authority should have a role in controlling this trade, and establish laws to organize the random spread of weapons.

Interview 4:
03:15 This phenomenon is not good at all, but as long as we are in a war situation, we must have these shops.
03:22 We need them because it helps us. If the army attacks us, we can defend ourselves with these weapons.
03:31 I know it' bad, but we have no other choice. What can we do ?

----- Arabic Description------

انتشرت في الفترة الاخيرة محلات بيع الأسلحة و تصليحها في مدينة حلب وباقي المناطق المحررة وسبّب ذلك حالة فلتان أمني.

و يلاحظ وجود المسلحين في أماكن تواجد المدنين مما خلق حالة انزعاج لدى المواطنين و يطالب المواطنين الجيش الحر والهيئة الشرعية بإيجاد حل لفوضى السلاح وإيجاد قوانين تنظّم بيع الأسلحة ويقول أغلب أصحاب محلات بيع السلاح أن أغلب زبائنهم من الجيش الحر وأغلب السلاح الذي لديهم يأتي من خلال الجيش الحر، حيث يقوم عناصر الجيش الحر بعملية التبادل مع صاحب المحل يعطونه سلاح فيعطيهم ذخيرة و في بعض الحالات يقوم الشبيحة ببيع السلاح للمدنيين فيقوم المدنيين ببيعه لمحلات بيع السلاح. و إن أغلب السلاح المتواجد في السوق هو سلاح روسي

المقابلة الاولى ابو محمد با ئع سلاح عمره ثمان وثلاثين سنة

المقابلة الثانية بائع ابوابراهيم عمره ستة وثلاثين سنة

المقابلة الثالثة مواطن عبد الله كرمو عمره ثلاث وثلاثين سنة

المقابلة الرابعة المواطن مصطفى عمره اثنان وعشرون سنة

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Samir Waiting for Syria
Mafraq, Jordan
By Osie Greenway
27 Oct 2012

Samir, remains hopeful for a proper surgery to be able to walk without pain again and to leave the Zaatari camp that now holds over 100,000 Syrian refugees, but he is thankful for his Jordanian brothers.

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Egypt's Garbage Slums (5 of 14)
Cairo, Egypt
By Simon Letellier
22 May 2012

A young man bears a bag of cans that need to be recycled in Cairo, Egypt. May 2012.

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Egypt's Revolutionary Artist's Union
Cairo, Egypt
By Kevin McAfee
01 Jul 2011

A short produced video about a group of artists who occupy Tahrir Square to promote peaceful artwork about the Egyptian revolution.

Matching article with photo illustration can be found at: www.kevin-mcafee.com

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Uprising Preview
Cairo, Egypt
By f.stanton
16 Apr 2012

In January 2011, millions of Egyptians took to the streets in a spontaneous eruption against thirty years of oppression under the regime of Hosni Mubarak. Communicating via Facebook and Twitter, the largely peaceful protesters braved tear gas, beatings, and live bullets in the hope of facing down security forces and overthrowing the government. Over eight hundred lost their lives, and several thousand were arrested and tortured by security forces.
“Uprising” tells the story of the Egyptian revolution from the perspective of those who participated, their struggle for freedom against tremendous odds, their sacrifice, and the courage and ingenuity that allowed them to succeed. Using footage of the revolution as well as interviews with key organizers and participants, “Uprising” provides a behind-the scenes view of one of the most dramatic events of our generation. Many of those profiled were arrested, some were tortured, several were shot. All of them describe it as the most meaningful and rewarding event of their lives. The film explores the frustrations that had built for decades, the role of social media in unleashing the revolution, the youth and courage that changed a nation, and the implications for the future. Their success in forcing the downfall of the regime, one of the most significant foreign policy developments since the fall of the Berlin Wall, has changed the face of the Middle East and provided hope for millions of oppressed people across the world. The Egyptian revolution was unique, in its use of technology, in its youth, and in its scale, and it happened at the heart of a region that is especially important and fragile. Above all, it is a story of profound hope, of courage rewarded, of a people who in a spontaneous, peaceful eruption beat back a police state and threw off the shackles of decades of degradation and oppression.